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You are here: Home / Profile Page / Data Source and Documentation for Euphorbia esula L. Printer-Friendly Printer-Friendly
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Euphorbia esula L.
leafy spurge

Data Source

Last revised by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team
Curated and maintained by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team
 

Data Documentation

Documentation State Type
1945. American Midland Naturalist. CT, MI Literature
1973. Madroño. OR Literature
1979. Weed Science. AZ, CA, CO, CT, DE, IA, IL, KS, MI, MN, ND, NE, NY, OH, PA, SD, UT, WA, WI Literature
1988. Canadian Journal of Botany. MN, MT Literature
1999. University of Minnesota Herbarium: Vascular plant collection. MN Literature
2000. CalFlora: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation. The CalFlora Database, Berkeley. CA Literature
Agronomy Services Division. Minnesota noxious weed rules (20 October 2003). Minnesota Department of Agriculture, Minnesota. Literature
Anonymous. Personal communication to John Kartesz. AZ, CA, CT, DE, IA, ID, IL, IN, MA, MD, ME, MI, MO, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NV, NY, OH, OR, SD, UT, VA, VT, WA, WI, WV Literature
Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states. State agriculture or natural resource departments. Literature
Atwood, J.T., et al. 1973. Check list of Vermont plants. Vermont Botanical and Bird Club. VT Literature
Booth, W.E., and J.C. Wright. 1966. Flora of Montana. Montana State University, Bozeman. MT Literature
Brouillet, L., F. Coursol, and M. Favreau. 2006. VASCAN, the Database of Vascular Plants of Canada. Herbier Marie-Victorin, Institut de recherche en biologie végétale, Université de Montréal. AB, BC, MB, NB, NS, ON, PE, QC, SK, YT Literature
Brown, M.L., and R.G. Brown. 1984. Herbaceous plants of Maryland. Port City Press, Inc., Baltimore. MD Literature
Bureau of Farm Productsand Plant Industries. Massachusetts prohibited plant list (23 January 2006). Massachusetts Department of Agricultural Resources, Massachusetts. Literature
Bureau of Plant Industry. Noxious weed regulations (24 May 2006). Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Nebraska. Literature
CIC. Specimen at Albertson College of Idaho, Caldwell, Idaho. ID Specimen
California Department of Food and Agriculture. Pest ratings of noxious weed species and noxious weed seed (20 October 2003). California Department of Food and Agriculture, California. Literature
California Invasive Plant Council. California Invasive Plant Inventory. Cal-IPC Publication 2006-02 (1 February 2007). California Invasive Plant Council, Berkeley, California. Literature
Charboneau, J.L.M., B.E. Nelson, and R.L. Hartman. 2013. A floristic inventory of Phillips and Valley counties, Montana (U.S.A.). Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 7(2): 847-878. MT Literature
Clemants, Steven. Personal communication. NY Literature
Connecticut Invasive Plants Council. Connecticut invasive plant list (20 April 2005). Connecticut Invasive Plants Council, Connecticut. Literature
Cooperrider, T.S. 1995. The Dicotyledoneae of Ohio. Part 2: Linaceae through Campanulaceae. Ohio State University Press, Columbus. OH Literature
Crovello, T.J., C.A. Keller, and J.T. Kartesz. 1983. The vascular plants of Indiana: A computer based checklist. University of Notre Dame Press, Notre Dame. IN Literature
Cullina, M.D., B. Connolly, B. Sorrie, and P. Somers. 2011. The vascular plants of Massachusetts: A county checklist, first revision. Massachusetts Natural Heritage & Endangered Species Program, Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife, Westborough. MA Literature
Davis, R. 1952. Flora of Idaho. W.C. Brown Co., Dubuque. ID Literature
Deam, C.C. 1940. Flora of Indiana. Wm.B. Burford Printing Co., Indianapolis. IN Literature
Division of Agriculture. State of Alaska prohibited and restricted noxious weeds (20 October 2003). Alaska Department of Natural Resources, Alaska. Literature
Division of Plant Health. Kansas noxious weed law (20 October 2003). Kansas Department of Agriculture, Kansas. Literature
Division of Plant Industry. List of plant species designated as noxious weeds (20 October 2003). Hawaii Department of Agriculture, Hawaii. Literature
Doll, J. Noxious weeds in Wisconsin (20 October 2003). University of Wisconsin Cooperative Extension Programs, Wisconsin. Literature
Dorn, R.D. 1977. Manual of the vascular plants of Wyoming. 2 vols. Garland Publishing, Inc., New York. WY Literature
Dorn, R.D. 1984. Vascular plants of Montana. Mountain West Publishers, Cheyenne. MT Literature
Dowhan, J.J. 1979. Preliminary checklist of the vascular flora of Connecticut (growing without cultivation). State Geological and Natural History Survey of Connecticut, Natural Resources Center, Department of Environmental Protection. Hartford. CT Literature
Eilers, L.J., and D.M. Roosa. 1991. The vascular plants of Iowa. University of Iowa Press, Iowa City. IA Literature
Fertig, Walter. Personal communication. WY Literature
Glenn, S.D. (ed.). 2013. New York Metropolitan Flora database. New York Metropolitan Flora Project, Brooklyn Botanic Garden, New York. CT, NJ, NY Literature
Hartman, R. Atlas of the vascular flora of Wyoming. Unpublished and undated. WY Literature
Harvill, A.M., C.E. Stevens, and D.M.E. Ware. 1981. Atlas of the Virginia flora, Part II. Dicotyledons. Virginia Botanical Associates, Farmville. VA Literature
Haubrich, G. 2002. Noxious weed spreadsheet. Washington State Department of Agriculture, Olympia. WA Literature
Hickman, J.C. (ed.). 1993. The Jepson manual. University of California Press, Berkeley. CA Literature
Hitchcock, C.L., A. Cronquist, M. Ownbey, and J.W. Thompson. 1969. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest. 5 vols. University of Washington Press, Seattle. WA Literature
Hoffman, R.and K. Kearns (eds.). Wisconsin manual of control recommendations for ecologically invasive plants. Wisconsin Dept. Natural Resources, Madison, Wisconsin. Literature
Hogan, Tim. Personal communication. CO Literature
Hough, M.Y. 1978. New Jersey Wild Plants. Harmony Press, Harmony. NJ Literature
ID. Specimen at University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho. ID Specimen
IDS. Specimen at Idaho State University, Pocatello, Idaho. ID Specimen
INVADERS database. ID, MT, OR, WA, WY Literature
Idaho Department of Agriculture. Noxious weed rules (24 May 2006). Idaho Department of Agriculture, Idaho. Literature
Illinois Plant Information Network (ILPIN). IL Literature
Iowa Department of Agricultureand Land Stewardship. The Iowa weed law (20 October 2003). Iowa Department of Agriculture & land Stewardship, Iowa. Literature
Johnston, B. 1991. List of Colorado plants. Unpublished. CO Literature
Kartesz, J.T. 1988. A flora of Nevada. University of Nevada, Reno. NV Literature
Kartesz, J.T. 2001. Atlas of the Nevada flora. Unpublished. NV Literature
Lakela, O. 1965. A flora of northeastern Minnesota. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis. MN Literature
Lee, R.D. 1999. New Mexico's invasive weeds. New Mexico State University, Las Cruces. NM Literature
Magee, D. Flora of New England. Unpublished and undated. CT, MA, ME, NH, NY, VT Literature
Martin, W.C., and C.R. Hutchins. 1980. A flora of New Mexico. Strauss & Cramer, Germany. NM Literature
Mayfield, Mark. Personal communication. NJ Literature
McGregor, R.L., et al. 1986. Flora of the Great Plains. University of Kansas Press, Lawrence. KS, MN, MT, ND, NE Literature
Meyer, J. 1990. Chrysler Herbarium Checklist. Manuscript. NJ Literature
Mitchell, R.S. (ed.). 1986. A checklist of New York State plants. Contributions of a Flora of New York State, Checklist III. New York State Bulletin No. 458. New York State Museum, Albany. NY Literature
Mohlenbrock, R.H. 1986. Guide to the vascular flora of Illinois, rev. ed. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale and Edwardsville. IL Literature
Montana Department of Agriculture. Montana noxious weeds list (24 May 2006). Montana Department of Agriculture, Montana. Literature
NMC. Specimen at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico. NM Specimen
Nevada Administrative Code. Control of insects, pests, and noxious weeds (20 October 2003). State of Nevada, Nevada. Literature
New York Flora Association. 1990. Preliminary vouchered atlas of New York State flora, ed. 1. New York State Museum Institute, Albany. NY Literature
North Dakota Century Code. Noxious weed control (20 October 2003). State of North Dakota, North Dakota. Literature
Office of the Director/Secretary. New Mexico noxious weed list (20 October 2003). New Mexico Department of Agriculture, New Mexico. Literature
Oregon Administrative Rules. Quarantine; noxious weeds, Chapter 603-52-1200 (24 May 2006). State of Oregon, Oregon. Literature
Oregon Department of Agriculture. Noxious weed policy and classification system (24 May 2006). Oregon Department of Agriculture, Oregon. Literature
Plant Industry Division. Rules pertaining to the administration and enforcement of the Colorado Noxious Weed Act (23 January 2006). Colorado Department of Agriculture, Colorado. Literature
Plant Services Division. Prohibited, regulated and restricted noxious weeds (1 May 2006). Arizona Department of Agriculture, Arizona. Literature
Reed, R. 1987. Wisconsin vascular plants. Unpublished. WI Literature
Rhoads, A.F., and W.M. Klein, Jr. 1993. The vascular flora of Pennsylvania. Annotated checklist and atlas. American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia. PA Literature
Richards, C.D., F. Hyland, and L.M. Eastman. 1983. Revised check-list of the vascular plants of Maine. Bulletin of the Josselyn Botanical Society, No. 11. ME Literature
SRP. Specimen at Boise State University, Boise, Idaho. ID Specimen
Seymour, F.C. 1969. The flora of New England. Charles E. Tuttle Company, Rutland. NH Literature
Shultz, Leila M. Personal communication. UT Literature
Sorrie, B.A. 1992. County checklist of Massachusetts plants. Unpublished. MA Literature
South Dakota Code. Plant quarantine and treatment, Chapter 38-24a, Article 12:51 (24 May 2006). State of South Dakota, South Dakota. Literature
South Dakota Code. South Dakota weed and pest control, Chapter 38-22, Article 12:62 (24 May 2006). State of South Dakota, South Dakota. Literature
Southern Weed Science Society. Weeds of the United States and Canada. CD-ROM. Southern Weed Science Society, Champaign, Illinois. Literature
Specimen Management System for California Herbaria (SMASCH). CA Literature
Strausbaugh, P.D., and E.L. Core. 1977. Flora of West Virginia, 2nd ed., 4 vols. West Virginia Bulletin, Morgantown. WV Literature
Stubbendieck, J., G.Y. Friisoe,and M.R. Bolick. Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains. Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry, Lincoln, Nebraska. Literature
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico. NM Specimen
Utah Department of Agriculture. Utah noxious weed act (20 October 2003). Utah Department of Agriculture, Utah. Literature
Uva, R.H., J.C. Neal,and J.M. DiTomaso. Weeds of the Northeast. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York. Literature
Voss, E.G. 1985. Michigan flora. Cranbrook Institute of Science, Bloomfield Hills. MI Literature
WS. Specimen at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington. WA Specimen
WTU. Specimen at University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. WA Specimen
Washington Administrative Code. Noxious weed control, Chapter 16-752 (24 May 2006). State of Washington, Washington. Literature
Washington Administrative Code. State noxious weed list and schedule of monetary penalties, Chapter 16-750 (24 May 2006). State of Washington, Washington. Literature
Weber, W.R., and W.T. Corcoran. 1993. Atlas of Missouri vascular plants. Unpublished. Southwest Missouri State University and the Missouri Native Plant Society. MO Literature
Welsh, S.L., N.D. Atwood, L.C. Higgins, and S. Goodrich. 1987. A Utah flora. Great Basin Naturalist Memoirs No. 9. Brigham Young University Press, Provo. UT Literature
West Virginia county level data. WV Literature
Wherry, E.T., J.M. Fogg, and H.A. Wahl. 1979. Atlas of the flora of Pennsylvania. Morris Arboretum, Philadelphia. PA Literature
Whitson, T.D. (ed.) et al. Weeds of the West. Western Society of Weed Science in cooperation with Cooperative Extension Services, University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming. Literature
Wilken, Dieter. Personal communication. CA Literature
Wisconsin vascular plants. Wisconsin State Herbarium: University of Wisconsin - Madison. WI Literature
Wyoming Department of Agriculture. Designated noxious weeds and prohibited noxious weeds (20 October 2003). Wyoming Department of Agriculture, Wyoming. Literature
Yatskievych, G., and J. Turner. 1990. Catalogue of the flora of Missouri. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 37. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis. MO Literature
 
 
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