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You are here: Home / Characteristics / Conservation Plant Characteristics for Vigna unguiculata Printer-Friendly Printer-Friendly / Download
Characteristics

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Conservation Plant Characteristics

Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.
cowpea
VIUN

Morphology/Physiology
Active Growth Period Spring and Summer
After Harvest Regrowth Rate
Bloat None
C:N Ratio Low
Coppice Potential No
Fall Conspicuous No
Fire Resistant No
Flower Color Purple
Flower Conspicuous Yes
Foliage Color Green
Foliage Porosity Summer Porous
Foliage Porosity Winter Porous
Foliage Texture Coarse
Fruit/Seed Color Black
Fruit/Seed Conspicuous Yes
Growth Form Single Crown
Growth Rate Rapid
Height at 20 Years, Maximum (feet)
Height, Mature (feet) 2.5
Known Allelopath No
Leaf Retention No
Lifespan
Low Growing Grass No
Nitrogen Fixation High
Resprout Ability No
Shape and Orientation Erect
Toxicity None
Growth Requirements
Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils No
Adapted to Fine Textured Soils Yes
Adapted to Medium Textured Soils Yes
Anaerobic Tolerance None
CaCO3 Tolerance None
Cold Stratification Required No
Drought Tolerance None
Fertility Requirement Medium
Fire Tolerance None
Frost Free Days, Minimum 120
Hedge Tolerance None
Moisture Use Medium
pH, Minimum 6.0
pH, Maximum 8.0
Planting Density per Acre, Minimum
Planting Density per Acre, Maximum
Precipitation, Minimum 13
Precipitation, Maximum 150
Root Depth, Minimum (inches) 6
Salinity Tolerance Medium
Shade Tolerance Intolerant
Temperature, Minimum (°F) 47
Reproduction
Bloom Period Summer
Commercial Availability Routinely Available
Fruit/Seed Abundance High
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Summer
Fruit/Seed Period End Fall
Fruit/Seed Persistence Yes
Propagated by Bare Root No
Propagated by Bulb No
Propagated by Container No
Propagated by Corm No
Propagated by Cuttings No
Propagated by Seed Yes
Propagated by Sod No
Propagated by Sprigs No
Propagated by Tubers No
Seed per Pound 3600
Seed Spread Rate Moderate
Seedling Vigor High
Small Grain No
Vegetative Spread Rate None
Suitability/Use
Berry/Nut/Seed Product No
Christmas Tree Product No
Fodder Product No
Fuelwood Product
Lumber Product No
Naval Store Product No
Nursery Stock Product No
Palatable Browse Animal High
Palatable Graze Animal High
Palatable Human Yes
Post Product No
Protein Potential High
Pulpwood Product No
Veneer Product No
 
 
Time Generated: 07/31/2014 03:32 AM MDT