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Introduced, Invasive, and Noxious Plants

About Weeds of the U.S.
NRCS Invasive Species Policy
Invasive Species Executive Order 13112

U.S. Weeds with Scientific Name =E*
82 records returned

Click on an accepted name below to view its PLANTS Profile with more information, and web links if available. Invasive plants that are synonyms are indented beneath the current PLANTS accepted name. You may view invasive lists by source by clicking on the source acronyms at the top of the report.

U.S. USDA, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ). Federal noxious weed list (1 February 2012). USDA, APHIS, PPQ, Washington, DC.
USDA, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ). State Plant Regulatory Officials letters. National Plant Board
STATE Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states. State agriculture or natural resource departments.
Cal-IPC California Invasive Plant Council. California Invasive Plant Inventory. Cal-IPC Publication 2006-02 (1 February 2007). California Invasive Plant Council, Berkeley, California.
FLEPPC Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council. Invasive plant list. Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, Florida.
HEAR USDI, Geological Survey. Information index for selected alien plants in Hawaii (20 October 2003). Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk Project, Biological Resources Division, Haleakala Field Station, Makawao, Hawaii.
KY Haragan, P.D. Weeds of Kentucky and adjacent states: a field guide. The University Press of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky.
N'EAST Uva, R.H., J.C. Neal,and J.M. DiTomaso. Weeds of the Northeast. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York.
NE&GP Stubbendieck, J., G.Y. Friisoe,and M.R. Bolick. Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains. Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry, Lincoln, Nebraska.
SEEPPC Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council. Invasive exotic pest plants in Tennessee (19 October 1999). Research Committee of the Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council, Tennessee.
SWSS Southern Weed Science Society. Weeds of the United States and Canada. CD-ROM. Southern Weed Science Society, Champaign, Illinois.
WI Hoffman, R.and K. Kearns (eds.). Wisconsin manual of control recommendations for ecologically invasive plants. Wisconsin Dept. Natural Resources, Madison, Wisconsin.
WSWS Whitson, T.D. (ed.) et al. Weeds of the West. Western Society of Weed Science in cooperation with Cooperative Extension Services, University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming.

 

Symbol Scientific Name
Common Name
Source Native Status*
EICHH
 
Eichhornia
waterhyacinth
STATE
 
EPPI
 
 
Epipremnum pinnatum
centipede tongavine
pothos
FLEPPC
 
 
(I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
ECCR
 
 
 
 
Echinochloa crus-galli
Japanese millet
barnyard grass
cockspur
watergrass
STATE, KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
(I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (W), SPM (W)
ELIN3
 
 
 
 
 
 
Eleusine indica
Indian goosegrass
crowsfoot grass
goosegrass
manienie ali'I
silver crabgrass
wiregrass
KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
 
(I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (I)
EICR
 
 
 
 
 
 
Eichhornia crassipes
floating water hyacinth
jacinthe d'eau
jacinto de agua
lirio acuatico
mbekambekairanga
water hyacinth
STATE, Cal-IPC, FLEPPC, SWSS
 
 
 
 
 
 
(I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (W)
EUCY
 
Euphorbia cyathophora
fire-on-the-mountain
SWSS
 
(I), L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
EUHE4
 
EUPR5
 
Euphorbia heterophylla
painted euphorbia
Euphorbia prunifolia
painted euphorbia
SWSS
 
STATE
 
(I), L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
ELMO5
 
 
 
 
Elephantopus mollis
cucha-cara
elephantopus
lengua de vaca
yerba de caballo
STATE
 
 
 
 
HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
ELPU2
 
 
Elaeagnus pungens
thorny elaeagnus
thorny olive
FLEPPC, SEEPPC
 
 
L48 (I)
EMAU
 
Emex australis
three-cornered jack
US, STATE
 
L48 (I)
ENCO2
 
Enterolobium contortisiliquum
earpod tree
FLEPPC
 
L48 (I)
ERGL11
ERGL8
 
Erechtites glomeratus
Erechtites glomerata
Australian fireweed
Cal-IPC
Cal-IPC
 
L48 (I)
ERMI8
ERMI6
 
Erechtites minimus
Erechtites minima
Australian fireweed
Cal-IPC
Cal-IPC
 
L48 (I)
ERVI3
 
Eriochloa villosa
woolly cupgrass
NE&GP, SWSS
 
L48 (I)
EUOB4
 
Euphorbia oblongata
oblong spurge
STATE
 
L48 (I)
EUSE12
 
Euphorbia serrata
serrate spurge
STATE
 
L48 (I)
EUTE10
 
Euphorbia terracina
Geraldton carnation spurge
STATE
 
L48 (I)
EUMU
EUSUV
 
Euryops multifidus
Euryops subcarnosus ssp. vulgaris
sweet resinbush

STATE
 
L48 (I)
ERCH9
 
 
 
Erysimum cheiranthoides
wallflower mustard
wormseed mustard
wormseed wallflower
NE&GP
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)
ELRE4
AGRE2
 
 
 
ELRE3
 
 
 
 
 
 
Elymus repens
Agropyron repens
couchgrass
dog grass
quackgrass
Elytrigia repens
couchgrass
quackgrass
quickgrass
quitch
scutch
twitch

STATE, KY, NE&GP, SWSS
 
 
 
STATE, N'EAST, SWSS, WI, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
ECVU
 
Echium vulgare
blueweed
STATE, SEEPPC
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (W), SPM (I)
ERCI6
 
 
 
 
 
Erodium cicutarium
alfilaree
alfilaria
filaree
redstem filaree
stork's bill
STATE, N'EAST, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I)
ECPL
 
Echium plantagineum
Paterson's curse
STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
ELAN
 
 
Elaeagnus angustifolia
Russian olive
oleaster
STATE, Cal-IPC, NE&GP, WI, WSWS
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
ELCI
 
Elsholtzia ciliata
crested late-summer mint
STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
EPHI
 
 
Epilobium hirsutum
codlins and cream
hairy willow herb
STATE, WI
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
ERRE4
 
Erysimum repandum
spreading wallflower
SWSS
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
EUAL13
EUAL8
 
 
Euonymus alatus
Euonymus alata
burning bush
winged euonymus

SEEPPC, WI
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
EUFO5
 
 
Euonymus fortunei
climbing euonymus
winter creeper
SEEPPC, WI
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
EUCY2
 
Euphorbia cyparissias
cypress spurge
STATE, WI
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
EUESE
EUPS2
 
Euphorbia esula var. esula
Euphorbia pseudovirgata
leafy spurge

STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
EUES
 
 
Euphorbia esula
leafy spurge
spurge
STATE, Cal-IPC, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WI, WSWS
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
EUMY2
 
Euphorbia myrsinites
myrtle spurge
STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
EHCA
 
 
Ehrharta calycina
perennial veldt grass
veldtgrass
Cal-IPC
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
EHER
 
Ehrharta erecta
panic veldt grass
Cal-IPC
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
EMSP
 
Emex spinosa
devil's thorn
US, STATE
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
ERKA2
 
Erigeron karvinskianus
Latin American fleabane
HEAR
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
EUGL
 
Eucalyptus globulus
bluegum eucalyptus
Cal-IPC, HEAR
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
EURO2
 
Eucalyptus robusta
swampmahogany
HEAR
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
ELUM
 
 
Elaeagnus umbellata
autumn olive
oleaster
STATE, SEEPPC, WI
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
ERCI
 
 
 
 
Eragrostis cilianensis
candy grass
lovegrass
stinkgrass
strongscented lovegrass
NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
ERJA3
 
Eriobotrya japonica
loquat
HEAR
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
EGDE
 
 
 
ELDE3
 
Egeria densa
Brazilian e
South American waterweed
State
Elodea densa
South American waterweed
STATE, Cal-IPC, HEAR, NE&GP, SEEPPC, WI, WSWS
 
 
 
