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Characteristics

Conservation Plant Characteristics

Sambucus nigra L. ssp. canadensis (L.) R. Bolli
American black elderberry
SANIC4

Summary
Duration PR Federal T/E Status
Growth Habit TR, SH   National Wetland Indicator
Native Status (I), L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (I), CAN (N)      
 
Morphology/Physiology
Active Growth Period Spring and Summer   Fruit/Seed Conspicuous Yes
After Harvest Regrowth Rate   Growth Form Multiple Stem
Bloat None   Growth Rate Rapid
C:N Ratio High   Height at Base Age, Maximum 7
Coppice Potential No   Height at Maturity 7.0
Fall Conspicuous Yes   Known Allelopath No
Fire Resistant No   Leaf Retention No
Flower Color White   Lifespan Moderate
Flower Conspicuous Yes   Low Growing Grass No
Foliage Color Green   Nitrogen Fixation None
Foliage Porosity Summer Dense   Resprout Ability Yes
Foliage Porosity Winter Porous   Shape and Orientation Erect
Foliage Texture Medium   Toxicity None
Fruit/Seed Color Blue      
 
Growth Requirements
Adapted To Coarse Textured Soils No   Moisture Use Medium
Adapted To Medium Textured Soils Yes   pH, Minimum 5.0
Adapted To Fine Textured Soils No   pH, Maximum 8.9
Anaerobic Tolerance Low   Planting Density Per Acre, Minimum 700
CaCO3 Tolerance Medium   Planting Density Per Acre, Maximum 1700
Cold Stratification Required Yes   Precipitation, Minimum 34
Drought Tolerance Medium   Precipitation, Maximum 60
Fertility Requirement Medium   Root Depth, Minimum 16
Fire Tolerance Medium   Salinity Tolerance None
Frost Free Days, Minimum 100   Shade Tolerance Intolerant
Hedge Tolerance Low   Temperature, Minimum (°F) -28
 
Reproduction
Bloom Period Spring   Propagated By Cuttings No
Commercial Availability Routinely Available   Propagated By Seed Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance High   Propagated By Sod No
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Spring   Propagated By Sprigs No
Fruit/Seed Period End Summer   Propagated By Tubers No
Fruit/Seed Persistence Yes   Seed Per Pound 291590
Propagated By Bare Root Yes   Seed Spread Rate Moderate
Propagated By Bulbs No   Seedling Vigor High
Propagated By Container No   Small Grain No
Propagated By Corms No   Vegetative Spread Rate None
 
Suitibility/Use
Berry/Nut/Seed Product Yes   Palatable Browse Animal Medium
Christmas Tree Product No   Palatable Graze Animal Low
Fodder Product No   Palatable Human Yes
Fuelwood Product   Post Product No
Lumber Product No   Protein Potential Low
Naval Store Product No   Pulpwood Product No
Nursery Stock Product No   Veneer Product No
 
 
Time Generated: 11/20/2017 01:24 AM CST