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Characteristics

Conservation Plant Characteristics

Alnus incana (L.) Moench
gray alder
ALIN2

Summary
Duration PR Federal T/E Status
Growth Habit TR, SH   National Wetland Indicator
Native Status L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N), SPM (N)      
 
Morphology/Physiology
Active Growth Period Spring and Summer   Fruit/Seed Conspicuous No
After Harvest Regrowth Rate   Growth Form Thicket Forming
Bloat None   Growth Rate Rapid
C:N Ratio High   Height at Base Age, Maximum 15
Coppice Potential No   Height at Maturity 25.0
Fall Conspicuous No   Known Allelopath No
Fire Resistant No   Leaf Retention No
Flower Color   Lifespan Short
Flower Conspicuous No   Low Growing Grass No
Foliage Color Green   Nitrogen Fixation Medium
Foliage Porosity Summer Moderate   Resprout Ability No
Foliage Porosity Winter Porous   Shape and Orientation Erect
Foliage Texture Coarse   Toxicity None
Fruit/Seed Color Brown      
 
Growth Requirements
Adapted To Coarse Textured Soils Yes   Moisture Use High
Adapted To Medium Textured Soils Yes   pH, Minimum 5.0
Adapted To Fine Textured Soils Yes   pH, Maximum 7.0
Anaerobic Tolerance High   Planting Density Per Acre, Minimum 300
CaCO3 Tolerance Low   Planting Density Per Acre, Maximum 1200
Cold Stratification Required Yes   Precipitation, Minimum 32
Drought Tolerance Low   Precipitation, Maximum 60
Fertility Requirement Medium   Root Depth, Minimum 24
Fire Tolerance High   Salinity Tolerance None
Frost Free Days, Minimum 100   Shade Tolerance Intermediate
Hedge Tolerance None   Temperature, Minimum (°F) -33
 
Reproduction
Bloom Period Spring   Propagated By Cuttings No
Commercial Availability Routinely Available   Propagated By Seed Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance Low   Propagated By Sod No
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Spring   Propagated By Sprigs No
Fruit/Seed Period End Summer   Propagated By Tubers No
Fruit/Seed Persistence No   Seed Per Pound 1084250
Propagated By Bare Root Yes   Seed Spread Rate Slow
Propagated By Bulbs No   Seedling Vigor Low
Propagated By Container No   Small Grain No
Propagated By Corms No   Vegetative Spread Rate Slow
 
Suitibility/Use
Berry/Nut/Seed Product No   Palatable Browse Animal Medium
Christmas Tree Product No   Palatable Graze Animal Low
Fodder Product No   Palatable Human No
Fuelwood Product Medium   Post Product No
Lumber Product No   Protein Potential Low
Naval Store Product No   Pulpwood Product No
Nursery Stock Product No   Veneer Product No
 
 
Time Generated: 04/09/2020 02:58 AM CDT