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Characteristics

Conservation Plant Characteristics

Sambucus nigra L. ssp. cerulea (Raf.) R. Bolli
blue elderberry
SANIC5

Summary
Duration PR Federal T/E Status
Growth Habit TR, SH   National Wetland Indicator
Native Status L48 (N), CAN (N)      
 
Morphology/Physiology
Active Growth Period Spring and Summer   Fruit/Seed Conspicuous Yes
After Harvest Regrowth Rate   Growth Form Multiple Stem
Bloat None   Growth Rate Rapid
C:N Ratio   Height at Base Age, Maximum 23
Coppice Potential No   Height at Maturity 23.0
Fall Conspicuous No   Known Allelopath No
Fire Resistant No   Leaf Retention No
Flower Color White   Lifespan Moderate
Flower Conspicuous Yes   Low Growing Grass No
Foliage Color Green   Nitrogen Fixation None
Foliage Porosity Summer Moderate   Resprout Ability Yes
Foliage Porosity Winter   Shape and Orientation Erect
Foliage Texture Coarse   Toxicity Moderate
Fruit/Seed Color Black      
 
Growth Requirements
Adapted To Coarse Textured Soils Yes   Moisture Use Low
Adapted To Medium Textured Soils Yes   pH, Minimum 4.9
Adapted To Fine Textured Soils No   pH, Maximum 7.5
Anaerobic Tolerance Medium   Planting Density Per Acre, Minimum 1746
CaCO3 Tolerance Medium   Planting Density Per Acre, Maximum 3450
Cold Stratification Required Yes   Precipitation, Minimum 10
Drought Tolerance High   Precipitation, Maximum 60
Fertility Requirement Low   Root Depth, Minimum 12
Fire Tolerance Medium   Salinity Tolerance None
Frost Free Days, Minimum 80   Shade Tolerance Intermediate
Hedge Tolerance Low   Temperature, Minimum (°F) -38
 
Reproduction
Bloom Period Spring   Propagated By Cuttings No
Commercial Availability Contracting Only   Propagated By Seed Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance High   Propagated By Sod No
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Summer   Propagated By Sprigs No
Fruit/Seed Period End Fall   Propagated By Tubers No
Fruit/Seed Persistence No   Seed Per Pound 197590
Propagated By Bare Root Yes   Seed Spread Rate Moderate
Propagated By Bulbs No   Seedling Vigor High
Propagated By Container No   Small Grain No
Propagated By Corms No   Vegetative Spread Rate Moderate
 
Suitibility/Use
Berry/Nut/Seed Product No   Palatable Browse Animal Low
Christmas Tree Product No   Palatable Graze Animal Low
Fodder Product No   Palatable Human Yes
Fuelwood Product   Post Product No
Lumber Product No   Protein Potential
Naval Store Product No   Pulpwood Product No
Nursery Stock Product Yes   Veneer Product No
 
 
Time Generated: 02/28/2020 04:19 AM CST