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Characteristics

Conservation Plant Characteristics

Ephedra torreyana S. Watson
Torrey's jointfir
EPTO

Summary
Duration PR Federal T/E Status
Growth Habit SH, SS   National Wetland Indicator
Native Status L48 (N)      
 
Morphology/Physiology
Active Growth Period Spring   Fruit/Seed Conspicuous No
After Harvest Regrowth Rate   Growth Form Single Crown
Bloat None   Growth Rate Slow
C:N Ratio Medium   Height at Base Age, Maximum 1
Coppice Potential Yes   Height at Maturity 1.0
Fall Conspicuous No   Known Allelopath No
Fire Resistant No   Leaf Retention Yes
Flower Color White   Lifespan Long
Flower Conspicuous No   Low Growing Grass No
Foliage Color Green   Nitrogen Fixation None
Foliage Porosity Summer Porous   Resprout Ability Yes
Foliage Porosity Winter Porous   Shape and Orientation Erect
Foliage Texture Coarse   Toxicity None
Fruit/Seed Color Brown      
 
Growth Requirements
Adapted To Coarse Textured Soils Yes   Moisture Use Low
Adapted To Medium Textured Soils Yes   pH, Minimum 6.5
Adapted To Fine Textured Soils No   pH, Maximum 9.5
Anaerobic Tolerance None   Planting Density Per Acre, Minimum 1200
CaCO3 Tolerance Medium   Planting Density Per Acre, Maximum 2700
Cold Stratification Required Yes   Precipitation, Minimum 8
Drought Tolerance High   Precipitation, Maximum 14
Fertility Requirement Low   Root Depth, Minimum 24
Fire Tolerance Medium   Salinity Tolerance High
Frost Free Days, Minimum 120   Shade Tolerance Intolerant
Hedge Tolerance None   Temperature, Minimum (°F) -28
 
Reproduction
Bloom Period Early Spring   Propagated By Cuttings Yes
Commercial Availability No Known Source   Propagated By Seed Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance Low   Propagated By Sod No
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Spring   Propagated By Sprigs No
Fruit/Seed Period End Spring   Propagated By Tubers No
Fruit/Seed Persistence No   Seed Per Pound
Propagated By Bare Root Yes   Seed Spread Rate Slow
Propagated By Bulbs No   Seedling Vigor Low
Propagated By Container No   Small Grain No
Propagated By Corms No   Vegetative Spread Rate None
 
Suitibility/Use
Berry/Nut/Seed Product No   Palatable Browse Animal Low
Christmas Tree Product No   Palatable Graze Animal Low
Fodder Product Yes   Palatable Human Yes
Fuelwood Product   Post Product No
Lumber Product No   Protein Potential Low
Naval Store Product No   Pulpwood Product No
Nursery Stock Product No   Veneer Product No
 
 
Time Generated: 02/16/2020 08:32 PM CST