USDA and NRCS Identifier NRCS Logo Web Site PLANTS photo banner
PLANTS Home about PLANTS PLANTS Team Partners of PLANTS What's New at PLANTS National Plant Data Team Web Site Help using PLANTS Contact PLANTS
 Search the PLANTS Web site
 Name Search

PLANTS Image Gallery
Download PLANTS data
Related tools
You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Vachellia farnesiana (L.) Wight & Arn.
sweet acacia

General Information
Symbol: VAFA
Group: Dicot
Family: Fabaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Shrub
Native Status: HI   I
L48   N
PB   I
PR   N
VI   N
Other Common Names: aroma
Data Source and Documentation
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   


click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Vachellia thumbnails at the Plants Gallery



Symbol Scientific Name Other Common Names
ACFA Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd. aroma
sweet acacia
ACFAF2 Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd. var. farnesiana sweet acacia
ACMI4 Acacia minuta (M.E. Jones) R.M. Beauch.
ACMID Acacia minuta (M.E. Jones) R.M. Beauch. ssp. densiflora (Alexander ex Small) R.M. Beauch.
ACSM Acacia smallii Isely
MIFA Mimosa farnesiana L.
PIMI5 Pithecellobium minutum M.E. Jones
VADE4 Vachellia densiflora Alexander ex Small


Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order Fabales
Family Fabaceae ⁄ Leguminosae – Pea family
Genus Vachellia Wight & Arn. – acacia
Species Vachellia farnesiana (L.) Wight & Arn. – sweet acacia

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 1 subspecies of Vachellia farnesiana . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles.

Legal Status

U.S. Weed Information
Vachellia farnesiana
Ellington curse
sweet acacia
Acacia farnesiana
Ellington curse
sweet acacia
This plant and synonyms italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
HEAR USDI, Geological Survey. 1999. Information index for selected alien plants in Hawaii (20 October 2003). Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk Project, Biological Resources Division, Haleakala Field Station. Makawao, Hawaii.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Top Level Regions
Caribbean FACU
Hawaii UPL
South Pacific Islands FACU
North America
Arid West FACU
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU
Great Plains FACU
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FACU



Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds


Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover