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You are here: Home / Profile Page / Data Source and Documentation for Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud. Printer-Friendly Printer-Friendly
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Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud.
common reed

Data Source

Last revised by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team
Curated and maintained by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team
 

Data Documentation

Documentation State Type
1990. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum. SC Literature
1991. Douglasia. WA Literature
1992. Journal of the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science. AZ Literature
1999. University of Minnesota Herbarium: Vascular plant collection. MN Literature
2000. CalFlora: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation. The CalFlora Database, Berkeley. CA Literature
A. A. Beetle 6128 (UTC 106254). Specimen at Utah State University, Logan, Utah. WY Specimen
A.C. Moore Herbarium, University of South Carolina. 2014. South Carolina Plant Atlas [online: cited 4 February 2014]. SC Literature
Acevedo-Rodríguez, P., & M.T. Strong. 2012. Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press, Washington, D.C. PR Literature
Albert Collotzi 54 (UTC 108359). Specimen at Utah State University, Logan, Utah. UT Specimen
Allred, Kelly W. Personal communication. NM Literature
Angelo, R., & D.E. Boufford. 2014. Atlas of the flora of New England [online: cited 3 February 2014]. CT, MA, ME, NH, RI, VT Literature
Anonymous. Personal communication to John Kartesz. AZ Literature
Arlyn F. Linde s.n. (UTC 216800). Specimen at Utah State University, Logan, Utah. WI Specimen
Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states. State agriculture or natural resource departments. Literature
Atwood, J.T., et al. 1973. Check list of Vermont plants. Vermont Botanical and Bird Club. VT Literature
BLMLK. Specimen at Bureau of Land Management, Lakeview, Oregon. OR Specimen
Bassett Maguire 5929 (UTC 18291). Specimen at Utah State University, Logan, Utah. UT Specimen
Bassett Maguire 62 (UTC 1178). Specimen at Utah State University, Logan, Utah. UT Specimen
Bourgeau-Chavez, L.L., et al. 2012. Mapping invasive Phragmites australis in the coastal Great Lakes with ALOS PALSAR satellite imagery for decision support. Journal of Great Lakes Research 39: 65-77. IL, IN, MI, NY, OH, PA, WI Literature
Braun, E.L. 1967. The Monocotyledoneae of Ohio. Ohio State University Press, Columbus. OH Literature
Britton, N.L., and P. Wilson. 1926. Botany of Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Scientific Survey of Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands. New York Academy of Sciences, New York. PR Literature
Brouillet, L., F. Coursol, S.J. Meades, M. Favreau, M. Anions, P. Bélisle, and P. Desmet. 2013. VASCAN, the database of vascular plants of Canada. AB, BC, MB, NB, NF, NS, NT, ON, PE, QC, SK Literature
Brown, M.L., and R.G. Brown. 1984. Herbaceous plants of Maryland. Port City Press, Inc., Baltimore. MD Literature
Bureau of Farm Products & Plant Industries. Massachusetts prohibited plant list (23 January 2006). Massachusetts Department of Agricultural Resources, Massachusetts. Literature
C. Olson s.n. (WIS v0259436WIS). Specimen at University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin. WI Specimen
C. Olson s.n. (WIS v0259437WIS). Specimen at University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin. WI Specimen
C.L. Hitchcock 11327 (UTC 71130). Specimen at Utah State University, Logan, Utah. ID Specimen
CIC. Specimen at Albertson College of Idaho, Caldwell, Idaho. ID Specimen
Campbell, J., and M. Medley. 2012. The atlas of vascular plants in Kentucky. KY Literature
Campbell, Julian. Personal communication. KY Literature
Carter, R., Baker, W.W., Morris, W.M. 2009. Contributions to the flora of Georgia, U.S.A. Vulpia 8: 1-54. GA Literature
Charboneau, J.L.M., B.E. Nelson, and R.L. Hartman. 2013. A floristic inventory of Phillips and Valley counties, Montana (U.S.A.). Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 7(2): 847-878. MT Literature
Checklist of the vascular plants of San Diego County, California. San Diego Natural History Museum, San Diego. CA Literature
Chester, E.W., B.E. Wofford, R. Kral, H.R. DeSelm, and A.M. Evans. 1993. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. 2 vols. Center for Field Biology Miscellaneous Publication No. 9/13. Austin Peay State University, Clarksville. TN Literature
Chester, E.W., B.E. Wofford, R. Kral, H.R. DeSelm, and A.M. Evans. 1993. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. Vol. 1. Miscellaneous Publication No. 9. Austin Peay State University, Clarksville. TN Literature
Clemants, Steven. Personal communication. NY Literature
Connecticut Invasive Plants Council. Connecticut invasive plant list (20 April 2005). Connecticut Invasive Plants Council, Connecticut. Literature
Crovello, T.J., C.A. Keller, and J.T. Kartesz. 1983. The vascular plants of Indiana: A computer based checklist. University of Notre Dame Press, Notre Dame. IN Literature
Cullina, M.D., B. Connolly, B. Sorrie, and P. Somers. 2011. The vascular plants of Massachusetts: A county checklist, first revision. Massachusetts Natural Heritage & Endangered Species Program, Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife, Westborough. MA Literature
Cullina, M.D., et al. 2011. The vascular plants of Massachusetts. A county checklist. First revision. Massachusetts Natural Heritage & Endangered Species Program, Massachusetts Division of Fisheries & Wildlife, Westborough, MA. MA Literature
D. Bowers 78 (RSA 764464). Specimen at Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Garden, Claremont, California. CA Specimen
Davis, R. 1952. Flora of Idaho. W.C. Brown Co., Dubuque. ID Literature
Deam, C.C. 1940. Flora of Indiana. Wm.B. Burford Printing Co., Indianapolis. IN Literature
Demaree, D. 1943. A catalog of the vascular plants of Arkansas. Taxodium 1: 1-88. AR Literature
District of Columbia Natural Heritage Program. DC Literature
Division of Plant Industry. Summary of plant protection regulations (20 October 2003). Alabama Department of Agriculture and Industries, Alabama. Literature
Dorn, R.D. 1977. Manual of the vascular plants of Wyoming. 2 vols. Garland Publishing, Inc., New York. WY Literature
Dorn, R.D. 1984. Vascular plants of Montana. Mountain West Publishers, Cheyenne. MT Literature
Douglas Goldman. 2014. personal communication. NY Literature
Dowhan, J.J. 1979. Preliminary checklist of the vascular flora of Connecticut (growing without cultivation). State Geological and Natural History Survey of Connecticut, Natural Resources Center, Department of Environmental Protection. Hartford. CT Literature
Duncan, W.H., and J.T. Kartesz. 1981. Vascular flora of Georgia. University of Georgia Press, Athens. GA Literature
E.C. Twisselmann 5601 (SBBG 124858). Specimen at Santa Barbara Botanic Garden, Santa Barbara, California. CA Specimen
E.O. Wooton 381 (UTC 87640). Specimen at Utah State University, Logan, Utah. NM Specimen
E.R. Jackman s.n. (OSC 84610). Specimen at Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon. OR Specimen
EOSC. Specimen at Eastern Oregon University, Lagrande, Oregon. OR Specimen
Eilers, L.J., and D.M. Roosa. 1991. The vascular plants of Iowa. University of Iowa Press, Iowa City. IA Literature
George Piranian 14823 (UTC 22368). Specimen at Utah State University, Logan, Utah. UT Specimen
George, G.G. 1992. A synonymized checklist of the plants found growing in Rhode Island. Rhode Island Wild Plant Society. RI Literature
Glenn, S.D. (ed.). 2013. New York Metropolitan Flora database. New York Metropolitan Flora Project, Brooklyn Botanic Garden, New York. CT, NJ, NY Literature
H. Hapeman s.n. (UTC 1179). Specimen at Utah State University, Logan, Utah. NE Specimen
H.J. Ramsey 2934 (POM 308116). Specimen at Pomona College, Claremont, California. CA Specimen
Hannick, V.C., J.N. Mink, J.R. Singhurst, and W.C. Holmes. 2013. Annotated checklist of the vascular flora of McLennan County, Texas. Phytoneuron 2013-29(29): 1-37. TX Literature
Hartman, R. Atlas of the vascular flora of Wyoming. Unpublished and undated. WY Literature
Harvill, A.M., C.E. Stevens, and D.M.E. Ware. 1977. Atlas of the Virginia flora, Part I. Pteridophytes through monocotyledons. Virginia Botanical Associates, Farmville. VA Literature
Hauber, D.P. 2011. Genetic variation in the common reed, Phragmites australis, in the Mississippi River Delta Marshes: evidence for multiple introductions. Estuaries and Coasts 34: 851-862. LA Literature
Hauber, D.P., et al. 2011. Genetic variation in the common reed, Phragmites australis, in the Mississippi River Delta Marshes: evidence for multiple introductions. Estuaries and Coasts 34: 851-862. LA Literature
Haynes, R. 1990. A database of the Alabama flora. Unpublished. AL Literature
Hickman, J.C. (ed.). 1993. The Jepson manual. University of California Press, Berkeley. CA Literature
Hogan, Tim. Personal communication. CO Literature
Hough, M.Y. 1978. New Jersey Wild Plants. Harmony Press, Harmony. NJ Literature
ID. Specimen at University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho. ID Specimen
IDS. Specimen at Idaho State University, Pocatello, Idaho. ID Specimen
Illinois Plant Information Network (ILPIN). IL Literature
J.C. Nelson 4670 (OSC 17016). Specimen at Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon. OR Specimen
James M. Glennon 1492 (UTC 251618). Specimen at Utah State University, Logan, Utah. ID Specimen
Johnston, B. 1991. List of Colorado plants. Unpublished. CO Literature
Jones, S.B., and N. Coile. 1988. The distribution of the vascular flora of Georgia. Herbarium, Department of Botany, Athens. GA Literature
K. Fitzgerald s.n. (UWSP 147499). Specimen at University of Wisconsin, Stevens Point, Wisconsin. WI Specimen
K. Larsen s.n. (UWSP 147304b). Specimen at University of Wisconsin, Stevens Point, Wisconsin. WI Specimen
Karin Kettenring BL--1 (UTC 258366). Specimen at Utah State University, Logan, Utah. ID Specimen
Karin Kettenring BL-6 (UTC 258373). Specimen at Utah State University, Logan, Utah. UT Specimen
Karin Kettenring BR-3 (UTC 258380). Specimen at Utah State University, Logan, Utah. UT Specimen
Karin Kettenring CC (UTC 258369). Specimen at Utah State University, Logan, Utah. UT Specimen
Karin Kettenring FB-1 (UTC 258387). Specimen at Utah State University, Logan, Utah. UT Specimen
Karin Kettenring IS-2 (UTC 258393). Specimen at Utah State University, Logan, Utah. UT Specimen
Karin Kettenring NMC (UTC 258341). Specimen at Utah State University, Logan, Utah. UT Specimen
Karin Kettenring OB-1 (UTC 258348). Specimen at Utah State University, Logan, Utah. UT Specimen
Karin Kettenring SFR (UTC 258343). Specimen at Utah State University, Logan, Utah. UT Specimen
Karin Kettenring UL-6 (UTC 258359). Specimen at Utah State University, Logan, Utah. UT Specimen
Karin Kettenring s.n. (UTC 258334). Specimen at Utah State University, Logan, Utah. UT Specimen
Karin Kettenring s.n. (UTC 258338). Specimen at Utah State University, Logan, Utah. UT Specimen
Karin Kettenring s.n. (UTC 258340). Specimen at Utah State University, Logan, Utah. UT Specimen
Kartesz, J.T. 1988. A flora of Nevada. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of Nevada, Reno. NV Literature
Kartesz, J.T. 2001. Atlas of the Nevada flora. Unpublished. NV Literature
Kartesz, J.T. 2002. Atlas of the Arizona flora. Unpublished. AZ Literature
Kearney, T., and R.H. Peebles. 1960. Arizona flora with supplement. University of California Press, Los Angeles. AZ Literature
Kelly, R., & Y. Gregor. 2014. Flora survey of Rocky Point Marsh, Queens County, New York. Long Island Botanical Society Quarterly Newsletter 24: 1, 3-6. NY Literature
Kettenring, K.M., & K.E. Mock. 2012. Genetic diversity, reproductive mode, and dispersal differbetween the cryptic invader, Phragmites australis,and its native conspecific. Biological Invasions 14: 2489-2504. ID, UT Literature
Kral, R., et al. 2014. Alabama Plant Atlas [online: cited 4 February 2014]. AL Literature
Kulmatiski, A., et al. 2011. Nonnative Phragmites australis invasion into Utah wetlands. Western North American Naturalist 70: 541-552. UT Literature
