USDA and NRCS Identifier NRCS Logo
USDA.gov Web Site PLANTS photo banner
PLANTS Home about PLANTS PLANTS Team Partners of PLANTS What's New at PLANTS National Plant Data Center Web Site Help using PLANTS Contact PLANTS
 
 Search the PLANTS Web site
 Name Search

PLANTS Topics
 
 
PLANTS Image Gallery
 
 
Download PLANTS data
 
 
Related tools
 
 
 
You are here: Home / Profile Page / Data Source and Documentation for Lycium L. Printer-Friendly Printer-Friendly
PLANTS Profile

 

Lycium L.
desert-thorn

Data Source

Last revised by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team
Curated and maintained by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team
 

Data Documentation

Documentation State Type
1932. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden. AL, AZ, DC, FL, GA, LA, MS, SC Literature
1940. Torreya. WA Literature
1987. Desert Plants. AZ Literature
1992. Phytologia. AZ Literature
1993. Journal of the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science. AZ Literature
1998. New Mexico Naturalist's Notes. NM Literature
1999. University of Minnesota Herbarium: Vascular plant collection. MN Literature
2000. CalFlora: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation. The CalFlora Database, Berkeley. CA Literature
Abrams, L. 1960. An illustrated flora of the Pacific States. Stanford University Press, Stanford. CA, NM, OR, UT Literature
Anonymous. Personal communication to John Kartesz. AZ, CA, OK Literature
Atwood, J.T., et al. 1973. Check list of Vermont plants. Vermont Botanical and Bird Club. VT Literature
Benson, L., and R.A. Darrow. 1981. The trees and shrubs of the southwestern deserts, 3d ed. University of Arizona Press, Tucson. AZ Literature
Booth, W.E., and J.C. Wright. 1966. Flora of Montana. Montana State University, Bozeman. MT Literature
Braun, E.L. 1961. The woody plants of Ohio. Ohio State University Press, Columbus. OH Literature
Britton, N.L., and P. Wilson. 1926. Botany of Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Scientific Survey of Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands. New York Academy of Sciences, New York. PR Literature
Brouillet, L., F. Coursol, and M. Favreau. 2006. VASCAN, the Database of Vascular Plants of Canada. Herbier Marie-Victorin, Institut de recherche en biologie végétale, Université de Montréal. AB, BC, NS, ON, QC, SK Literature
Brown, R.G., and M.L. Brown. 1972. Woody plants of Maryland. Port City Press, Inc., Baltimore. MD Literature
CIC. Specimen at Albertson College of Idaho, Caldwell, Idaho. ID Specimen
California Native Plant Society. Inventory of rare and endangered plants. CA Literature
Campbell, J., and M. Medley. 2012. The atlas of vascular plants in Kentucky. KY Literature
Campbell, Julian. Personal communication. KY Literature
Charboneau, J.L.M., B.E. Nelson, and R.L. Hartman. 2013. A floristic inventory of Phillips and Valley counties, Montana (U.S.A.). Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 7(2): 847-878. MT Literature
Checklist of the vascular plants of San Diego County, California. San Diego Natural History Museum, San Diego. CA Literature
Chester, E.W, B.E. Wofford, and R. Kral. 1997. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. Vol. 2. Miscellaneous Publication No. 13. Austin Peay State University, Clarksville. TN Literature
Chester, E.W., B.E. Wofford, R. Kral, H.R. DeSelm, and A.M. Evans. 1993. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. 2 vols. Center for Field Biology Miscellaneous Publication No. 9/13. Austin Peay State University, Clarksville. TN Literature
Chiang-Cabrera, F. 1981. Taxonomic study of the North America species of Lycium (Solonaceae). Ph.D. Dissertation. University of Texas, Austin. AZ, CA, NV Literature
Clemants, Steven. Personal communication. NJ, NY Literature
Cooperrider, T.S. 1995. The Dicotyledoneae of Ohio. Part 2: Linaceae through Campanulaceae. Ohio State University Press, Columbus. OH Literature
Correll, D.S., and M.C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. Contributions from Texas Research Foundation, vol. 6. Texas Research Foundation, Renner. TX Literature
Cronquist, A., A.H. Holmgren, N.H. Holmgren, J.L. Reveal, and P.K. Holmgren. 1972. Intermountain flora: Vascular plants of the Intermountain West. New York Botanical Garden, New York. CO, NM, OK, TX, UT Literature
Crovello, T.J., C.A. Keller, and J.T. Kartesz. 1983. The vascular plants of Indiana: A computer based checklist. University of Notre Dame Press, Notre Dame. IN Literature
Cullina, M.D., B. Connolly, B. Sorrie, and P. Somers. 2011. The vascular plants of Massachusetts: A county checklist, first revision. Massachusetts Natural Heritage & Endangered Species Program, Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife, Westborough. MA Literature
Damrel, D., D.J. Pinkava, and L.R. Landrum. The Phoenix flora. AZ Literature
Damrel, D.Z. San Tan Mountain Semi-regional Park checklist (in progress). Arizona State University, Tempe. AZ Literature
Davis, R. 1952. Flora of Idaho. W.C. Brown Co., Dubuque. ID Literature
Deam, C.C. 1940. Flora of Indiana. Wm.B. Burford Printing Co., Indianapolis. IN Literature
Dorn, R.D. 1977. Manual of the vascular plants of Wyoming. 2 vols. Garland Publishing, Inc., New York. WY Literature
Dorn, R.D. 1984. Vascular plants of Montana. Mountain West Publishers, Cheyenne. MT Literature
Dowhan, J.J. 1979. Preliminary checklist of the vascular flora of Connecticut (growing without cultivation). State Geological and Natural History Survey of Connecticut, Natural Resources Center, Department of Environmental Protection. Hartford. CT Literature
Duncan, W.H., and J.T. Kartesz. 1981. Vascular flora of Georgia. University of Georgia Press, Athens. GA Literature
Eilers, L.J., and D.M. Roosa. 1991. The vascular plants of Iowa. University of Iowa Press, Iowa City. IA Literature
Fernald, M.L. 1950. Gray's manual of botany, 8th ed. American Book Company, New York. OK Literature
Freeman, J.D., and H.D. Moore. 1974. Livestock-poisoning vascular plants of Alabama. Agriculture Experimental Station Bulletin No. 460. Auburn University, Auburn. AL Literature
George, G.G. 1992. A synonymized checklist of the plants found growing in Rhode Island. Rhode Island Wild Plant Society. RI Literature
Glenn, S.D. (ed.). 2013. New York Metropolitan Flora database. New York Metropolitan Flora Project, Brooklyn Botanic Garden, New York. CT, NJ, NY Literature
Hartman, R. Atlas of the vascular flora of Wyoming. Unpublished and undated. WY Literature
Harvill, A.M., C.E. Stevens, and D.M.E. Ware. 1981. Atlas of the Virginia flora, Part II. Dicotyledons. Virginia Botanical Associates, Farmville. VA Literature
Hatch, S.L., K.N. Gandhi, and L.E. Brown. 1990. Checklist of the vascular plants of Texas (MP-1655). Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, College Station. TX Literature
Haynes, R. 1990. A database of the Alabama flora. Unpublished. AL Literature
Heil, K.D, and S.L. O'Kane, Jr. 2002. Catalog of the Four Corners flora - vascular plants of the San Juan River Drainage: Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico and Utah, 6th ed. AZ, NM Literature
Hickman, J.C. (ed.). 1993. The Jepson manual. University of California Press, Berkeley. CA Literature
Hogan, Tim. Personal communication. CO Literature
Hrusa, F., B. Ertter, A. Sanders, G. Leppig, and E. Dean. 2002. Catalog of non-native vascular plants occurring spontaneously in California beyond those addressed in The Jepson Manual. Part I. Madroño 49: 61-98. CA Literature
ID. Specimen at University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho. ID Specimen
INVADERS database. ID, MT, OR, WA Literature
Imdorf, G.J. 1995. Flora and vegetation of the Sierra Ancha Wilderness Area, Tonto National Forest, Gila County, Arizona. M.S. Thesis. Arizona State University, Tempe. AZ Literature
Johnston, B. 1991. List of Colorado plants. Unpublished. CO Literature
Johnston, M.C. 1990. The vascular plants of Texas, 2d ed. Published by the author, Austin. TX Literature
Jones, S.B., and N. Coile. 1988. The distribution of the vascular flora of Georgia. Herbarium, Department of Botany, Athens. GA Literature
Kartesz, J.T. 1988. A flora of Nevada. University of Nevada, Reno. NV Literature
Kartesz, J.T. 2001. Atlas of the Nevada flora. Unpublished. NV Literature
Kartesz, J.T. 2002. Atlas of the Arizona flora. Unpublished. AZ Literature
Kearney, T., and R.H. Peebles. 1960. Arizona flora with supplement. University of California Press, Los Angeles. AZ Literature
Lowe, E.N. 1921. Plants of Mississippi. Mississippi State Geological Survey Bulletin No. 17. MS Literature
Magee, D. Flora of New England. Unpublished and undated. CT, MA, ME, NH, NY, RI, VT Literature
Makings, E. Upper San Pedro River checklist. Arizona State University, Tempe. AZ Literature
Martin, A.C., H.S. Zim, and A.L. Nelson. 1951. American wildlife and plants: A guide to wildlife food habits. Dover Publications, New York. Literature
Martin, W.C., and C.R. Hutchins. 1980. A flora of New Mexico. Strauss & Cramer, Germany. NM Literature
McGregor, R.L., R.E. Brooks, and L.A. Hauser. 1976. Checklist of Kansas vascular plants. Technical Publications of State Biological Survey of Kansas, No. 2. KS Literature
McGregor, R.L., et al. 1977. Atlas of the flora of the Great Plains. Iowa State University Press, Ames. KS, ND, NE, OK, SD Literature
Medley, M.E. 1993. An annotated catalogue of the known or reported vascular flora of Kentucky. University of Louisville, Louisville. KY Literature
Meyer, J. 1990. Chrysler Herbarium Checklist. Manuscript. NJ Literature
Mitchell, R.S. (ed.). 1986. A checklist of New York State plants. Contributions of a Flora of New York State, Checklist III. New York State Bulletin No. 458. New York State Museum, Albany. NY Literature
Mohlenbrock, R.H. 1986. Guide to the vascular flora of Illinois, rev. ed. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale and Edwardsville. IL Literature
Mohr., C. 1901. Plant life of Alabama. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium VI. AL Literature
Moore, Jennifer A. Personal communication. GA Literature
Munz, P.A., and D.D. Keck. 1968. A California flora and supplement. University of California Press, Berkeley. CA Literature
NMC. Specimen at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico. NM Specimen
New York Flora Association. 1990. Preliminary vouchered atlas of New York State flora, ed. 1. New York State Museum Institute, Albany. NY Literature
Ownbey, G.B., and T. Morley. 1991. Vascular plants of Minnesota: A checklist and atlas. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis. MN Literature
Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1965. Atlas of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. Department of Botany Technical Bulletin No. 165. Chapel Hill. NC, SC Literature
Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1968. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill. NC, SC Literature
Reed, R. 1987. Wisconsin vascular plants. Unpublished. WI Literature
Rhoads, A.F., and W.M. Klein, Jr. 1993. The vascular flora of Pennsylvania. Annotated checklist and atlas. American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia. PA Literature
Richards, C.D., F. Hyland, and L.M. Eastman. 1983. Revised check-list of the vascular plants of Maine. Bulletin of the Josselyn Botanical Society, No. 11. ME Literature
Riefner, R.E. 2007. Noteworthy Collections. California. Madroño 54: 367-369. CA Literature
SRP. Specimen at Boise State University, Boise, Idaho. ID Specimen
Schaffner, J.H. 1932. Revised catalog of Ohio vascular plants. Ohio Biological Survey Bulletin 25. Ohio State University, Columbus. OH Literature
Seymour, F.C. 1969. The flora of New England. Charles E. Tuttle Company, Rutland. NH Literature
