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Characteristics

Conservation Plant Characteristics

Trifolium subterraneum L.
subterranean clover
TRSU3

Summary
Duration AN Federal T/E Status
Growth Habit FB   National Wetland Indicator
Native Status L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)      
 
Morphology/Physiology
Active Growth Period Fall, Winter and Spring   Fruit/Seed Conspicuous No
After Harvest Regrowth Rate Slow   Growth Form Stoloniferous
Bloat Low   Growth Rate Rapid
C:N Ratio Low   Height at Base Age, Maximum
Coppice Potential No   Height at Maturity 0.5
Fall Conspicuous No   Known Allelopath No
Fire Resistant Yes   Leaf Retention No
Flower Color White   Lifespan
Flower Conspicuous No   Low Growing Grass No
Foliage Color Green   Nitrogen Fixation Medium
Foliage Porosity Summer Porous   Resprout Ability No
Foliage Porosity Winter Porous   Shape and Orientation Prostrate
Foliage Texture Fine   Toxicity None
Fruit/Seed Color Blue      
 
Growth Requirements
Adapted To Coarse Textured Soils No   Moisture Use Low
Adapted To Medium Textured Soils Yes   pH, Minimum 5.0
Adapted To Fine Textured Soils Yes   pH, Maximum 8.0
Anaerobic Tolerance Low   Planting Density Per Acre, Minimum
CaCO3 Tolerance Low   Planting Density Per Acre, Maximum
Cold Stratification Required No   Precipitation, Minimum 16
Drought Tolerance Medium   Precipitation, Maximum 45
Fertility Requirement Medium   Root Depth, Minimum 10
Fire Tolerance Medium   Salinity Tolerance Low
Frost Free Days, Minimum 180   Shade Tolerance Intermediate
Hedge Tolerance None   Temperature, Minimum (°F) 5
 
Reproduction
Bloom Period Late Winter   Propagated By Cuttings No
Commercial Availability Routinely Available   Propagated By Seed Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance Medium   Propagated By Sod No
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Spring   Propagated By Sprigs No
Fruit/Seed Period End Spring   Propagated By Tubers No
Fruit/Seed Persistence No   Seed Per Pound 54000
Propagated By Bare Root No   Seed Spread Rate Moderate
Propagated By Bulbs No   Seedling Vigor Medium
Propagated By Container No   Small Grain No
Propagated By Corms No   Vegetative Spread Rate Rapid
 
Suitibility/Use
Berry/Nut/Seed Product No   Palatable Browse Animal High
Christmas Tree Product No   Palatable Graze Animal High
Fodder Product Yes   Palatable Human No
Fuelwood Product   Post Product No
Lumber Product No   Protein Potential High
Naval Store Product No   Pulpwood Product No
Nursery Stock Product No   Veneer Product No
 

Trifolium subterraneum L.
subterranean clover
TRSU3
Cultivar: Clare

Summary
Duration AN Federal T/E Status
Growth Habit FB   National Wetland Indicator
Native Status L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)      
 
Morphology/Physiology
Active Growth Period Fall, Winter and Spring   Fruit/Seed Conspicuous No
After Harvest Regrowth Rate Rapid   Growth Form Stoloniferous
Bloat Low   Growth Rate Rapid
C:N Ratio Low   Height at Base Age, Maximum
Coppice Potential No   Height at Maturity 0.5
Fall Conspicuous No   Known Allelopath No
Fire Resistant No   Leaf Retention No
Flower Color Yellow   Lifespan
Flower Conspicuous No   Low Growing Grass No
Foliage Color Green   Nitrogen Fixation High
Foliage Porosity Summer Porous   Resprout Ability No
Foliage Porosity Winter Porous   Shape and Orientation Erect
Foliage Texture Medium   Toxicity None
Fruit/Seed Color Brown      
 
Growth Requirements
Adapted To Coarse Textured Soils Yes   Moisture Use Low
Adapted To Medium Textured Soils Yes   pH, Minimum 5.0
Adapted To Fine Textured Soils No   pH, Maximum 8.0
Anaerobic Tolerance None   Planting Density Per Acre, Minimum
CaCO3 Tolerance Medium   Planting Density Per Acre, Maximum
Cold Stratification Required No   Precipitation, Minimum 14
Drought Tolerance High   Precipitation, Maximum 24
Fertility Requirement Low   Root Depth, Minimum 10
Fire Tolerance Low   Salinity Tolerance Low
Frost Free Days, Minimum 90   Shade Tolerance Intermediate
Hedge Tolerance None   Temperature, Minimum (°F) 22
 
Reproduction
Bloom Period Early Spring   Propagated By Cuttings No
Commercial Availability Routinely Available   Propagated By Seed Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance Medium   Propagated By Sod No
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Spring   Propagated By Sprigs No
Fruit/Seed Period End Spring   Propagated By Tubers No
Fruit/Seed Persistence No   Seed Per Pound 54000
Propagated By Bare Root No   Seed Spread Rate Rapid
Propagated By Bulbs No   Seedling Vigor Medium
Propagated By Container No   Small Grain No
Propagated By Corms No   Vegetative Spread Rate Rapid
 
Suitibility/Use
Berry/Nut/Seed Product No   Palatable Browse Animal High
Christmas Tree Product No   Palatable Graze Animal High
Fodder Product Yes   Palatable Human No
Fuelwood Product   Post Product No
Lumber Product No   Protein Potential High
Naval Store Product No   Pulpwood Product No
Nursery Stock Product No   Veneer Product No
 

Trifolium subterraneum L.
subterranean clover
TRSU3
Cultivar: Dwalganup

Summary
Duration AN Federal T/E Status
Growth Habit FB   National Wetland Indicator
Native Status L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)      
 
Morphology/Physiology
Active Growth Period Fall, Winter and Spring   Fruit/Seed Conspicuous No
After Harvest Regrowth Rate Rapid   Growth Form Stoloniferous
Bloat Low   Growth Rate Rapid
C:N Ratio Low   Height at Base Age, Maximum
Coppice Potential No   Height at Maturity 5.0
Fall Conspicuous No   Known Allelopath No
Fire Resistant Yes   Leaf Retention No
Flower Color Yellow   Lifespan
Flower Conspicuous No   Low Growing Grass No
Foliage Color Green   Nitrogen Fixation High
Foliage Porosity Summer Porous   Resprout Ability No
Foliage Porosity Winter Porous   Shape and Orientation Prostrate
Foliage Texture Medium   Toxicity None
Fruit/Seed Color Brown      
 
Growth Requirements
Adapted To Coarse Textured Soils No   Moisture Use Medium
Adapted To Medium Textured Soils Yes   pH, Minimum 5.0
Adapted To Fine Textured Soils Yes   pH, Maximum 7.7
Anaerobic Tolerance None   Planting Density Per Acre, Minimum
CaCO3 Tolerance Low   Planting Density Per Acre, Maximum
Cold Stratification Required No   Precipitation, Minimum 12
Drought Tolerance Low   Precipitation, Maximum 35
Fertility Requirement Medium   Root Depth, Minimum 10
Fire Tolerance Medium   Salinity Tolerance Low
Frost Free Days, Minimum 90   Shade Tolerance Intolerant
Hedge Tolerance None   Temperature, Minimum (°F) 17
 
Reproduction
Bloom Period Early Spring   Propagated By Cuttings No
Commercial Availability Routinely Available   Propagated By Seed Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance Medium   Propagated By Sod No
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Spring   Propagated By Sprigs No
Fruit/Seed Period End Spring   Propagated By Tubers No
Fruit/Seed Persistence No   Seed Per Pound 54000
Propagated By Bare Root No   Seed Spread Rate Rapid
Propagated By Bulbs No   Seedling Vigor Medium
Propagated By Container No   Small Grain No
Propagated By Corms No   Vegetative Spread Rate Rapid
 
Suitibility/Use
Berry/Nut/Seed Product No   Palatable Browse Animal High
Christmas Tree Product No   Palatable Graze Animal High
Fodder Product Yes   Palatable Human No
Fuelwood Product   Post Product No
Lumber Product No   Protein Potential High
Naval Store Product No   Pulpwood Product No
Nursery Stock Product No   Veneer Product No
 

Trifolium subterraneum L.
subterranean clover
TRSU3
Cultivar: Mt. Barker

Summary
Duration AN Federal T/E Status
Growth Habit FB   National Wetland Indicator
Native Status L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)      
 
Morphology/Physiology
Active Growth Period Fall, Winter and Spring   Fruit/Seed Conspicuous No
After Harvest Regrowth Rate Moderate   Growth Form Stoloniferous
Bloat Low   Growth Rate Rapid
C:N Ratio Low   Height at Base Age, Maximum
Coppice Potential No   Height at Maturity 0.6
Fall Conspicuous No   Known Allelopath No
Fire Resistant Yes   Leaf Retention No
Flower Color White   Lifespan
Flower Conspicuous No   Low Growing Grass No
Foliage Color Green   Nitrogen Fixation High
Foliage Porosity Summer Porous   Resprout Ability No
Foliage Porosity Winter Porous   Shape and Orientation Prostrate
Foliage Texture Fine   Toxicity None
Fruit/Seed Color Brown      
 