L.F. Henderson s.n. (ORE 14855). Specimen at University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon. OR Specimen
Larry C. Higgins 11474 (UTC 153510). Specimen at Utah State University, Logan, Utah. TX Specimen
Loran C. Anderson 874 (UTC 93681). Specimen at Utah State University, Logan, Utah. UT Specimen
Lowe, E.N. 1921. Plants of Mississippi. Mississippi State Geological Survey Bulletin No. 17. MS Literature
Lytton J. Musselman 4969 (UTC 162287). Specimen at Utah State University, Logan, Utah. VA Specimen
M. Ferrt s.n. (UWSP 148926). Specimen at University of Wisconsin, Stevens Point, Wisconsin. WI Specimen
M. Gunderson s.n. (UWSP 158229). Specimen at University of Wisconsin, Stevens Point, Wisconsin. WI Specimen
M. Lorenz s.n. (UWSP 157611). Specimen at University of Wisconsin, Stevens Point, Wisconsin. WI Specimen
Magee, D. Flora of New England. Unpublished and undated. CT, MA, ME, NH, RI, VT Literature
Malcolm A. Nobs 1042 (UTC 95924). Specimen at Utah State University, Logan, Utah. CA Specimen
Marcus E. Jones 1333 (UTC 1176). Specimen at Utah State University, Logan, Utah. UT Specimen
Martin, W.C., and C.R. Hutchins. 1980. A flora of New Mexico. Strauss & Cramer, Germany. NM Literature
Mary E. Barkworth 205.0-1993 (UTC 210785). Specimen at Utah State University, Logan, Utah. UT Specimen
McAvoy, William. Personal communication. DE Literature
McGregor, R.L., et al. 1977. Atlas of the flora of the Great Plains. Iowa State University Press, Ames. KS, ND, NE, OK, SD Literature
Meadows, R.E.,& K. Saltonstall. 2007. Distribution of native and introduced Phragmites australis in freshwater and oligohaline tidal marshes of the Delmarva peninsula and southern New Jersey. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 134: 99-107. DE, MD, NJ, VA Literature
Medley, M.E. 1993. An annotated catalogue of the known or reported vascular flora of Kentucky. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of Louisville, Louisville. KY Literature
Meyer, J. 1990. Chrysler Herbarium Checklist. Manuscript. NJ Literature
Michael Curto 1192 (UTC 213005). Specimen at Utah State University, Logan, Utah. UT Specimen
Miles Fellows s.n. (UTC 221416). Specimen at Utah State University, Logan, Utah. CA Specimen
Mitchell, R.S. (ed.). 1986. A checklist of New York State plants. Contributions of a Flora of New York State, Checklist III. New York State Bulletin No. 458. New York State Museum, Albany. NY Literature
Mohlenbrock, R.H. 1986. Guide to the vascular flora of Illinois, rev. ed. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale and Edwardsville. IL Literature
Mrs. F.O. Small s.n. (OSC 85866). Specimen at Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon. OR Specimen
NMC. Specimen at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico. NM Specimen
New York Flora Association. 1990. Preliminary vouchered atlas of New York State flora, ed. 1. New York State Museum Institute, Albany. NY Literature
O. Novak s.n. (UWSP 156811). Specimen at University of Wisconsin, Stevens Point, Wisconsin. WI Specimen
Oklahoma Biological Survey. 2013. Oklahoma Vascular Plants Database [online: cited 4 February 2014]. OK Literature
Ownbey, G.B., and T. Morley. 1991. Vascular plants of Minnesota: A checklist and atlas. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis. MN Literature
P. Hlina 1847 (UWSP 157514). Specimen at University of Wisconsin, Stevens Point, Wisconsin. WI Specimen
P. Hlina 1848 (UWSP 157513). Specimen at University of Wisconsin, Stevens Point, Wisconsin. WI Specimen
Painter, E., and E. Neese. 1998. Draft list, possible taxa. Unpublished. CA Literature
Peck, M.E. 1961. A manual of the higher plants of Oregon, 2nd ed. Oregon State University Press, Corvallis. OR Literature
Philip A. Munz 15221 (UTC 43805). Specimen at Utah State University, Logan, Utah. CA Specimen
R.E. Gereau 921 (UTC 175350). Specimen at Utah State University, Logan, Utah. MI Specimen
R.G. Larson s.n. (OSC 34049). Specimen at Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon. OR Specimen
