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Xanthium strumarium L. var. canadense (Mill.) Torr. & A. Gray
Canada cocklebur



General Information
Symbol: XASTC
Group: Dicot
Family: Asteraceae
Duration: Annual
Growth Habit: Forb/herb
Native Status: CAN   N
HI   I
L48   N
PB   I
Other Common Names: cocklebur
kikania
Data Source and Documentation
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Xanthium thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©Robin R. Buckallew. United States, OK, Edmond. Usage Requirements.

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 3: 346. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society. Scanned by Omnitek Inc. Usage Requirements.

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 3: 345. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society. Scanned by Omnitek Inc. Usage Requirements.

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 3: 345. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society. Scanned by Omnitek Inc. Usage Requirements.

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 3: 346. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society. Scanned by Omnitek Inc. Usage Requirements.

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 3: 344. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society. Scanned by Omnitek Inc. Usage Requirements.

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Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
XAAC Xanthium acerosum Greene
XACA2 Xanthium californicum Greene
XACAR Xanthium californicum Greene var. rotundifolium Widder
XACA3 Xanthium campestre Greene
XACA4 Xanthium canadense Mill.
XACA6 Xanthium cavanillesii Schouw
XACE2 Xanthium cenchroides Millsp. & Sherff
XACO Xanthium commune Britton
XAEC Xanthium echinatum Murray
XAGL2 Xanthium glanduliferum Greene
XAIT Xanthium italicum Moretti
XAMA Xanthium macounii Britton
XAOL Xanthium oligacanthum Piper
XAOV Xanthium oviforme Wallr.
XAPE2 Xanthium pensylvanicum Wallr.
XASA3 Xanthium saccharatum Wallr.
XASP3 Xanthium speciosum Kearney
XASTI Xanthium strumarium L. ssp. italicum (Moretti) D. Löve
XASTO Xanthium strumarium L. var. oviforme (Wallr.) M. Peck
XASTP Xanthium strumarium L. var. pensylvanicum (Wallr.) M. Peck
XAVA Xanthium varians Greene

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Asterales
Family Asteraceae ⁄ Compositae – Aster family
Genus Xanthium L. – cocklebur
Species Xanthium strumarium L. – rough cocklebur
Variety Xanthium strumarium L. var. canadense (Mill.) Torr. & A. Gray – Canada cocklebur

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Noxious Weed Information
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds.
Arkansas
Xanthium
cocklebur
Noxious weed
Iowa
Xanthium commune
cocklebur
Secondary noxious weed

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover