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Solanum americanum Mill.
American black nightshade

Data Source

Last revised by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team
Curated and maintained by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team

Data Documentation

Documentation State Type
1986. Sida. NM Literature
2000. CalFlora: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation. The CalFlora Database, Berkeley. CA Literature
Acevedo-Rodriguez, P., et al. 1996. Flora of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 78. New York Botanical Garden, Bronx. VI Literature
Atkinson, S., and F. Sharpe. 1985. Wild plants of the San Juan Islands. The Mountaineers, Seattle. WA Literature
Britton, N.L., and P. Wilson. 1926. Botany of Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Scientific Survey of Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands. New York Academy of Sciences, New York. PR Literature
Brouillet, L., F. Coursol, and M. Favreau. 2006. VASCAN, the Database of Vascular Plants of Canada. Herbier Marie-Victorin, Institut de recherche en biologie végétale, Université de Montréal. BC, MB Literature
Bryson, C.T.,and D.A. Skojac, Jr. 2011. An annotated checklist of the vascular flora of Washington County, Mississippi. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 5: 855-866. MS Literature
Carter, J.R. 1978. A floristic study of the Delta National Forest and adjacent areas. M.S. Thesis. Mississippi State University. MS Literature
Clifton, G. Plumas County and Plumas National Forest flora (2001 Draft). Unpublished and undated. CA Literature
Damrel, D., D.J. Pinkava, and L.R. Landrum. The Phoenix flora. AZ Literature
Duncan, W.H., and J.T. Kartesz. 1981. Vascular flora of Georgia. University of Georgia Press, Athens. GA Literature
EOSC. Specimen at Eastern Oregon University, Lagrande, Oregon. OR Specimen
Hatch, S.L., K.N. Gandhi, and L.E. Brown. 1990. Checklist of the vascular plants of Texas (MP-1655). Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, College Station. TX Literature
Haynes, R. 1990. A database of the Alabama flora. Unpublished. AL Literature
Hickman, J.C. (ed.). 1993. The Jepson manual. University of California Press, Berkeley. CA Literature
Hrusa, G.F. 1996. Report submitted to North State Resources Inc., Redding. Unpublished. CA Literature
Hubbard, J.R., and W.S. Judd. 2013. Floristics of Silver River State Park, Marion County, Florida. Rhodora 115: 250-280. FL Literature
Imdorf, G.J. 1995. Flora and vegetation of the Sierra Ancha Wilderness Area, Tonto National Forest, Gila County, Arizona. M.S. Thesis. Arizona State University, Tempe. AZ Literature
James, S.A., and C.T. Imada (eds.). 2007. Pacific Basin vascular plant checklist. Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, Honolulu. UM Literature
Jones, S.B., and N. Coile. 1988. The distribution of the vascular flora of Georgia. Herbarium, Department of Botany, Athens. GA Literature
Kartesz, J.T. 1988. A flora of Nevada. University of Nevada, Reno. NV Literature
Kartesz, J.T. 2001. Atlas of the Nevada flora. Unpublished. NV Literature
Kartesz, J.T. 2002. Atlas of the Arizona flora. Unpublished. AZ Literature
Kearney, T., and R.H. Peebles. 1960. Arizona flora with supplement. University of California Press, Los Angeles. AZ Literature
Kuhn, B., B.E. Nelson,and R.L. Hartman. 2011. A floristic inventory of the Cimarron National Grassland (Kansas) and the Comanche National Grassland (Colorado). Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 5: 753-772. CO, KS Literature
Martin, W.C., and C.R. Hutchins. 1980. A flora of New Mexico. Strauss & Cramer, Germany. NM Literature
McGregor, R.L., et al. 1977. Atlas of the flora of the Great Plains. Iowa State University Press, Ames. MO Literature
Miller, J.H., and K.V. Miller. 1999. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. Southern Weed Science Society. Literature
Mohr., C. 1901. Plant life of Alabama. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium VI. AL Literature
Peck, M.E. 1961. A manual of the higher plants of Oregon, 2nd ed. Oregon State University Press, Corvallis. OR Literature
Reif, B., J. Larson, B.F. Jacobs, B.E. Nelson, and R.L. Hartman. 2009. Floristic studies in north central New Mexico, U.S.A. The Tusas Mountains and the Jemez Mountains. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 3: 921-961. NM Literature
Southern Weed Science Society. Weeds of the United States and Canada. CD-ROM. Southern Weed Science Society, Champaign, Illinois. Literature
Specimen Management System for California Herbaria (SMASCH). CA Literature
Specimen at Douglas County Museum, Roseburg, Oregon. OR Specimen
Specimen at Eastern New Mexico University, Portales, New Mexico. NM Specimen
St. John, H. 1963. Flora of southeastern Washington and adjacent Idaho, 3rd ed. Outdoor Pictures, Escondido. WA Literature
Straw, R. Jackson and Josephine County checklist. Unpublished and undated. OR Literature
Stuckey, R.L. 1972. Taxonomy and distribution of the genus Rorippa (Cruciferae) in North America. Sida 4(4): 79-430. AZ Literature
Thomas, R.D., and C.M. Allen. 1993. Atlas of the vascular flora of Louisiana, vols. 1-3. Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. Natural Heritage Program, Fort Worth, TX. LA Literature
Thomas, R.D., and C.M. Allen. 1997. Atlas of the vascular flora of Louisiana, vols. 1-3 (Plus updates). Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. Natural Heritage Program, Baton Rouge. LA Literature
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico. NM Specimen
WS. Specimen at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington. WA Specimen
Wagner, W.L., D.R. Herbst, and S.H. Sohmer. 1990. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i, 2 vols. University of Hawaii Press, Bishop Museum, Honolulu. HI Literature
Wilken, Dieter. Personal communication. CA Literature
Wunderlin, R.P., B.F. Hansen,and E.L. Bridges. 1996. Atlas of Florida vascular plants: CD-ROM. University of South Florida, Tampa. FL Literature
Wunderlin, R.P., and B.F. Hansen. 2008. Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants. Institute for Systematic Botany, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL. FL Literature
Zanoni, T.A., and W.R. Buck. 1999. Navassa Island and its flora. 2. Checklist of the vascular plants. Brittonia 51: 389-394. Literature
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