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Introduced, Invasive, and Noxious Plants

NRCS Invasive Species Policy
Invasive Species Executive Order 13112

Federal and State Noxious Weeds
682 records returned

Click on an accepted name below to view its PLANTS Profile with more information, and web links if available. Noxious weeds that are synonyms retain their noxious status, and are indented beneath the current PLANTS accepted name.

United States USDA, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ). State Plant Regulatory Officials letters (). National Plant Board.
USDA, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ). 2012. Federal noxious weed list (1 February 2012). USDA, APHIS, PPQ.
Alabama Division of Plant Industry. 2003. Summary of plant protection regulations (20 October 2003). Alabama Department of Agriculture and Industries.
Alaska Division of Agriculture. 1996. State of Alaska prohibited and restricted noxious weeds (20 October 2003). Alaska Department of Natural Resources.
Arizona Plant Services Division. 2005. Prohibited, regulated and restricted noxious weeds (1 May 2006). Arizona Department of Agriculture.
Arkansas Arkansas State Plant Board. 1997. Regulations on plant diseases and pests (20 October 2003). Arkansas State Plant Board.
California California Department of Food and Agriculture. 2003. Pest ratings of noxious weed species and noxious weed seed (20 October 2003). California Department of Food and Agriculture.
California Department of Food and Agriculture. 2003. Plant quarantine manual, California plant quarantine policy - weeds (20 October 2003). California Department of Food and Agriculture.
Food and Agriculture Code. 2003. Camelthorn, Section 7301-7305 (20 October 2003). State of California.
Food and Agriculture Code. 2003. Hydrilla, Section 6048-6049 (20 October 2003). State of California.
Colorado Plant Industry Division. 2003. Rules pertaining to the administration and enforcement of the Colorado Noxious Weed Act (23 January 2006). Colorado Department of Agriculture.
Connecticut Connecticut Invasive Plants Council. 2004. Connecticut invasive plant list (20 April 2005). Connecticut Invasive Plants Council.
Delaware Delaware Department of Agriculture. 1986. Rules and regulations for noxious weed control (23 January 2006). Delaware Department of Agriculture.
Florida Bureau of Aquatic Plant Management. 2002. Aquatic plant importation, transportation, non-nursery cultivation, possession and collection (20 October 2003). Florida Department of Environmental Protection.
Division of Plant Industry. 2000. Introduction or release of plant pests, noxious weeds, arthropods, and biological control agents (20 October 2003). Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services.
Hawaii Division of Plant Industry. 2003. List of plant species designated as noxious weeds (20 October 2003). Hawaii Department of Agriculture.
Idaho Idaho Department of Agriculture. 2006. Noxious weed rules (24 May 2006). Idaho Department of Agriculture.
Illinois Illinois Administrative Code. 2002. Illinois noxious weed law (20 October 2003). State of Illinois.
Indiana Division of Entomology and Plant Pathology. 2003. Summary of plant protection regulations (20 October 2003). Indiana Department of Natural Resources.
Iowa Iowa Department of Agricultureand Land Stewardship. 2002. The Iowa weed law (20 October 2003). Iowa Department of Agriculture & land Stewardship.
Kansas Division of Plant Health. 2003. Kansas noxious weed law (20 October 2003). Kansas Department of Agriculture.
Kentucky Kentucky Revised Statutes. 1990. Department to eradicate noxious weeds on right-of-ways -- advertisement of program (1 May 2006). State of Kentucky.
Louisiana Louisiana State Code. 1995. Agriculture and forestry. State of Louisiana.
Maine Public Laws of Maine. 1999. An act to prevent the spread of invasive aquatic plants (20 October 2003). State of Maine.
Maryland Annotated Code of Maryland. 1994. Weed control (20 October 2003). State of Maryland.
Massachusetts Bureau of Farm Productsand Plant Industries. 2006. Massachusetts prohibited plant list (23 January 2006). Massachusetts Department of Agricultural Resources.
Michigan Pesticide and Plant Pest Management Division. 2002. Noxious and restricted weeds and prohibited plants - Michigan (20 October 2003). Michigan Department of Agriculture.
Minnesota Agronomy Services Division. 2003. Minnesota noxious weed rules (20 October 2003). Minnesota Department of Agriculture.
Mississippi Bureau of Plant Industry. 2004. Regulation of noxious weeds (24 May 2006). State of Mississippi.
Missouri Revised Statues of Missouri. 2004. Insect pests and weeds (20 October 2003). Missouri Department of Agriculture.
Montana Montana Department of Agriculture. 2003. Montana noxious weeds list (24 May 2006). Montana Department of Agriculture.
Nebraska Bureau of Plant Industry. 1989. Noxious weed regulations (24 May 2006). Nebraska Department of Agriculture.
Nevada Nevada Administrative Code. 2003. Control of insects, pests, and noxious weeds (20 October 2003). State of Nevada.
New Hampshire New Hampshire Code of Administrative Rules. 2004. Invasive species, Chapter Agr. 3800 (15 September 2004). State of New Hampshire.
New Mexico Office of the Director/Secretary. 1998. New Mexico noxious weed list (20 October 2003). New Mexico Department of Agriculture.
North Carolina North Carolina Department of Agriculture. 2003. Regulations for state noxious weeds (20 October 2003). North Carolina Department of Agriculture.
North Dakota North Dakota Century Code. 2003. Noxious weed control (20 October 2003). State of North Dakota.
Ohio Plant Industry Division. 1997. Noxious weeds (20 October 2003). Ohio Department of Agriculture.
Oklahoma Oklahoma House of Representatives. 1998. House Bill 2277 (20 October 2003). State of Oklahoma.
Oregon Oregon Administrative Rules. 2006. Quarantine; noxious weeds, Chapter 603-52-1200 (24 May 2006). State of Oregon.
Oregon Department of Agriculture. 2006. Noxious weed policy and classification system (24 May 2006). Oregon Department of Agriculture.
Pennsylvania Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture. 2000. Pennsylvania noxious weed control list (20 October 2003). Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture.
South Carolina South Carolina Aquatic Nuisance Species Program. 2003. Illegal aquatic plants in South Carolina (20 October 2003). South Carolina Department of Natural Resources.
State Crop Pest Commission. 1996. Designation of plant pests (24 May 2006). State of South Carolina.
South Dakota South Dakota Code. 1992. Plant quarantine and treatment, Chapter 38-24a, Article 12:51 (24 May 2006). State of South Dakota.
South Dakota Code. 2005. South Dakota weed and pest control, Chapter 38-22, Article 12:62 (24 May 2006). State of South Dakota.
Tennessee Department of Agriculture of Tennessee. 1998. Plant pest act (20 October 2003). Department of Agriculture of Tennessee.
Texas Texas Administrative Code. 2005. Quarantines and noxious plants, Chapter 19 (24 May 2006). State of Texas.
Utah Utah Department of Agriculture. 2003. Utah noxious weed act (20 October 2003). Utah Department of Agriculture.
Vermont Vermont Department of Agriculture, Food and Markets. 2003. Quarantine #3 - noxious weeds (20 October 2003). Vermont Department of Agriculture, Food and Markets.
Virginia Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. 2003. Virginia noxious weed law (20 October 2003). Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services.
Washington Washington Administrative Code. 2005. Noxious weed control, Chapter 16-752 (24 May 2006). State of Washington.
Washington Administrative Code. 2005. State noxious weed list and schedule of monetary penalties, Chapter 16-750 (24 May 2006). State of Washington.
West Virginia West Virginia Department of Agriculture. 2003. Regulations governing the distribution of plant material in West Virginia. West Virginia Department of Agriculture.
Wisconsin Doll, J. 1990. Noxious weeds in Wisconsin (20 October 2003). University of Wisconsin Cooperative Extension Programs.
Wyoming Wyoming Department of Agriculture. 2003. Designated noxious weeds and prohibited noxious weeds (20 October 2003). Wyoming Department of Agriculture.
Symbol Scientific Name Common Name Federal Noxious Status State Noxious Status Native Status*
PRAL11 Prosopis alpataco Phil. NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
PRAR6 Prosopis argentina Burkart NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
PRBU2 Prosopis burkartii Muñoz NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
PRCA9 Prosopis caldenia Burkart NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
PRCA11 Prosopis campestris Griseb. NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
PRCA12 Prosopis castellanosii Burkart NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
PRDE4 Prosopis denudans Benth. NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
PREL5 Prosopis elata (Burkart) Burkart NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
PRFE2 Prosopis ferox Griseb. NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
PRFI4 Prosopis fiebrigii Harms NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
PRHA4 Prosopis hassleri Harms ex Hassler NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
PRHU3 Prosopis humilis Gillies ex Hook. & Arn. NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
PRKU2 Prosopis kuntzei Harms ex Hassler NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
PRPA10 Prosopis palmeri S. Watson NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
PRRO4 Prosopis rojasiana Burkart NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
PRRU4 Prosopis ruizlealii Burkart NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
PRRU5 Prosopis ruscifolia Griseb. NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
PRSE5 Prosopis sericantha Gillies ex Hook. & Arn. NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
PRTO3 Prosopis torquata DC. NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
ARAB3 Artemisia absinthium L. absinthium CO (BW), ND (NW), WA (CCW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
AEGIN Aeginetia L. aeginetia NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
LYFE4 Lycium ferocissimum Miers African boxthorn L48 (I)
LYFE3 Lycium ferrocissimum Miers, orth. var. NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
DIAB Digitaria abyssinica (Hochst. ex A. Rich.) Stapf African couchgrass MA (P) HI (I)
DISC5 Digitaria scalarum (Schweinf.) Chiov. NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
PEMA80 Pennisetum macrourum Trin. African feathergrass NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) L48 (I), HI (I)
DIBU Dioscorea bulbifera L. air yam AL (CAW), FL (NW) (I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
ALECT2 Alectra Thunb. alectra NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) (I)
CUAP2 Cuscuta approximata Bab. alfalfa dodder WA (CCW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
MALE3 Malvella leprosa (Ortega) Krapov. alkali mallow CA (CW) L48 (N)
SPSA3 Sphaerophysa salsula (Pall.) DC. alkali swainsonpea CA (AW), NV (NW), OR (BDW, Q), WA (CBW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
ALPH Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Griseb. alligatorweed AL (CCW), AZ (PNW), CA (AW), FL (PAP1), SC (ILAP, PP), TX (NP) L48 (I), PR (I)
NELU Nelumbo lutea Willd. American lotus CT (PIB) L48 (N), CAN (N)
LISP2 Limnobium spongia (Bosc) Rich. ex Steud. American spongeplant CA (QW) L48 (N)
NYOD Nymphaea odorata Aiton American white waterlily WA (CCW) L48 (N), AK (I), PR (N), CAN (N)
PHAM2 Phellodendron amurense Rupr. Amur corktree MA (P) L48 (I), CAN (I)
LOMA6 Lonicera maackii (Rupr.) Herder Amur honeysuckle CT (IB), MA (P), VT (CBW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
ACGI Acer ginnala Maxim. Amur maple CT (PINB) L48 (I), CAN (I)
AMBR7 Ampelopsis brevipedunculata (Maxim.) Trautv. Amur peppervine CT (PINB), MA (P) L48 (I)
MISA Miscanthus sacchariflorus (Maxim.) Franch. Amur silvergrass MA (P) L48 (I), CAN (I)
EIAZ2 Eichhornia azurea (Sw.) Kunth anchored water hyacinth NW AL (CAW), AZ (PNW), CA (Q), MA (P), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (ILAP, PP), TX (NP), VT (CAW) L48 (I), PR (I)
AVST Avena sterilis L. animated oat NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) L48 (I), CAN (W)
AMAR2 Ambrosia artemisiifolia L.1 annual ragweed IL (NW), OR (BDW, Q) L48 (I,N), HI (I), CAN (N)
AMARE Ambrosia artemisiifolia L. var. elatior (L.) Descourtils annual ragweed L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (N)
AMEL2 Ambrosia elatior L. MI (NW)
MOOC2 Moraea ochroleuca (Salisb.) Drapiez apricot tulip NW
HOOC Homeria ochroleuca Salisb. AL (CAW), CA (Q), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), VT (CAW)
PRST3 Prosopis strombulifera (Lam.) Benth. Argentine screwbean NW AL (CAW), CA (AW, Q), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) L48 (I)
DICI2 Dichrostachys cinerea (L.) Wight & Arn. aroma HI (NW) L48 (I)
DINU6 Dichrostachys nutans Benth. HI (NW)
SASA7 Sagittaria sagittifolia L. [excluded] arrowhead NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MA (P), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (ILAP, PP), VT (CAW)
MOHA2 Monochoria hastata (L.) Solms [excluded] arrowleaf falsepickerelweed NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (PAP1), MA (P), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (ILAP, PP), VT (CAW)
LISE3 Limnophila sessiliflora (Vahl) Blume Asian marshweed NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (PAP2), MA (P), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (ILAP, PP), VT (CAW) L48 (I)
POPE10 Polygonum perfoliatum L. Asiatic tearthumb AL (CAW), CT (IB), MA (P), NC (CAW), OH (PNW), PA (NW), SC (PP) L48 (I)
STAS2 Striga asiatica (L.) Kuntze Asiatic witchweed CA (AW) (N), L48 (I)
HEHI12 Hedera hibernica (G. Kirchn.) Bean2 Atlantic Ivy WA (CCW) L48 (I)
TOPU2 Toxicodendron pubescens Mill. Atlantic poison oak L48 (N)
RHTO8 Rhus toxicodendron L. MI (NW)
PIUN2 Pittosporum undulatum Vent. Australian cheesewood HI (NW) L48 (I), HI (I)
ROAU Rorippa austriaca (Crantz) Besser Austrian yellowcress AK (NW), AZ (PNW), CA (BW), NV (NW), WA (CBW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
ELUM Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb. autumn olive CT (IB), MA (P), NH (PIS), WV (NW) L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
GYPA Gypsophila paniculata L. baby's breath CA (BW), WA (CCW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
BRRA2 Bromus racemosus L. bald brome L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)
BRCO4 Bromus commutatus Schrad. AR (NW) CAN (I)
CAHA13 Cardiospermum halicacabum L. balloon vine AL (CCW), AR (NW), SC (PP), TX (NP) L48 (I), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
PATA6 Passiflora tarminiana Coppens & V.E. Barney banana passionflower L48 (I), HI (I)
PAMO20 Passiflora mollissima auct. non (Kunth) L.H. Bailey HI (NW)
PATRM Passiflora tripartita (Juss.) Poir. var. mollissima (Kunth) Holm-Niesen & P.M. Jørg. banana passionflower
PAMO5 Passiflora mollissima (Kunth) L.H. Bailey HI (NW)
ANBI Andropogon bicornis L. barbas de indio HI (NW) L48 (I), PR (N), VI (N)
AETR Aegilops triuncialis L. barbed goatgrass CA (BW), OR (ADW, Q) L48 (I)
BERBE Berberis L.3 barberry MI (P) (I,N), L48 (I,N)
MAHON Mahonia Nutt.3 barberry MI (P) (N), L48 (I,N)
CYRE Cymbopogon refractus (R. Br.) A. Camus barbwire grass HI (NW) (I), HI (I)
SAPA8 Salsola paulsenii Litv. barbwire Russian thistle CA (CW) L48 (I)
ECCR Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) P. Beauv. barnyardgrass AR (NW) (I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (W), SPM (W)
CYNOD Cynodon Rich. Bermudagrass CA (CW) (W), L48 (I)
CYDA Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.4 Bermudagrass AR (NW), UT (NW) (I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (W), SPM (W)
ACNO7 Acaena novae-zelandiae Kirk biddy-biddy L48 (I)
ACNO4 Acaena novae-zelandica Kirk, orth. var. CA (AW), HI (NW), OR (BDW, Q)
CEMA9 Centaurea macrocephala Puschk. ex Willd. bighead knapweed WA (CAW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), CAN (I)
SEHE8 Sesbania herbacea (Mill.) McVaugh bigpod sesbania L48 (N), PR (N), CAN (W)
SEEX Sesbania exaltata (Raf.) Rydb. ex A.W. Hill AR (NW)
AEPO Aegopodium podagraria L. bishop's goutweed CT (IB), MA (P), VT (CBW) L48 (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
HYNI Hyoscyamus niger L. black henbane CA (CW), CO (BW), ID (NW), NV (NW), NM (CAW), WA (CCW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
ROPS Robinia pseudoacacia L. black locust CT (INB), MA (P) L48 (N), CAN (I)
ACME80 Acacia mearnsii De Wild. black wattle HI (NW) L48 (I), HI (I)
SILAA3 Silene latifolia Poir. ssp. alba (Mill.) Greuter & Burdet bladder campion WA (CCW) L48 (I), AK (I)
SIMA3 Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn. blessed milkthistle OR (BDW), WA (CAW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), CAN (I)
CNBE Cnicus benedictus L. blessed thistle SC (PP) L48 (I), CAN (I)
LATAP Lactuca tatarica (L.) C.A. Mey. var. pulchella (Pursh) Breitung blue lettuce L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N)
LAPU Lactuca pulchella (Pursh) DC. AK (NW)
PAAN4 Panicum antidotale Retz. blue panicum CA (BW) L48 (I), HI (I)
POBO10 Polygonum ×bohemicum (J. Chrtek & Chrtková) Zika & Jacobson [cuspidatum × sachalinense] Bohemian knotweed WA (CBW, NWSPQ) CAN (I)
LIOB Ligustrum obtusifolium Siebold & Zucc. border privet CT (PIB), MA (P), NH (PIS) L48 (I)
SAOF4 Saponaria officinalis L. bouncingbet CO (BW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
SCTE Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi Brazilian peppertree FL (NW, PAP1), TX (NP) (I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
IMBR Imperata brasiliensis Trin. Brazilian satintail NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), MS (NW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) L48 (I), PR (I)
EGDE Egeria densa Planch. Brazilian waterweed AL (CCW), CT (PIB), ME (IAP), MA (P), SC (ILAP, PP), VT (CAW), WA (CBW, WAWQ) L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (W)
ELDE3 Elodea densa (Planch.) Caspary OR (BDW, Q)
OXPA3 Oxyspora paniculata (D. Don) DC. bristletips HI (NW) HI (I)
NAMI Najas minor All. brittle waternymph AL (CCW), CT (PIB), ME (IAP), MA (P), SC (ILAP, PP), WA (WAWQ) L48 (I), CAN (I)
GATE2 Galeopsis tetrahit L. brittlestem hempnettle AK (NW) L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
LELA2 Lepidium latifolium L. broadleaved pepperweed AK (NW), CA (BW), CO (BW), CT (IB), HI (NW), ID (NW), MA (P), MT (CAT2), NV (NW), NM (CAW), OR (BDW, Q), SD (RNPS), UT (NW), WA (CBW, NWSPQ), WY (NW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
LIGE Linaria genistifolia (L.) Mill. broomleaf toadflax CO (BW) L48 (I)
OROBA Orobanche L.5, 6 broomrape NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) (N), L48 (I,N)
ANVI2 Andropogon virginicus L. broomsedge bluestem HI (NW) (I), L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), CAN (N)
ORRU Oryza rufipogon Griffiths brownbeard rice NW AL (CAW), CA (BW, Q), FL (NW, PAP1), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) L48 (I)
CEJA Centaurea jacea L. brownray knapweed WA (CBW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), CAN (I), GL (I)
RHAMN Rhamnus L.7 buckthorn IA (PRNW) (I,N), L48 (I,N)
SORO Solanum rostratum Dunal buffalobur nightshade ID (NW), OR (BDW, Q), WA (CAW, NWSPQ) L48 (N), CAN (W)
PECI Pennisetum ciliare (L.) Link buffelgrass AZ (PNW, RGNW) (I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
ONTA Onopordum tauricum Willd. bull cottonthistle CA (AW), CO (BW) L48 (I)
CIVU Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten. bull thistle CO (BW), MD (NW), MN (PNW), NM (CBW), OR (BDW, Q), PA (NW), WA (CCW) L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
CILA8 Cirsium lanceolatum (L.) Scop., non Hill IA (PRNW)
MEPO3 Medicago polymorpha L. burclover AZ (PNW, RGNW) (I), L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
BASC5 Bassia scoparia (L.) A.J. Scott burningbush L48 (I), CAN (I)
KOSC Kochia scoparia (L.) Schrad. CT (PIB), OR (BDW, Q), WA (CBW, NWSPQ) CAN (I)
EUAL13 Euonymus alatus (Thunb.) Siebold burningbush MA (P) L48 (I), CAN (I)
EUAL8 Euonymus alata (Thunb.) Siebold, orth. var. CT (INB)
LIVU2 Linaria vulgaris Mill. butter and eggs ID (NW), MT (CAT1), NV (NW), NM (CAW), OR (BDW, Q), SD (RNPS), WA (CCW), WY (NW) L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
PAGL17 Packera glabella (Poir.) C. Jeffrey butterweed L48 (N), CAN (W)
SEGL Senecio glabellus Poir. OH (PNW)
URLO Urena lobata L. Caesarweed HI (NW) (I,N), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
LIOV Ligustrum ovalifolium Hassk. California privet CT (PINB) L48 (I), PR (I), CAN (I)
IMBR2 Imperata brevifolia Vasey California satintail CA (BW) L48 (N)
ALMA12 Alhagi maurorum Medik. camelthorn CA (AW, PN), WA (CBW) L48 (I)
ALCA Alhagi camelorum Fisch. NV (NW), TX (NP)
ALPS3 Alhagi pseudalhagi (M. Bieb.) Desv. ex B. Keller & Schaparenko AZ (PNW, RNW), CO (AW), NM (CAW), OR (ADW, Q)
POCO Poa compressa L. Canada bluegrass CT (PIB) L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
XASTC Xanthium strumarium L. var. canadense (Mill.) Torr. & A. Gray Canada cocklebur (I), L48 (N), HI (I), CAN (N)
XACO Xanthium commune Britton IA (SNW)
CIAR4 Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. Canada thistle AK (NW), AZ (PNW), CA (BW), CO (BW), CT (PIB), DE (NW), HI (NW), ID (NW), IL (NW), IN (NW), IA (PRNW), KS (NW), KY (NW), MD (NW), MI (NW), MN (PNW), MO (NW), MT (CAT1), NE (NW), NV (NW), NM (CAW), NC (CBW), ND (NW), OH (PNW), OK (NW), OR (BDW, Q), PA (NW), SD (NW, RNPS), UT (NW), WA (CCW), WI (NW), WY (NW) L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
CUME Cucumis melo L. cantaloupe (I), L48 (I), PR (I), CAN (W)
CUMED Cucumis melo L. var. dudaim (L.) Naud. AZ (PNW), CA (AW)
MORAE Moraea Mill. Cape tulip L48 (I)
HOMER Homeria Vent. AL (CAW), CA (Q), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), VT (CAW)
MOCO8 Moraea collina Thunb. Cape tulip NW L48 (I)
HOCO6 Homeria collina (Thunb.) Salisb. AL (CAW), CA (Q), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), VT (CAW)
ARCA45 Arctotheca calendula (L.) Levyns Capeweed CA (AW) L48 (I)
CACA19 Carum carvi L. caraway CO (BW) L48 (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
CYCA Cynara cardunculus L. cardoon CA (BW) L48 (I)
CACA Cabomba caroliniana A. Gray Carolina fanwort CA (QW), CT (IB), ME (IAP), MA (P), VT (CAW), WA (CBW, WAWQ) L48 (N), CAN (N)
SOCA3 Solanum carolinense L. Carolina horsenettle AK (NW), AZ (PNW), AR (NW), CA (BW), HI (NW), IA (PRNW), NV (NW) L48 (N), CAN (I)
CUAN4 Cupaniopsis anacardioides (A. Rich.) Radlk. carrotwood FL (NW) L48 (I)
SEPUP3 Setaria pumila (Poir.) Roem. & Schult. ssp. pallidefusca (Schumach.) B.K. Simon cattail grass L48 (I)
SEPA82 Setaria pallidifusca (Schumach.) Stapf & C.E. Hubbard, orth. var. NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
SECE Secale cereale L. cereal rye WA (CCW) L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (W), GL (W)
PHUR Phyllanthus urinaria L. chamber bitter AL (CCW) (NI), L48 (I), PR (I)
SIAR4 Sinapis arvensis L. charlock mustard L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), VI (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
BRTE Bromus tectorum L. cheatgrass CO (CW), CT (PIB) L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I)
CIIN Cichorium intybus L. chicory CO (CW) L48 (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
MISI Miscanthus sinensis Andersson Chinese silvergrass CT (PINB) L48 (I), CAN (I)
LECH2 Leptochloa chinensis (L.) Nees [excluded] Chinese sprangletop NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
TRSE6 Triadica sebifera (L.) Small Chinese tallow L48 (I)
SASE5 Sapium sebiferum (L.) Roxb. FL (NW), LA (NW), MS (NW), TX (NP)
MISC Mikania scandens (L.) Willd. climbing hempvine HI (NW) L48 (N), CAN (I)
SODU Solanum dulcamara L. climbing nightshade CT (PIB) L48 (I), CAN (I)
CESP4 Cenchrus spinifex Cav. coastal sandbur L48 (N), PR (N), VI (N)
CEIN4 Cenchrus incertus M.A. Curtis AZ (PNW, RGNW), CA (CW)
TRPR5 Tridax procumbens L. coatbuttons NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) (I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
XANTH2 Xanthium L. cocklebur AR (NW) (I,N), L48 (I,N)
EPHI Epilobium hirsutum L. codlins and cream MA (P), WA (WAWQ) L48 (I), CAN (I)
IMCY Imperata cylindrica (L.) P. Beauv.8 cogongrass NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), HI (NW), MN (PNW), MS (NW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) (NI), L48 (I)
TUFA Tussilago farfara L. coltsfoot AL (CAW), CT (IB), MA (P), OR (ADW, Q) L48 (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
SOAL Sorghum almum Parodi Columbus grass IL (NW), IN (NW), NV (NW), UT (NW) L48 (I)
HYPE3 Hyptis pectinata (L.) Poit. comb bushmint HI (NW) (I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
BEVU Berberis vulgaris L. common barberry CT (IB), MA (P), NH (PIS) L48 (I), CAN (I)
RHCA3 Rhamnus cathartica L. common buckthorn CT (IB), MA (P), MN (RNW), NH (PIS), VT (CBW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
ANOF Anchusa officinalis L. common bugloss OR (BDW, Q), WA (CBW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), CAN (I)
SPAN5 Spartina anglica C.E. Hubbard common cordgrass OR (ADW, Q), WA (CBW, WAWQ) L48 (I), CAN (I)
AGGI Agrostemma githago L. common corncockle AR (NW), SC (PP) L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)
CRVU2 Crupina vulgaris Cass. common crupina NW AL (CAW), CA (AW, Q), CO (AW), FL (NW), ID (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), MT (CAT3), NV (NW), NC (CAW), OR (BDW, Q), SC (PP), SD (RNPS), VT (CAW), WA (CAW, NWSPQ) L48 (I)
HYMO6 Hydrocharis morsus-ranae L. common frogbit CA (AW), ME (IAP), VT (CBW), WA (WAWQ) L48 (I), CAN (I)
SCHI Scolymus hispanicus L. common goldenthistle CA (AW) L48 (I)
ULEU Ulex europaeus L. common gorse CA (BW), HI (NW), OR (BDW, Q), WA (CBW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
VETH Verbascum thapsus L. common mullein CO (CW), HI (NW) L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
PHAU7 Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud.9 common reed AL (CCW), CT (IB), MA (P), SC (PP), VT (CBW), WA (CCW) (I,N), L48 (N), HI (I), CAN (N)
PHCO15 Phragmites communis Trin. SC (ILAP)
HAHA8 Halimodendron halodendron (Pall.) Voss common salttree CA (AW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
RUAC3 Rumex acetosella L. common sheep sorrel CT (PIB), IA (SNW) L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
HYPE Hypericum perforatum L. common St. Johnswort CA (CW), CO (CW), MT (CAT1), NV (NW), OR (BDW), SD (RNPS), WA (CCW), WY (NW) L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
HEAN3 Helianthus annuus L. common sunflower IA (SNW) L48 (N), AK (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
TAVU Tanacetum vulgare L. common tansy CO (BW), MT (CAT1), WA (CCW), WY (NW) L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
CEPUP6 Centromadia pungens (Hook. & Arn.) Greene ssp. pungens common tarweed L48 (N)
HEPU5 Hemizonia pungens (Hook. & Arn.) Torr. & A. Gray OR (BDW, Q), WA (CCW)
ECVU Echium vulgare L. common viper's bugloss WA (CBW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (W), SPM (I)
EICR Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms common water hyacinth AL (CCW), AZ (PNW, RGNW, RNW), CA (CW), CT (PINB), SC (ILAP, PP), TX (NP) (I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (W)
ALVIC3 Allium vineale L. ssp. compactum (Thuill.) Coss. & Germ. compact onion HI (NW) L48 (I)
ANAR6 Anthemis arvensis L. corn chamomile CO (BW) L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
ONOPO Onopordum L. cottonthistle AR (NW) (W), L48 (I)
RARE3 Ranunculus repens L. creeping buttercup MA (P) L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
LYNU Lysimachia nummularia L. creeping jenny CT (PINB), MA (P) L48 (I), CAN (I)
ROSY Rorippa sylvestris (L.) Besser creeping yellowcress CA (QW), NC (CBW), OR (BDW, Q) L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), GL (I)
ANCR2 Anoda cristata (L.) Schltdl. crested anoda CO (BW) L48 (N), PR (N)
ELCI Elsholtzia ciliata (Thunb.) Hyl. crested latesummer mint CT (PIB) L48 (I), CAN (I)
PESE3 Pennisetum setaceum (Forssk.) Chiov. crimson fountaingrass HI (NW) L48 (I), HI (I)
CHTE2 Chorispora tenella (Pall.) DC. crossflower CA (BW) L48 (I), CAN (W)
POPO5 Polygonum polystachyum Wall. ex Meisn. cultivated knotweed CA (BW), OR (BDW, Q), WA (CBW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
SIPE2 Silphium perfoliatum L. cup plant CT (PIB) L48 (N), CAN (N)
RUCR Rumex crispus L. curly dock IA (SNW) L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
CACR2 Carduus crispus L. curly plumeless thistle WV (NW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
POCR3 Potamogeton crispus L. curly pondweed AL (CCW), CT (IB), ME (IAP), MA (P), VT (CBW), WA (CCW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
RIBES Ribes L.10 currant MI (PP) (I,N), L48 (I,N)
PRCA10 Prosopis calingastana Burkart cusqui NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
DILA4 Dipsacus laciniatus L. cutleaf teasel CO (BW), IA (SNW), MO (NW), OR (BDW, Q) L48 (I), CAN (I)
EUCY2 Euphorbia cyparissias L. cypress spurge CO (AW), CT (PIB), MA (P) L48 (I), CAN (I)
LIDA Linaria dalmatica (L.) Mill. Dalmatian toadflax CO (BW), ID (NW), MT (CAT1), NV (NW), OR (BDW, Q), SD (RNPS), WY (NW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
LIDAD Linaria dalmatica (L.) Mill. ssp. dalmatica Dalmatian toadflax WA (CBW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
LIGED Linaria genistifolia (L.) Mill. ssp. dalmatica (L.) Maire & Petitm. AZ (PNW, RNW), CA (AW), NM (CAW), ND (NW), WA (NWSPQ) CAN (I)
HEMA3 Hesperis matronalis L. dames rocket CO (BW), CT (IB), MA (P) L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)
LOTE2 Lolium temulentum L. Darnel ryegrass AR (NW), SC (PP) L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
SPDE2 Spartina densiflora Brongn. denseflower cordgrass OR (ADW, Q), WA (CAW, WAWQ) L48 (I), CAN (I)
ORCO4 Orobanche cooperi (A. Gray) A. Heller desert broomrape CA (AW) L48 (N)
TRRH Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq. diamond burbark HI (NW) L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
CEDI3 Centaurea diffusa Lam. diffuse knapweed AZ (PNW, RNW), CA (AW), CO (BW), ID (NW), MT (CAT1), NE (NW), NV (NW), NM (CAW), ND (NW), OR (BDW, Q), SD (RNPS), UT (NW), WA (CBW, NWSPQ), WY (NW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
RUMEX Rumex L. dock AR (NW) (I), GL (I,N)
CUSCU Cuscuta L.11, 12 dodder NW AL (CAW), AZ (PNW, RNW), AR (NW), CA (CW, Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MI (NW), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (BDW, Q), SC (PP), SD (RNPS), VT (CAW) (I,N), L48 (I,N)
LAPU12 Landoltia punctata (G. Mey.) D.H. Les & D.J. Crawford dotted duckmeat L48 (N), HI (N), PR (N)
SPOL2 Spirodela oligorrhiza (Kurz) Hegelm. TX (NP)
IRDO Iris douglasiana Herb. Douglas iris CA (CW) L48 (N)
OEXE Oenothera xerogaura W.L. Wagner & Hoch Drummond's beeblossom L48 (N)
GADR Gaura drummondii (Spach) Torr. & A. Gray CA (BW)
OTAL Ottelia alismoides (L.) Pers. ducklettuce NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MA (P), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (ILAP, PP), VT (CAW) L48 (I)
LOXY Lonicera xylosteum L. dwarf honeysuckle CT (PIB) L48 (I), CAN (I)
CHMI Chaenorhinum minus (L.) Lange dwarf snapdragon WA (NWSPQ) L48 (I), CAN (I)
ISTI Isatis tinctoria L. Dyer's woad AZ (PNW), CA (BW), CO (AW), ID (NW), MT (CAT2), NV (NW), NM (CAW), OR (BDW, Q), UT (NW), WA (CAW, NWSPQ), WY (NW) L48 (I), CAN (W)
SAAU Salvinia auriculata Aubl. eared watermoss NW AL (CAW), CA (Q, QW), MA (P), OR (Q), SC (ILAP, PP), VT (CAW) PR (I)
TORA2 Toxicodendron radicans (L.) Kuntze eastern poison ivy MN (PNW) L48 (N), CAN (N)
RUMO4 Rubus moluccanus L. [excluded] eelkek NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
EUOB4 Euphorbia oblongata Griseb. eggleaf spurge CA (BW), WA (CAW, NWSPQ) L48 (I)
HEHE Hedera helix L.13 English ivy OR (BDW, Q), WA (CCW) L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
MYSP2 Myriophyllum spicatum L. Eurasian watermilfoil AL (CCW), CO (BW), CT (IB), FL (PAP1), ID (NW), ME (IAP), MA (P), MT (CAT3), NV (NW), NM (CAW), NC (CBW), OR (BDW, Q), SC (ILAP, PP), SD (RNPS), TX (NP), VT (CBW), WA (CBW, WAWQ) L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)
SASC2 Salvia sclarea L. Europe sage WA (CAW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), CAN (W)
VIAL2 Viscum album L. European mistletoe CA (BW) L48 (I)
LIVU Ligustrum vulgare L. European privet CT (PINB) L48 (I), CAN (I)
CYRO8 Cynanchum rossicum (Kleopow) Borhidi European swallow-wort CT (IB), MA (P), NH (PIS) L48 (I), CAN (I)
LYVI3 Lythrum virgatum L.14, 15 European wand loosestrife IA (SNW), MN (PNW), MT (CAT2), NE (NW), NV (NW), ND (NW), SD (RNPS), TN (PP), VA (NW), WA (CBW, Q) L48 (I)
MAQU Marsilea quadrifolia L. European waterclover CT (PIB) L48 (I), CAN (N)
CLVI6 Clematis vitalba L. evergreen clematis OR (BDW, Q), WA (CCW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
AMFR Amorpha fruticosa L. false indigo bush CT (PIB), WA (CBW, NWSPQ) L48 (N), CAN (N)
LEHO7 Lepyrodiclis holosteoides (C.A. Mey.) Fenzl ex Fisch. & C.A. Mey. false jagged-ckickweed WA (CBW) L48 (I)
AZPI Azolla pinnata R. Br. feathered mosquitofern NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MA (P), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (ILAP, PP), VT (CAW) L48 (I)
COAR4 Convolvulus arvensis L. field bindweed AK (NW), AZ (PNW, RGNW), AR (NW), CA (CW), CO (CW), HI (NW), ID (NW), IA (PRNW), KS (NW), MI (NW), MN (PNW), MO (NW), MT (CAT1), NM (CCW), ND (NW), OR (BDW, Q), SD (RNPS), TX (NP), UT (NW), WA (CCW), WI (NW), WY (NW) L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
SOSE2 Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pav. field burrweed WA (CAW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
SOAR2 Sonchus arvensis L. field sowthistle AK (NW), AZ (PNW), CA (AW), CO (CW), HI (NW), ID (NW), IL (NW), IA (PRNW), MI (NW), MN (PNW), NV (NW), SD (NW, RNPS), WY (NW) L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
SOARA2 Sonchus arvensis L. ssp. arvensis field sowthistle WA (CBW) L48 (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
RAFI Ranunculus ficaria L. fig buttercup CT (IB), MA (P) L48 (I), CAN (I)
FEFI Festuca filiformis Pourr. fineleaf sheep fescue MA (P) L48 (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
MOFA Morella faya (Aiton) Wilbur firetree HI (I)
MYFA Myrica faya Aiton HI (NW)
TACH2 Tamarix chinensis Lour. five-stamen tamarisk CO (BW), ND (NW) L48 (I)
STFL4 Stachys floridana Shuttlw. ex Benth. Florida hedgenettle NC (CBW) L48 (N)
HITR Hibiscus trionum L. flower of an hour CO (BW), WA (NWSPQ) L48 (I), CAN (I)
BUUM Butomus umbellatus L. flowering rush CT (PIB), VT (CBW), WA (WAWQ) L48 (I), CAN (I)
ONAL5 Ononis alopecuroides L. foxtail restharrow CA (QW) L48 (I)
GEMO2 Genista monspessulana (L.) L.A.S. Johnson French broom CA (CW), OR (BDW) L48 (I)
CYMO5 Cytisus monspessulanus L. HI (NW), OR (Q)
DIFU2 Dipsacus fullonum L. Fuller's teasel CO (BW), IA (SNW), MO (NW), NM (CBW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
GAPA2 Galinsoga parviflora Cav. gallant soldier AK (NW) L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (I)
VAOF Valeriana officinalis L. garden valerian CT (PIB) L48 (I), CAN (I)
LYVU Lysimachia vulgaris L. garden yellow loosestrife CT (PIB), WA (CBW, WAWQ) L48 (I), CAN (I)
ALPE4 Alliaria petiolata (M. Bieb.) Cavara & Grande garlic mustard AL (CAW), CT (IB), MA (P), MN (PNW), NH (PIS), OR (BDW, Q), VT (CBW), WA (CAW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)
EUTE10 Euphorbia terracina L. Geraldton carnation weed CA (QW) L48 (I)
CURE Cuscuta reflexa Roxb. giant dodder CA (AW) L48 (I)
MIDI8 Mimosa diplotricha C. Wright giant false sensitive plant HI (NW), MA (P) (I), HI (I), PR (I)
MIIN80 Mimosa invisa Mart., non Mart. ex Colla NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), HI (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
HEMA17 Heracleum mantegazzianum Sommier & Levier giant hogweed NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), CT (PIB), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NH (PIS), NC (CAW), OR (ADW, Q), PA (NW), SC (PP), VT (CAW), WA (CAW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), CAN (I)
EQTE Equisetum telmateia Ehrh. giant horsetail OR (BDW, Q) L48 (N), CAN (N)
POSA4 Polygonum sachalinense F. Schmidt ex Maxim. giant knotweed CA (BW), CT (PIB), OR (BDW, Q), WA (CBW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)
ARDO4 Arundo donax L. giant reed TX (NP) (NI), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
SABI9 Salvinia biloba Raddi giant salvinia NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MA (P), OR (Q), SC (ILAP, PP), VT (CAW)
SAHE7 Salvinia herzogii de la Sota giant salvinia NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MA (P), OR (Q), SC (ILAP, PP), VT (CAW)
IPCAF Ipomoea carnea Jacq. ssp. fistulosa (Mart. ex Choisy) D. Austin gloria de la manana (I), L48 (I), PR (I), VI (I)
IPFI2 Ipomoea fistulosa Mart. ex Choisy FL (PAP1)
TIBOU Tibouchina Aubl. glorytree HI (NW) (I)
FRAL4 Frangula alnus Mill. glossy buckthorn CT (INB), MA (P) L48 (I), CAN (I)
RHFR Rhamnus frangula L. MN (RNW), NH (PIS), VT (CBW)
CHAC Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin. golden false beardgrass NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) (N), L48 (I), HI (I)
SCOLY Scolymus L. goldenthistle AR (NW) L48 (I)
CUMY Cucumis myriocarpus E. Mey. ex Naud. gooseberry gourd CA (BW) L48 (I)
VITIS Vitis L.16 grape OH (PNW) (I,N), L48 (I,N)
SAGR Sagittaria graminea Michx. grassy arrowhead WA (CBW, WAWQ) L48 (N), CAN (N)
AMTR Ambrosia trifida L.1 great ragweed CA (BW), DE (NW), IL (NW) L48 (N), CAN (N)
ROAM Rorippa amphibia (L.) Besser great yellowcress MA (P) L48 (I), CAN (I)
COSQ Coronopus squamatus (Forssk.) Asch. greater swinecress AZ (PNW), CA (BW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
GLHE2 Glechoma hederacea L. ground ivy CT (PIB) L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)
CYOF Cynoglossum officinale L. gypsyflower CO (BW), MT (CAT1), NV (NW), OR (BDW, Q), WA (CBW), WY (NW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
HYRA3 Hypochaeris radicata L. hairy cat's ear WA (CBW) L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
FAVI Fatoua villosa (Thunb.) Nakai hairy crabweed AL (CCW) L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
CAPU6 Cardaria pubescens (C.A. Mey.) Jarmolenko hairy whitetop AK (NW), AZ (PNW), CA (BW), HI (NW), OR (BDW, Q), WA (CCW), WY (NW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
ACRE3 Acroptilon repens (L.) DC. hardheads AZ (PNW, RNW), CA (BW), CO (BW), HI (NW), NM (CBW), ND (NW), OR (BDW, Q), WA (CBW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
CERE6 Centaurea repens L. AK (NW), ID (NW), IA (PRNW), KS (NW), MT (CAT1), NV (NW), SC (PP), SD (NW, RNPS), UT (NW), WY (NW)
PEHA Peganum harmala L. harmal peganum AZ (PNW), CA (AW), CO (AW), NV (NW), NM (CBW), OR (ADW, Q) L48 (I)
EUMU Euryops multifidus (Thunb.) DC. hawk's eye L48 (I)
EUSUV Euryops subcarnosus DC. ssp. vulgaris B. Nord AZ (RNW)
HIERA Hieracium L.17 hawkweed WA (CCW) (I,N), L48 (I,N), GL (I,N)
HIFL3 Hieracium ×floribundum Wimm. & Grab. (pro sp.) [caespitosum × lactucella] hawkweed MT (CAT2), OR (ADW, Q), WA (CAW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
PIHI Picris hieracioides L. hawkweed oxtongue WA (CBW) L48 (NI), AK (N), HI (I), CAN (I)
MINY Mirabilis nyctaginea (Michx.) MacMill. heartleaf four o'clock WA (CAW, NWSPQ) L48 (N), CAN (N)
MICO16 Mikania cordata (Burm. f.) B.L. Rob. [excluded] heartleaf hempvine NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
SOCA19 Solanum cardiophyllum Lindl. heartleaf horsenettle CA (AW) L48 (I)
ANCO6 Anredera cordifolia (Ten.) Steenis heartleaf madeiravine HI (NW) L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
MOVA Monochoria vaginalis (Burm. f.) C. Presl ex Kunth heartshape false pickerelweed NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (PAP1), MA (P), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (ILAP, PP), VT (CAW) L48 (I), HI (I)
CEHI3 Cereus hildmannianus K. Schum. hedge cactus HI (I), PR (I)
CEUR Cereus uruguayanus auct. non Kiesling HI (NW)
CASE13 Calystegia sepium (L.) R. Br. hedge false bindweed TX (NP) L48 (NI), AK (I), CAN (N), SPM (I)
CASES Calystegia sepium (L.) R. Br. ssp. sepium hedge false bindweed L48 (I), AK (I)
COSE14 Convolvulus sepium L. AR (NW)
ORMI Orobanche minor Sm. hellroot OR (BDW, Q) L48 (I)
ORRA Orobanche ramosa L. hemp broomrape AZ (PNW), CA (AW), TX (NP) L48 (I)
PIAD Piper aduncum L. higuillo de hoja menuda HI (NW) L48 (N), PR (N), VI (N)
RUAR9 Rubus armeniacus Focke Himalayan blackberry L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
RUDI2 Rubus discolor Weihe & Nees OR (BDW, Q)
VOCU Vossia cuspidata Griff. hippo grass FL (PAP1)
BEIN2 Berteroa incana (L.) DC. hoary alyssum MI (NW) L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)
MEVE3 Medinilla venosa (Blume) Blume holdtight HI (NW) HI (I)
TRBI5 Trapa bicornis Osbeck horn nut WA (WAWQ)
CEIB Centaurea iberica Trevir. ex Spreng. Iberian knapweed AZ (PNW), CA (AW), NV (NW), OR (ADW, Q) L48 (I)
ONIL Onopordum illyricum L. Illyrian cottonthistle NW CA (AW) L48 (I)
AEIN Aeschynomene indica L. Indian jointvetch HI (NW) L48 (N), PR (N)
LIIN5 Limnophila indica (L.) Druce Indian marshweed CA (QW) (N), L48 (I)
HOGL2 Hoffmannseggia glauca (Ortega) Eifert Indian rushpea L48 (N)
HODE Hoffmannseggia densiflora Benth. KS (NW)
HYPO3 Hygrophila polysperma (Roxb.) T. Anderson Indian swampweed NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (PAP2), MA (P), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (ILAP, PP), VT (CAW) L48 (I)
DISA9 Dipsacus sativus (L.) Honck. Indian teasel IA (SNW) L48 (I)
SAPR2 Salvia pratensis L. introduced sage WA (CAW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), CAN (I)
CAPY2 Carduus pycnocephalus L. Italian plumeless thistle CA (CW), OR (BDW, Q), WA (CAW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), HI (I)
ROCO6 Rottboellia cochinchinensis (Lour.) W.D. Clayton itchgrass NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MA (P), MN (PNW), MS (NW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), TX (NP), VT (CAW) L48 (I), PR (I)
ROEX2 Rottboellia exaltata (L.) L. f. AR (NW), FL (NW)
COGR9 Coccinia grandis (L.) Voigt ivy gourd HI (NW) (I), L48 (I), HI (I), VI (I)
CHOD Chromolaena odorata (L.) R.M. King & H. Rob. Jack in the bush HI (NW) (I), L48 (N), PR (N), VI (N)
BETH Berberis thunbergii DC. Japanese barberry CT (INB), MA (P) L48 (I), CAN (I)
SEFA Setaria faberi Herrm. Japanese bristlegrass AR (NW), CA (BW), KY (NW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
LYJA Lygodium japonicum (Thunb.) Sw. Japanese climbing fern AL (CBW), FL (NW) L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
CUJA Cuscuta japonica Choisy Japanese dodder TX (NP) L48 (I)
LOJA Lonicera japonica Thunb. Japanese honeysuckle CT (IB), MA (P), NH (PIS), VT (CBW) L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (I)
HUJA Humulus japonicus Siebold & Zucc. Japanese hop CT (PIB), MA (P) L48 (I), CAN (I)
POCU6 Polygonum cuspidatum Siebold & Zucc. Japanese knotweed AL (CCW), CA (BW), CT (IB), MA (P), NH (PIS), OR (BDW, Q), WA (CBW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
FAJA2 Fallopia japonica (Houtt.) Ronse Decr. VT (CBW) CAN (I)
CAKO2 Carex kobomugi Ohwi Japanese sedge CT (PIB), MA (P) L48 (I)
CIJA2 Cirsium japonicum Fisch. ex DC. Japanese thistle CA (QW)
CAOX6 Carthamus oxyacanthus M. Bieb. jeweled distaff thistle L48 (I)
CAOX2 Carthamus oxyacantha M. Bieb., orth. var. NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
DAST Datura stramonium L. jimsonweed CT (PIB), PA (NW) L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (I)
COBE2 Commelina benghalensis L. jio NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) (I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
MICON Miconia Ruiz & Pav. johnnyberry HI (NW) (N)
SOHA Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers. Johnsongrass AR (NW), CA (CW), CO (CW), DE (NW), ID (NW), IL (NW), IN (NW), KS (NW), KY (NW), MD (NW), MO (NW), NV (NW), OH (PNW), OR (BDW, Q), PA (NW), SD (RNPS), UT (NW), WA (CAW, NWSPQ), WV (NW) (I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (I)
AECY Aegilops cylindrica Host jointed goatgrass AZ (PNW, RNW), CA (BW), CO (CW), ID (NW), NM (CCW), OR (BDW, Q), WA (CCW) L48 (I)
ALTER2 Alternanthera Forssk. joyweed AR (NW) (I,N), L48 (I,N)
GRBA Grevillea banksii R. Br. kahiliflower HI (NW) HI (I)
SAMO5 Salvinia molesta Mitchell kariba-weed NW AL (CAW), AZ (PNW, RGNW), CA (Q), CO (AW), CT (PIB), MA (P), MS (NW), NV (NW), OR (Q), SC (ILAP, PP), VT (CAW) L48 (I), HI (I)
PRPA4 Prosopis pallida (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.) Kunth kiawe NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
PECL2 Pennisetum clandestinum Hochst. ex Chiov. kikuyugrass NW AL (CAW), CA (CW, Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW, Q), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
CATA5 Caulerpa taxifolia (Vahl) C. Agardh18 killer alga NW AL (CAW), MA (P), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (ILAP, PP), VT (CAW) L48 (I)
PASC6 Paspalum scrobiculatum L. kodomillet NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) (NI), L48 (I), HI (I)
PUMO Pueraria montana (Lour.) Merr. kudzu CT (PIB), FL (NW), MA (P) (I), L48 (I), HI (I)
PUMOL Pueraria montana (Lour.) Merr. var. lobata (Willd.) Maesen & S.M. Almeida ex Sanjappa & Predeep kudzu MS (NW), WA (CAW, NWSPQ) (I), L48 (I), HI (I)
PULO Pueraria lobata (Willd.) Ohwi IL (NW), KS (NW), KY (NW), MO (NW), OR (ADW, Q), PA (NW), TX (NP)
PUTH Pueraria thunbergiana (Siebold & Zucc.) Benth. WV (NW)
PEPE24 Pennisetum pedicellatum Trin. Kyasuma grass NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) L48 (I)
LUGRG2 Ludwigia grandiflora (Michx.) Greuter & Burdet ssp. grandiflora large-flower primrose-willow L48 (I)
LUUR Ludwigia uruguayensis (Camb.) H. Hara SC (PP)
LUGRH Ludwigia grandiflora (Michx.) Greuter & Burdet ssp. hexapetala (Hook. & Arn.) G.L. Nesom & Kartesz large-flower primrose-willow L48 (I)
LUHE5 Ludwigia hexapetala (Hook. & Arn.) Zardini, Gu & P.H. Raven NC (CBW), SC (ILAP, PP), WA (CBW, WAWQ)
PLAR3 Plantago aristata Michx. largebracted plantain AR (NW) L48 (N), HI (I), CAN (I)
EUES Euphorbia esula L. leafy spurge AK (NW), AZ (PNW), CA (AW), CO (BW), CT (IB), HI (NW), ID (NW), IA (PRNW), KS (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), MT (CAT1), NE (NW), NV (NW), NM (CAW), ND (NW), OR (BDW, Q), SD (NW, RNPS), UT (NW), WA (CBW, NWSPQ), WI (NW), WY (NW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
EUESE Euphorbia esula L. var. esula leafy spurge L48 (I), CAN (I)
EUPS2 Euphorbia pseudovirgata (Schur) Soó SD (RNPS)
CACH42 Cardaria chalepensis (L.) Hand.-Maz. lenspod whitetop L48 (I), CAN (I)
CACH10 Cardaria chalapensis (L.) Hand.-Maz., orth. var. AZ (PNW), CA (BW), OR (BDW, Q) CAN (I)
ARMI2 Arctium minus Bernh. lesser burdock CO (CW), WY (NW) L48 (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
CENI2 Centaurea nigra L. lesser knapweed WA (CBW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
IPTU3 Ipomoea turbinata Lag. lilacbell L48 (I)
CAMU25 Calonyction muricatum (L.) G. Don AR (NW), SC (PP)
POOL Portulaca oleracea L. little hogweed AZ (PNW, RGNW) (NI), L48 (I,N), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (NI)
IPTR2 Ipomoea triloba L. littlebell AZ (PNW, RNW), FL (NW), SC (PP) (I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
MIPE2 Mimosa pellita Kunth ex Willd. lollipop mimosa L48 (N), PR (N)
MIPI Mimosa pigra auct. non L. NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW, PAP1), HI (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
PHLO4 Physalis longifolia Nutt. longleaf groundcherry CA (AW) L48 (N), CAN (N)
POAME Polygonum amphibium L. var. emersum Michx. longroot smartweed CA (CW) L48 (N), CAN (N)
ORLO3 Oryza longistaminata A. Chev. & Roehr. longstamen rice NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
LYTHR Lythrum L.19, 20, 21 loosestrife MI (SP), NC (CBW), WI (NUW) (I,N), L48 (I,N)
CYLO11 Cynanchum louiseae Kartesz & Gandhi Louise's swallow-wort CT (IB), MA (P) L48 (I), CAN (I)
CYNI Cynanchum nigrum (L.) Pers., non Cav. NH (PIS)
VINI3 Vincetoxicum nigrum (L.) Moench VT (CBW)
SEMA15 Senecio madagascariensis Poir. Madagascar ragwort HI (NW) HI (I)
LYFL7 Lygodium flexuosum (L.) Sw. maidenhair creeper NW
MEMA Melastoma malabathricum L. Malabar melastome NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) (N), HI (I)
CEME2 Centaurea melitensis L. Maltese star-thistle NV (NW), NM (CBW) L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
CASA3 Cannabis sativa L. marijuana IL (NW), MN (PNW), MO (NW), PA (NW), WV (NW) L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (I)
PHTE5 Phyllanthus tenellus Roxb. Mascarene Island leaf-flower AL (CCW) L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
CELO3 Cenchrus longispinus (Hack.) Fernald mat sandbur CA (CW), WA (CBW) L48 (N), CAN (N)
NAST3 Nardus stricta L. matgrass ID (NW), OR (ADW, Q) L48 (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
HICA10 Hieracium caespitosum Dumort. meadow hawkweed WA (CBW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), CAN (I)
HIPR Hieracium pratense Tausch ID (NW), MT (CAT2), OR (ADW, Q)
ALPA20 Allium paniculatum L. Mediterranean onion CA (BW) L48 (I)
SAAE Salvia aethiopis L. Mediterranean sage CA (BW), CO (AW), NV (NW), OR (BDW, Q), WA (CAW, NWSPQ) L48 (I)
TACA8 Taeniatherum caput-medusae (L.) Nevski medusahead CA (CW), CO (AW), NV (NW), OR (BDW, Q), UT (NW) L48 (I)
MELAS Melastoma L. melastoma HI (NW) (I)
PROSO Prosopis L. mesquite FL (NW) (I), L48 (I,N)
PRJU3 Prosopis juliflora (Sw.) DC. mesquite HI (NW) HI (I)
EUHE4 Euphorbia heterophylla L. Mexican fireplant (I), L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
EUPR5 Euphorbia prunifolia Jacq. FL (NW), SC (PP)
THPA7 Thymelaea passerina (L.) Coss. & Germ. mezereon WA (CAW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), CAN (N)
MIMI5 Mikania micrantha Kunth mile-a-minute NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), HI (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) L48 (I), PR (N)
SILYB Silybum Adans. milkthistle AR (NW) (I), L48 (I)
PEPO14 Pennisetum polystachion (L.) Schult. mission grass (I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
PEPO4 Pennisetum polystachyon (L.) Schult., orth. var. NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
HAMA7 Harrisia martinii (Labour.) Britton mooncactus HI (I)
ERMA16 Eriocereus martinii (Labour.) Riccob. HI (NW)
IPOMO Ipomoea L.22 morning-glory AZ (PNW), AR (NW) (I), L48 (I,N)
LOMO2 Lonicera morrowii A. Gray Morrow's honeysuckle CT (IB), MA (P), NH (PIS), VT (CBW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
VEBL Verbascum blattaria L. moth mullein CO (BW) L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
HIPI Hieracium pilosella L. mouseear hawkweed OR (ADW, Q), WA (CBW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
GLCL3 Glossostigma cleistanthum W.R. Barker Mudmats WA (WAWQ) L48 (I)
GLDI Glossostigma diandrum (L.) Kunze [excluded] mudmats WA (WAWQ)
ROMU Rosa multiflora Thunb.23, 24 multiflora rose AL (CCW), CT (IB), IN (PR), IA (SNW), KY (NW), MA (P), MO (NW), NH (PIS), PA (NW), SD (RNPS), WV (NW), WI (NUW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
BRASS2 Brassica L. mustard MI (NW) (I), L48 (I), GL (I,W)
SINAP Sinapis L. mustard MI (NW) (I), L48 (I), GL (I)
TAMI3 Tagetes minuta L. muster John Henry CA (AW) L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
EUMY2 Euphorbia myrsinites L. myrtle spurge CO (AW), OR (BDW, Q) L48 (I), CAN (I)
CAIM Cardamine impatiens L. narrowleaf bittercress CT (IB), MA (P) L48 (I), CAN (I)
PLLA Plantago lanceolata L. narrowleaf plantain AR (NW), IA (SNW) (I), L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
NEAL2 Nechamandra alternifolia (Roxb.) Thw. nechamandra FL (PAP1)
MIVI Microstegium vimineum (Trin.) A. Camus Nepalese browntop AL (CCW), CT (IB), MA (P) L48 (I), PR (I)
MUSC Muhlenbergia schreberi J.F. Gmel. nimblewill CA (BW) L48 (N), CAN (N)
CANU4 Carduus nutans L. nodding plumeless thistle CA (AW), CO (BW), ID (NW), IL (NW), KS (NW), KY (NW), MD (NW), MN (PNW), MO (NW), NE (NW), NV (NW), NM (CBW), NC (CBW), ND (NW), OH (PNW), OK (NW), OR (BDW, Q), PA (NW), SD (RNPS), UT (NW), WA (CBW, NWSPQ), WV (NW), WY (NW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
ACPL Acer platanoides L. Norway maple CT (INB), MA (P) L48 (I), CAN (I)
CYRO Cyperus rotundus L. nutgrass AR (NW), CA (BW), OR (ADW, Q), WA (Q) (I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
SEVU Senecio vulgaris L. old-man-in-the-Spring WA (CCW) L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
MOFL2 Moraea flaccida (Sweet) Steud. one-leaf Cape tulip NW
HOFL4 Homeria flaccida Sweet AL (CAW), CA (Q), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), VT (CAW)
NAMI2 Nasturtium microphyllum Boenn. ex Rchb. onerow yellowcress L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
ROMI3 Rorippa microphylla (Boenn. ex Rchb.) Hyl. ex Á. Löve & D. Löve CT (PIB)
SIAN Sicyos angulatus L. oneseed bur cucumber DE (NW), IN (NW), KY (NW) L48 (N), CAN (N)
ALLIU Allium L. onion AR (NW) (I), L48 (I,N)
ASFI2 Asphodelus fistulosus L. onionweed NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NM (CAW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) L48 (I)
PASO2 Papaver somniferum L. opium poppy WV (NW) L48 (I), CAN (W), GL (W)
BUDA2 Buddleja davidii Franch.25 orange eye butterflybush OR (BDW, Q), WA (CCW) L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (I)
HIAU Hieracium aurantiacum L. orange hawkweed CO (AW), ID (NW), MT (CAT2), OR (ADW, Q), WA (CBW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
SOLA Solanum lanceolatum Cav. orangeberry nightshade CA (BW) L48 (I)
CEOR7 Celastrus orbiculatus Thunb. Oriental bittersweet CT (IB), MA (P), NH (PIS), NC (CCW), VT (CBW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
POCE4 Polygonum cespitosum Blume, nom. inq. Oriental lady's thumb L48 (I), CAN (I)
POCA49 Polygonum caespitosum Blume, orth. var. CT (PIB) CAN (I)
CLOR Clematis orientalis L. Oriental virginsbower CO (BW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
IMGL Impatiens glandulifera Royle ornamental jewelweed CT (PIB), OR (BDW, Q), WA (CBW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), CAN (I)
AEGE Aegilops geniculata Roth ovate goatgrass L48 (I)
AEOV2 Aegilops ovata L. p.p. CA (BW), OR (ADW, Q)
LEVU Leucanthemum vulgare Lam. oxeye daisy WA (CBW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
CHLE80 Chrysanthemum leucanthemum L. CO (BW), MT (CAT1), WY (NW)
CHLEP Chrysanthemum leucanthemum L. var. pinnatifidum Lecoq & Lamotte OH (PNW)
SESQ Senecio squalidus L. oxford ragwort CA (BW) L48 (I), CAN (N)
LAGAR Lagarosiphon Harv. oxygen-weed FL (PAP1), NC (CAW)
LAMA15 Lagarosiphon major (Ridley) Moss oxygen-weed NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MA (P), OR (Q), SC (ILAP, PP), TX (NP), VT (CAW), WA (WAWQ)
MIFL3 Miscanthus floridulus (Labill.) Warb. ex K. Schum. & Lauterb. Pacific Island silvergrass HI (NW) (N), L48 (I)
ACPA14 Acaena pallida (Kirk) Allen pale biddy-biddy CA (AW) L48 (I)
RUAL4 Rumex altissimus Alph. Wood pale dock IA (SNW) L48 (N), CAN (N), SPM (N)
IRPS Iris pseudacorus L. paleyellow iris CT (IB), MA (P), MT (CAT3), NH (PIS), OR (BDW, Q), WA (CCW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
RUSI4 Rubus sieboldii Blume palmleaf dewberry HI (NW) HI (I)
URPA Urochloa panicoides P. Beauv. panic liverseed grass NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) L48 (I)
ACPA8 Acacia paradoxa DC. paradox acacia CA (BW) L48 (I)
MYAQ2 Myriophyllum aquaticum (Vell.) Verdc. parrot feather watermilfoil AL (CCW), CT (PIB), ME (IAP), MA (P), VT (CAW), WA (CBW, WAWQ) L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
BOFR2 Bocconia frutescens L. parrotweed HI (NW) HI (I), PR (N)
HYSU3 Hyptis suaveolens (L.) Poit. pignut HI (NW) HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
CARDU Carduus L. plumeless thistle AR (NW), IA (PRNW) (I), L48 (I)
COMA2 Conium maculatum L. poison hemlock CO (CW), ID (NW), IA (SNW), NV (NW), NM (CBW), OH (PNW), OR (BDW, Q), WA (CCW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
TOVE Toxicodendron vernix (L.) Kuntze poison sumac MI (NW) L48 (N), CAN (N)
HIAT2 Hieracium atratum Fr. polar hawkweed WA (CBW)
CAST Callitriche stagnalis Scop. pond water-starwort CT (PIB) L48 (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
IVAX Iva axillaris Pursh povertyweed CA (CW) L48 (N), CAN (N)
SYAS Symphytum asperum Lepechin prickly comfrey CA (BW) L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)
SATR12 Salsola tragus L. prickly Russian thistle CA (CW) L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
SAKAT6 Salsola kali L. ssp. tenuifolia Moq. OH (PNW)
PATO2 Paulownia tomentosa (Thunb.) Siebold & Zucc. ex Steud. princesstree CT (PIB) L48 (I)
GAOF Galega officinalis L. professor-weed NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NV (NW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), PA (NW), SC (PP), VT (CAW), WA (CAW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), CAN (I)
PAMI2 Panicum miliaceum L. proso millet CO (CW), OR (BDW, Q) L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (I)
TRTE Tribulus terrestris L. puncturevine AZ (PNW, RGNW), CA (CW), CO (CW), ID (NW), IA (SNW), NV (NW), NC (CBW), OR (BDW, Q), WA (CBW) (I), L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (W)
MEQU Melaleuca quinquenervia (Cav.) S.F. Blake punktree NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW, PAP1), MA (P), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (ILAP, PP), TX (NP), VT (CAW) (I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
SOMA Solanum marginatum L. f. purple African nightshade CA (BW) L48 (I)
LYSA2 Lythrum salicaria L.26, 14, 15, 27 purple loosestrife AL (CBW), AZ (PNW), AR (NW), CA (BW), CO (AW), CT (IB), FL (PAP1), ID (NW), IN (PR), IA (SNW), MA (P), MN (PNW), MO (NW), MT (CAT2), NE (NW), NV (NW), NM (CAW), ND (NW), OH (PNW), OR (BDW, Q), PA (NW), SC (ILAP, PP), SD (NW, RNPS), TN (PP), TX (NP), UT (NW), VT (CBW), VA (NW), WA (CBW, Q), WY (NW) L48 (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
COJU2 Cortaderia jubata (Lem.) Stapf purple pampas grass HI (NW) L48 (I), HI (I)
ELRE4 Elymus repens (L.) Gould quackgrass L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
AGRE2 Agropyron repens (L.) P. Beauv. AK (NW), IA (PRNW), KS (NW), OR (BDW, Q), UT (NW), WY (NW)
ELRE3 Elytrigia repens (L.) Desv. ex Nevski AZ (PNW, RNW), CA (BW), CO (BW), HI (NW)
DACA6 Daucus carota L. Queen Anne's lace IA (SNW), MI (NW), OH (PNW), WA (CBW, NWSPQ) (I), L48 (I), PR (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
HIGL3 Hieracium glomeratum Froel. queen-devil hawkweed WA (CBW) L48 (I)
LYFL3 Lychnis flos-cuculi L. ragged robin CT (PIB) L48 (I), CAN (I)
PRLO Proboscidea louisianica (Mill.) Thell. ram's horn WA (NWSPQ) L48 (N), CAN (I)
CROTA Crotalaria L. rattlebox AR (NW) (I,N), L48 (I,N)
ORPU13 Oryza punctata Kotzchy ex Steud. red rice NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
CECA2 Centaurea calcitrapa L. red star-thistle AZ (PNW), CA (BW), NV (NW), NM (CAW), OR (ADW, Q), WA (CAW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), CAN (I)
ERCI6 Erodium cicutarium (L.) L'Hér. ex Aiton redstem stork's bill CO (BW) L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I)
PHAR3 Phalaris arundinacea L. reed canarygrass CT (INB), MA (P), WA (CCW) L48 (N), AK (I), CAN (N), SPM (I)
GLMA3 Glyceria maxima (Hartm.) Holmb. reed mannagrass CT (PIB), MA (P) L48 (I), CAN (I)
ISRU Ischaemum rugosum Salisb. ribbed murainagrass NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) (N), L48 (I)
ORSA Oryza sativa L. rice AR (NW), SC (PP) (I), L48 (I), PR (I), VI (I)
GERO Geranium robertianum L. Robert geranium WA (CBW) L48 (NI), AK (I), CAN (N), SPM (N)
IRMI Iris missouriensis Nutt. Rocky Mountain iris CA (CW) L48 (N), CAN (N)
RHTO10 Rhodomyrtus tomentosa (Aiton) Hassk. rose myrtle L48 (I), HI (I)
RHTO Rhodomyrtus tomentosus (Aiton) Hassk., orth. var. FL (NW), HI (NW) HI (I)
RORU Rosa rugosa Thunb. rugosa rose CT (PINB) L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
CHJU Chondrilla juncea L. rush skeletonweed AZ (PNW), CA (AW), CO (AW), ID (NW), MT (CAT3), NV (NW), OR (BDW, Q), SD (RNPS), WA (CBW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
ELAN Elaeagnus angustifolia L. Russian olive CO (BW), CT (PIB), NM (CCW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
SALSO Salsola L. Russian thistle AR (NW) (I,W), L48 (I)
SAKA Salsola kali L. Russian thistle HI (NW) L48 (I), CAN (W), SPM (W)
BRSE Bromus secalinus L. rye brome AR (NW) L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
TRSE4 Triumfetta semitriloba Jacq. Sacramento burbark HI (NW) (I), L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
TARA Tamarix ramosissima Ledeb. saltcedar CO (BW), NE (NW), NV (NW), ND (NW), OR (BDW, Q), WA (CBW, NWSPQ) L48 (I)
HAGL Halogeton glomeratus (M. Bieb.) C.A. Mey. saltlover AZ (PNW, RNW), CA (AW), CO (CW), HI (NW), NM (CBW), OR (BDW, Q) L48 (I)
SPPA Spartina patens (Aiton) Muhl. saltmeadow cordgrass OR (BDW, Q), WA (CAW, WAWQ) L48 (N), PR (N), VI (N), CAN (N)
ECPL Echium plantagineum L. salvation jane OR (ADW, Q) L48 (I), CAN (I)
DRAR7 Drymaria arenarioides Humb. & Bonpl. ex Schult. [excluded] sandwort drymary NW AL (CAW), AZ (PNW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NM (CAW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
RUAR2 Rubus argutus Link sawtooth blackberry HI (NW) L48 (N), HI (I)
OESU3 Oenothera suffrutescens (Ser.) W.L. Wagner & Hoch scarlet beeblossom L48 (N), CAN (N)
GACO5 Gaura coccinea Nutt. ex Pursh CA (BW)
TRPE21 Tripleurospermum perforatum (Mérat) M. Lainz scentless false mayweed L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), GL (I)
MAPE2 Matricaria perforata Mérat CO (BW), WA (CCW)
CYSC4 Cytisus scoparius (L.) Link Scotch broom CA (CW), HI (NW), ID (NW), OR (BDW, Q), WA (CBW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
CYSCA Cytisus scoparius (L.) Link var. andreanus (Puiss.) Dippel Scotch broom HI (NW) L48 (I)
CYSCS2 Cytisus scoparius (L.) Link var. scoparius Scotch broom HI (NW) L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
ONAC Onopordum acanthium L. Scotch cottonthistle AZ (PNW, RNW), CA (AW), CO (BW), CT (PIB), ID (NW), MO (NW), NV (NW), NM (CAW), OK (NW), OR (BDW, Q), UT (NW), WA (CBW, NWSPQ), WY (NW) L48 (I), CAN (W)
SOTA3 Solanum tampicense Dunal scrambling nightshade NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (ILAP, PP), VT (CAW) L48 (I)
LECU Lespedeza cuneata (Dum. Cours.) G. Don sericea lespedeza CO (AW), KS (NW) L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
EUSE12 Euphorbia serrata L. serrate spurge CA (AW) L48 (I)
NATR3 Nassella trichotoma (Nees) Hack. serrated tussock NW AL (CAW), AZ (PNW), AR (NW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), TX (NP), VT (CAW) L48 (I)
STTR8 Stipa trichotoma Nees HI (NW)
ALSE4 Alternanthera sessilis (L.) R. Br. ex DC. sessile joyweed NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) (I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
PACR15 Paederia cruddasiana Prain sewer vine FL (NW) L48 (I)
CASUA Casuarina Rumph. ex L. sheoak FL (PAP1) (I), L48 (I)
AREL4 Ardisia elliptica Thunb. shoebutton HI (NW) L48 (I), HI (I)
ACBR5 Achnatherum brachychaetum (Godr.) Barkworth shortbristled needlegrass CA (AW) L48 (I)
STBR3 Stipa brachychaeta Godr. AZ (PNW)
LOBE Lonicera ×bella Zabel [morrowii × tatarica] showy fly honeysuckle CT (IB), MA (P), NH (PIS), VT (CBW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
RUFR80 Rubus fruticosus L. [excluded] shrubby blackberry NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
SORO3 Solanum robustum Wendl. shrubby nightshade HI (NW) HI (I)
SAVE6 Salsola vermiculata L. shrubby Russian thistle NW AL (CAW), CA (AW, Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) L48 (I)
ULPU Ulmus pumila L. Siberian elm NM (CCW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
LAMO5 Lagascea mollis Cav. silkleaf HI (NW) L48 (I), PR (I), VI (I)
NERE Neyraudia reynaudiana (Kunth) Keng ex Hitchc. silkreed FL (NW) L48 (I)
THVI2 Themeda villosa (Poir.) A. Camus silky kangaroo grass HI (NW) HI (I)
SOEL Solanum elaeagnifolium Cav. silverleaf nightshade AR (NW), CA (BW), HI (NW), ID (NW), NV (NW), OR (ADW, Q), WA (CAW, NWSPQ) L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N)
SPER Sparganium erectum L. simplestem bur-reed NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (PAP1), MA (P), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (ILAP, PP), VT (CAW) L48 (I)
AMTO3 Ambrosia tomentosa Nutt. skeletonleaf bur ragweed ID (NW), OR (ADW, Q) L48 (N)
FRDI3 Franseria discolor Nutt. WY (NW)
BRSY Brachypodium sylvaticum (Huds.) P. Beauv. slender false brome OR (BDW, Q) L48 (I)
ALMY Alopecurus myosuroides Huds. slender meadow foxtail WA (CBW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
SACO8 Salsola collina Pall. slender Russian thistle CA (QW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
FRGR3 Froelichia gracilis (Hook.) Moq. slender snakecotton CT (PIB) L48 (N), CAN (I)
