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Characteristics

Conservation Plant Characteristics

Aralia nudicaulis L.
wild sarsaparilla
ARNU2

Summary
Duration PR Federal T/E Status
Growth Habit SS, FB   National Wetland Indicator
Native Status L48 (N), CAN (N), SPM (N)      
 
Morphology/Physiology
Active Growth Period Spring and Summer   Fruit/Seed Conspicuous Yes
After Harvest Regrowth Rate Slow   Growth Form Rhizomatous
Bloat None   Growth Rate Moderate
C:N Ratio Medium   Height at Base Age, Maximum
Coppice Potential No   Height at Maturity 1.5
Fall Conspicuous No   Known Allelopath No
Fire Resistant No   Leaf Retention No
Flower Color White   Lifespan Moderate
Flower Conspicuous Yes   Low Growing Grass No
Foliage Color Dark Green   Nitrogen Fixation None
Foliage Porosity Summer Porous   Resprout Ability No
Foliage Porosity Winter Porous   Shape and Orientation Erect
Foliage Texture Coarse   Toxicity None
Fruit/Seed Color Black      
 
Growth Requirements
Adapted To Coarse Textured Soils Yes   Moisture Use Medium
Adapted To Medium Textured Soils Yes   pH, Minimum 5.0
Adapted To Fine Textured Soils Yes   pH, Maximum 7.2
Anaerobic Tolerance None   Planting Density Per Acre, Minimum 4800
CaCO3 Tolerance Medium   Planting Density Per Acre, Maximum 11000
Cold Stratification Required Yes   Precipitation, Minimum 32
Drought Tolerance Medium   Precipitation, Maximum 50
Fertility Requirement Medium   Root Depth, Minimum 10
Fire Tolerance Medium   Salinity Tolerance None
Frost Free Days, Minimum 85   Shade Tolerance Tolerant
Hedge Tolerance None   Temperature, Minimum (°F) -38
 
Reproduction
Bloom Period Late Spring   Propagated By Cuttings No
Commercial Availability No Known Source   Propagated By Seed No
Fruit/Seed Abundance High   Propagated By Sod No
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Summer   Propagated By Sprigs Yes
Fruit/Seed Period End Summer   Propagated By Tubers No
Fruit/Seed Persistence Yes   Seed Per Pound 99000
Propagated By Bare Root No   Seed Spread Rate Slow
Propagated By Bulbs No   Seedling Vigor Medium
Propagated By Container No   Small Grain No
Propagated By Corms No   Vegetative Spread Rate Moderate
 
Suitibility/Use
Berry/Nut/Seed Product No   Palatable Browse Animal Low
Christmas Tree Product No   Palatable Graze Animal Low
Fodder Product No   Palatable Human No
Fuelwood Product   Post Product No
Lumber Product No   Protein Potential Low
Naval Store Product No   Pulpwood Product No
Nursery Stock Product No   Veneer Product No
 
 
Time Generated: 10/23/2018 02:32 PM CDT