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Characteristics

Conservation Plant Characteristics

Aesculus californica (Spach) Nutt.
California buckeye
AECA

Summary
Duration PR Federal T/E Status
Growth Habit TR, SH   National Wetland Indicator
Native Status L48 (N)      
 
Morphology/Physiology
Active Growth Period Spring and Summer   Fruit/Seed Conspicuous Yes
After Harvest Regrowth Rate   Growth Form Single Stem
Bloat None   Growth Rate Moderate
C:N Ratio High   Height at Base Age, Maximum 25
Coppice Potential No   Height at Maturity 25.0
Fall Conspicuous Yes   Known Allelopath No
Fire Resistant No   Leaf Retention No
Flower Color White   Lifespan Long
Flower Conspicuous No   Low Growing Grass No
Foliage Color Red   Nitrogen Fixation None
Foliage Porosity Summer Dense   Resprout Ability Yes
Foliage Porosity Winter Porous   Shape and Orientation Erect
Foliage Texture Coarse   Toxicity Severe
Fruit/Seed Color Brown      
 
Growth Requirements
Adapted To Coarse Textured Soils Yes   Moisture Use Medium
Adapted To Medium Textured Soils Yes   pH, Minimum 5.5
Adapted To Fine Textured Soils No   pH, Maximum 7.5
Anaerobic Tolerance None   Planting Density Per Acre, Minimum 300
CaCO3 Tolerance Low   Planting Density Per Acre, Maximum 700
Cold Stratification Required No   Precipitation, Minimum 40
Drought Tolerance High   Precipitation, Maximum 75
Fertility Requirement Low   Root Depth, Minimum 36
Fire Tolerance Medium   Salinity Tolerance None
Frost Free Days, Minimum 175   Shade Tolerance Intermediate
Hedge Tolerance None   Temperature, Minimum (°F) 2
 
Reproduction
Bloom Period Summer   Propagated By Cuttings No
Commercial Availability Contracting Only   Propagated By Seed Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance Medium   Propagated By Sod No
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Summer   Propagated By Sprigs No
Fruit/Seed Period End Fall   Propagated By Tubers No
Fruit/Seed Persistence No   Seed Per Pound 12
Propagated By Bare Root Yes   Seed Spread Rate Slow
Propagated By Bulbs No   Seedling Vigor High
Propagated By Container No   Small Grain No
Propagated By Corms No   Vegetative Spread Rate None
 
Suitibility/Use
Berry/Nut/Seed Product No   Palatable Browse Animal Low
Christmas Tree Product No   Palatable Graze Animal Low
Fodder Product No   Palatable Human Yes
Fuelwood Product Low   Post Product Yes
Lumber Product Yes   Protein Potential
Naval Store Product No   Pulpwood Product Yes
Nursery Stock Product Yes   Veneer Product No
 
 
Time Generated: 07/18/2019 07:43 PM CDT