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Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench ssp. bicolor
grain sorghum

General Information
Symbol: SOBIB
Group: Monocot
Family: Poaceae
Duration: Annual
Growth Habit: Graminoid
Native Status: CAN   W
HI   I
L48   I
PR   I
VI   I
Data Source and Documentation
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   


click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Sorghum thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Tracey Slotta. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory. India, New Delhi. Usage Requirements.

©Mark W. Skinner. Zambia, Luangwa National Park. August 15, 1986. Usage Requirements.

Tracey Slotta. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory. Germany, Giessen. Usage Requirements.



Symbol Scientific Name
HOBI Holcus bicolor L.
HOSO Holcus sorghum L.
SOBIC Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench var. caffrorum (Retz.) Mohlenbr.
SOCA14 Sorghum caffrorum (Retz.) P. Beauv.
SOCA18 Sorghum caudatum (Hack.) Stapf
SOCE80 Sorghum cernuum (Ard.) Host
SODO2 Sorghum dochna (Forssk.) Snowden
SODOT Sorghum dochna (Forssk.) Snowden var. technicum (Koern.) Snowden
SODU4 Sorghum durra (Forssk.) Stapf
SOGU3 Sorghum guineense Stapf
SONE7 Sorghum nervosum Besser ex Schult.
SOSA6 Sorghum saccharatum (L.) Moench, nom. utique rej.
SOSU2 Sorghum subglabrescens Schweinf. & Asch.
SOVU2 Sorghum vulgare Pers.
SOVUC2 Sorghum vulgare Pers. var. caffrorum (Retz.) Hubbard & Rehder
SOVUD3 Sorghum vulgare Pers. var. durra (Forssk.) Hubbard & Rehder
SOVUR2 Sorghum vulgare Pers. var. roxburghii (Stapf) Haines
SOVUS2 Sorghum vulgare Pers. var. saccharatum (L.) Boerl., nom. utique rej.
SOVUT2 Sorghum vulgare Pers. var. technicum (Koern.) Jáv.


Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Liliopsida – Monocotyledons
Subclass Commelinidae
Order Cyperales
Family Poaceae ⁄ Gramineae – Grass family
Genus Sorghum Moench – sorghum
Species Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench – sorghum
Subspecies Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench ssp. bicolor – grain sorghum

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Noxious Weed Information
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds.
Sorghum bicolor
Noxious weed
Sorghum bicolor
Secondary noxious weed 1
Sorghum bicolor
shatter cane, wild cane
Noxious weed
Sorghum bicolor
perennial sweet Sudan
Noxious weed
Sorghum bicolor
shatter cane
Prohibited noxious weed
Sorghum bicolor
Noxious weed
1not a noxious weed when cultivated



Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Martin Minor Moderate Low Low


Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds


Martin, A.C., H.S. Zim, and A.L. Nelson. 1951. American wildlife and plants: A guide to wildlife food habits. Dover Publications. New York.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover