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Brassica L.
mustard

Data Source

Last revised by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team
Curated and maintained by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team
 

Data Documentation

Documentation State Type
1900. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden. MT Literature
1961. Rhodora. NH, RI Literature
1975. Castanea. MS Literature
1980. Madroño. OR Literature
1985. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum. AL, NC, SC Literature
1987. Desert Plants. AZ Literature
1988. List of plants on Vina Plains Preserve, Vina Plains Preserve Handbook, rev. 1987. Unpublished. Nature Conservancy. CA Literature
1991. Douglasia. WA Literature
1993. Journal of the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science. AZ Literature
1994. Plant species list, Cosumnes River Preserve. Unpublished. CA Literature
1996. New Mexico Botanist. NM Literature
1997. New Mexico Botanist. NM Literature
1999. University of Minnesota Herbarium: Vascular plant collection. MN Literature
2000. CalFlora: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation. The CalFlora Database, Berkeley. CA Literature
2000. Crossosoma. CA Literature
2001. New Mexico Botanist. NM Literature
Ailes 50-27 (ALA 00083892). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Anderson 1088 (ALA 00018322). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Anderson 1379 (ALA 00018323). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Anonymous. Personal communication to John Kartesz. AK, AR, DC, FL, IL, IN, MA, MD, ME, MI, MT, NC, NH, NM, OK, SC, TN, TX, VA, VT, WI, WV Literature
Argus 884 (ALA 00004665). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states. State agriculture or natural resource departments. Literature
Atkinson, S., and F. Sharpe. 1985. Wild plants of the San Juan Islands. The Mountaineers, Seattle. WA Literature
Atkinson, S., and F. Sharpe. 1993. Wild plants of the San Juan Islands, 2nd ed. The Mountaineers/The San Juan Preservation Trust, Seattle. WA Literature
Atwood, J.T., et al. 1973. Check list of Vermont plants. Vermont Botanical and Bird Club. VT Literature
BOIS. Specimen at Rocky Mountain Research Station, Boise, Idaho. ID Specimen
Bluhm, Wilbur. Personal communication. OR Literature
Booth, W.E., and J.C. Wright. 1966. Flora of Montana. Montana State University, Bozeman. MT Literature
Britton, N.L., and P. Wilson. 1926. Botany of Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Scientific Survey of Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands. New York Academy of Sciences, New York. VI Literature
Brouillet, L., F. Coursol, and M. Favreau. 2006. VASCAN, the Database of Vascular Plants of Canada. Herbier Marie-Victorin, Institut de recherche en biologie végétale, Université de Montréal. AB, BC, GL, LB, MB, NB, NF, NS, NT, ON, PE, QC, SK, YT Literature
Brown, M.L., and R.G. Brown. 1984. Herbaceous plants of Maryland. Port City Press, Inc., Baltimore. MD Literature
Bryson, C.T., & D.A. Skojac, Jr. 2011. An annotated checklist of the vascular flora of Washington County, Mississippi. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 5: 855-866. MS Literature
CIC. Specimen at Albertson College of Idaho, Caldwell, Idaho. ID Specimen
CIC. Specimen at Albertson College of Idaho, Caldwell, Idaho. ID Specimen
CIC. Specimen at Albertson College of Idaho, Caldwell, Idaho. ID Specimen
Campbell, J., and M. Medley. 2012. The atlas of vascular plants in Kentucky. KY Literature
Campbell, Julian. Personal communication. KY Literature
Checklist of the vascular plants of San Diego County, California. San Diego Natural History Museum, San Diego. CA Literature
Chester, E.W, B.E. Wofford, and R. Kral. 1997. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. Vol. 2. Miscellaneous Publication No. 13. Austin Peay State University, Clarksville. TN Literature
Chester, E.W., B.E. Wofford, R. Kral, H.R. DeSelm, and A.M. Evans. 1993. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. 2 vols. Center for Field Biology Miscellaneous Publication No. 9/13. Austin Peay State University, Clarksville. TN Literature
Clark 31 (ALA 00010008). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Clark, S. 1995. United States Fish & Wildlife Service report. Unpublished, on file at UC Davis Herbarium. CA Literature
Clemants, Steven. Personal communication. NJ, NY Literature
Clifton, G. Plumas County and Plumas National Forest flora (2001 Draft). Unpublished and undated. CA Literature
Crovello, T.J., C.A. Keller, and J.T. Kartesz. 1983. The vascular plants of Indiana: A computer based checklist. University of Notre Dame Press, Notre Dame. IN Literature
Cullina, M.D., B. Connolly, B. Sorrie, and P. Somers. 2011. The vascular plants of Massachusetts: A county checklist, first revision. Massachusetts Natural Heritage & Endangered Species Program, Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife, Westborough. MA Literature
DUL. Specimen at University of Minnesota, Duluth, Minnesota. WI Specimen
Damrel, D., D.J. Pinkava, and L.R. Landrum. The Phoenix flora. AZ Literature
Damrel, D.Z. San Tan Mountain Semi-regional Park checklist (in progress). Arizona State University, Tempe. AZ Literature
Davis, R. 1952. Flora of Idaho. W.C. Brown Co., Dubuque. ID Literature
DeNevers, G. 1985. Pepperwood flora, Pepperwood Ranch Natural Preserve, Sonoma County. Unpublished. California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco. CA Literature
Deam, C.C. 1940. Flora of Indiana. Wm.B. Burford Printing Co., Indianapolis. IN Literature
Deck 85-123 (ALA V0086427). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Deramus, R. 1970. Studies on the flora of the vascular plants of Dauphin Island, Mobile Co. Alabama. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa. AL Literature
District of Columbia Natural Heritage Program. DC Literature
Domangue, B.E., and C.K. McMullen. 2013. Floristic survey of the vascular plants of Shenandoah County, Virginia. Castanea 78: 312-322. VA Literature
Dorn, R.D. 1977. Manual of the vascular plants of Wyoming. 2 vols. Garland Publishing, Inc., New York. WY Literature
Dorn, R.D. 1984. Vascular plants of Montana. Mountain West Publishers, Cheyenne. MT Literature
Dowhan, J.J. 1979. Preliminary checklist of the vascular flora of Connecticut (growing without cultivation). State Geological and Natural History Survey of Connecticut, Natural Resources Center, Department of Environmental Protection. Hartford. CT Literature
Duffy 1124 (ALA V0119282). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Duffy & Tande 95-808 (ALA V0120736). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Duncan, W.H., and J.T. Kartesz. 1981. Vascular flora of Georgia. University of Georgia Press, Athens. GA Literature
EOSC. Specimen at Eastern Oregon University, Lagrande, Oregon. OR Specimen
EOSC. Specimen at Eastern Oregon University, Lagrande, Oregon. OR Specimen
Eilers, L.J., and D.M. Roosa. 1991. The vascular plants of Iowa. University of Iowa Press, Iowa City. IA Literature
Furlow, J.J. 1991. The vascular flora of Ohio: Vol. 2, Part 1 - Dicotyledoneae: Saururaceae through Fabaceae. Unpublished. OH Literature
George, G.G. 1992. A synonymized checklist of the plants found growing in Rhode Island. Rhode Island Wild Plant Society. RI Literature
Glenn, S.D. (ed.). 2013. New York Metropolitan Flora database. New York Metropolitan Flora Project, Brooklyn Botanic Garden, New York. CT, NJ, NY Literature
Goldman, D.H. 1996. A preliminary vascular flora of the French Creek drainage of Western New York State. New York Flora Association Newsletter 7 (2): 3-12. NY Literature
Grant 90-1289 (ALA V0105939). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Grewell, B.J. 1996. Suisun Marsh Program Files. Unpublished. California Department of Water Resources. CA Literature
Halse, R.R. 2010. Noteworthy Collections. Oregon. Madroño 57: 274-275. OR Literature
Hannick, V.C., J.N. Mink, J.R. Singhurst, and W.C. Holmes. 2013. Annotated checklist of the vascular flora of McLennan County, Texas. Phytoneuron 2013-29(29): 1-37. TX Literature
Hardy 267 (ALA 00008551). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Hartman, R. Atlas of the vascular flora of Wyoming. Unpublished and undated. WY Literature
Hartman, R.L. 2001. A checklist of the vascular plants of Colorado. CO Literature
Harvill, A.M., C.E. Stevens, and D.M.E. Ware. 1981. Atlas of the Virginia flora, Part II. Dicotyledons. Virginia Botanical Associates, Farmville. VA Literature
Hatch, S.L., K.N. Gandhi, and L.E. Brown. 1990. Checklist of the vascular plants of Texas (MP-1655). Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, College Station. TX Literature
Haynes, R. 1990. A database of the Alabama flora. Unpublished. AL Literature
Heil, K.D, and S.L. O'Kane, Jr. 2002. Catalog of the Four Corners flora - vascular plants of the San Juan River Drainage: Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico and Utah, 6th ed. AZ, NM Literature
Hickman, J.C. (ed.). 1993. The Jepson manual. University of California Press, Berkeley. CA Literature
Hogan, Tim. Personal communication. CO Literature
Hough, M.Y. 1978. New Jersey Wild Plants. Harmony Press, Harmony. NJ Literature
Hrusa, F., B. Ertter, A. Sanders, G. Leppig, and E. Dean. 2002. Catalog of non-native vascular plants occurring spontaneously in California beyond those addressed in The Jepson Manual. Part I. Madroño 49: 61-98. CA Literature
Hrusa, G.F. 1993. Manual of the vascular plants of Caswell Memorial State Park, rev. 1997-1998. Unpublished. California State Parks & Recreation. CA Literature
Hrusa, G.F. 1996. Report submitted to North State Resources Inc., Redding. Unpublished. CA Literature
Hrusa, G.F. 1997. Report submitted to Glazner Environmental Consulting, Auburn CA. Unpublished. CA Literature
Hrusa, G.F., and J. Glazner. 2000. Report submitted to North Fork Associates, Auburn CA. Unpublished. CA Literature
Hulten, E. 1968. Flora of Alaska and neighboring territories: A manual of the vascular plants. Stanford University Press, Stanford. AK Literature
Hulten, E., and M. Fries. 1986. Atlas of North European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols. Koeltz Scientific Books, Germany. NC Literature
ID. Specimen at University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho. ID Specimen
ID. Specimen at University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho. ID Specimen
ID. Specimen at University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho. ID Specimen
ID. Specimen at University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho. ID Specimen
IDS. Specimen at Idaho State University, Pocatello, Idaho. ID Specimen
INVADERS database. ID, MT, OR, WA, WY Literature
Illinois Plant Information Network (ILPIN). IL Literature
Johnston, B. 1991. List of Colorado plants. Unpublished. CO Literature
Johnston, M.C. 1990. The vascular plants of Texas, 2d ed. Published by the author, Austin. TX Literature
Jones, G.N. 1936. A botanical survey of the Olympic Peninsula. University of Washington Press, Seattle. WA Literature
Jones, S.B., and N. Coile. 1988. The distribution of the vascular flora of Georgia. Herbarium, Department of Botany, Athens. GA Literature
Karstens (ALA V0154729). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Kartesz, J.T. 1988. A flora of Nevada. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of Nevada, Reno. NV Literature
Kartesz, J.T. 2001. Atlas of the Nevada flora. Unpublished. NV Literature
Kearney, T., and R.H. Peebles. 1960. Arizona flora with supplement. University of California Press, Los Angeles. AZ Literature
Klein 436 (ALA 00018009). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Layser, E.F. 1980. Flora of Pend Oreille County, Washington. Washington State University, Cooperative Extension, Pullman. WA Literature
Liogier, H.A. 1994. Descriptive Flora of Puerto Rico and Adjacent Islands. Spermatophyta. Vols. 1-5. Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico. PR Literature
Lowe, E.N. 1921. Plants of Mississippi. Mississippi State Geological Survey Bulletin No. 17. MS Literature
Magee, D. Flora of New England. Unpublished and undated. CT, MA, ME, NH, NY, RI, VT Literature
Martin, A.C., H.S. Zim, and A.L. Nelson. 1951. American wildlife and plants: A guide to wildlife food habits. Dover Publications, New York. Literature
Martin, W.C., and C.R. Hutchins. 1980. A flora of New Mexico. Strauss & Cramer, Germany. NM Literature
Massey, A.B. 1961. Virginia flora. Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station, Technical Bulletin 155. Blacksburg. VA Literature
McGowan (ALA V0121593). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
McGregor, R.L., R.E. Brooks, and L.A. Hauser. 1976. Checklist of Kansas vascular plants. Technical Publications of State Biological Survey of Kansas, No. 2. KS Literature
McGregor, R.L., et al. 1977. Atlas of the flora of the Great Plains. Iowa State University Press, Ames. KS, MN, ND, NE, OK, SD Literature
Medley, M.E. 1993. An annotated catalogue of the known or reported vascular flora of Kentucky. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of Louisville, Louisville. KY Literature
Meyer, J. 1990. Chrysler Herbarium Checklist. Manuscript. NJ Literature
Mitchell, R.S. (ed.). 1986. A checklist of New York State plants. Contributions of a Flora of New York State, Checklist III. New York State Bulletin No. 458. New York State Museum, Albany. NY Literature
Mohlenbrock, R.H. 1986. Guide to the vascular flora of Illinois, rev. ed. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale and Edwardsville. IL Literature
Mohr., C. 1901. Plant life of Alabama. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium VI. AL Literature
Murray, Yurtsev & Kelso 11748 (ALA V0114464). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
NMC. Specimen at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico. NM Specimen
Nelson & Nelson 4164 (ALA 00000886). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
New York Flora Association. 1990. Preliminary vouchered atlas of New York State flora, ed. 1. New York State Museum Institute, Albany. NY Literature
O'Farrell & O'Farrell 40 (ALA 00009661). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Okedara (ALA 00018701). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Okedara 61 (ALA 00019223). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Oregon Flora Project species list; species noted on herbarium specimens. Unpublished and undated. OR Literature
Oswald, V. 1994. Manual of the vascular plants of Butte County, California. California Native Plant Society, Sacramento. CA Literature
Ownbey, G.B., and T. Morley. 1991. Vascular plants of Minnesota: A checklist and atlas. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis. MN Literature
Palmer (ALA 00005665). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Palmer 136 (ALA 00005524). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Palmer 1791 (ALA 00005793). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Palmer 1792 (ALA 00025485). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Parker 7702 (ALA V0122807). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Parker s.n. (ALA V0085928). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Peck, M.E. 1961. A manual of the higher plants of Oregon, 2nd ed. Oregon State University Press, Corvallis. OR Literature
Pesticide and Plant Pest Management Division. Noxious and restricted weeds and prohibited plants - Michigan (20 October 2003). Michigan Department of Agriculture, Michigan. Literature
Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1965. Atlas of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. Department of Botany Technical Bulletin No. 165. Chapel Hill. NC, SC Literature
Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1968. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill. NC, SC Literature
Reed, R. 1987. Wisconsin vascular plants. Unpublished. WI Literature
Rhoads, A.F., and W.M. Klein, Jr. 1993. The vascular flora of Pennsylvania. Annotated checklist and atlas. American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia. PA Literature
Richards, C.D., F. Hyland, and L.M. Eastman. 1983. Revised check-list of the vascular plants of Maine. Bulletin of the Josselyn Botanical Society, No. 11. ME Literature
Rogers, K.E. Checklist of the vascular flora of Forrest, Lamar, and Perry counties, Mississippi. Unpublished and undated. MS Literature
Rutledge 219 (ALA V0105402). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
SOC. Specimen at Southern Oregon University, Ashland, Oregon. OR Specimen
SRP. Specimen at Boise State University, Boise, Idaho. ID Specimen
SRP. Specimen at Boise State University, Boise, Idaho. ID Specimen
Sattler 85-77 (ALA V0086465). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Schaffner, J.H. 1932. Revised catalog of Ohio vascular plants. Ohio Biological Survey Bulletin 25. Ohio State University, Columbus. OH Literature
Seymour, F.C. 1969. The flora of New England. Charles E. Tuttle Company, Rutland. MA, NH, RI Literature
Sharp, A.J., R.E. Shanks, J.K. Underwood, and E. McGilliard. 1960. A preliminary checklist of monocots in Tennessee. Published by authors, University of Tennessee, Knoxville. TN Literature
Shetler, S.G., and S.S. Orli. 2000. Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of the Washington-Baltimore Area. Part 1: Ferns, fern allies, gymnosperms, and dicotyledons. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. DC Literature
Shultz, Leila M. Personal communication. UT Literature
Simmerman 97 (ALA 00026138). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Simpson, C., J. Koenig, R. Love, B. Newhouse, N. Otting, S. Sundberg, D. Wagner, and P. Warner. 2002. Vascular plants of Lane County, Oregon. Native Plant Society of Oregon. OR Literature
Smith 78-82 (ALA 00083848). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Smith, E.B. 1988. An atlas and annotated list of the vascular plants of Arkansas, 2d ed. AR Literature
Sorrie, B.A. 1992. County checklist of Massachusetts plants. Unpublished. MA Literature
Specimen Management System for California Herbaria (SMASCH). CA Literature
Specimen at Douglas County Museum, Roseburg, Oregon. OR Specimen
Specimen at Linfield College, McMinnville, Oregon. OR Specimen
St. John, H. 1963. Flora of southeastern Washington and adjacent Idaho, 3rd ed. Outdoor Pictures, Escondido. WA Literature
Stephenson 22 (ALA 00035559). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Strausbaugh, P.D., and E.L. Core. 1977. Flora of West Virginia, 2nd ed., 4 vols. West Virginia Bulletin, Morgantown. WV Literature
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
Tatnall, E. 1860. Catalogue of the phaenogamous and filicoid plants of New Castle County, Delaware. Wilmington Institute, Wilmington. DE Literature
Tatnall, R.R. 1946. Flora of Delaware and the Eastern Shore. Society of Natural History of Delaware, Lancaster. DE Literature
Taylor, R.J., and C.E.S. Taylor. 1989. An annotated list of the ferns, fern allies, gymnosperms and flowering plants of Oklahoma. Southeast Oklahoma State University. OK Literature
Texas A&M Bioinformatics Working Group. Texas A&M Bioinformatics Working Group Internet site. TX Literature
Thomas T.Pt.-525 (ALA 00028369). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Thomas T.Pt.-526 (ALA 00028370). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Thomas, R.D., and C.M. Allen. 1993. Atlas of the vascular flora of Louisiana, vols. 1-3. Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. Natural Heritage Program, Baton Rouge. LA Literature
Thomas, R.D., and C.M. Allen. 1997. Atlas of the vascular flora of Louisiana, vols. 1-3 (Plus updates). Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. Natural Heritage Program, Baton Rouge. LA Literature
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico. NM Specimen
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico. NM Specimen
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico. NM Specimen
Voss, E.G. 1985. Michigan flora. Cranbrook Institute of Science, Bloomfield Hills. MI Literature
WS. Specimen at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington. WA Specimen
WS. Specimen at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington. WA Specimen
WS. Specimen at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington. WA Specimen
WTU. Specimen at University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. WA Specimen
WTU. Specimen at University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. WA Specimen
WTU. Specimen at University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. WA Specimen
WTU. Specimen at University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. WA Specimen
Wagner, W.L., D.R. Herbst, and S.H. Sohmer. 1990. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i, 2 vols. University of Hawaii Press, Bishop Museum, Honolulu. HI Literature
Weber, W.A., and B.C. Johnston. 1976. Natural History inventory of Colorado. I. Vascular plants, Lichens, and Bryophytes. University of Colorado Museum, Boulder. CO Literature
Weber, W.A., and R.C. Wittmann. 2001. Colorado flora: Eastern and western slopes, 3rd ed. University Press of Colorado, Boulder. CO Literature
Weber, W.R., and W.T. Corcoran. 1993. Atlas of Missouri vascular plants. Unpublished. Southwest Missouri State University and the Missouri Native Plant Society. MO Literature
Weishaupt, C.G. 1971. Vascular plants of Ohio. Kendall/Hunt Publishing Co., Dubuque. OH Literature
Welsh, S.L., N.D. Atwood, L.C. Higgins, and S. Goodrich. 1987. A Utah flora. Great Basin Naturalist Memoirs No. 9. Brigham Young University Press, Provo. UT Literature
West Virginia county level data. WV Literature
Wherry, E.T., J.M. Fogg, and H.A. Wahl. 1979. Atlas of the flora of Pennsylvania. Morris Arboretum, Philadelphia. PA Literature
Whetstone, R.D. 1981. Vascular flora and vegetation of the Cumberland Plateau of Alabama. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. AL Literature
Wilken, Dieter. Personal communication. CA Literature
Wisconsin vascular plants. Wisconsin State Herbarium: University of Wisconsin - Madison. WI Literature
Wunderlin, R. P., and B. F. Hansen. 2008. Atlas of Florida vascular plants. Institute for Systematic Botany, University of South Florida, Tampa. FL Literature
Wunderlin, R.P., B.F. Hansen, & E.L. Bridges. 1996. Atlas of Florida vascular plants: CD-ROM. University of South Florida, Tampa. FL Literature
Wymer, N.E. 1987. Plant list of California Exposition floodplain, Fall 1986 and Spring 1987. Unpublished. Wymer & Associates, Citrus Heights, CA. CA Literature
Yamada (ALA 00019002). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Yatskievych, G., and J. Turner. 1990. Catalogue of the flora of Missouri. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 37. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis. MO Literature
 
 
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