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You are here: Home / Profile Page / Data Source and Documentation for Onopordum acanthium L. Printer-Friendly Printer-Friendly
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Onopordum acanthium L.
Scotch cottonthistle

Data Source

Last revised by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team
Curated and maintained by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team
 

Data Documentation

Documentation State Type
1963. Transactions of the Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts, and Letters. WI Literature
1968. Journal of the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science. AZ Literature
1999. University of Minnesota Herbarium: Vascular plant collection. MN Literature
2000. CalFlora: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation. The CalFlora Database, Berkeley. CA Literature
Abrams, L. 1960. An illustrated flora of the Pacific States. Stanford University Press, Stanford. WA Literature
Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states. State agriculture or natural resource departments. Literature
Atwood, J.T., et al. 1973. Check list of Vermont plants. Vermont Botanical and Bird Club. VT Literature
BLMLK. Specimen at Bureau of Land Management, Lakeview, Oregon. OR Specimen
Booth, W.E., and J.C. Wright. 1966. Flora of Montana. Montana State University, Bozeman. MT Literature
Brouillet, L., F. Coursol, and M. Favreau. 2006. VASCAN, the Database of Vascular Plants of Canada. Herbier Marie-Victorin, Institut de recherche en biologie végétale, Université de Montréal. BC, MB, NB, NS, ON, QC Literature
Brown, M.L., and R.G. Brown. 1984. Herbaceous plants of Maryland. Port City Press, Inc., Baltimore. MD Literature
CIC. Specimen at Albertson College of Idaho, Caldwell, Idaho. ID Specimen
California Department of Food and Agriculture. Pest ratings of noxious weed species and noxious weed seed (20 October 2003). California Department of Food and Agriculture, California. Literature
Campbell, J., and M. Medley. 2012. The atlas of vascular plants in Kentucky. KY Literature
Campbell, Julian. Personal communication. KY Literature
Connecticut Invasive Plants Council. Connecticut invasive plant list (20 April 2005). Connecticut Invasive Plants Council, Connecticut. Literature
Crovello, T.J., C.A. Keller, and J.T. Kartesz. 1983. The vascular plants of Indiana: A computer based checklist. University of Notre Dame Press, Notre Dame. IN Literature
Cullina, M.D., B. Connolly, B. Sorrie, and P. Somers. 2011. The vascular plants of Massachusetts: A county checklist, first revision. Massachusetts Natural Heritage & Endangered Species Program, Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife, Westborough. MA Literature
Davis, R. 1952. Flora of Idaho. W.C. Brown Co., Dubuque. ID Literature
Deam, C.C. 1940. Flora of Indiana. Wm.B. Burford Printing Co., Indianapolis. IN Literature
District of Columbia Natural Heritage Program. DC Literature
Dorn, R.D. 1977. Manual of the vascular plants of Wyoming. 2 vols. Garland Publishing, Inc., New York. WY Literature
Dorn, R.D. 1984. Vascular plants of Montana. Mountain West Publishers, Cheyenne. MT Literature
Dowhan, J.J. 1979. Preliminary checklist of the vascular flora of Connecticut (growing without cultivation). State Geological and Natural History Survey of Connecticut, Natural Resources Center, Department of Environmental Protection. Hartford. CT Literature
EOSC. Specimen at Eastern Oregon University, Lagrande, Oregon. OR Specimen
Eilers, L.J., and D.M. Roosa. 1991. The vascular plants of Iowa. University of Iowa Press, Iowa City. IA Literature
Fisher, T.R. 1988. The Dicotyledoneae of Ohio. Part 3. Asteraceae. Ohio State University Press, Columbus. OH Literature
George, G.G. 1992. A synonymized checklist of the plants found growing in Rhode Island. Rhode Island Wild Plant Society. RI Literature
Glenn, S.D. (ed.). 2013. New York Metropolitan Flora database. New York Metropolitan Flora Project, Brooklyn Botanic Garden, New York. CT, NJ, NY Literature