STATE
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (W)
ECCO2
 
 
Echinochloa colona
junglerice
watergrass
SWSS, WSWS
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
EUUN2
 
Eugenia uniflora
Surinam cherry
FLEPPC
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
ERPI2
 
Eragrostis pilosa
Indian lovegrass
SWSS
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (I)
EIAZ2
 
Eichhornia azurea
anchored water hyacinth
US, STATE
 
L48 (I), PR (I)
ECCO3
 
 
Echinodorus cordifolius
burhead
creeping burhead
SWSS
 
 
L48 (N)
ERNAN5
CHNA2
 
Ericameria nauseosa ssp. nauseosa var. nauseosa
Chrysothamnus nauseosus
gray rabbitbrush

WSWS
 
L48 (N)
ERACA
ERGR4
 
 
Eriochloa acuminata var. acuminata
Eriochloa gracilis
southwestern cupgrass
tapertip cupgrass

SWSS, WSWS
 
 
L48 (N)
ERAN4
 
 
 
 
Eriogonum annuum
annual buckwheat
annual eriogonum
umbrella plant
wild buckwheat
NE&GP
 
 
 
 
L48 (N)
EUCA5
 
Eupatorium capillifolium
dogfennel
N'EAST, SWSS
 
L48 (N)
ESCA2
 
Eschscholzia californica
California poppy
SEEPPC
 
L48 (N), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
ELCA7
 
Elodea canadensis
Canadian waterweed
SWSS
 
L48 (N), AK (I), PR (I), CAN (N)
EQHY
 
Equisetum hyemale
scouringrush horsetail
SWSS
 
L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N), GL (N)
EQAR
 
 
 
Equisetum arvense
field horsetail
scouring rush
western horsetail
N'EAST, NE&GP, WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (N), AK (N?), CAN (N), GL (N), SPM (N)
ERSP
 
Eragrostis spectabilis
purple lovegrass
NE&GP
 
L48 (N), CAN (I)
ERCO8
 
Eriochloa contracta
prairie cupgrass
SWSS
 
L48 (N), CAN (I)
EUMA8
 
 
 
 
Euphorbia marginata
smoke-on-the-prairie
snow-on-the-mountain
variegated spurge
whitemargined spurge
NE&GP, SWSS
 
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (I)
ECLO
 
 
 
Echinocystis lobata
wild balsamapple
wild cucumber
wild mock cucumber
NE&GP
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
ELNY
 
 
 
Ellisia nyctelea
Aunt Lucy
ellisia
waterpod
NE&GP
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
EQLA
 
 
Equisetum laevigatum
smooth horsetail
smooth scouringrush
WSWS
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
EQTE
 
Equisetum telmateia
giant horsetail
STATE
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
ERPH
 
Erigeron philadelphicus
Philadelphia fleabane
SWSS
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
ERST3
 
 
 
Erigeron strigosus
daisy fleabane
prairie fleabane
rough fleabane
NE&GP
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
EUAL3
 
 
Eupatorium altissimum
tall joepyeweed
tall thoroughwort
NE&GP
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
EUFI14
EUFI
 
 
Eutrochium fistulosum
Eupatorium fistulosum
Joe Pye weed
trumpetweed

KY
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
ERAN
 
Erigeron annuus
annual fleabane
KY
 
L48 (N), CAN (N), SPM (I)
ECPR
 
 
 
Eclipta prostrata
eclipta
false daisy
yerba de tago
KY, N'EAST, SWSS
 
 
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N), CAN (N)
EUDE4
 
 
Euphorbia dentata
toothed spurge
toothedleaf poinsettia
STATE, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
L48 (NI)
 
   
*CodeNative Status
I Introduced
N Native
N? Probably Native
W Waif

*CodeNative Status Jurisdiction
None
L48 Lower 48 States
AK Alaska
HI Hawaii
PR Puerto Rico
VI Virgin Islands
CAN Canada
GL Greenland
SPM St. Pierre and Miquelon

 

Time Generated: 12/20/2014 04:13 PM MST