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Characteristics

Conservation Plant Characteristics

Alnus rubra Bong.
red alder
ALRU2

Summary
Duration PR Federal T/E Status
Growth Habit TR   National Wetland Indicator
Native Status L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N)      
 
Morphology/Physiology
Active Growth Period Spring, Summer, Fall   Fruit/Seed Conspicuous No
After Harvest Regrowth Rate   Growth Form Single Stem
Bloat None   Growth Rate Rapid
C:N Ratio High   Height at Base Age, Maximum 50
Coppice Potential No   Height at Maturity 90.0
Fall Conspicuous No   Known Allelopath No
Fire Resistant Yes   Leaf Retention No
Flower Color Red   Lifespan Short
Flower Conspicuous No   Low Growing Grass No
Foliage Color Green   Nitrogen Fixation High
Foliage Porosity Summer Dense   Resprout Ability Yes
Foliage Porosity Winter Moderate   Shape and Orientation Erect
Foliage Texture Coarse   Toxicity None
Fruit/Seed Color Brown      
 
Growth Requirements
Adapted To Coarse Textured Soils Yes   Moisture Use High
Adapted To Medium Textured Soils Yes   pH, Minimum 4.3
Adapted To Fine Textured Soils Yes   pH, Maximum 7.3
Anaerobic Tolerance Low   Planting Density Per Acre, Minimum 430
CaCO3 Tolerance Low   Planting Density Per Acre, Maximum 1200
Cold Stratification Required No   Precipitation, Minimum 24
Drought Tolerance Medium   Precipitation, Maximum 220
Fertility Requirement Medium   Root Depth, Minimum 25
Fire Tolerance High   Salinity Tolerance None
Frost Free Days, Minimum 180   Shade Tolerance Intolerant
Hedge Tolerance High   Temperature, Minimum (°F) -22
 
Reproduction
Bloom Period Early Spring   Propagated By Cuttings Yes
Commercial Availability Routinely Available   Propagated By Seed Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance High   Propagated By Sod No
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Fall   Propagated By Sprigs No
Fruit/Seed Period End Spring   Propagated By Tubers No
Fruit/Seed Persistence Yes   Seed Per Pound 868800
Propagated By Bare Root Yes   Seed Spread Rate Rapid
Propagated By Bulbs No   Seedling Vigor High
Propagated By Container No   Small Grain No
Propagated By Corms No   Vegetative Spread Rate Moderate
 
Suitibility/Use
Berry/Nut/Seed Product No   Palatable Browse Animal Medium
Christmas Tree Product No   Palatable Graze Animal
Fodder Product No   Palatable Human No
Fuelwood Product Medium   Post Product No
Lumber Product Yes   Protein Potential Low
Naval Store Product No   Pulpwood Product Yes
Nursery Stock Product Yes   Veneer Product Yes
 
 
Time Generated: 01/27/2021 01:49 AM CST