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Introduced, Invasive, and Noxious Plants

NRCS Invasive Species Policy
Invasive Species Executive Order 13112

Alabama State-listed Noxious Weeds
141 records returned

Click on an accepted name below to view its PLANTS Profile with more information, and web links if available. Noxious weeds that are synonyms retain their noxious status, and are indented beneath the current PLANTS accepted name.

Division of Plant Industry. 2003. Summary of plant protection regulations (20 October 2003). Alabama Department of Agriculture and Industries.

Symbol Scientific Name Noxious Common Name State Noxious Status Native Status*
AEGIN Aeginetia L. CAW
AGAD2 Ageratina adenophora (Spreng.) R.M. King & H. Rob. crofton weed CAW L48 (I), HI (I)
ALECT2 Alectra Thunb. CAW
ALPE4 Alliaria petiolata (M. Bieb.) Cavara & Grande garlic mustard CAW L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)
ALPH Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Griseb. alligatorweed CCW L48 (I), PR (I)
ALSE4 Alternanthera sessilis (L.) R. Br. ex DC. sessile joyweed CAW L48 (I), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
ASFI2 Asphodelus fistulosus L. onionweed CAW L48 (I)
AVST Avena sterilis L. animated oat CAW L48 (I), CAN (W)
AZPI Azolla pinnata R. Br. mosquito fern CAW L48 (I)
CAHA13 Cardiospermum halicacabum L. balloon vine CCW L48 (I), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
CAOX6 Carthamus oxyacanthus M. Bieb. L48 (I)
CAOX2 Carthamus oxyacantha M. Bieb., orth. var. wild safflower CAW
CATA5 Caulerpa taxifolia (Vahl) C. Agardh1 CAW L48 (I)
CHAC Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin. pilipiliula CAW HI (I)
COBE2 Commelina benghalensis L. Benghal dayflower CAW L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
CRVU2 Crupina vulgaris Cass. common crupina CAW L48 (I)
CUSCU Cuscuta L.2 dodder CAW
DIAB Digitaria abyssinica (Hochst. ex A. Rich.) Stapf HI (I)
DISC5 Digitaria scalarum (Schweinf.) Chiov. African couch grass CAW
DIVE2 Digitaria velutina (Forssk.) P. Beauv. velvet fingergrass CAW L48 (I)
DIBU Dioscorea bulbifera L. air-potato CAW L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
DRAR7 Drymaria arenarioides Humb. & Bonpl. ex Schult. [excluded] alfombrilla CAW
EGDE Egeria densa Planch. Brazilian elodea CCW L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (W)
EIAZ2 Eichhornia azurea (Sw.) Kunth anchored waterhyacinth CAW L48 (I), PR (I)
EICR Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms floating waterhyacinth CCW L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (W)
EMAU Emex australis Steinh. three-cornered jack CAW L48 (I)
EMSP Emex spinosa (L.) Campd. devil's thorn CAW L48 (I), HI (I)
FAVI Fatoua villosa (Thunb.) Nakai hairy crabgrass, mulberry weed CCW L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
GAOF Galega officinalis L. goatsrue CAW L48 (I), CAN (I)
HEMA17 Heracleum mantegazzianum Sommier & Levier giant hogweed CAW L48 (I), CAN (I)
HYVE3 Hydrilla verticillata (L. f.) Royle hydrilla CAW L48 (I)
HYPO3 Hygrophila polysperma (Roxb.) T. Anderson Miramar weed CAW L48 (I)
IMBR Imperata brasiliensis Trin. Brazilian satintail CAW L48 (I), PR (I)
IMCY Imperata cylindrica (L.) P. Beauv. cogongrass CAW L48 (I)
IPAQ Ipomoea aquatica Forssk. Chinese waterspinach CAW L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
ISRU Ischaemum rugosum Salisb. murain-grass CAW L48 (I)
LAMA15 Lagarosiphon major (Ridley) Moss oxygen weed CAW
LECH2 Leptochloa chinensis (L.) Nees [excluded] Asian sprangletop CAW
LISE3 Limnophila sessiliflora (Vahl) Blume ambulia CAW L48 (I)
LYFE4 Lycium ferocissimum Miers L48 (I)
LYFE3 Lycium ferrocissimum Miers, orth. var. African boxthorn CAW
LYJA Lygodium japonicum (Thunb.) Sw. Japanese climbing fern CBW L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
LYMI Lygodium microphyllum (Cav.) R. Br. Old World climbing fern CAW L48 (I)
LYSA2 Lythrum salicaria L. purple loosestrife CBW L48 (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
MEQU Melaleuca quinquenervia (Cav.) S.F. Blake melaleuca CAW L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
MEMA Melastoma malabathricum L. CAW HI (I)
MIVI Microstegium vimineum (Trin.) A. Camus Mary's grass, Japanese grass CCW L48 (I), PR (I)
MICO16 Mikania cordata (Burm. f.) B.L. Rob. [excluded] mile-a-minute CAW
MIMI5 Mikania micrantha Kunth mile-a-minute CAW L48 (I), PR (N)
MIDI8 Mimosa diplotricha C. Wright HI (I), PR (I)
MIIN80 Mimosa invisa Mart., non Mart. ex Colla giant sensitive plant CAW
MIPE2 Mimosa pellita Kunth ex Willd. L48 (N), PR (N)
MIPI Mimosa pigra auct. non L. catclaw mimosa CAW
MOHA2 Monochoria hastata (L.) Solms [excluded] monochoria CAW
MOVA Monochoria vaginalis (Burm. f.) C. Presl ex Kunth pickerel weed CAW L48 (I), HI (I)
MORAE Moraea Mill.
HOMER Homeria Vent. Cape tulip CAW
MOCO8 Moraea collina Thunb. L48 (I)
HOCO6 Homeria collina (Thunb.) Salisb. Cape tulip CAW
MOFL2 Moraea flaccida (Sweet) Steud.
HOFL4 Homeria flaccida Sweet Cape tulip CAW
MOOC2 Moraea ochroleuca (Salisb.) Drapiez
HOOC Homeria ochroleuca Salisb. Cape tulip CAW
MOPA8 Moraea pallida (Baker) Goldblatt
HOPA11 Homeria pallida Baker Cape tulip CAW
MYAQ2 Myriophyllum aquaticum (Vell.) Verdc. parrotfeather, watermilfoil CCW L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
MYSP2 Myriophyllum spicatum L. Eurasian watermilfoil CCW L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)
NAMI Najas minor All. spinyleaf naiad CCW L48 (I), CAN (I)
NATR3 Nassella trichotoma (Nees) Hack. serrated tussock CAW L48 (I)
OPAU10 Opuntia aurantiaca Lindl. jointed prickly pear CAW
ORUM Ornithogalum umbellatum L. star of Bethlehem CCW L48 (I), CAN (I)
OROBA Orobanche L.2 broomrape CAW
ORLO3 Oryza longistaminata A. Chev. & Roehr. red rice CAW
ORPU13 Oryza punctata Kotzchy ex Steud. red rice CAW
ORRU Oryza rufipogon Griffiths red rice CAW L48 (I)
OTAL Ottelia alismoides (L.) Pers. duck-lettuce CAW L48 (I)
PAFO3 Paederia foetida L. skunk vine CBW L48 (I), HI (I)
PARE3 Panicum repens L. torpedo grass CCW L48 (I), HI (I)
PASC6 Paspalum scrobiculatum L. Kodo-millet CAW L48 (I), HI (I)
PECL2 Pennisetum clandestinum Hochst. ex Chiov. kikuyugrass CAW L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
PEMA80 Pennisetum macrourum Trin. African feathergrass CAW L48 (I), HI (I)
PEPE24 Pennisetum pedicellatum Trin. kyasuma-grass CAW L48 (I)
PEPO14 Pennisetum polystachion (L.) Schult. L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
PEPO4 Pennisetum polystachyon (L.) Schult., orth. var. missiongrass CAW
PHAU7 Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud. phragmites, common reed CCW L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), CAN (N)
PHTE5 Phyllanthus tenellus Roxb. longstalked phyllanthus CCW L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
PHUR Phyllanthus urinaria L. chamberbitter, niuri CCW L48 (I), PR (I)
PIST2 Pistia stratiotes L. water-lettuce CCW L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
POCU6 Polygonum cuspidatum Siebold & Zucc. Japanese knotweed, Japanese bamboo CCW L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
POPE10 Polygonum perfoliatum L. mile-a-minute CAW L48 (I)
