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Chamerion angustifolium (L.) Holub ssp. angustifolium

General Information
Symbol: CHANA2
Group: Dicot
Family: Onagraceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb
Native Status: CAN   N
GL   N
L48   N
AK   N
Other Common Names: French-willow
great willowherb
rosebay willowherb
Data Source and Documentation
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM   


Symbol Scientific Name Other Common Names
EPAN2 Epilobium angustifolium L. fireweed
great willowherb
rosebay willowherb
EPSP2 Epilobium spicatum Lam.
CHAN80 Chamaenerion angustifolium (L.) Scop.
EPANI Epilobium angustifolium L. var. intermedium (Lange) Fernald
CHSP6 Chamerion spicatum (Lam.) Gray
CHANA3 Chamerion angustifolium (L.) Holub var. angustifolium


Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order Myrtales
Family Onagraceae – Evening Primrose family
Genus Chamerion Raf. ex Holub – fireweed
Species Chamerion angustifolium (L.) Holub – fireweed
Subspecies Chamerion angustifolium (L.) Holub ssp. angustifolium – fireweed

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Epilobium angustifolium
Epilobium angustifolium
Epilobium angustifolium
Special Concern

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status


CHAN80  Chamaenerion angustifolium (L.) Scop.

Top Level Regions
Alaska FACU
Arid West FACU
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FAC
Great Plains FAC
Midwest FAC
Northcentral & Northeast FAC
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FACU



Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Martin Minor Minor


Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds


Martin, A.C., H.S. Zim, and A.L. Nelson. 1951. American wildlife and plants: A guide to wildlife food habits. Dover Publications. New York.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover