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Manihot esculenta Crantz

General Information
Symbol: MAES
Group: Dicot
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb
Native Status: HI   I
L48   I
PB   I
PR   I
VI   I
Other Common Names: bitter cassava
Plant Guide (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   


click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Manihot thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©Mark W. Skinner. Zambia, Luangwa National Park. August 15, 1986. Usage Requirements.

©Mark W. Skinner. United States, FL, Miami-Dade Co., USDA Chapman Field. July 7, 1982. Usage Requirements.

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden. United States, LA. Usage Requirements.

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden. United States, PA. Usage Requirements.



Symbol Scientific Name
JAMA3 Janipha manihot (L.) Kunth
JAMA4 Jatropha manihot L.
MAAI Manihot aipi Pohl
MADU3 Manihot dulcis (J.F. Gmel.) Pax
MAMA18 Manihot manihot (L.) Cockerell, nom. inval.
MAME9 Manihot melanobasis Müll. Arg.
MAUT Manihot utilissima Pohl


Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order Euphorbiales
Family Euphorbiaceae – Spurge family
Genus Manihot Mill. – cassava
Species Manihot esculenta Crantz – cassava

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status



Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds


Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover