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Characteristics

Conservation Plant Characteristics

Pinus lambertiana Douglas
sugar pine
PILA

Summary
Duration PR Federal T/E Status
Growth Habit TR   National Wetland Indicator
Native Status L48 (N)      
 
Morphology/Physiology
Active Growth Period Spring, Summer, Fall   Fruit/Seed Conspicuous Yes
After Harvest Regrowth Rate   Growth Form Single Stem
Bloat None   Growth Rate Rapid
C:N Ratio High   Height at Base Age, Maximum 40
Coppice Potential No   Height at Maturity 229.0
Fall Conspicuous No   Known Allelopath No
Fire Resistant No   Leaf Retention Yes
Flower Color Brown   Lifespan Long
Flower Conspicuous No   Low Growing Grass No
Foliage Color Green   Nitrogen Fixation None
Foliage Porosity Summer Moderate   Resprout Ability No
Foliage Porosity Winter Moderate   Shape and Orientation Erect
Foliage Texture Fine   Toxicity None
Fruit/Seed Color Brown      
 
Growth Requirements
Adapted To Coarse Textured Soils Yes   Moisture Use Medium
Adapted To Medium Textured Soils Yes   pH, Minimum 5.6
Adapted To Fine Textured Soils No   pH, Maximum 8.0
Anaerobic Tolerance None   Planting Density Per Acre, Minimum 430
CaCO3 Tolerance None   Planting Density Per Acre, Maximum 1200
Cold Stratification Required Yes   Precipitation, Minimum 25
Drought Tolerance Medium   Precipitation, Maximum 90
Fertility Requirement Low   Root Depth, Minimum 40
Fire Tolerance Low   Salinity Tolerance None
Frost Free Days, Minimum 150   Shade Tolerance Intermediate
Hedge Tolerance Low   Temperature, Minimum (°F) -28
 
Reproduction
Bloom Period Spring   Propagated By Cuttings Yes
Commercial Availability Routinely Available   Propagated By Seed Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance Medium   Propagated By Sod No
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Spring   Propagated By Sprigs No
Fruit/Seed Period End Summer   Propagated By Tubers No
Fruit/Seed Persistence Yes   Seed Per Pound 2080
Propagated By Bare Root Yes   Seed Spread Rate Slow
Propagated By Bulbs No   Seedling Vigor Medium
Propagated By Container No   Small Grain No
Propagated By Corms No   Vegetative Spread Rate None
 
Suitibility/Use
Berry/Nut/Seed Product Yes   Palatable Browse Animal Medium
Christmas Tree Product No   Palatable Graze Animal Low
Fodder Product No   Palatable Human Yes
Fuelwood Product Medium   Post Product No
Lumber Product Yes   Protein Potential
Naval Store Product No   Pulpwood Product Yes
Nursery Stock Product No   Veneer Product Yes
 
 
Time Generated: 02/18/2020 08:30 AM CST