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Characteristics

Conservation Plant Characteristics

Liquidambar styraciflua L.
sweetgum
LIST2

Summary
Duration PR Federal T/E Status
Growth Habit TR   National Wetland Indicator
Native Status L48 (N)      
 
Morphology/Physiology
Active Growth Period Spring and Summer   Fruit/Seed Conspicuous Yes
After Harvest Regrowth Rate   Growth Form Single Stem
Bloat None   Growth Rate Rapid
C:N Ratio High   Height at Base Age, Maximum 45
Coppice Potential Yes   Height at Maturity 100.0
Fall Conspicuous Yes   Known Allelopath No
Fire Resistant No   Leaf Retention No
Flower Color Green   Lifespan Long
Flower Conspicuous No   Low Growing Grass No
Foliage Color Green   Nitrogen Fixation None
Foliage Porosity Summer Dense   Resprout Ability Yes
Foliage Porosity Winter Porous   Shape and Orientation Erect
Foliage Texture Medium   Toxicity None
Fruit/Seed Color Brown      
 
Growth Requirements
Adapted To Coarse Textured Soils Yes   Moisture Use High
Adapted To Medium Textured Soils Yes   pH, Minimum 4.5
Adapted To Fine Textured Soils Yes   pH, Maximum 7.0
Anaerobic Tolerance Low   Planting Density Per Acre, Minimum 300
CaCO3 Tolerance Low   Planting Density Per Acre, Maximum 800
Cold Stratification Required Yes   Precipitation, Minimum 40
Drought Tolerance Low   Precipitation, Maximum 60
Fertility Requirement Medium   Root Depth, Minimum 36
Fire Tolerance Low   Salinity Tolerance None
Frost Free Days, Minimum 180   Shade Tolerance Intolerant
Hedge Tolerance Low   Temperature, Minimum (°F) -21
 
Reproduction
Bloom Period Mid Spring   Propagated By Cuttings Yes
Commercial Availability Routinely Available   Propagated By Seed Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance Medium   Propagated By Sod No
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Summer   Propagated By Sprigs No
Fruit/Seed Period End Fall   Propagated By Tubers No
Fruit/Seed Persistence No   Seed Per Pound 82080
Propagated By Bare Root Yes   Seed Spread Rate Moderate
Propagated By Bulbs No   Seedling Vigor High
Propagated By Container No   Small Grain No
Propagated By Corms No   Vegetative Spread Rate Moderate
 
Suitibility/Use
Berry/Nut/Seed Product No   Palatable Browse Animal Medium
Christmas Tree Product No   Palatable Graze Animal
Fodder Product No   Palatable Human No
Fuelwood Product Medium   Post Product No
Lumber Product Yes   Protein Potential
Naval Store Product Yes   Pulpwood Product Yes
Nursery Stock Product Yes   Veneer Product Yes
 
 
Time Generated: 07/21/2018 06:38 AM CDT