POCR3 Potamogeton crispus L. curlyleaf pondweed CCW L48 (I), CAN (I)
PRAL11 Prosopis alpataco Phil. mesquite CAW
PRAR6 Prosopis argentina Burkart mesquite CAW
PRBU2 Prosopis burkartii Muñoz mesquite CAW
PRCA9 Prosopis caldenia Burkart mesquite CAW
PRCA10 Prosopis calingastana Burkart mesquite CAW
PRCA11 Prosopis campestris Griseb. mesquite CAW
PRCA12 Prosopis castellanosii Burkart mesquite CAW
PRDE4 Prosopis denudans Benth. mesquite CAW
PREL5 Prosopis elata (Burkart) Burkart mesquite CAW
PRFA2 Prosopis farcta (Banks & Sol.) J.F. Macbr. Syrian mesquite CAW L48 (I)
PRFE2 Prosopis ferox Griseb. mesquite CAW
PRFI4 Prosopis fiebrigii Harms mesquite CAW
PRHA4 Prosopis hassleri Harms ex Hassler mesquite CAW
PRHU3 Prosopis humilis Gillies ex Hook. & Arn. mesquite CAW
PRKU2 Prosopis kuntzei Harms ex Hassler mesquite CAW
PRPA4 Prosopis pallida (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.) Kunth kiawe CAW HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
PRPA10 Prosopis palmeri S. Watson mesquite CAW
PRRE2 Prosopis reptans Benth. tornillo CAW L48 (N)
PRRO4 Prosopis rojasiana Burkart mesquite CAW
PRRU4 Prosopis ruizlealii Burkart mesquite CAW
PRRU5 Prosopis ruscifolia Griseb. mesquite CAW
PRSE5 Prosopis sericantha Gillies ex Hook. & Arn. mesquite CAW
PRST3 Prosopis strombulifera (Lam.) Benth. Argentine screwbean CAW L48 (I)
PRTO3 Prosopis torquata DC. mesquite CAW
PRVE Prosopis velutina Woot. L48 (N), HI (I)
PRAR4 Prosopis articulata S. Watson velvet mesquite CAW
ROMU Rosa multiflora Thunb. multiflora rose CCW L48 (I), CAN (I)
ROCO6 Rottboellia cochinchinensis (Lour.) W.D. Clayton itchgrass CAW L48 (I), PR (I)
RUFR80 Rubus fruticosus L. [excluded] wild blackberry complex CAW
RUMO4 Rubus moluccanus L. [excluded] wild blackberry CAW
SASP Saccharum spontaneum L. wild sugarcane CAW HI (I), PR (I)
SASA7 Sagittaria sagittifolia L. [excluded] arrowhead CAW
SAVE6 Salsola vermiculata L. wormleaf salsola CAW L48 (I)
SAAU Salvinia auriculata Aubl. giant salvinia CAW PR (I)
SABI9 Salvinia biloba Raddi giant salvinia CAW
SAHE7 Salvinia herzogii de la Sota giant salvinia CAW
SAMO5 Salvinia molesta Mitchell giant salvinia CAW L48 (I), HI (I)
SEPUP3 Setaria pumila (Poir.) Roem. & Schult. ssp. pallidefusca (Schumach.) B.K. Simon L48 (I)
SEPA82 Setaria pallidifusca (Schumach.) Stapf & C.E. Hubbard, orth. var. cattail grass CAW
SOTA3 Solanum tampicense Dunal wetland nightshade CAW L48 (I)
SOTO4 Solanum torvum Sw. turkeyberry CAW L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
SOVI2 Solanum viarum Dunal tropical soda apple CAW L48 (I)
SPER Sparganium erectum L. exotic bur-reed CAW L48 (N)
SPAL3 Spermacoce alata Aubl. [excluded] borreria CAW
STAL6 Stratiotes aloides L. [excluded] water-aloe CCW
STRIG Striga Lour. witchweed CAW
TRNA Trapa natans L. water chestnut CCW L48 (I), CAN (I)
TRPR5 Tridax procumbens L. coat buttons CAW L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
TUFA Tussilago farfara L. coltsfoot CAW L48 (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
URPA Urochloa panicoides P. Beauv. liverseed grass CAW L48 (I)

 

†CodeNoxious Status
CAW Class A noxious weed
CBW Class B noxious weed
CCW Class C noxious weed

*CodeNative Status
I Introduced
N Native
W Waif

*CodeNative Status Jursdiction
L48 Lower 48 States
AK Alaska
HI Hawaii
PR Puerto Rico
VI Virgin Islands
CAN Canada
SPM St. Pierre and Miquelon

1 Mediterranean clone  
2 other than native or widely distributed species  

Additional information about noxious plants in this state can be found at:

 

 
Time Generated: 07/31/2014 01:09 PM CDT