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Prunus L.
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Data Source

Last revised by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team
Curated and maintained by:
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Data Documentation

Documentation State Type
1920. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum. IL, ND, NM Literature
1923. Rhodora. IL, IN, NH, WI Literature
1933. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum. KS, OK Literature
1951. Bartonia. MS Literature
1951. Brittonia. AZ, ME, PA Literature
1964. Castanea. NC Literature
1968. Castanea. MS Literature
1971. Michigan Botanist. WI Literature
1973. Madroño. CA Literature
1976. Castanea. SC Literature
1976. Rhodora. VI Literature
1978. Northwest Science. ID Literature
1980. Four Seasons. CA Literature
1981. Brittonia. AR, AZ, CT, DC, DE, IA, IL, IN, KS, LA, MA, MD, MI, MN, ND, NE, NJ, NY, OK, RI, TN, VT, WV Literature
1981. Four Seasons. CA Literature
1985. Wassman Journal of Biology. CA Literature
1986. Douglasia. WA Literature
1988. Phytologia Memoirs. MA Literature
1990. Castanea. TN Literature
1991. Douglasia. WA Literature
1993. Journal of the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science. AZ Literature
1995. Aliso. CA Literature
1996. Madroño. CA Literature
1999. Taxon. WI Literature
1999. University of Minnesota Herbarium: Vascular plant collection. MN Literature
2000. CalFlora: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation. The CalFlora Database, Berkeley. CA Literature
2001. Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science. IA Literature
2001. Western North American Naturalist. WY Literature
ALA. Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Abrams, L. 1960. An illustrated flora of the Pacific States. Stanford University Press, Stanford. CA, OR, UT, WA Literature
Acevedo-Rodriguez, P., et al. 1996. Flora of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 78. New York Botanical Garden, Bronx. VI Literature
Ahlenslager, K., and P. Miller. 1999. Establishment record for Halliday Fen Research Natural Area within the Colville National Forest. Pend Oreille County, Washington. USDA Forest Service. WA Literature
Anonymous. Personal communication to John Kartesz. AL, AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, ID, IL, IN, KS, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, UT, VA, VT, WA, WI, WV, WY Literature
Atkinson, S., and F. Sharpe. 1985. Wild plants of the San Juan Islands. The Mountaineers, Seattle. WA Literature
Atwood, J.T., et al. 1973. Check list of Vermont plants. Vermont Botanical and Bird Club. VT Literature
BLMLK. Specimen at Bureau of Land Management, Lakeview, Oregon. OR Specimen
BOIS. Specimen at Rocky Mountain Research Station, Boise, Idaho. ID Specimen
Barger, T.W., D.D. Spaulding, and B.D. Holt. 2013. The vascular flora of the Perdido River Forever Wild tract, Baldwin County, Alabama. Castanea 78: 119-133. AL Literature
Barkworth, Mary E. Personal communication. DE Literature
Best, C., J.T. Howell, W. Knight, I. Knight, and M. Wells. 1996. A flora of Sonoma County. California Native Plant Society, Sacramento. CA Literature
Bluhm, Wilbur. Personal communication. OR Literature
Booth, W.E., and J.C. Wright. 1966. Flora of Montana. Montana State University, Bozeman. MT Literature
Braun, E.L. 1961. The woody plants of Ohio. Ohio State University Press, Columbus. OH Literature
Brouillet, L., F. Coursol, and M. Favreau. 2006. VASCAN, the Database of Vascular Plants of Canada. Herbier Marie-Victorin, Institut de recherche en biologie végétale, Université de Montréal. AB, BC, LB, MB, NB, NF, NS, NT, ON, PE, QC, SB, SK Literature
Brown, R.G., and M.L. Brown. 1972. Woody plants of Maryland. Port City Press, Inc., Baltimore. MD Literature
Bryson, C.T.,and D.A. Skojac, Jr. 2011. An annotated checklist of the vascular flora of Washington County, Mississippi. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 5: 855-866. MS Literature
