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Introduced, Invasive, and Noxious Plants

About Weeds of the U.S.
NRCS Invasive Species Policy
Invasive Species Executive Order 13112

U.S. Weeds with Scientific Name =E*
82 records returned

Click on an accepted name below to view its PLANTS Profile with more information, and web links if available. Invasive plants that are synonyms are indented beneath the current PLANTS accepted name. You may view invasive lists by source by clicking on the source acronyms at the top of the report.

U.S. USDA, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ). Federal noxious weed list (1 February 2012). USDA, APHIS, PPQ, Washington, DC.
USDA, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ). State Plant Regulatory Officials letters. National Plant Board
STATE Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states. State agriculture or natural resource departments.
Cal-IPC California Invasive Plant Council. California Invasive Plant Inventory. Cal-IPC Publication 2006-02 (1 February 2007). California Invasive Plant Council, Berkeley, California.
FLEPPC Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council. Invasive plant list. Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, Florida.
HEAR USDI, Geological Survey. Information index for selected alien plants in Hawaii (20 October 2003). Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk Project, Biological Resources Division, Haleakala Field Station, Makawao, Hawaii.
KY Haragan, P.D. Weeds of Kentucky and adjacent states: a field guide. The University Press of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky.
N'EAST Uva, R.H., J.C. Neal,and J.M. DiTomaso. Weeds of the Northeast. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York.
NE&GP Stubbendieck, J., G.Y. Friisoe,and M.R. Bolick. Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains. Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry, Lincoln, Nebraska.
SEEPPC Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council. Invasive exotic pest plants in Tennessee (19 October 1999). Research Committee of the Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council, Tennessee.
SWSS Southern Weed Science Society. Weeds of the United States and Canada. CD-ROM. Southern Weed Science Society, Champaign, Illinois.
WI Hoffman, R.and K. Kearns (eds.). Wisconsin manual of control recommendations for ecologically invasive plants. Wisconsin Dept. Natural Resources, Madison, Wisconsin.
WSWS Whitson, T.D. (ed.) et al. Weeds of the West. Western Society of Weed Science in cooperation with Cooperative Extension Services, University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming.

 

Symbol Common Name
Scientific Name
Source Native Status*

ERCI6
alfilaree
Erodium cicutarium

STATE, N'EAST, SWSS, WSWS

L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I)

ERCI6
alfilaria
Erodium cicutarium

STATE, N'EAST, SWSS, WSWS

L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I)

EIAZ2
anchored water hyacinth
Eichhornia azurea

US, STATE

L48 (I), PR (I)

ERAN4
annual buckwheat
Eriogonum annuum

NE&GP

L48 (N)

ERAN4
annual eriogonum
Eriogonum annuum

NE&GP

L48 (N)

ERAN
annual fleabane
Erigeron annuus

KY

(I), L48 (N), CAN (N), SPM (I)

ELNY
Aunt Lucy
Ellisia nyctelea

NE&GP

L48 (N), CAN (N)

ERGL11
ERGL8
Australian fireweed
Erechtites glomeratus
Erechtites glomerata

Cal-IPC
Cal-IPC

L48 (I)

ERMI8
ERMI6
Australian fireweed
Erechtites minimus
Erechtites minima

Cal-IPC
Cal-IPC

L48 (I)

ELUM
autumn olive
Elaeagnus umbellata

STATE, SEEPPC, WI

L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)

ECCR
barnyard grass
Echinochloa crus-galli

STATE, KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS

(I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (W), SPM (W)

EUGL
bluegum eucalyptus
Eucalyptus globulus

Cal-IPC, HEAR

(I), L48 (I), HI (I)

ECVU
blueweed
Echium vulgare

STATE, SEEPPC

L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (W), SPM (I)

EGDE
Brazilian e
Egeria densa

STATE, Cal-IPC, HEAR, NE&GP, SEEPPC, WI, WSWS

L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (W)

ECCO3
burhead
Echinodorus cordifolius

SWSS

L48 (N)

EUAL13
EUAL8
burning bush
Euonymus alatus
Euonymus alata


SEEPPC, WI

L48 (I), CAN (I)

ESCA2
California poppy
Eschscholzia californica

SEEPPC

L48 (N), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I)

ELCA7
Canadian waterweed
Elodea canadensis

SWSS

L48 (N), AK (I), PR (I), CAN (N)

ERCI
candy grass
Eragrostis cilianensis

NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS

L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)

EPPI
centipede tongavine
Epipremnum pinnatum

FLEPPC

(NI), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)

EUFO5
climbing euonymus
Euonymus fortunei

SEEPPC, WI

L48 (I), CAN (I)

ECCR
cockspur
Echinochloa crus-galli

STATE, KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS

(I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (W), SPM (W)

EPHI
codlins and cream
Epilobium hirsutum

STATE, WI

L48 (I), CAN (I)

ELRE4
AGRE2
couchgrass
Elymus repens
Agropyron repens


STATE, KY, NE&GP, SWSS

L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)

ELRE4
ELRE3
couchgrass
Elymus repens
Elytrigia repens


STATE, N'EAST, SWSS, WI, WSWS

L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)

ECCO3
creeping burhead
Echinodorus cordifolius

SWSS

L48 (N)

ELCI
crested late-summer mint
Elsholtzia ciliata

STATE

L48 (I), CAN (I)

ELIN3
crowsfoot grass
Eleusine indica

KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS

(I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (I)

ELMO5
cucha-cara
Elephantopus mollis

STATE

(I), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)

EUCY2
cypress spurge
Euphorbia cyparissias

STATE, WI

L48 (I), CAN (I)

ERST3
daisy fleabane
Erigeron strigosus

NE&GP

L48 (N), CAN (N)

EMSP
devil's thorn
Emex spinosa

US, STATE

L48 (I), HI (I)

ELRE4
AGRE2
dog grass
Elymus repens
Agropyron repens


STATE, KY, NE&GP, SWSS

L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)

EUCA5
dogfennel
Eupatorium capillifolium

N'EAST, SWSS

L48 (N)

ENCO2
earpod tree
Enterolobium contortisiliquum

FLEPPC

L48 (I)

ECPR
eclipta
Eclipta prostrata

KY, N'EAST, SWSS

(I), L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N), CAN (N)

ELMO5
elephantopus
Elephantopus mollis

STATE

(I), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)

ELNY
ellisia
Ellisia nyctelea

NE&GP

L48 (N), CAN (N)

ECPR
false daisy
Eclipta prostrata

KY, N'EAST, SWSS

(I), L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N), CAN (N)

EQAR
field horsetail
Equisetum arvense

N'EAST, NE&GP, WSWS

L48 (N), AK (N?), CAN (N), GL (N), SPM (N)

ERCI6
filaree
Erodium cicutarium

STATE, N'EAST, SWSS, WSWS

L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I)

EUCY
fire-on-the-mountain
Euphorbia cyathophora

SWSS

(I), L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)

EICR
floating water hyacinth
Eichhornia crassipes

STATE, Cal-IPC, FLEPPC, SWSS

(I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (W)

EUTE10
Geraldton carnation spurge
Euphorbia terracina

STATE

L48 (I)

EQTE
giant horsetail
Equisetum telmateia

STATE

L48 (N), CAN (N)

ELIN3
goosegrass
Eleusine indica

KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS

(I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (I)

ERNAN5
CHNA2
gray rabbitbrush
Ericameria nauseosa ssp. nauseosa var. nauseosa
Chrysothamnus nauseosus


WSWS

L48 (N)

EPHI
hairy willow herb
Epilobium hirsutum

STATE, WI

L48 (I), CAN (I)

ELIN3
Indian goosegrass
Eleusine indica

KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS

(I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (I)

ERPI2
Indian lovegrass
Eragrostis pilosa

SWSS

(I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (I)

EICR
jacinthe d'eau
Eichhornia crassipes

STATE, Cal-IPC, FLEPPC, SWSS

(I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (W)

EICR
jacinto de agua
Eichhornia crassipes

STATE, Cal-IPC, FLEPPC, SWSS

(I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (W)

ECCR
Japanese millet
Echinochloa crus-galli

STATE, KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS

(I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (W), SPM (W)

EUFI14
EUFI
Joe Pye weed
Eutrochium fistulosum
Eupatorium fistulosum


KY

L48 (N), CAN (N)

ECCO2
junglerice
Echinochloa colona

SWSS, WSWS

(I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)

ERKA2
Latin American fleabane
Erigeron karvinskianus

HEAR

L48 (I), HI (I)

EUESE
EUPS2
leafy spurge
Euphorbia esula var. esula
Euphorbia pseudovirgata


STATE

L48 (I), CAN (I)

EUES
leafy spurge
Euphorbia esula

STATE, Cal-IPC, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WI, WSWS

L48 (I), CAN (I)

ELMO5
lengua de vaca
Elephantopus mollis

STATE

(I), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)

EICR
lirio acuatico
Eichhornia crassipes

STATE, Cal-IPC, FLEPPC, SWSS

(I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (W)

ERJA3
loquat
Eriobotrya japonica

HEAR

L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)

ERCI
lovegrass
Eragrostis cilianensis

NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS

L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)

ELIN3
manienie ali'I
Eleusine indica

KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS

(I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (I)

EICR
mbekambekairanga
Eichhornia crassipes

STATE, Cal-IPC, FLEPPC, SWSS

(I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (W)

EUMY2
myrtle spurge
Euphorbia myrsinites

STATE

L48 (I), CAN (I)

EUOB4
oblong spurge
Euphorbia oblongata

STATE

L48 (I)

ELAN
oleaster
Elaeagnus angustifolia

STATE, Cal-IPC, NE&GP, WI, WSWS

L48 (I), CAN (I)

ELUM
oleaster
Elaeagnus umbellata

STATE, SEEPPC, WI

L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)

EUHE4
painted euphorbia
Euphorbia heterophylla

SWSS

(I), L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)

EUHE4
EUPR5
painted euphorbia
Euphorbia heterophylla
Euphorbia prunifolia

SWSS
STATE

(I), L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)

EHER
panic veldt grass
Ehrharta erecta

Cal-IPC

L48 (I), HI (I)

ECPL
Paterson's curse
Echium plantagineum

STATE

L48 (I), CAN (I)

EHCA
perennial veldt grass
Ehrharta calycina

Cal-IPC

L48 (I), HI (I)

ERPH
Philadelphia fleabane
Erigeron philadelphicus

SWSS

L48 (N), CAN (N)

EPPI
pothos
Epipremnum pinnatum

FLEPPC

(NI), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)

ERCO8
prairie cupgrass
Eriochloa contracta

SWSS

L48 (N), CAN (I)

ERST3
prairie fleabane
Erigeron strigosus

NE&GP

L48 (N), CAN (N)

ERSP
purple lovegrass
Eragrostis spectabilis

NE&GP

L48 (N), CAN (I)

ELRE4
AGRE2
quackgrass
Elymus repens
Agropyron repens


STATE, KY, NE&GP, SWSS

L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)

ELRE4
ELRE3
quackgrass
Elymus repens
Elytrigia repens


STATE, N'EAST, SWSS, WI, WSWS

L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)

ELRE4
ELRE3
quickgrass
Elymus repens
Elytrigia repens


STATE, N'EAST, SWSS, WI, WSWS

L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)

ELRE4
ELRE3
quitch
Elymus repens
Elytrigia repens


STATE, N'EAST, SWSS, WI, WSWS

L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)

ERCI6
redstem filaree
Erodium cicutarium

STATE, N'EAST, SWSS, WSWS

L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I)

ERST3
rough fleabane
Erigeron strigosus

NE&GP

L48 (N), CAN (N)

ELAN
Russian olive
Elaeagnus angustifolia

STATE, Cal-IPC, NE&GP, WI, WSWS

L48 (I), CAN (I)

EQAR
scouring rush
Equisetum arvense

N'EAST, NE&GP, WSWS

L48 (N), AK (N?), CAN (N), GL (N), SPM (N)

EQHY
scouringrush horsetail
Equisetum hyemale

SWSS

L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N), GL (N)

ELRE4
ELRE3
scutch
Elymus repens
Elytrigia repens


STATE, N'EAST, SWSS, WI, WSWS

L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)

EUSE12
serrate spurge
Euphorbia serrata

STATE

L48 (I)

ELIN3
silver crabgrass
Eleusine indica

KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS

(I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (I)

EUMA8
smoke-on-the-prairie
Euphorbia marginata

NE&GP, SWSS

L48 (N), CAN (I)

EQLA
smooth horsetail
Equisetum laevigatum

WSWS

L48 (N), CAN (N)

EQLA
smooth scouringrush
Equisetum laevigatum

WSWS

L48 (N), CAN (N)

EUMA8
snow-on-the-mountain
Euphorbia marginata

NE&GP, SWSS

L48 (N), CAN (I)

EGDE
South American waterweed
Egeria densa

STATE, Cal-IPC, HEAR, NE&GP, SEEPPC, WI, WSWS

L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (W)

EGDE
ELDE3
South American waterweed
Egeria densa
Elodea densa

STATE, Cal-IPC, HEAR, NE&GP, SEEPPC, WI, WSWS
STATE

L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (W)

ERACA
ERGR4
southwestern cupgrass
Eriochloa acuminata var. acuminata
Eriochloa gracilis


SWSS, WSWS

L48 (N)

ERRE4
spreading wallflower
Erysimum repandum

SWSS

L48 (I), CAN (I)

EUES
spurge
Euphorbia esula

STATE, Cal-IPC, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WI, WSWS

L48 (I), CAN (I)

EGDE
State
Egeria densa

STATE, Cal-IPC, HEAR, NE&GP, SEEPPC, WI, WSWS

L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (W)

ERCI
stinkgrass
Eragrostis cilianensis

NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS

L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)

ERCI6
stork's bill
Erodium cicutarium

STATE, N'EAST, SWSS, WSWS

L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I)

ERCI
strongscented lovegrass
Eragrostis cilianensis

NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS

L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)

EUUN2
Surinam cherry
Eugenia uniflora

FLEPPC

L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)

EURO2
swampmahogany
Eucalyptus robusta

HEAR

L48 (I), HI (I)

EUMU
EUSUV
sweet resinbush
Euryops multifidus
Euryops subcarnosus ssp. vulgaris


STATE

L48 (I)

EUAL3
tall joepyeweed
Eupatorium altissimum

NE&GP

L48 (N), CAN (N)

EUAL3
tall thoroughwort
Eupatorium altissimum

NE&GP

L48 (N), CAN (N)

ERACA
ERGR4
tapertip cupgrass
Eriochloa acuminata var. acuminata
Eriochloa gracilis


SWSS, WSWS

L48 (N)

ELPU2
thorny elaeagnus
Elaeagnus pungens

FLEPPC, SEEPPC

L48 (I)

ELPU2
thorny olive
Elaeagnus pungens

FLEPPC, SEEPPC

L48 (I)

EMAU
three-cornered jack
Emex australis

US, STATE

L48 (I)

EUDE4
toothed spurge
Euphorbia dentata

STATE, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS

L48 (I,N)

EUDE4
toothedleaf poinsettia
Euphorbia dentata

STATE, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS

L48 (I,N)

EUFI14
EUFI
trumpetweed
Eutrochium fistulosum
Eupatorium fistulosum


KY

L48 (N), CAN (N)

ELRE4
ELRE3
twitch
Elymus repens
Elytrigia repens


STATE, N'EAST, SWSS, WI, WSWS

L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)

ERAN4
umbrella plant
Eriogonum annuum

NE&GP

L48 (N)

EUMA8
variegated spurge
Euphorbia marginata

NE&GP, SWSS

L48 (N), CAN (I)

EHCA
veldtgrass
Ehrharta calycina

Cal-IPC

L48 (I), HI (I)

ERCH9
wallflower mustard
Erysimum cheiranthoides

NE&GP

L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)

EICR
water hyacinth
Eichhornia crassipes

STATE, Cal-IPC, FLEPPC, SWSS

(I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (W)

ECCO2
watergrass
Echinochloa colona

SWSS, WSWS

(I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)

ECCR
watergrass
Echinochloa crus-galli

STATE, KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS

(I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (W), SPM (W)

EICHH
waterhyacinth
Eichhornia

STATE

(I), L48 (I)

ELNY
waterpod
Ellisia nyctelea

NE&GP

L48 (N), CAN (N)

EQAR
western horsetail
Equisetum arvense

N'EAST, NE&GP, WSWS

L48 (N), AK (N?), CAN (N), GL (N), SPM (N)

EUMA8
whitemargined spurge
Euphorbia marginata

NE&GP, SWSS

L48 (N), CAN (I)

ECLO
wild balsamapple
Echinocystis lobata

NE&GP

L48 (N), CAN (N)

ERAN4
wild buckwheat
Eriogonum annuum

NE&GP

L48 (N)

ECLO
wild cucumber
Echinocystis lobata

NE&GP

L48 (N), CAN (N)

ECLO
wild mock cucumber
Echinocystis lobata

NE&GP

L48 (N), CAN (N)

EUAL13
EUAL8
winged euonymus
Euonymus alatus
Euonymus alata


SEEPPC, WI

L48 (I), CAN (I)

EUFO5
winter creeper
Euonymus fortunei

SEEPPC, WI

L48 (I), CAN (I)

ELIN3
wiregrass
Eleusine indica

KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS, WSWS

(I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (I)

ERVI3
woolly cupgrass
Eriochloa villosa

NE&GP, SWSS

L48 (I)

ERCH9
wormseed mustard
Erysimum cheiranthoides

NE&GP

L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)

ERCH9
wormseed wallflower
Erysimum cheiranthoides

NE&GP

L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)

ELMO5
yerba de caballo
Elephantopus mollis

STATE

(I), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)

ECPR
yerba de tago
Eclipta prostrata

KY, N'EAST, SWSS

(I), L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N), CAN (N)
 
   
*CodeNative Status
I Introduced
I,N None
N Native
N? Probably Native
W Waif

*CodeNative Status Jurisdiction
None
L48 Lower 48 States
AK Alaska
HI Hawaii
PR Puerto Rico
VI Virgin Islands
CAN Canada
GL Greenland
SPM St. Pierre and Miquelon

 

Time Generated: 12/11/2017 04:55 PM CST