R.R. Halse 7062 (OSC 215011). Specimen at Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon. OR Specimen
Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1965. Atlas of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. Department of Botany Technical Bulletin No. 165. Chapel Hill. NC Literature
Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1968. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill. NC Literature
Ralph, R.A. Checklist of the vascular plants of the Coastal Plain of Delaware. Unpublished and undated. University of Delaware Department of Biology. DE Literature
Ray J. Davis s.n. (UTC 54652). Specimen at Utah State University, Logan, Utah. ID Specimen
Ray Olsen s.n. (UTC 20328). Specimen at Utah State University, Logan, Utah. UT Specimen
Reed, R. 1987. Wisconsin vascular plants. Unpublished. WI Literature
Rhoads, A.F., and W.M. Klein, Jr. 1993. The vascular flora of Pennsylvania. Annotated checklist and atlas. American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia. PA Literature
Richard R. Halse 3782 (UTC 249241). Specimen at Utah State University, Logan, Utah. WA Specimen
Richard R. Halse 7062 (UTC 257809). Specimen at Utah State University, Logan, Utah. OR Specimen
Richards, C.D., F. Hyland, and L.M. Eastman. 1983. Revised check-list of the vascular plants of Maine. Bulletin of the Josselyn Botanical Society, No. 11. ME Literature
Ripley, J.D. 1994. Vegetation of the United States Air Force Academy and the adjacent Regions of the Pike National Forest, El Paso County, Colorado. Department of Biology, United States Air Force Academy, Colorado Springs. CO Literature
S.G. Spickerman 95071 (WIS cnnf00135). Specimen at University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin. WI Specimen
S.W. Leonard 2069 (UTC 124003). Specimen at Utah State University, Logan, Utah. NC Specimen
Saltonstall, K. 2002. Cryptic invasion by a non-native genotype of the common reed, Phragmites australis, into North America. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 99: 2445-2449. AL, AZ, BC, CA, CO, CT, FL, IA, ID, IL, IN, KS, LA, MA, MB, MD, ME, MI, MN, MT, NB, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NS, NV, NY, OH, OK, ON, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, SK, TX, UT, VA, VT, WA, WI, WY Literature
Saltonstall, K., & D. Hauber. 2007. Notes on Phragmites australis (Poaceae: Arundinoideae) in North America. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 1: 385-388. TX Literature
Saltonstall, K., H.E. Castillo, & B. Blossey. 2014. Confirmed field hybridization of native and introduced Phragmites australis (Poaceae) in North America. American Journal of Botany 101: 211-215. NY Literature
Saltonstall, K., P.M. Peterson, & R.J. Soreng. 2004. Recognition of Phragmites australis subsp. americanus (Poaceae: Arundinoideae) in North America: evidence from morphological and genetic analyses. Sida 21: 683-692. BC, CO, IA, ID, IN, KS, ME, MI, MN, MT, ND, NE, NJ, NM, NV, OK, OR, SD, UT, WA, WY Literature
Saltonstall, Kristin. 2014. Personal communication. AL, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DE, FL, IA, ID, IL, IN, KS, LA, MA, MB, MD, ME, MN, NB, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NS, NV, NY, OH, ON, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, SK, TX, UT, VT, WA, WI, WY Literature
Seymour, F.C. 1969. The flora of New England. Charles E. Tuttle Company, Rutland. NH Literature
Shultz, Leila M. Personal communication. UT Literature
Sorrie, B.A. 1992. County checklist of Massachusetts plants. Unpublished. MA Literature
South Carolina Aquatic Nuisance Species Program. Illegal aquatic plants in South Carolina (20 October 2003). South Carolina Department of Natural Resources, South Carolina. Literature
Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council. Invasive exotic pest plants in Tennessee (19 October 1999). Research Committee of the Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council, Tennessee. Literature
Specimen Management System for California Herbaria (SMASCH). CA Literature
St. John, H. 1963. Flora of southeastern Washington and adjacent Idaho, 3rd ed. Outdoor Pictures, Escondido. WA Literature
State Crop Pest Commission. Designation of plant pests (24 May 2006). State of South Carolina, South Carolina. Literature
Strausbaugh, P.D., and E.L. Core. 1977. Flora of West Virginia, 2nd ed., 4 vols. West Virginia Bulletin, Morgantown. WV Literature
T.A. Hoyman & H. Krough ON00647 (UWSP 150687). Specimen at University of Wisconsin, Stevens Point, Wisconsin. WI Specimen
Tatnall, E. 1860. Catalogue of the phaenogamous and filicoid plants of New Castle County, Delaware. Wilmington Institute, Wilmington. DE Literature
Thomas, R.D., and C.M. Allen. 1993. Atlas of the vascular flora of Louisiana, vols. 1-3. Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. Natural Heritage Program, Baton Rouge. LA Literature
Thomas, R.D., and C.M. Allen. 1997. Atlas of the vascular flora of Louisiana, vols. 1-3 (Plus updates). Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. Natural Heritage Program, Baton Rouge. LA Literature
Turner, B.L., H. Nichols, G. Denny, and O. Doron. 2003. Atlas of the Vascular Plants of Texas, vol. 2. Sida, Botanical Miscellany, No. 24. Botanical Research Institute of Texas Press, Fort Worth. TX Literature
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico. NM Specimen
University of Tennessee Herbarium. 2014. Database of Tennessee Vascular Plant Occurrences [online: cited 4 February 2014]. TN Literature
Uva, R.H., J.C. Neal, & J.M. DiTomaso. Weeds of the Northeast. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York. Literature
Vasquez, E.A., et al. 2005. Salt tolerance underlies the cryptic invasion of North American salt marshes by an introduced haplotype of the common reed Phragmites australis (Poaceae). Marine Ecology Progress Series 298: 1-8. DE, MD Literature
Vermont Department of Agriculture, Food and Markets. Quarantine #3 - noxious weeds (20 October 2003). Vermont Department of Agriculture, Food and Markets, Vermont. Literature
Virginia Botanical Associates. 2014. Digital Atlas of the Virginia Flora [online: cited 10 February 2014]. Virginia Botanical Associates, Blacksburg. VA Literature
Voss, E.G. 1985. Michigan flora. Cranbrook Institute of Science, Bloomfield Hills. MI Literature
W.C. Muenscher 936 (UTC 1177). Specimen at Utah State University, Logan, Utah. NY Specimen
W.K. Farrell s.n. (OSC 85536). Specimen at Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon. OR Specimen
WS. Specimen at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington. WA Specimen
WTU. Specimen at University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. WA Specimen
Wagner, W.L., D.R. Herbst, and S.H. Sohmer. 1999. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i, 2 vols., 2nd ed. University of Hawaii Press, Bishop Museum, Honolulu. HI Literature
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West Virginia county level data. WV Literature
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Wilhelm, G.S. 1984. Vascular flora of the Pensacola Region. Ph.D. Dissertation. Southern Illinois University, Carbondale. AL Literature
Wilken, Dieter. Personal communication. CA Literature
William H. Baker 8534 (UTC 110709). Specimen at Utah State University, Logan, Utah. ID Specimen
Wisconsin vascular plants. Wisconsin State Herbarium: University of Wisconsin - Madison. WI Literature
Wunderlin, R. P., and B. F. Hansen. 2008. Atlas of Florida vascular plants. Institute for Systematic Botany, University of South Florida, Tampa. FL Literature
Wunderlin, R.P., B.F. Hansen, & E.L. Bridges. 1996. Atlas of Florida vascular plants: CD-ROM. University of South Florida, Tampa. FL Literature
Yatskievych, G. 1999. Steyermark's Flora of Missouri, vol. 1, rev. ed. Missouri Conservation of Conservation, Jefferson City, in cooperation with the Missouri Bot. Gard. Press, St. Louis. MO Literature
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s.c. s.n. (OSC 35045). Specimen at Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon. OR Specimen
 
 
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