Sharp, A.J., R.E. Shanks, J.K. Underwood, and E. McGilliard. 1960. A preliminary checklist of monocots in Tennessee. Published by authors, University of Tennessee, Knoxville. TN Literature
Shetler, S.G., and S.S. Orli. 2000. Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of the Washington-Baltimore Area. Part 1: Ferns, fern allies, gymnosperms, and dicotyledons. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. MD Literature
Shultz, Leila M. Personal communication. UT Literature
Small, J.K. 1933. Manual of the southeastern flora. Published by the author. SC Literature
Smith, E.B. 1988. An atlas and annotated list of the vascular plants of Arkansas, 2d ed. AR Literature
Sorrie, B.A. 1992. County checklist of Massachusetts plants. Unpublished. MA Literature
Specimen Management System for California Herbaria (SMASCH). CA Literature
Specimen at Eastern New Mexico University, Portales, New Mexico. NM Specimen
Strausbaugh, P.D., and E.L. Core. 1977. Flora of West Virginia, 2nd ed., 4 vols. West Virginia Bulletin, Morgantown. WV Literature
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
Tatnall, E. 1860. Catalogue of the phaenogamous and filicoid plants of New Castle County, Delaware. Wilmington Institute, Wilmington. DE Literature
Texas A&M Bioinformatics Working Group. Texas A&M Bioinformatics Working Group Internet site. TX Literature
Thomas, R.D., and C.M. Allen. 1993. Atlas of the vascular flora of Louisiana, vols. 1-3. Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. Natural Heritage Program, Fort Worth, TX. LA Literature
Thomas, R.D., and C.M. Allen. 1997. Atlas of the vascular flora of Louisiana, vols. 1-3 (Plus updates). Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. Natural Heritage Program, Baton Rouge. LA Literature
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico. NM Specimen
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico. NM Specimen
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico. NM Specimen
Voss, E.G. 1985. Michigan flora. Cranbrook Institute of Science, Bloomfield Hills. MI Literature
WS. Specimen at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington. WA Specimen
WTU. Specimen at University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. WA Specimen
Wagner, W.L., D.R. Herbst, and S.H. Sohmer. 1990. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i, 2 vols. University of Hawaii Press, Bishop Museum, Honolulu. HI Literature
Weber, W.R., and W.T. Corcoran. 1993. Atlas of Missouri vascular plants. Unpublished. Southwest Missouri State University and the Missouri Native Plant Society. MO Literature
Weishaupt, C.G. 1971. Vascular plants of Ohio. Kendall/Hunt Publishing Co., Dubuque. OH Literature
Welsh, S.L., N.D. Atwood, L.C. Higgins, and S. Goodrich. 1987. A Utah flora. Great Basin Naturalist Memoirs No. 9. Brigham Young University Press, Provo. UT Literature
West Virginia county level data. WV Literature
Wherry, E.T., J.M. Fogg, and H.A. Wahl. 1979. Atlas of the flora of Pennsylvania. Morris Arboretum, Philadelphia. PA Literature
Wieland, R.G. 2004. County records of Mississippi collections (#5501-9869, 9/12/89 to 1/23/04) deposited at Mississippi Museum of Natural Science Herbarium (MMNS). Mississippi Museum of Natural Science, Department of Wildlife, Fisheries and Parks, Jackson. MS Literature
Wilken, Dieter. Personal communication. CA Literature
Wisconsin vascular plants. Wisconsin State Herbarium: University of Wisconsin - Madison. WI Literature
Wunderlin, R.P., B.F. Hansen,and E.L. Bridges. 1996. Atlas of Florida vascular plants: CD-ROM. University of South Florida, Tampa. FL Literature
Wunderlin, R.P., and B.F. Hansen. 2008. Atlas of Florida vascular plants. Institute for Systematic Botany, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL. FL Literature
Yatskievych, G., and J. Turner. 1990. Catalogue of the flora of Missouri. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 37. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis. MO Literature
 
 
Time Generated: 10/25/2014 01:25 PM MDT