Hartman, R. Atlas of the vascular flora of Wyoming. Unpublished and undated. WY Literature
Harvill, A.M., C.E. Stevens, and D.M.E. Ware. 1981. Atlas of the Virginia flora, Part II. Dicotyledons. Virginia Botanical Associates, Farmville. VA Literature
Hatch, S.L., K.N. Gandhi, and L.E. Brown. 1990. Checklist of the vascular plants of Texas (MP-1655). Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, College Station. TX Literature
Haubrich, G. 2002. Noxious weed spreadsheet. Washington State Department of Agriculture, Olympia. WA Literature
Heil, K.D, and S.L. O'Kane, Jr. 2002. Catalog of the Four Corners flora - vascular plants of the San Juan River Drainage: Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico and Utah, 6th ed. AZ Literature
Hickman, J.C. (ed.). 1993. The Jepson manual. University of California Press, Berkeley. CA Literature
Hogan, Tim. Personal communication. CO Literature
Hough, M.Y. 1978. New Jersey Wild Plants. Harmony Press, Harmony. NJ Literature
Hrusa, G.F. 2003. Noxious weeds data. Unpublished. CA Literature
Hutchens, Robert. Personal communication. NM Literature
ID. Specimen at University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho. ID Specimen
INVADERS database. ID, MT, OR, WY Literature
Idaho Department of Agriculture. Noxious weed rules (24 May 2006). Idaho Department of Agriculture, Idaho. Literature
Johnston, B. 1991. List of Colorado plants. Unpublished. CO Literature
Kartesz, J.T. 1988. A flora of Nevada. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of Nevada, Reno. NV Literature
Kartesz, J.T. 2001. Atlas of the Nevada flora. Unpublished. NV Literature
Lee, R.D. 1999. New Mexico's invasive weeds. New Mexico State University, Las Cruces. NM Literature
Lehr, J.H. 1978. A catalogue of the flora of Arizona. Desert Botanical Garden, Phoenix. AZ Literature
Magee, D. Flora of New England. Unpublished and undated. CT, MA, NY, RI, VT Literature
McGregor, R.L., et al. 1977. Atlas of the flora of the Great Plains. Iowa State University Press, Ames. KS, NE Literature
McGregor, R.L., et al. 1986. Flora of the Great Plains. University of Kansas Press, Lawrence. OK Literature
Medley, M.E. 1993. An annotated catalogue of the known or reported vascular flora of Kentucky. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of Louisville, Louisville. KY Literature
Meyer, J. 1990. Chrysler Herbarium Checklist. Manuscript. NJ Literature
Mitchell, R.S. (ed.). 1986. A checklist of New York State plants. Contributions of a Flora of New York State, Checklist III. New York State Bulletin No. 458. New York State Museum, Albany. NY Literature
Mohlenbrock, R.H. 1986. Guide to the vascular flora of Illinois, rev. ed. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale and Edwardsville. IL Literature
Mohr., C. 1901. Plant life of Alabama. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium VI. AL Literature
NMC. Specimen at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico. NM Specimen
Nevada Administrative Code. Control of insects, pests, and noxious weeds (20 October 2003). State of Nevada, Nevada. Literature
New York Flora Association. 1990. Preliminary vouchered atlas of New York State flora, ed. 1. New York State Museum Institute, Albany. NY Literature
Office of the Director/Secretary. New Mexico noxious weed list (20 October 2003). New Mexico Department of Agriculture, New Mexico. Literature
Oklahoma House of Representatives. House Bill 2277 (20 October 2003). State of Oklahoma, Oklahoma. Literature
Oregon Administrative Rules. Quarantine; noxious weeds, Chapter 603-52-1200 (24 May 2006). State of Oregon, Oregon. Literature
Oregon Department of Agriculture. Noxious weed policy and classification system (24 May 2006). Oregon Department of Agriculture, Oregon. Literature
Oregon Flora Project species list; species noted on herbarium specimens. Unpublished and undated. OR Literature
Ownbey, G.B., and T. Morley. 1991. Vascular plants of Minnesota: A checklist and atlas. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis. MN Literature
Peck, M.E. 1961. A manual of the higher plants of Oregon, 2nd ed. Oregon State University Press, Corvallis. OR Literature
Plant Industry Division. Rules pertaining to the administration and enforcement of the Colorado Noxious Weed Act (23 January 2006). Colorado Department of Agriculture, Colorado. Literature
Plant Services Division. Prohibited, regulated and restricted noxious weeds (1 May 2006). Arizona Department of Agriculture, Arizona. Literature
Rader, Linda. Personal communication. WV Literature
Revised Statues of Missouri. Insect pests and weeds (20 October 2003). Missouri Department of Agriculture, Missouri. Literature
Rhoads, A.F., and W.M. Klein, Jr. 1993. The vascular flora of Pennsylvania. Annotated checklist and atlas. American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia. PA Literature
SRP. Specimen at Boise State University, Boise, Idaho. ID Specimen
Shultz, Leila M. Personal communication. UT Literature
Sorrie, B.A. 1992. County checklist of Massachusetts plants. Unpublished. MA Literature
Southern Weed Science Society. Weeds of the United States and Canada. CD-ROM. Southern Weed Science Society, Champaign, Illinois. Literature
Specimen Management System for California Herbaria (SMASCH). CA Literature
Stubbendieck, J., G.Y. Friisoe,and M.R. Bolick. Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains. Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry, Lincoln, Nebraska. Literature
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
Tatnall, R.R. 1946. Flora of Delaware and the Eastern Shore. Society of Natural History of Delaware, Lancaster. DE Literature
Utah Department of Agriculture. Utah noxious weed act (20 October 2003). Utah Department of Agriculture, Utah. Literature
Voss, E.G. 1985. Michigan flora. Cranbrook Institute of Science, Bloomfield Hills. MI Literature
WS. Specimen at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington. WA Specimen
WTU. Specimen at University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. WA Specimen
Washington Administrative Code. Noxious weed control, Chapter 16-752 (24 May 2006). State of Washington, Washington. Literature
Washington Administrative Code. State noxious weed list and schedule of monetary penalties, Chapter 16-750 (24 May 2006). State of Washington, Washington. Literature
Weber, W.R., and W.T. Corcoran. 1993. Atlas of Missouri vascular plants. Unpublished. Southwest Missouri State University and the Missouri Native Plant Society. MO Literature
Welsh, S.L., N.D. Atwood, L.C. Higgins, and S. Goodrich. 1987. A Utah flora. Great Basin Naturalist Memoirs No. 9. Brigham Young University Press, Provo. UT Literature
West Virginia county level data. WV Literature
Wherry, E.T., J.M. Fogg, and H.A. Wahl. 1979. Atlas of the flora of Pennsylvania. Morris Arboretum, Philadelphia. PA Literature
Whitson, T.D. (ed.) et al. Weeds of the West. Western Society of Weed Science in cooperation with Cooperative Extension Services, University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming. Literature
Wilken, Dieter. Personal communication. CA Literature
Wisconsin vascular plants. Wisconsin State Herbarium: University of Wisconsin - Madison. WI Literature
Wunderlin, R. P., and B. F. Hansen. 2008. Atlas of Florida vascular plants. Institute for Systematic Botany, University of South Florida, Tampa. FL Literature
Wunderlin, R.P., B.F. Hansen,and E.L. Bridges. 1996. Atlas of Florida vascular plants: CD-ROM. University of South Florida, Tampa. FL Literature
Wyoming Department of Agriculture. Designated noxious weeds and prohibited noxious weeds (20 October 2003). Wyoming Department of Agriculture, Wyoming. Literature
Yatskievych, G., and J. Turner. 1990. Catalogue of the flora of Missouri. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 37. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis. MO Literature
 
 
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