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Characteristics

Conservation Plant Characteristics

Medicago sativa L.
alfalfa
MESA

Summary
Duration AN, PR Federal T/E Status
Growth Habit FB   National Wetland Indicator
Native Status L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (I)      
 
Morphology/Physiology
Active Growth Period Spring, Summer, Fall   Fruit/Seed Conspicuous No
After Harvest Regrowth Rate Rapid   Growth Form Single Crown
Bloat High   Growth Rate Rapid
C:N Ratio Low   Height at Base Age, Maximum
Coppice Potential No   Height at Maturity 2.0
Fall Conspicuous No   Known Allelopath Yes
Fire Resistant No   Leaf Retention No
Flower Color Purple   Lifespan Long
Flower Conspicuous Yes   Low Growing Grass No
Foliage Color Green   Nitrogen Fixation High
Foliage Porosity Summer Moderate   Resprout Ability No
Foliage Porosity Winter Porous   Shape and Orientation Erect
Foliage Texture Fine   Toxicity None
Fruit/Seed Color Brown      
 
Growth Requirements
Adapted To Coarse Textured Soils No   Moisture Use High
Adapted To Medium Textured Soils Yes   pH, Minimum 6.0
Adapted To Fine Textured Soils Yes   pH, Maximum 8.5
Anaerobic Tolerance None   Planting Density Per Acre, Minimum
CaCO3 Tolerance High   Planting Density Per Acre, Maximum
Cold Stratification Required No   Precipitation, Minimum 12
Drought Tolerance High   Precipitation, Maximum 65
Fertility Requirement High   Root Depth, Minimum 24
Fire Tolerance High   Salinity Tolerance Medium
Frost Free Days, Minimum 90   Shade Tolerance Intolerant
Hedge Tolerance None   Temperature, Minimum (°F) -43
 
Reproduction
Bloom Period Spring   Propagated By Cuttings No
Commercial Availability Routinely Available   Propagated By Seed Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance High   Propagated By Sod No
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Summer   Propagated By Sprigs No
Fruit/Seed Period End Summer   Propagated By Tubers No
Fruit/Seed Persistence No   Seed Per Pound 226800
Propagated By Bare Root No   Seed Spread Rate Slow
Propagated By Bulbs No   Seedling Vigor High
Propagated By Container No   Small Grain No
Propagated By Corms No   Vegetative Spread Rate Slow
 
Suitibility/Use
Berry/Nut/Seed Product No   Palatable Browse Animal High
Christmas Tree Product No   Palatable Graze Animal High
Fodder Product Yes   Palatable Human Yes
Fuelwood Product   Post Product No
Lumber Product No   Protein Potential High
Naval Store Product No   Pulpwood Product No
Nursery Stock Product No   Veneer Product No
 

Medicago sativa L.
alfalfa
MESA
Cultivar: Ladak

Summary
Duration AN, PR Federal T/E Status
Growth Habit FB   National Wetland Indicator
Native Status L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (I)      
 
Morphology/Physiology
Active Growth Period Spring, Summer, Fall   Fruit/Seed Conspicuous No
After Harvest Regrowth Rate Moderate   Growth Form Single Crown
Bloat Medium   Growth Rate Rapid
C:N Ratio Low   Height at Base Age, Maximum
Coppice Potential No   Height at Maturity 1.6
Fall Conspicuous Yes   Known Allelopath Yes
Fire Resistant Yes   Leaf Retention No
Flower Color Purple   Lifespan Long
Flower Conspicuous No   Low Growing Grass No
Foliage Color Green   Nitrogen Fixation High
Foliage Porosity Summer Moderate   Resprout Ability No
Foliage Porosity Winter Porous   Shape and Orientation Erect
Foliage Texture Fine   Toxicity None
Fruit/Seed Color Brown      
 
Growth Requirements
Adapted To Coarse Textured Soils No   Moisture Use Medium
Adapted To Medium Textured Soils Yes   pH, Minimum 6.2
Adapted To Fine Textured Soils No   pH, Maximum 7.2
Anaerobic Tolerance None   Planting Density Per Acre, Minimum
CaCO3 Tolerance Low   Planting Density Per Acre, Maximum
Cold Stratification Required No   Precipitation, Minimum 16
Drought Tolerance High   Precipitation, Maximum 30
Fertility Requirement Medium   Root Depth, Minimum 24
Fire Tolerance High   Salinity Tolerance Medium
Frost Free Days, Minimum 100   Shade Tolerance Intolerant
Hedge Tolerance None   Temperature, Minimum (°F) -33
 
Reproduction
Bloom Period Late Spring   Propagated By Cuttings No
Commercial Availability Routinely Available   Propagated By Seed Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance Medium   Propagated By Sod No
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Summer   Propagated By Sprigs No
Fruit/Seed Period End Summer   Propagated By Tubers No
Fruit/Seed Persistence No   Seed Per Pound 226800
Propagated By Bare Root No   Seed Spread Rate Slow
Propagated By Bulbs No   Seedling Vigor High
Propagated By Container No   Small Grain No
Propagated By Corms No   Vegetative Spread Rate None
 
Suitibility/Use
Berry/Nut/Seed Product No   Palatable Browse Animal High
Christmas Tree Product No   Palatable Graze Animal High
Fodder Product Yes   Palatable Human Yes
Fuelwood Product   Post Product No
Lumber Product No   Protein Potential High
Naval Store Product No   Pulpwood Product No
Nursery Stock Product No   Veneer Product No
 
 
Time Generated: 08/08/2020 07:35 PM CDT