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Characteristics

Conservation Plant Characteristics

Celtis occidentalis L.
common hackberry
CEOC

Summary
Duration PR Federal T/E Status
Growth Habit TR, SH   National Wetland Indicator
Native Status L48 (N), CAN (N)      
 
Morphology/Physiology
Active Growth Period Spring and Summer   Fruit/Seed Conspicuous No
After Harvest Regrowth Rate   Growth Form Single Stem
Bloat None   Growth Rate Rapid
C:N Ratio High   Height at Base Age, Maximum 26
Coppice Potential No   Height at Maturity 60.0
Fall Conspicuous Yes   Known Allelopath No
Fire Resistant No   Leaf Retention No
Flower Color Green   Lifespan Moderate
Flower Conspicuous No   Low Growing Grass No
Foliage Color Green   Nitrogen Fixation None
Foliage Porosity Summer Dense   Resprout Ability Yes
Foliage Porosity Winter Porous   Shape and Orientation Erect
Foliage Texture Coarse   Toxicity None
Fruit/Seed Color Purple      
 
Growth Requirements
Adapted To Coarse Textured Soils Yes   Moisture Use Low
Adapted To Medium Textured Soils Yes   pH, Minimum 6.0
Adapted To Fine Textured Soils Yes   pH, Maximum 7.8
Anaerobic Tolerance Medium   Planting Density Per Acre, Minimum 170
CaCO3 Tolerance Medium   Planting Density Per Acre, Maximum 300
Cold Stratification Required Yes   Precipitation, Minimum 14
Drought Tolerance High   Precipitation, Maximum 60
Fertility Requirement Medium   Root Depth, Minimum 36
Fire Tolerance Low   Salinity Tolerance Low
Frost Free Days, Minimum 120   Shade Tolerance Tolerant
Hedge Tolerance Medium   Temperature, Minimum (°F) -47
 
Reproduction
Bloom Period Mid Spring   Propagated By Cuttings Yes
Commercial Availability Routinely Available   Propagated By Seed Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance High   Propagated By Sod No
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Summer   Propagated By Sprigs No
Fruit/Seed Period End Fall   Propagated By Tubers No
Fruit/Seed Persistence Yes   Seed Per Pound 43000
Propagated By Bare Root Yes   Seed Spread Rate Moderate
Propagated By Bulbs No   Seedling Vigor Medium
Propagated By Container No   Small Grain No
Propagated By Corms No   Vegetative Spread Rate None
 
Suitibility/Use
Berry/Nut/Seed Product No   Palatable Browse Animal Medium
Christmas Tree Product No   Palatable Graze Animal Low
Fodder Product No   Palatable Human No
Fuelwood Product High   Post Product No
Lumber Product Yes   Protein Potential Low
Naval Store Product No   Pulpwood Product No
Nursery Stock Product Yes   Veneer Product No
 

Celtis occidentalis L.
common hackberry
CEOC
Cultivar: Oahe

Summary
Duration PR Federal T/E Status
Growth Habit TR, SH   National Wetland Indicator
Native Status L48 (N), CAN (N)      
 
Morphology/Physiology
Active Growth Period Spring and Summer   Fruit/Seed Conspicuous No
After Harvest Regrowth Rate   Growth Form Single Stem
Bloat None   Growth Rate Rapid
C:N Ratio High   Height at Base Age, Maximum 25
Coppice Potential No   Height at Maturity 50.0
Fall Conspicuous Yes   Known Allelopath No
Fire Resistant No   Leaf Retention No
Flower Color Green   Lifespan Moderate
Flower Conspicuous No   Low Growing Grass No
Foliage Color Green   Nitrogen Fixation None
Foliage Porosity Summer Dense   Resprout Ability Yes
Foliage Porosity Winter Porous   Shape and Orientation Erect
Foliage Texture Coarse   Toxicity None
Fruit/Seed Color Purple      
 
Growth Requirements
Adapted To Coarse Textured Soils Yes   Moisture Use Low
Adapted To Medium Textured Soils Yes   pH, Minimum 4.5
Adapted To Fine Textured Soils Yes   pH, Maximum 8.0
Anaerobic Tolerance Medium   Planting Density Per Acre, Minimum 170
CaCO3 Tolerance Medium   Planting Density Per Acre, Maximum 300
Cold Stratification Required Yes   Precipitation, Minimum 14
Drought Tolerance High   Precipitation, Maximum 64
Fertility Requirement Medium   Root Depth, Minimum 36
Fire Tolerance Low   Salinity Tolerance Low
Frost Free Days, Minimum 120   Shade Tolerance Tolerant
Hedge Tolerance Medium   Temperature, Minimum (°F) -43
 
Reproduction
Bloom Period Mid Spring   Propagated By Cuttings Yes
Commercial Availability Routinely Available   Propagated By Seed Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance High   Propagated By Sod No
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Summer   Propagated By Sprigs No
Fruit/Seed Period End Fall   Propagated By Tubers No
Fruit/Seed Persistence Yes   Seed Per Pound 43000
Propagated By Bare Root Yes   Seed Spread Rate Moderate
Propagated By Bulbs No   Seedling Vigor Medium
Propagated By Container No   Small Grain No
Propagated By Corms No   Vegetative Spread Rate None
 
Suitibility/Use
Berry/Nut/Seed Product No   Palatable Browse Animal Medium
Christmas Tree Product No   Palatable Graze Animal Low
Fodder Product No   Palatable Human No
Fuelwood Product High   Post Product No
Lumber Product No   Protein Potential Low
Naval Store Product No   Pulpwood Product No
Nursery Stock Product Yes   Veneer Product No
 
 
Time Generated: 10/25/2020 01:05 AM CDT