Growth Requirements
Adapted To Coarse Textured Soils No   Moisture Use Low
Adapted To Medium Textured Soils Yes   pH, Minimum 5.0
Adapted To Fine Textured Soils Yes   pH, Maximum 7.6
Anaerobic Tolerance Low   Planting Density Per Acre, Minimum
CaCO3 Tolerance Low   Planting Density Per Acre, Maximum
Cold Stratification Required No   Precipitation, Minimum 16
Drought Tolerance Medium   Precipitation, Maximum 45
Fertility Requirement Medium   Root Depth, Minimum 10
Fire Tolerance Medium   Salinity Tolerance Low
Frost Free Days, Minimum 180   Shade Tolerance Intermediate
Hedge Tolerance None   Temperature, Minimum (°F) 4
 
Reproduction
Bloom Period Late Winter   Propagated By Cuttings No
Commercial Availability Routinely Available   Propagated By Seed Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance Medium   Propagated By Sod No
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Spring   Propagated By Sprigs No
Fruit/Seed Period End Spring   Propagated By Tubers No
Fruit/Seed Persistence No   Seed Per Pound 54000
Propagated By Bare Root No   Seed Spread Rate Moderate
Propagated By Bulbs No   Seedling Vigor Medium
Propagated By Container No   Small Grain No
Propagated By Corms No   Vegetative Spread Rate Rapid
 
Suitibility/Use
Berry/Nut/Seed Product No   Palatable Browse Animal High
Christmas Tree Product No   Palatable Graze Animal High
Fodder Product Yes   Palatable Human No
Fuelwood Product   Post Product No
Lumber Product No   Protein Potential High
Naval Store Product No   Pulpwood Product No
Nursery Stock Product No   Veneer Product No
 

Trifolium subterraneum L.
subterranean clover
TRSU3
Cultivar: Woogenellup

Summary
Duration AN Federal T/E Status
Growth Habit FB   National Wetland Indicator
Native Status L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)      
 
Morphology/Physiology
Active Growth Period Fall, Winter and Spring   Fruit/Seed Conspicuous No
After Harvest Regrowth Rate Moderate   Growth Form Stoloniferous
Bloat Low   Growth Rate Rapid
C:N Ratio Low   Height at Base Age, Maximum
Coppice Potential No   Height at Maturity 0.5
Fall Conspicuous No   Known Allelopath No
Fire Resistant Yes   Leaf Retention No
Flower Color White   Lifespan
Flower Conspicuous No   Low Growing Grass No
Foliage Color Green   Nitrogen Fixation High
Foliage Porosity Summer Porous   Resprout Ability No
Foliage Porosity Winter Porous   Shape and Orientation Prostrate
Foliage Texture Medium   Toxicity None
Fruit/Seed Color Green      
 
Growth Requirements
Adapted To Coarse Textured Soils Yes   Moisture Use Medium
Adapted To Medium Textured Soils Yes   pH, Minimum 5.5
Adapted To Fine Textured Soils No   pH, Maximum 7.5
Anaerobic Tolerance None   Planting Density Per Acre, Minimum
CaCO3 Tolerance Low   Planting Density Per Acre, Maximum
Cold Stratification Required No   Precipitation, Minimum 16
Drought Tolerance Low   Precipitation, Maximum 24
Fertility Requirement Medium   Root Depth, Minimum 10
Fire Tolerance Medium   Salinity Tolerance Low
Frost Free Days, Minimum 180   Shade Tolerance Intermediate
Hedge Tolerance None   Temperature, Minimum (°F) 17
 
Reproduction
Bloom Period Late Winter   Propagated By Cuttings No
Commercial Availability Routinely Available   Propagated By Seed Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance High   Propagated By Sod No
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Spring   Propagated By Sprigs No
Fruit/Seed Period End Summer   Propagated By Tubers No
Fruit/Seed Persistence No   Seed Per Pound 54000
Propagated By Bare Root No   Seed Spread Rate Moderate
Propagated By Bulbs No   Seedling Vigor High
Propagated By Container No   Small Grain No
Propagated By Corms No   Vegetative Spread Rate Moderate
 
Suitibility/Use
Berry/Nut/Seed Product No   Palatable Browse Animal High
Christmas Tree Product No   Palatable Graze Animal High
Fodder Product Yes   Palatable Human No
Fuelwood Product   Post Product No
Lumber Product No   Protein Potential High
Naval Store Product No   Pulpwood Product No
Nursery Stock Product No   Veneer Product No
 
 
Time Generated: 12/06/2019 08:33 AM CST