Buegge, J.J. Flora of the Santa Teresa Mountains in Graham County, Arizona. AZ Literature
CIC. Specimen at Albertson College of Idaho, Caldwell, Idaho. ID Specimen
CIC. Specimen at Albertson College of Idaho, Caldwell, Idaho. ID Specimen
California Native Plant Society. Inventory of rare and endangered plants. CA Literature
Campbell, D. 2012. Noteworthy collections. North Carolina. Castanea 77: 80-81. NC Literature
Campbell, J., and M. Medley. 2012. The atlas of vascular plants in Kentucky. KY Literature
Campbell, Julian. Personal communication. KY Literature
Charboneau, J.L.M., B.E. Nelson, and R.L. Hartman. 2013. A floristic inventory of Phillips and Valley counties, Montana (U.S.A.). Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 7(2): 847-878. MT Literature
Checklist of the vascular plants of San Diego County, California. San Diego Natural History Museum, San Diego. CA Literature
Chester, E.W, B.E. Wofford, and R. Kral. 1997. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. Vol. 2. Miscellaneous Publication No. 13. Austin Peay State University, Clarksville. TN Literature
Chester, E.W., B.E. Wofford, R. Kral, H.R. DeSelm, and A.M. Evans. 1993. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. 2 vols. Center for Field Biology Miscellaneous Publication No. 9/13. Austin Peay State University, Clarksville. TN Literature
Cholewa, Anita F. Personal communication. MN Literature
Clemants, Steven. Personal communication. NJ, NY Literature
Clifton, G. Plumas County and Plumas National Forest flora (2001 Draft). Unpublished and undated. CA Literature
Cochrane, T.S., and H.H. Iltis. 2000. Atlas of the Wisconsin prairie and savanna flora. Department of Natural Resources, Madison. WI Literature
Cooperrider, T.S, A.W. Cusick, and J.T. Kartesz (eds.). 1999. Seventh catalog of the vascular plants of Ohio (in press). Ohio State University Press, Columbus. OH Literature
Correll, D.S., and M.C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. Contributions from Texas Research Foundation, vol. 6. Texas Research Foundation, Renner. TX Literature
Crovello, T.J., C.A. Keller, and J.T. Kartesz. 1983. The vascular plants of Indiana: A computer based checklist. University of Notre Dame Press, Notre Dame. IN Literature
Cullina, M.D., B. Connolly, B. Sorrie, and P. Somers. 2011. The vascular plants of Massachusetts: A county checklist, first revision. Massachusetts Natural Heritage & Endangered Species Program, Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife, Westborough. MA Literature
Damrel, D., D.J. Pinkava, and L.R. Landrum. The Phoenix flora. AZ Literature
Davis, R. 1952. Flora of Idaho. W.C. Brown Co., Dubuque. ID Literature
DeNevers, G. 1985. Pepperwood flora, Pepperwood Ranch Natural Preserve, Sonoma County. Unpublished. California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco. CA Literature
Deam, C.C. 1940. Flora of Indiana. Wm.B. Burford Printing Co., Indianapolis. IN Literature
Delaware Natural Heritage Program. DE Literature
Demaree, D. 1943. A catalog of the vascular plants of Arkansas. Taxodium 1: 1-88. AR Literature
District of Columbia Natural Heritage Program. DC Literature
Doan, S. 2002. Flora of the Seven Springs Region, Tonto National Forest, Maricopa County, Arizona. M.S. Thesis. Arizona State University, Tempe. AZ Literature
Domangue, B.E., and C.K. McMullen. 2013. Floristic survey of the vascular plants of Shenandoah County, Virginia. Castanea 78: 312-322. VA Literature
Dorn, R.D. 1977. Manual of the vascular plants of Wyoming. 2 vols. Garland Publishing, Inc., New York. WY Literature
Dorn, R.D. 1984. Vascular plants of Montana. Mountain West Publishers, Cheyenne. MT Literature
Dowhan, J.J. 1979. Preliminary checklist of the vascular flora of Connecticut (growing without cultivation). State Geological and Natural History Survey of Connecticut, Natural Resources Center, Department of Environmental Protection. Hartford. CT Literature
Duncan, H.D., and M.B. Duncan. 1988. Trees of southeastern United States. University of Georgia Press, Athens. TN Literature
Duncan, W.H., and J.T. Kartesz. 1981. Vascular flora of Georgia. University of Georgia Press, Athens. GA Literature
EOSC. Specimen at Eastern Oregon University, Lagrande, Oregon. OR Specimen
EOSC. Specimen at Eastern Oregon University, Lagrande, Oregon. OR Specimen
Eilers, L.J., and D.M. Roosa. 1991. The vascular plants of Iowa. University of Iowa Press, Iowa City. IA Literature
Fernald, M.L. 1950. Gray's manual of botany, 8th ed. American Book Company, New York. IN, MD, NE, NJ, TX Literature
Florida Natural Areas Inventory. FL Literature
Furlow, J.J. 1991. The vascular flora of Ohio: Vol. 2, Part 1 - Dicotyledoneae: Saururaceae through Fabaceae. Unpublished. OH Literature
Gage, Sarah. Personal communication. WA Literature
George, G.G. 1992. A synonymized checklist of the plants found growing in Rhode Island. Rhode Island Wild Plant Society. RI Literature
Georgia Natural Heritage Program. GA Literature
Gleason, H.A. 1963. The New Britton and Brown illustrated flora of the northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. Hafner Publishing Co., Inc., New York. DE, TX Literature
Glenn, S.D. (ed.). 2013. New York Metropolitan Flora database. New York Metropolitan Flora Project, Brooklyn Botanic Garden, New York. CT, NJ, NY Literature
Goldman, D.H. 1996. A preliminary vascular flora of the French Creek drainage of Western New York State. New York Flora Association Newsletter 7 (2): 3-12. NY Literature
Grant 89-332 (ALA V0105993). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Grant 90-1249 (ALA V0105905). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Green, W. 1907. Plants of Iowa. Beshard Bros. Printers, Des Moines. IA Literature
Gunn, C.R., T.M. Pullen, E.A. Stadelbacher, J.M. Chandler, and J. Barnes. 1980. Vascular flora of Washington County, Mississippi, and environs. USDA Science and Education Administration. MS Literature
Halliday, Glenn. Personal communication. OR Literature
Hannick, V.C., J.N. Mink, J.R. Singhurst, and W.C. Holmes. 2013. Annotated checklist of the vascular flora of McLennan County, Texas. Phytoneuron 2013-29(29): 1-37. TX Literature
Harper, R.M. 1944. Preliminary report of the weeds of Alabama. Geological Survey of Alabama, Bulletin 53. Wetumpka. AL Literature
Hartman, R. Atlas of the vascular flora of Wyoming. Unpublished and undated. WY Literature
Harvill, A.M., C.E. Stevens, and D.M.E. Ware. 1981. Atlas of the Virginia flora, Part II. Dicotyledons. Virginia Botanical Associates, Farmville. VA Literature
Hatch, S.L., K.N. Gandhi, and L.E. Brown. 1990. Checklist of the vascular plants of Texas (MP-1655). Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, College Station. TX Literature
Haynes, R. 1990. A database of the Alabama flora. Unpublished. AL Literature
Heil, K.D, and S.L. O'Kane, Jr. 2002. Catalog of the Four Corners flora - vascular plants of the San Juan River Drainage: Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico and Utah, 6th ed. AZ, NM Literature
Hickman, J.C. (ed.). 1993. The Jepson manual. University of California Press, Berkeley. CA Literature
Hill, S.R. 1988. New Plant Records for Maryland with an Additional Note on Nymphaea tetragona (Nymphaeaceae) Pollination. Castanea 53: 164-166. MD Literature
Hitchcock, C.L., A. Cronquist, M. Ownbey, and J.W. Thompson. 1969. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest. 5 vols. University of Washington Press, Seattle. AZ, ID, MT, NC, ND, OR, SD, WA, WY Literature
Hitchcock, C.L., and A. Cronquist. 1973. Flora of the Pacific Northwest. University of Washington Press, Seattle. ID, OR Literature
Hodgdon, A.R., and F.L. Steele. 1958. The woody plants of New Hampshire. University of New Hampshire Agricultural Experiment Station, Bulletin 447. NH Literature
Hogan, Tim. Personal communication. CO Literature
Hough, M.Y. 1978. New Jersey Wild Plants. Harmony Press, Harmony. NJ Literature
Hrusa, F., B. Ertter, A. Sanders, G. Leppig, and E. Dean. 2002. Catalog of non-native vascular plants occurring spontaneously in California beyond those addressed in The Jepson Manual. Part I. Madroño 49: 61-98. CA Literature
Hrusa, G.F. 1992. CalTrans survey: Report submitted to PAR Environmental Services, Sacramento, CA. Unpublished. CA Literature
Hrusa, G.F. 1993. Manual of the vascular plants of Caswell Memorial State Park, rev. 1997-1998. Unpublished. California State Parks & Recreation. CA Literature
Hrusa, G.F. 1996. Report submitted to North State Resources Inc., Redding. Unpublished. CA Literature
Hrusa, G.F., and J. Glazner. 2000. Report submitted to North Fork Associates, Auburn, CA. Unpublished. CA Literature
Hubbard, J.R., and W.S. Judd. 2013. Floristics of Silver River State Park, Marion County, Florida. Rhodora 115: 250-280. FL Literature
Hulten, E., and M. Fries. 1986. Atlas of North European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols. Koeltz Scientific Books, Germany. PA Literature
ID. Specimen at University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho. ID Specimen
ID. Specimen at University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho. ID Specimen
ID. Specimen at University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho. ID Specimen
ID. Specimen at University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho. ID Specimen
ID. Specimen at University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho. ID Specimen
ID. Specimen at University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho. ID Specimen
ID. Specimen at University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho. ID Specimen
ID. Specimen at University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho. ID Specimen
ID. Specimen at University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho. ID Specimen
INVADERS database. ID, MT, OR, WA Literature
Illinois Plant Information Network (ILPIN). IL Literature
Indiana Natural Heritage Data Center. 2013. Endangered, threatened, and rare vascular plants of Indiana (16 April 2013). Division of Nature Preserves, Indiana Department of Natural Resources, Indianapolis, IN. IN Literature
Jacobson, A.L.,and P.F. Zika. 2007. A new hybrid cherry, Prunus x pugetensis (P. avium × emarginata, Rosaceae), from the Pacific Northwest. Madroño 54: 74-85. BC, OR, WA Literature
Johnston, B. 1991. List of Colorado plants. Unpublished. CO Literature
Johnston, M.C. 1990. The vascular plants of Texas, 2d ed. Published by the author, Austin. TX Literature
Jones, G.N. 1936. A botanical survey of the Olympic Peninsula. University of Washington Press, Seattle. WA Literature
Jones, S.B., and N. Coile. 1988. The distribution of the vascular flora of Georgia. Herbarium, Department of Botany, Athens. GA Literature
Kartesz, J.T. 1988. A flora of Nevada. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of Nevada, Reno. NV Literature
Kartesz, J.T. 2001. Atlas of the Nevada flora. Unpublished. NV Literature
Kartesz, J.T. 2002. Atlas of the Arizona flora. Unpublished. AZ Literature
Kearney, T., and R.H. Peebles. 1960. Arizona flora with supplement. University of California Press, Los Angeles. AZ Literature
Kelly, R.,and Y. Gregor. 2014. Flora survey of Rocky Point Marsh, Queens County, New York. Long Island Botanical Society Quarterly Newsletter 24: 1, 3-6. NY Literature
Kuhn, B., B.E. Nelson,and R.L. Hartman. 2011. A floristic inventory of the Cimarron National Grassland (Kansas) and the Comanche National Grassland (Colorado). Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 5: 753-772. CO, KS Literature
Lackschewitz, K. 1991. Vascular plants of west-central Montana: Identification guide book. USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station, Ogden. MT Literature
Lakela, O. 1965. A flora of northeastern Minnesota. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis. MN Literature
Layser, E.F. 1980. Flora of Pend Oreille County, Washington. Washington State University, Cooperative Extension, Pullman. WA Literature
Legler, B., D. Giblin,and P.F. Zika. 2008. Noteworthy Collections. Washington. Madroño 55: 178-179. WA Literature
Liogier, H.A. 1994. Descriptive Flora of Puerto Rico and Adjacent Islands. Spermatophyta. Vols. 1-5. Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico. PR Literature
Little, E.L., Jr. 1971. Atlas of United States trees. Vols. 1-6 plus supplements. Miscellaneous Publication No. 1146. USDA Forest Service, Washington, DC. AZ, ID, NM Literature
Little, E.L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees (native and naturalized). Agriculture Handbook No. 541. USDA, Washington, DC. MS Literature
Lowe, E.N. 1921. Plants of Mississippi. Mississippi State Geological Survey Bulletin No. 17. MS Literature
Magee, D. Flora of New England. Unpublished and undated. CT, MA, ME, NH, NY, RI, VT Literature
Magee, Dennis. Personal communication. MA Literature
Mansfield, D.H. 2000. Flora of Steens Mountain. Oregon State University Press, Corvallis. OR Literature
Martin, A.C., H.S. Zim, and A.L. Nelson. 1951. American wildlife and plants: A guide to wildlife food habits. Dover Publications, New York. Literature
Martin, W.C., and C.R. Hutchins. 1980. A flora of New Mexico. Strauss & Cramer, Germany. NM Literature
Maryland Wildlife and Heritage Service. 2010. Rare, Threatened and Endangered Plants. Maryland Department of Natural Resources, Annapolis, MD. MD Literature
McAvoy, William. Personal communication. DE Literature
McGregor, R.L. Personal communication. KS Literature
McGregor, R.L., R.E. Brooks, and L.A. Hauser. 1976. Checklist of Kansas vascular plants. Technical Publications of State Biological Survey of Kansas, No. 2. KS Literature
McGregor, R.L., et al. 1977. Atlas of the flora of the Great Plains. Iowa State University Press, Ames. KS, ND, NE, OK, SD Literature
McGregor, R.L., et al. 1986. Flora of the Great Plains. University of Kansas Press, Lawrence. IN, KS, MT, ND, NE Literature
Medley, M.E. 1993. An annotated catalogue of the known or reported vascular flora of Kentucky. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of Louisville, Louisville. KY Literature
Meyer, J. 1990. Chrysler Herbarium Checklist. Manuscript. NJ Literature
Michigan Natural Features Inventory. MI Literature
Mississippi Natural Heritage Program. MS Literature
Mitchell, R.S. (ed.). 1986. A checklist of New York State plants. Contributions of a Flora of New York State, Checklist III. New York State Bulletin No. 458. New York State Museum, Albany. NY Literature
Mohlenbrock, R.H. 1986. Guide to the vascular flora of Illinois, rev. ed. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale and Edwardsville. IL Literature
Mohr., C. 1901. Plant life of Alabama. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium VI. AL Literature
Moore, Jennifer A. Personal communication. GA Literature
Muller 3456 (ALA 00091568). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Munz, P.A., and D.D. Keck. 1968. A California flora and supplement. University of California Press, Berkeley. CA Literature
Myers, R.M. 1972. Annotated catalog and index for the Illinois flora. Western Illinois University Series in Biological Sciences, No. 10. Macomb. IL Literature
NCU. Specimen at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. SC Specimen
NMC. Specimen at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico. NM Specimen
NMC. Specimen at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico. NM Specimen
Naas, D., R. Naas, and E. Burnett. 1990. North Cascades National Park, Ross Lake, and Lake Chelan National Recreation Areas: A checklist of vascular plants of the North Cascades, Washington. Sedro-Woolley. WA Literature
New Jersey Natural Heritage Program. NJ Literature
New York Flora Association. 1990. Preliminary vouchered atlas of New York State flora, ed. 1. New York State Museum Institute, Albany. NY Literature
New York Natural Heritage Program. NY Literature
North Carolina Natural Heritage Program. NC Literature
Ohio Natural Heritage Database. OH Literature
Oregon Flora Project species list; species noted on herbarium specimens. Unpublished and undated. OR Literature
Oswald, V. 1994. Manual of the vascular plants of Butte County, California. California Native Plant Society, Sacramento. CA Literature
Ownbey, G.B., and T. Morley. 1991. Vascular plants of Minnesota: A checklist and atlas. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis. MN Literature
Painter, E., and E. Neese. 1998. Draft list, possible taxa. Unpublished. CA Literature
Participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria. 2013. Consortium of California Herbaria database [online: accessed on 14 February 2013]. CA Literature
Peck, M.E. 1961. A manual of the higher plants of Oregon, 2nd ed. Oregon State University Press, Corvallis. OR Literature
Poindexter, D.B., A.S. Weakley,and M.W. Denslow. 2011. New exotic additions and other noteworthy records for the flora of North Carolina. Phytoneuron 2011-42: 1-14. NC Literature
Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1965. Atlas of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. Department of Botany Technical Bulletin No. 165. Chapel Hill. NC, SC Literature
Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1968. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill. NC, SC Literature
Ralph, R.A. Checklist of the vascular plants of the Coastal Plain of Delaware. Unpublished and undated. University of Delaware Department of Biology. DE Literature
Reed, R. 1987. Wisconsin vascular plants. Unpublished. WI Literature
Rehder, A. 1940. Manual of cultivated trees and shrubs hardy in North America. MacMillan Publishing Co., New York. CO, KS, MT Literature
Rhoads, A.F., and W.M. Klein, Jr. 1993. The vascular flora of Pennsylvania. Annotated checklist and atlas. American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia. PA Literature
Rice, K.C. 1994. Vegetation and flora of the Superstition Wilderness Area, Central Arizona. M.S. Thesis. Arizona State University, Tempe. AZ Literature
Richards, C.D., F. Hyland, and L.M. Eastman. 1983. Revised check-list of the vascular plants of Maine. Bulletin of the Josselyn Botanical Society, No. 11. ME Literature
Rohrer, Joseph R. Personal communication. AR Literature
Runfola 18 (ALA V0133567). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Rutledge 233B (ALA 00096737). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Rydberg, P.R. 1932. Flora of the prairies and plains of Central North America. Vols. 1 and 2. Dover Press, Dover. KS Literature
SRP. Specimen at Boise State University, Boise, Idaho. ID Specimen
SRP. Specimen at Boise State University, Boise, Idaho. ID Specimen
Sargent, C.S. 1922. Manual of the trees of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. MO, NC, NE, NM, OH, SC, TX Literature
Scoggan, H.J. 1978. Flora of Canada. National Museum of Natural Sciences. Publications in Botany No. 7. Ottawa. MT, WY Literature
Seymour, F.C. 1969. The flora of New England. Charles E. Tuttle Company, Rutland. CT, NH Literature
Sharp, A.J., R.E. Shanks, J.K. Underwood, and E. McGilliard. 1960. A preliminary checklist of monocots in Tennessee. Published by authors, University of Tennessee, Knoxville. TN Literature
Shetler, S.G., and S.S. Orli. 2000. Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of the Washington-Baltimore Area. Part 1: Ferns, fern allies, gymnosperms, and dicotyledons. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. DC Literature
Shultz, Leila M. Personal communication. UT Literature
Simpson, C., J. Koenig, R. Love, B. Newhouse, N. Otting, S. Sundberg, D. Wagner, and P. Warner. 2002. Vascular plants of Lane County, Oregon. Native Plant Society of Oregon. OR Literature
Smith, C.F. 1976. A flora of the Santa Barbara Region, California. Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History, Santa Barbara. CA Literature
Smith, E.B. 1988. An atlas and annotated list of the vascular plants of Arkansas, 2d ed. AR Literature
Sorrie, B.A. 1992. County checklist of Massachusetts plants. Unpublished. MA Literature
Specimen Management System for California Herbaria (SMASCH). CA Literature
Specimen at Douglas County Museum, Roseburg, Oregon. OR Specimen
Specimen at Eastern New Mexico University, Portales, New Mexico. NM Specimen
Specimen at Eastern New Mexico University, Portales, New Mexico. NM Specimen
Specimen at Eastern New Mexico University, Portales, New Mexico. NM Specimen
Specimen at Linfield College, McMinnville, Oregon. OR Specimen
Specimen at Linfield College, McMinnville, Oregon. OR Specimen
Specimen at Linfield College, McMinnville, Oregon. OR Specimen
St. John, H. 1963. Flora of southeastern Washington and adjacent Idaho, 3rd ed. Outdoor Pictures, Escondido. WA Literature
Strausbaugh, P.D., and E.L. Core. 1977. Flora of West Virginia, 2nd ed., 4 vols. West Virginia Bulletin, Morgantown. WV Literature
Straw, R. Jackson and Josephine County checklist. Unpublished and undated. OR Literature
Sundberg, Scott. Personal communication. OR Literature
Swink, F., and G. Wilhelm. 1994. Plants of the Chicago Region, eds. 1-4. Morton Arboretum, Lisle. IL, IN Literature
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
Tatnall, E. 1860. Catalogue of the phaenogamous and filicoid plants of New Castle County, Delaware. Wilmington Institute, Wilmington. DE Literature
Tatnall, R.R. 1946. Flora of Delaware and the Eastern Shore. Society of Natural History of Delaware, Lancaster. DE Literature
Taylor, R.J., and C.E.S. Taylor. 1989. An annotated list of the ferns, fern allies, gymnosperms and flowering plants of Oklahoma. Southeast Oklahoma State University. OK Literature
Texas A&M Bioinformatics Working Group. Texas A&M Bioinformatics Working Group Internet site. TX Literature
Texas Biological and Conservation Data System. TX Literature
Thomas, R.D., and C.M. Allen. 1993. Atlas of the vascular flora of Louisiana, vols. 1-3. Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. Natural Heritage Program, Baton Rouge. LA Literature
Thomas, R.D., and C.M. Allen. 1997. Atlas of the vascular flora of Louisiana, vols. 1-3 (Plus updates). Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. Natural Heritage Program, Baton Rouge. LA Literature
Thomas, W.E.,and R.H. Maxwell. 2009. Distribution records of southern Indiana vascular plants III. Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science 118: 31-38. IN Literature
Thompson, Sue. Personal communication. PA Literature
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico. NM Specimen
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico. NM Specimen
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico. NM Specimen
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico. NM Specimen
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico. NM Specimen
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico. NM Specimen
Van Bruggen, T. 1985. The vascular plants of South Dakota, 2d ed. Iowa State University Press, Ames. SD Literature
Vermont Nongame and Natural Heritage Program. VT Literature
Vincent, M.A., R.L. Gardner,and B.P. Riley. 2011. Additions to and interesting records for the Ohio vascular flora (with one new record for Indiana). Phytoneuron 2011-60: 1-23. OH Literature
Vincent, Micheal A. Personal communication. OH Literature
Voss, E.G. 1985. Michigan flora. Cranbrook Institute of Science, Bloomfield Hills. MI Literature
WS. Specimen at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington. WA Specimen
WS. Specimen at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington. WA Specimen
WS. Specimen at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington. WA Specimen
WS. Specimen at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington. WA Specimen
WS. Specimen at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington. WA Specimen
WS. Specimen at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington. WA Specimen
WS. Specimen at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington. WA Specimen
WS. Specimen at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington. WA Specimen
WS. Specimen at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington. WA Specimen
WS. Specimen at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington. WA Specimen
WS. Specimen at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington. WA Specimen
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