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Characteristics

Conservation Plant Characteristics

Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench
eastern purple coneflower
ECPU

Summary
Duration PR Federal T/E Status
Growth Habit FB   National Wetland Indicator
Native Status L48 (N), CAN (I)      
 
Morphology/Physiology
Active Growth Period Spring and Summer   Fruit/Seed Conspicuous No
After Harvest Regrowth Rate Slow   Growth Form Single Stem
Bloat None   Growth Rate Moderate
C:N Ratio Medium   Height at Base Age, Maximum
Coppice Potential No   Height at Maturity 1.2
Fall Conspicuous No   Known Allelopath No
Fire Resistant Yes   Leaf Retention No
Flower Color Purple   Lifespan Long
Flower Conspicuous Yes   Low Growing Grass No
Foliage Color Green   Nitrogen Fixation None
Foliage Porosity Summer Porous   Resprout Ability No
Foliage Porosity Winter Porous   Shape and Orientation Erect
Foliage Texture Fine   Toxicity None
Fruit/Seed Color Black      
 
Growth Requirements
Adapted To Coarse Textured Soils Yes   Moisture Use Medium
Adapted To Medium Textured Soils Yes   pH, Minimum 6.5
Adapted To Fine Textured Soils Yes   pH, Maximum 7.2
Anaerobic Tolerance None   Planting Density Per Acre, Minimum
CaCO3 Tolerance Low   Planting Density Per Acre, Maximum
Cold Stratification Required Yes   Precipitation, Minimum 14
Drought Tolerance Low   Precipitation, Maximum 40
Fertility Requirement Low   Root Depth, Minimum 24
Fire Tolerance Medium   Salinity Tolerance Low
Frost Free Days, Minimum 90   Shade Tolerance Intolerant
Hedge Tolerance None   Temperature, Minimum (°F) -33
 
Reproduction
Bloom Period Early Summer   Propagated By Cuttings No
Commercial Availability Routinely Available   Propagated By Seed Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance Medium   Propagated By Sod No
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Summer   Propagated By Sprigs No
Fruit/Seed Period End Fall   Propagated By Tubers No
Fruit/Seed Persistence No   Seed Per Pound 115664
Propagated By Bare Root No   Seed Spread Rate Moderate
Propagated By Bulbs No   Seedling Vigor Medium
Propagated By Container No   Small Grain No
Propagated By Corms No   Vegetative Spread Rate Moderate
 
Suitibility/Use
Berry/Nut/Seed Product No   Palatable Browse Animal Low
Christmas Tree Product No   Palatable Graze Animal Low
Fodder Product Yes   Palatable Human No
Fuelwood Product   Post Product No
Lumber Product No   Protein Potential Medium
Naval Store Product No   Pulpwood Product No
Nursery Stock Product No   Veneer Product No
 
 
Time Generated: 09/25/2018 08:54 PM CDT