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Introduced, Invasive, and Noxious Plants

NRCS Invasive Species Policy
Invasive Species Executive Order 13112

Massachusetts State-listed Noxious Weeds
156 records returned

Click on an accepted name below to view its PLANTS Profile with more information, and web links if available. Noxious weeds that are synonyms retain their noxious status, and are indented beneath the current PLANTS accepted name.

Bureau of Farm Productsand Plant Industries. 2006. Massachusetts prohibited plant list (23 January 2006). Massachusetts Department of Agricultural Resources.

Symbol Scientific Name Noxious Common Name State Noxious Status Native Status*
ACPL Acer platanoides L. Norway maple P L48 (I), CAN (I)
ACPS Acer pseudoplatanus L. sycamore maple P L48 (I), CAN (I)
AEGIN Aeginetia L. P
AEPO Aegopodium podagraria L. Bishop's goutweed, bishop's weed, goutweed P L48 (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
AGAD2 Ageratina adenophora (Spreng.) R.M. King & H. Rob. crofton weed P L48 (I), HI (I)
AIAL Ailanthus altissima (Mill.) Swingle tree of heaven P L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
ALECT2 Alectra Thunb. P
ALPE4 Alliaria petiolata (M. Bieb.) Cavara & Grande garlic mustard P L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)
ALSE4 Alternanthera sessilis (L.) R. Br. ex DC. sessile joyweed P L48 (I), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
AMBR7 Ampelopsis brevipedunculata (Maxim.) Trautv. porcelain-berry, Amur peppervine P L48 (I)
ANSY Anthriscus sylvestris (L.) Hoffm. wild chervil P L48 (I), CAN (I), GL (I)
ARHI3 Arthraxon hispidus (Thunb.) Makino hairy joint grass, jointhead, small carpetgrass P L48 (I), HI (I)
ASFI2 Asphodelus fistulosus L. onionweed P L48 (I)
AVST Avena sterilis L. animated oat P L48 (I), CAN (W)
AZPI Azolla pinnata R. Br. mosquito fern P L48 (I)
BETH Berberis thunbergii DC. Japanese barberry P L48 (I), CAN (I)
BEVU Berberis vulgaris L. common barberry, European barberry P L48 (I), CAN (I)
CACA Cabomba caroliniana A. Gray Carolina fanwort, fanwort P L48 (N), CAN (N)
CAIM Cardamine impatiens L. bushy rock-cress, narrowleaf bittercress P L48 (I), CAN (I)
CAKO2 Carex kobomugi Ohwi Japanese sedge, Asiatic sand sedge P L48 (I)
CAOX6 Carthamus oxyacanthus M. Bieb. L48 (I)
CAOX2 Carthamus oxyacantha M. Bieb., orth. var. wild safflower P
CATA5 Caulerpa taxifolia (Vahl) C. Agardh P L48 (I)
CEOR7 Celastrus orbiculatus Thunb. Oriental bittersweet, Asian or Asiatic bittersweet P L48 (I), CAN (I)
CESTM Centaurea stoebe L. ssp. micranthos (Gugler) Hayek L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
CEBI2 Centaurea biebersteinii DC. spotted knapweed P
CHAC Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin. pilipiliula P HI (I)
COBE2 Commelina benghalensis L. Benghal dayflower P L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
CRVU2 Crupina vulgaris Cass. common crupina P L48 (I)
CUSCU Cuscuta L. dodder P
CYLO11 Cynanchum louiseae Kartesz & Gandhi black swallow-wort, Louise's swallow-wart P L48 (I), CAN (I)
CYRO8 Cynanchum rossicum (Kleopow) Borhidi European swallow-wort, pale swallow-wart P L48 (I), CAN (I)
DIAB Digitaria abyssinica (Hochst. ex A. Rich.) Stapf P HI (I)
DISC5 Digitaria scalarum (Schweinf.) Chiov. African couch grass P
DIVE2 Digitaria velutina (Forssk.) P. Beauv. velvet fingergrass P L48 (I)
DRAR7 Drymaria arenarioides Humb. & Bonpl. ex Schult. [excluded] alfombrilla P
EGDE Egeria densa Planch. Brazilian waterweed, Brazilian eloda P L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (W)
EIAZ2 Eichhornia azurea (Sw.) Kunth anchored waterhyacinth P L48 (I), PR (I)
ELUM Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb. autumn olive P L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
EMAU Emex australis Steinh. three-cornered jack P L48 (I)
EMSP Emex spinosa (L.) Campd. devil's thorn P L48 (I), HI (I)
EPHI Epilobium hirsutum L. hairy willow-herb, codlins and cream P L48 (I), CAN (I)
EUAL13 Euonymus alatus (Thunb.) Siebold winged euonymus, burning bush P L48 (I), CAN (I)
EUCY2 Euphorbia cyparissias L. cypress spurge P L48 (I), CAN (I)
EUES Euphorbia esula L. leafy spurge, wolf's milk P L48 (I), CAN (I)
FEFI Festuca filiformis Pourr. gair fescue, fineleaf sheep fescue P L48 (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
FRAL4 Frangula alnus Mill. European buckthorn, glossy buckthorn P L48 (I), CAN (I)
GAOF Galega officinalis L. goatsrue P L48 (I), CAN (I)
GLFL Glaucium flavum Crantz sea or horned poppy, yellow horn poppy P L48 (I), CAN (W)
GLMA3 Glyceria maxima (Hartm.) Holmb. tall mannagrass, reed mannagrass P L48 (I), CAN (I)
HEMA17 Heracleum mantegazzianum Sommier & Levier giant hogweed P L48 (I), CAN (I)
HEMA3 Hesperis matronalis L. dames Rocket P L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)
HUJA Humulus japonicus Siebold & Zucc. Japanese hops P L48 (I), CAN (I)
HYVE3 Hydrilla verticillata (L. f.) Royle hydrilla P L48 (I)
HYPO3 Hygrophila polysperma (Roxb.) T. Anderson Miramar weed P L48 (I)
IMBR Imperata brasiliensis Trin. Brazilian satintail P L48 (I), PR (I)
IPAQ Ipomoea aquatica Forssk. Chinese waterspinach PR L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
IRPS Iris pseudacorus L. Yellow Iris P L48 (I), CAN (I)
ISRU Ischaemum rugosum Salisb. murain-grass P L48 (I)
LAMA15 Lagarosiphon major (Ridley) Moss oxygen weed P
LELA2 Lepidium latifolium L. broad-leafed pepperweed, tall pepperweed P L48 (I), CAN (I)
LECH2 Leptochloa chinensis (L.) Nees [excluded] Asian sprangletop P
LIOB Ligustrum obtusifolium Siebold & Zucc. border privet P L48 (I)
LISE3 Limnophila sessiliflora (Vahl) Blume ambulia P L48 (I)
LOBE Lonicera ×bella Zabel [morrowii × tatarica] Bell's honeysuckle P L48 (I), CAN (I)
LOJA Lonicera japonica Thunb. Japanese honeysuckle P L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (I)
LOMA6 Lonicera maackii (Rupr.) Herder Amur honeysuckle P L48 (I), CAN (I)
LOMO2 Lonicera morrowii A. Gray Morrow's honeysuckle P L48 (I), CAN (I)
LOTA Lonicera tatarica L. Tatarian honeysuckle P L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)
LYFE4 Lycium ferocissimum Miers L48 (I)
LYFE3 Lycium ferrocissimum Miers, orth. var. African boxthorn P
LYNU Lysimachia nummularia L. creeping jenny, moneywort P L48 (I), CAN (I)
LYSA2 Lythrum salicaria L. purple loosestrife P L48 (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
MEQU Melaleuca quinquenervia (Cav.) S.F. Blake melaleuca P L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
MEMA Melastoma malabathricum L. P HI (I)
MIVI Microstegium vimineum (Trin.) A. Camus Japanese stilt grass, Nepalese browntop P L48 (I), PR (I)
MICO16 Mikania cordata (Burm. f.) B.L. Rob. [excluded] mile-a-minute P
MIMI5 Mikania micrantha Kunth mile-a-minute P L48 (I), PR (N)
MIDI8 Mimosa diplotricha C. Wright P HI (I), PR (I)
MIIN80 Mimosa invisa Mart., non Mart. ex Colla giant sensitive plant P
MIPE2 Mimosa pellita Kunth ex Willd. L48 (N), PR (N)
MIPI Mimosa pigra auct. non L. catclaw mimosa P
MISA Miscanthus sacchariflorus (Maxim.) Franch. plume grass, Amur silvergrass P L48 (I), CAN (I)
MOHA2 Monochoria hastata (L.) Solms [excluded] monochoria P
MOVA Monochoria vaginalis (Burm. f.) C. Presl ex Kunth pickerel weed P L48 (I), HI (I)
MORAE Moraea Mill.
HOMER Homeria Vent. Cape tulip P
MOCO8 Moraea collina Thunb. L48 (I)
HOCO6 Homeria collina (Thunb.) Salisb. Cape tulip P
MOFL2 Moraea flaccida (Sweet) Steud.
HOFL4 Homeria flaccida Sweet Cape tulip P
MOOC2 Moraea ochroleuca (Salisb.) Drapiez
HOOC Homeria ochroleuca Salisb. Cape tulip P
MOPA8 Moraea pallida (Baker) Goldblatt
HOPA11 Homeria pallida Baker Cape tulip P
MYSC Myosotis scorpioides L. forget-me-not P L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
MYAQ2 Myriophyllum aquaticum (Vell.) Verdc. parrot-feather, water-feather, Brazilian water-milfoil P L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
MYHE2 Myriophyllum heterophyllum Michx. variable water-milfoil, two-leaved water-milfoil P L48 (N), CAN (N)
MYSP2 Myriophyllum spicatum L. Eurasian or European water-milfoil, spike water-milfoil P L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)
NAMI Najas minor All. brittle water-nymph, lesser naiad P L48 (I), CAN (I)
NATR3 Nassella trichotoma (Nees) Hack. serrated tussock P L48 (I)
NYPE Nymphoides peltata (S.G. Gmel.) Kuntze Yellow floating heart P L48 (I), CAN (I)
OPAU10 Opuntia aurantiaca Lindl. jointed prickly pear P
OROBA Orobanche L. broomrape P
ORLO3 Oryza longistaminata A. Chev. & Roehr. red rice P
ORPU13 Oryza punctata Kotzchy ex Steud. red rice P
ORRU Oryza rufipogon Griffiths red rice P L48 (I)
OTAL Ottelia alismoides (L.) Pers. duck-lettuce P L48 (I)
PASC6 Paspalum scrobiculatum L. Kodo-millet P (I), L48 (I), HI (I)
PECL2 Pennisetum clandestinum Hochst. ex Chiov. kikuyugrass P L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
PEMA80 Pennisetum macrourum Trin. African feathergrass P L48 (I), HI (I)
PEPE24 Pennisetum pedicellatum Trin. kyasuma-grass P L48 (I)
PEPO14 Pennisetum polystachion (L.) Schult. (I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
PEPO4 Pennisetum polystachyon (L.) Schult., orth. var. missiongrass P
PHAR3 Phalaris arundinacea L. reed canary-grass P L48 (N), AK (I), CAN (N), SPM (I)
PHAM2 Phellodendron amurense Rupr. Amur cork-tree P L48 (I), CAN (I)
PHAU7 Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud. common reed P L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), CAN (N)
POCU6 Polygonum cuspidatum Siebold & Zucc. Japanese knotweed, Japanese arrowroot P L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
POPE10 Polygonum perfoliatum L. Mile-a-minute vine or weed, Asiatic tearthumb P L48 (I)
POCR3 Potamogeton crispus L. crisped pondweed, curly pondweed P L48 (I), CAN (I)
PRPA4 Prosopis pallida (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.) Kunth kiawe P (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
PRRE2 Prosopis reptans Benth. tornillo P L48 (N)
PRST3 Prosopis strombulifera (Lam.) Benth. Argentine screwbean P L48 (I)
PRVE Prosopis velutina Woot. P L48 (N), HI (I)
PUMO Pueraria montana (Lour.) Merr. kudzu, Japanese arrowroot P L48 (I), HI (I)
RAFI Ranunculus ficaria L. lesser celandine, fig buttercup P L48 (I), CAN (I)
RARE3 Ranunculus repens L. creeping buttercup P L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
RHCA3 Rhamnus cathartica L. common buckthorn P L48 (I), CAN (I)
ROPS Robinia pseudoacacia L. black locust P L48 (N), CAN (I)
ROAM Rorippa amphibia (L.) Besser water yellowcress, great yellowcress P L48 (I), CAN (I)
ROMU Rosa multiflora Thunb. multiflora rose P L48 (I), CAN (I)
ROCO6 Rottboellia cochinchinensis (Lour.) W.D. Clayton itchgrass P L48 (I), PR (I)
RUFR80 Rubus fruticosus L. [excluded] wild blackberry complex P
RUMO4 Rubus moluccanus L. [excluded] wild blackberry P
RUPH Rubus phoenicolasius Maxim. wineberry, Japanese wineberry, wine raspberry P L48 (I)
SASP Saccharum spontaneum L. wild sugarcane P HI (I), PR (I)
SASA7 Sagittaria sagittifolia L. [excluded] arrowhead P
SAVE6 Salsola vermiculata L. wormleaf salsola P L48 (I)
SAAU Salvinia auriculata Aubl. giant salvinia P PR (I)
SABI9 Salvinia biloba Raddi giant salvinia P
SAHE7 Salvinia herzogii de la Sota giant salvinia P
SAMO5 Salvinia molesta Mitchell giant salvinia P L48 (I), HI (I)
SEJA Senecio jacobaea L. tansy ragwort, stinking Willie P L48 (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
SEPU8 Setaria pumila (Poir.) Roem. & Schult. P (I), L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I), SPM (W)
SEPUP3 Setaria pumila (Poir.) Roem. & Schult. ssp. pallidefusca (Schumach.) B.K. Simon L48 (I)
SEPA82 Setaria pallidifusca (Schumach.) Stapf & C.E. Hubbard, orth. var. cattail grass P
SOTA3 Solanum tampicense Dunal wetland nightshade P L48 (I)
SOTO4 Solanum torvum Sw. turkeyberry P L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
SOVI2 Solanum viarum Dunal tropical soda apple P L48 (I)
SPER Sparganium erectum L. exotic bur-reed P L48 (N)
SPAL3 Spermacoce alata Aubl. [excluded] borreria P
STRIG Striga Lour. witchweed P
TRNA Trapa natans L. water-chestnut P L48 (I), CAN (I)
TRPR5 Tridax procumbens L. coat buttons P (I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
TUFA Tussilago farfara L. coltsfoot P L48 (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
URPA Urochloa panicoides P. Beauv. liverseed grass P L48 (I)

 

†CodeNoxious Status
P Prohibited
PR Permit required

*CodeNative Status
I Introduced
N Native
W Waif

*CodeNative Status Jursdiction
None
L48 Lower 48 States
AK Alaska
HI Hawaii
PR Puerto Rico
VI Virgin Islands
CAN Canada
GL Greenland
SPM St. Pierre and Miquelon

Additional information about noxious plants in this state can be found at:

 

 
Time Generated: 11/26/2014 10:35 AM CST