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Characteristics

Conservation Plant Characteristics

Magnolia grandiflora L.
southern magnolia
MAGR4

Summary
Duration PR Federal T/E Status
Growth Habit TR   National Wetland Indicator
Native Status L48 (N), PR (I)      
 
Morphology/Physiology
Active Growth Period Spring and Summer   Fruit/Seed Conspicuous Yes
After Harvest Regrowth Rate   Growth Form Single Stem
Bloat None   Growth Rate Moderate
C:N Ratio High   Height at Base Age, Maximum 40
Coppice Potential No   Height at Maturity 100.0
Fall Conspicuous Yes   Known Allelopath No
Fire Resistant Yes   Leaf Retention Yes
Flower Color White   Lifespan Long
Flower Conspicuous Yes   Low Growing Grass No
Foliage Color Green   Nitrogen Fixation None
Foliage Porosity Summer Dense   Resprout Ability Yes
Foliage Porosity Winter Dense   Shape and Orientation Rounded
Foliage Texture Coarse   Toxicity None
Fruit/Seed Color Red      
 
Growth Requirements
Adapted To Coarse Textured Soils No   Moisture Use High
Adapted To Medium Textured Soils Yes   pH, Minimum 4.5
Adapted To Fine Textured Soils Yes   pH, Maximum 6.5
Anaerobic Tolerance None   Planting Density Per Acre, Minimum 300
CaCO3 Tolerance Low   Planting Density Per Acre, Maximum 800
Cold Stratification Required Yes   Precipitation, Minimum 35
Drought Tolerance Low   Precipitation, Maximum 60
Fertility Requirement Low   Root Depth, Minimum 42
Fire Tolerance Low   Salinity Tolerance Medium
Frost Free Days, Minimum 220   Shade Tolerance Tolerant
Hedge Tolerance None   Temperature, Minimum (°F) 7
 
Reproduction
Bloom Period Mid Spring   Propagated By Cuttings Yes
Commercial Availability Routinely Available   Propagated By Seed Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance Medium   Propagated By Sod No
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Summer   Propagated By Sprigs No
Fruit/Seed Period End Summer   Propagated By Tubers No
Fruit/Seed Persistence Yes   Seed Per Pound 6400
Propagated By Bare Root Yes   Seed Spread Rate Slow
Propagated By Bulbs No   Seedling Vigor High
Propagated By Container No   Small Grain No
Propagated By Corms No   Vegetative Spread Rate None
 
Suitibility/Use
Berry/Nut/Seed Product No   Palatable Browse Animal Low
Christmas Tree Product No   Palatable Graze Animal Low
Fodder Product No   Palatable Human No
Fuelwood Product Low   Post Product No
Lumber Product Yes   Protein Potential
Naval Store Product No   Pulpwood Product No
Nursery Stock Product Yes   Veneer Product No
 
 
Time Generated: 07/17/2019 04:34 PM CDT