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Introduced, Invasive, and Noxious Plants

About Weeds of the U.S.
NRCS Invasive Species Policy
Invasive Species Executive Order 13112

U.S. Weeds with Scientific Name =L*
91 records returned

Click on an accepted name below to view its PLANTS Profile with more information, and web links if available. Invasive plants that are synonyms are indented beneath the current PLANTS accepted name. You may view invasive lists by source by clicking on the source acronyms at the top of the report.

U.S. USDA, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ). Federal noxious weed list (1 February 2012). USDA, APHIS, PPQ, Washington, DC.
USDA, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ). State Plant Regulatory Officials letters. National Plant Board
STATE Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states. State agriculture or natural resource departments.
Cal-IPC California Invasive Plant Council. California Invasive Plant Inventory. Cal-IPC Publication 2006-02 (1 February 2007). California Invasive Plant Council, Berkeley, California.
FLEPPC Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council. Invasive plant list. Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, Florida.
HEAR USDI, Geological Survey. Information index for selected alien plants in Hawaii (20 October 2003). Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk Project, Biological Resources Division, Haleakala Field Station, Makawao, Hawaii.
KY Haragan, P.D. Weeds of Kentucky and adjacent states: a field guide. The University Press of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky.
N'EAST Uva, R.H., J.C. Neal,and J.M. DiTomaso. Weeds of the Northeast. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York.
NE&GP Stubbendieck, J., G.Y. Friisoe,and M.R. Bolick. Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains. Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry, Lincoln, Nebraska.
SEEPPC Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council. Invasive exotic pest plants in Tennessee (19 October 1999). Research Committee of the Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council, Tennessee.
SWSS Southern Weed Science Society. Weeds of the United States and Canada. CD-ROM. Southern Weed Science Society, Champaign, Illinois.
WI Hoffman, R.and K. Kearns (eds.). Wisconsin manual of control recommendations for ecologically invasive plants. Wisconsin Dept. Natural Resources, Madison, Wisconsin.
WSWS Whitson, T.D. (ed.) et al. Weeds of the West. Western Society of Weed Science in cooperation with Cooperative Extension Services, University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming.

 

Symbol Scientific Name
Common Name
Source Native Status*
LAFL
 
Lactuca floridana
woodland lettuce
SWSS
 
L48 (N), PR (N), CAN (N)
LASE
 
 
 
Lactuca serriola
China lettuce
prickly lettuce
wild lettuce
KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
LATAP
LAPU
 
Lactuca tatarica var. pulchella
Lactuca pulchella
blue lettuce

STATE, NE&GP, WSWS
 
L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N)
LAGAR
 
Lagarosiphon
African elodea
STATE
 
LAMA15
 
 
 
Lagarosiphon major
African elodea
South African oxygen weed
oxygen weed
US, STATE
 
 
 
LAMO5
 
Lagascea mollis
acuate
STATE
 
L48 (I), PR (I), VI (I)
LAAM
 
Lamium amplexicaule
henbit
KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (W)
LAPU2
 
 
Lamium purpureum
purple deadnettle
red deadnettle
WSWS
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
LAPUI
 
 
 
Lamium purpureum var. incisum
hybrid deadnettle
purple deadnettle
red deadnettle
SWSS
 
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I), SPM (W)
LAPU12
SPOL2
 
Landoltia punctata
Spirodela oligorrhiza
giant duckweed

STATE
 
L48 (N), HI (N)
LACA2
 
Lantana camara
lantana
FLEPPC, HEAR
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (N), VI (I)
LAOC3
 
 
Lappula occidentalis
flatspine stickseed
western sticktight
NE&GP, WSWS
 
 
L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N)
LACO3
 
 
Lapsana communis
common nipplewort
nipplewort
WSWS
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I)
LATR2
 
Larrea tridentata
creosotebush
WSWS
 
L48 (N)
LALA4
 
 
 
Lathyrus latifolius
everlasting peavine
perennial pea
perennial peavine
SWSS, WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
LECA2
 
 
Leonurus cardiaca
common motherwort
motherwort
NE&GP
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
LEAU3
 
Lepidium austrinum
southern pepperwort
SWSS
 
L48 (N)
LECA5
 
Lepidium campestre
field pepperweed
KY, N'EAST
 
L48 (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
LEDE
 
 
 
Lepidium densiflorum
common pepperweed
greenflower pepperweed
peppergrass
NE&GP
 
 
 
L48 (NI), AK (I?), HI (I), CAN (NI)
LELA2
 
 
 
 
Lepidium latifolium
Virginia pepperweed
broadleaved peppergrass
perennial pepperweed
tall whitetop
STATE, Cal-IPC, WSWS
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
LEPE2
 
Lepidium perfoliatum
clasping pepperweed
WSWS
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)
LEVI3
 
 
 
 
Lepidium virginicum
Virginia pepperweed
Virginian peppercress
peppergrass
poorman's pepper
N'EAST, SWSS
 
 
 
 
L48 (N), AK (I?), HI (I), PR (N), VI (I), CAN (NI)
LECH2
 
Leptochloa chinensis
Asian sprangletop
US, STATE
 
LEFUF
 
LEFA
 
 
Leptochloa fusca ssp. fascicularis
bearded sprangletop
Leptochloa fascicularis
bearded sprangletop
sprangletop
SWSS
 
NE&GP
 
 
L48 (N), PR (N), VI (N), CAN (I)
LEFUU
LEUN2
 
Leptochloa fusca ssp. uninervia
Leptochloa uninervia
Mexican sprangletop

WSWS
 
L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N)
LEPA3
 
Leptochloa panicoides
Amazon sprangletop
SWSS
 
L48 (N), PR (N)
LESC2
 
Leptospermum scoparium
New Zealand tea
HEAR
 
HI (I)
LEHO7
 
Lepyrodiclis holosteoides
lepyrodiclis
STATE
 
L48 (I)
LEBI2
 
Lespedeza bicolor
bicolor lespedeza
SEEPPC
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
LECU
 
 
Lespedeza cuneata
Chinese lespedeza
sericea lespedeza
STATE, SEEPPC
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I?)
LELE10
 
 
Leucaena leucocephala
koa haole
lead tree
FLEPPC, HEAR
 
 
L48 (I), VI (I)
LEVU
 
CHLE80
 
CHLEP
 
 
Leucanthemum vulgare
oxeye daisy
Chrysanthemum leucanthemum
oxeye daisy
Chrysanthemum leucanthemum var. pinnatifidum
marguerite
oxeye daisy
STATE, Cal-IPC
 
STATE, SEEPPC, WSWS
 
STATE, KY, N'EAST, SWSS, WI
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
LILU2
 
 
Ligustrum lucidum
glossy privet
tree privet
FLEPPC
 
 
L48 (I)
LIOB
 
Ligustrum obtusifolium
blunt-leaved privet
STATE
 
L48 (I)
LIOV
 
Ligustrum ovalifolium
California privet
STATE
 
L48 (I), PR (I), CAN (I)
LISI
 
Ligustrum sinense
Chinese privet
FLEPPC, SEEPPC
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
LIVU
 
 
 
Ligustrum vulgare
European privet
common privet
wild privet
SEEPPC, WI
 
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
LISP2
 
Limnobium spongia
spongeplant
STATE
 
L48 (N)
LIFL5
 
Limnocharis flava
Sawah flowering rush
STATE
 
LIIN5
 
Limnophila indica
ambulia
STATE
 
L48 (I)
LISE3
 
 
 
Limnophila sessiliflora
Asian marshweed
ambulia
limnophila
US, STATE
 
 
 
L48 (I)
LIDA
 
Linaria dalmatica
Dalmatian toadflax
STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
LIDAD
 
LIGED
 
Linaria dalmatica ssp. dalmatica
Dalmatian toadflax
Linaria genistifolia ssp. dalmatica
Dalmatian toadflax
STATE
 
STATE, WSWS
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
LIGE
 
Linaria genistifolia
narrow-leaved Dalmatian toadflax
STATE
 
L48 (I)
LIVU2
 
 
 
 
 
 
Linaria vulgaris
Jacob's ladder
butter and eggs
flaxweed
ramsted
wild snapdragon
yellow toadflax
STATE, N'EAST, NE&GP, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
LICH3
 
 
Livistona chinensis
Chinese fan palm
fountain palm
FLEPPC
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I)
LOPEM2
 
 
LOMU
 
 
Lolium perenne ssp. multiflorum
Italian ryegrass
annual ryegrass
Lolium multiflorum
Italian ryegrass
annual ryegrass
Cal-IPC, N'EAST, SWSS
 
 
WSWS
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
LOTE2
 
Lolium temulentum
darnel
STATE
 
L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
LOBE
 
 
Lonicera ×bella
bella honeysuckle
whitebell honesuckle
STATE, WI
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
LOFR
 
 
Lonicera fragrantissima
January jasmine
sweet breath-of-spring
SEEPPC
 
 
L48 (I)
LOJA
 
 
Lonicera japonica
Chinese honeysuckle
Japanese honeysuckle
STATE, FLEPPC, HEAR, N'EAST, SEEPPC, SWSS, WI
 
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (I)
LOMA6
 
Lonicera maackii
Amur bush honeysuckle
STATE, SEEPPC, WI
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
LOMO2
 
 
Lonicera morrowii
Morrow's bush honeysuckle
Morrow's honeysuckle
STATE, SEEPPC, WI
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
LOTA
 
 
Lonicera tatarica
Tartarian honeysuckle
bush honeysuckle
STATE, N'EAST, WI
 
 
L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)
LOXY
 
Lonicera xylosteum
dwarf honeysuckle
STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
LOCO9
 
Lophostemon confertus
vinegartree
HEAR
 
HI (I)
LOCO6
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lotus corniculatus
birdfoot deervetch
birdsfoot trefoil
bloomfell
cat's clover
crowtoes
ground honeysuckle
N'EAST, NE&GP
 
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
LUDE4
 
Ludwigia decurrens
wingleaf primrose-willow
SWSS
 
L48 (N), PR (N)
LUGRG2
LUUR
 
 
Ludwigia grandiflora ssp. grandiflora
Ludwigia uruguayensis
Uruguay waterprimrose
hairy water-primrose

STATE, SEEPPC
 
 
L48 (I)
LUGRH
LUHE5
 
Ludwigia grandiflora ssp. hexapetala
Ludwigia hexapetala
Uraguay waterprimrose

STATE
 
L48 (I)
LUPE5
 
 
Ludwigia peploides
creeping waterprimrose
floating primrose-willow
KY, SWSS
 
 
L48 (NI), PR (N)
LUCR5
 
Lunularia cruciata
liverwort
N'EAST
 
NA (N)
LUAR
 
Lupinus arboreus
yellow bush lupine
Cal-IPC
 
L48 (N), CAN (I)
LUPE3
 
Lupinus perennis
sundial lupine
SWSS
 
L48 (N), CAN (I)
LUPL
 
 
Lupinus plattensis
Nebraska lupine
Platte lupine
NE&GP
 
 
L48 (N)
LUPU
 
 
 
Lupinus pusillus
low lupine
rusty lupine
small lupine
NE&GP
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
LUWY
 
Lupinus wyethii
Wyeth lupine
WSWS
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
LYFL3
 
Lychnis flos-cuculi
ragged robin
STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
LYBA4
LYHA
 
Lycium barbarum
Lycium halimifolium
matrimony vine

NE&GP
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
LYFE4
LYFE3
 
 
Lycium ferocissimum
Lycium ferrocissimum
African boxthorn
boxthorn

US, STATE
 
 
L48 (I)
LYAM
 
 
 
Lycopus americanus
American bugleweed
American water horehound
water horehound
NE&GP
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
LYJU
 
 
 
Lygodesmia juncea
rush skeletonplant
rush skeletonweed
skeletonweed
NE&GP, WSWS
 
 
 
L48 (N), CAN (N)
LYJA
 
Lygodium japonicum
Japanese climbing fern
STATE, FLEPPC
 
L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
LYMI
 
 
Lygodium microphyllum
Old World climbing fern
small leaf climbing fern
STATE, FLEPPC
 
 
L48 (I)
LYNU
 
 
Lysimachia nummularia
creeping jenny
moneywort
N'EAST, SEEPPC, WI
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
LYVU
 
Lysimachia vulgaris
garden loosestrife
STATE
 
L48 (I), CAN (I)
LYTHR
 
Lythrum
purple loosestrife
STATE
 
LYSA2
 
 
 
 
 
Lythrum salicaria
purple loosestrife
purple lythrum
rainbow weed
salicaire
spiked loosestrife
STATE, Cal-IPC, N'EAST, NE&GP, SEEPPC, SWSS, WI, WSWS
 
 
 
 
 
L48 (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
LYVI3
 
Lythrum virgatum
European wand loosestrife
STATE
 
L48 (I)
 
   
*CodeNative Status
I Introduced
I? Probably Introduced
N Native
W Waif

*CodeNative Status Jurisdiction
L48 Lower 48 States
AK Alaska
HI Hawaii
PR Puerto Rico
VI Virgin Islands
CAN Canada
GL Greenland
SPM St. Pierre and Miquelon
NA North America

 

Time Generated: 09/02/2014 09:56 PM MDT