ANAR16 Anchusa arvensis (L.) M. Bieb. small bugloss WA (CBW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
ARHI3 Arthraxon hispidus (Thunb.) Makino small carpetgrass CT (PIB), MA (P) L48 (I), HI (I)
LYMI Lygodium microphyllum (Cav.) R. Br. small-leaf climbing fern AL (CAW), FL (NW) (N), L48 (I)
TAPA4 Tamarix parviflora DC. smallflower tamarisk CO (BW), NE (NW), NV (NW), ND (NW) L48 (I)
SPAL Spartina alterniflora Loisel. smooth cordgrass OR (ADW, Q), WA (CBW, WAWQ) L48 (N), CAN (N)
HILA4 Hieracium laevigatum Willd. smooth hawkweed WA (CBW) L48 (N)
RUNI4 Rubus niveus Thunb. snowpeaks raspberry HI (NW) L48 (I), HI (I)
CLHIH2 Clidemia hirta (L.) D. Don var. hirta soapbush HI (NW) L48 (N)
ELMO5 Elephantopus mollis Kunth soft elephantsfoot HI (NW) (I), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
SOBI2 Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench28 sorghum IN (NW), IA (SNW), MD (NW), NV (NW), OH (PNW), PA (NW) (I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (I)
SOPR3 Sorghum propinquum (Kunth) Hitchc. sorghum NV (NW) (I)
SEIN10 Senecio inaequidens DC. South African ragwort NW
CEEC Cenchrus echinatus L. southern sandbur AZ (PNW, RGNW), CA (CW) (I,N), L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
EMAU Emex australis Steinh. southern threecornerjack NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) L48 (I)
SPJU2 Spartium junceum L. Spanish broom HI (NW), OR (BDW, Q), WA (CAW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), HI (I)
XASP2 Xanthium spinosum L. spiny cocklebur OR (BDW, Q), WA (CCW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
CAAC Carduus acanthoides L. spiny plumeless thistle AZ (PNW), CA (AW), CO (BW), MD (NW), MN (PNW), NE (NW), NC (CBW), OR (ADW, Q), SD (RNPS), WA (CBW, NWSPQ), WV (NW), WY (NW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
EMSP Emex spinosa (L.) Campd. spiny threecornerjack NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), HI (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) L48 (I), HI (I)
CESTM Centaurea stoebe L. ssp. micranthos (Gugler) Hayek spotted knapweed L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
CEBI2 Centaurea biebersteinii DC. CT (IB), MA (P), WA (CBW, NWSPQ)
CEMA4 Centaurea maculosa auct. non Lam. AZ (PNW, RNW), CA (AW), CO (BW), ID (NW), MT (CAT1), NE (NW), NV (NW), NM (CAW), ND (NW), OR (BDW, Q), SD (RNPS), UT (NW), WY (NW)
CIMA2 Cicuta maculata L. spotted water hemlock NV (NW) L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N)
TOAR Torilis arvensis (Huds.) Link spreading hedgeparsley WA (CBW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), CAN (N)
AGRI2 Ageratina riparia (Regel) R.M. King & H. Rob. spreading snakeroot HI (NW) HI (I)
MIVE3 Milium vernale M. Bieb. spring milletgrass ID (NW) L48 (I)
CEVI Centaurea virgata Lam. squarrose knapweed CO (AW), OR (ADW, Q) L48 (I)
CEVIS2 Centaurea virgata Lam. ssp. squarrosa (Willd.) Gugler squarrose knapweed L48 (I)
CESQ Centaurea squarrosa Willd. AZ (PNW), CA (AW), UT (NW)
CEVIS Centaurea virgata Lam. var. squarrosa (Willd.) Boiss. NV (NW)
ORUM Ornithogalum umbellatum L. star of Bethlehem AL (CCW), CT (PINB) L48 (I), CAN (I)
PHVI17 Physalis viscosa L. starhair groundcherry CA (BW) L48 (N)
ONAC2 Onopordum acaulon L. stemless thistle NW
AGAD2 Ageratina adenophora (Spreng.) R.M. King & H. Rob. sticky snakeroot NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), HI (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) L48 (I), HI (I)
ANCO2 Anthemis cotula L. stinking chamomile CO (BW), NV (NW) L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
SEJA Senecio jacobaea L.29 stinking willie AZ (PNW), CA (BW), CO (AW), CT (PIB), ID (NW), MA (P), MT (CAT2), OR (BDW, Q), WA (CBW, NWSPQ, Q) L48 (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
PAFO3 Paederia foetida L. stinkvine AL (CBW), FL (NW) L48 (I), HI (I)
CYST7 Cytisus striatus (Hill) Rothm. striated broom OR (BDW, Q) L48 (I)
PORE5 Potentilla recta L. sulphur cinquefoil CO (BW), MT (CAT1), NV (NW), OR (BDW, Q), WA (CBW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
CESU Centaurea sulphurea Willd. sulphur knapweed AZ (PNW), CA (BW) L48 (I)
IPAQ Ipomoea aquatica Forssk. swamp morning-glory NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (PAP1), MA (PR), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (ILAP, PP), TX (NP), VT (CAW) (I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
CRHE5 Crassula helmsii A. Berger swamp stonecrop FL (PAP1), NC (CAW), WA (WAWQ)
UTIN Utricularia inflata Walter swollen bladderwort WA (WAWQ) L48 (N)
ACPS Acer pseudoplatanus L. sycamore maple CT (PIB), MA (P) L48 (I), CAN (I)
ZYFA Zygophyllum fabago L. Syrian beancaper CA (AW), ID (NW), OR (ADW, Q), WA (CAW, NWSPQ) L48 (I)
PRFA2 Prosopis farcta (Banks & Sol.) J.F. Macbr. Syrian mesquite NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) L48 (I)
RAAC3 Ranunculus acris L. tall buttercup MT (CAT2) L48 (NI), AK (I), CAN (I), GL (N?), SPM (I)
HIPI2 Hieracium piloselloides Vill. tall hawkweed MT (CAT2), OR (ADW, Q) L48 (I), CAN (I)
TAMAR2 Tamarix L. tamarisk MT (CAT2), NM (CCW), SD (NW), TX (NP), WY (NW) (I), L48 (I)
HECO10 Heteropogon contortus (L.) P. Beauv. ex Roem. & Schult. tanglehead CA (AW) L48 (N), HI (N), PR (N), VI (N)
LOTA Lonicera tatarica L. Tatarian honeysuckle CT (PIB), MA (P), NH (PIS), VT (CBW) L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)
HECI Helianthus ciliaris DC. Texas blueweed AZ (PNW, RNW), AR (NW), CA (AW), OR (ADW, Q), SC (PP), WA (CAW, NWSPQ) L48 (N)
CIRSI Cirsium Mill. thistle AR (NW), IA (PRNW) (N), L48 (I,N), GL (I,N), NA (N)
OPAU10 Opuntia aurantiaca Lindl. tiger-pear NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
EUDE4 Euphorbia dentata Michx. toothed spurge ID (NW) L48 (I,N)
PRRE2 Prosopis reptans Benth. tornillo NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) L48 (N)
PARE3 Panicum repens L. torpedo grass AL (CCW), AZ (PNW), HI (NW), TX (NP) (N), L48 (I), HI (I)
AIAL Ailanthus altissima (Mill.) Swingle tree of heaven CT (IB), MA (P), NH (PIS), VT (CBW) L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
MOHI Montanoa hibiscifolia (Benth.) Standl. treedaisy HI (NW) HI (I)
PUPH2 Pueraria phaseoloides (Roxb.) Benth. tropical kudzu HI (NW) HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
PORO12 Pontederia rotundifolia L. f. tropical pickerelweed FL (PAP1)
SOVI2 Solanum viarum Dunal tropical soda apple NW AL (CAW), AZ (PNW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), MS (NW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), TN (PP), TX (NP), VT (CAW) L48 (I)
MYSC Myosotis scorpioides L. true forget-me-not CT (IB), MA (P) L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
SOTO4 Solanum torvum Sw. turkey berry NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), HI (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) (I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
MOMI4 Moraea miniata Andrews two-leaf Cape tulip NW
MYHE2 Myriophyllum heterophyllum Michx. twoleaf watermilfoil CT (IB), ME (IAP), MA (P), VT (CAW) L48 (N), CAN (N)
CENI3 Centaurea nigrescens Willd. Tyrol knapweed OR (BDW, Q), WA (CAW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), CAN (I)
CEPR2 Centaurea pratensis Thuill., non Salisb., nom. illeg. CO (AW), ID (NW), OR (BDW, Q)
CIREU Citrus reticulata Blanco ssp. unshiu (Marcow.) D.Rivera Núñez et al. Unshu orange SC (PP)
DIVE2 Digitaria velutina (Forssk.) P. Beauv. velvet crabgrass NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) L48 (I)
PRVE Prosopis velutina Wooton velvet mesquite MA (P) L48 (N), HI (I)
PRAR4 Prosopis articulata S. Watson NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
ABTH Abutilon theophrasti Medik. velvetleaf CO (CW), IA (SNW), OR (BDW, Q), WA (CAW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), CAN (I)
AEVI3 Aeschynomene virginica (L.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb. Virginia jointvetch AR (NW) L48 (N)
SAVI18 Salvia virgata Jacq. wand sage CA (AW) L48 (I)
MUKE Murdannia keisak (Hassk.) Hand.-Maz. wartremoving herb WA (WAWQ) L48 (I)
TRAPA Trapa L. water chestnut FL (PAP1), NC (CAW) (I), L48 (I)
TRNA Trapa natans L. water chestnut AL (CCW), AZ (PNW), CT (IB), ME (IAP), MA (P), OR (ADW, Q), SC (ILAP, PP), VT (CBW), WA (WAWQ) L48 (I), CAN (I)
EICHH Eichhornia Kunth water hyacinth FL (PAP1) (I), L48 (I)
PIST2 Pistia stratiotes L. water lettuce AL (CCW), CA (BW), CT (PIB), FL (PAP2), SC (ILAP, PP), TX (NP) L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
STAL6 Stratiotes aloides L. [excluded] water soldiers AL (CCW), FL (PAP1)
DIAL2 Dioscorea alata L. water yam FL (NW) (I), L48 (I), PR (I), VI (I)
NAOF Nasturtium officinale W.T. Aiton watercress L48 (I), AK (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
RONA2 Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum (L.) Hayek CT (PIB)
SALVI2 Salvinia Ség.30, 31 watermoss FL (PAP1), NC (CAW), TX (NP) (I), L48 (I,W)
HYVE3 Hydrilla verticillata (L. f.) Royle waterthyme NW AL (CAW), AZ (PNW), CA (AW, NAW, Q), CO (AW), CT (IB), FL (PAP1), ME (IAP), MA (P), MS (NW), NV (NW), NM (CAW), NC (CAW), OR (ADW, Q), SC (ILAP, PP), TX (NP), VT (CAW), WA (CAW, WAWQ) L48 (I)
OESI3 Oenothera sinuosa W.L. Wagner & Hoch wavyleaf beeblossom L48 (N)
GASI Gaura sinuata Nutt. ex Ser. CA (BW)
CIUN Cirsium undulatum (Nutt.) Spreng. wavyleaf thistle CA (AW) L48 (N), CAN (N)
SOPT7 Solanum ptycanthum Dunal West Indian nightshade KY (NW) L48 (N), AK (I), HI (I), VI (I), CAN (N)
SODI Solanum dimidiatum Raf. western horsenettle CA (AW) L48 (N)
ARSE8 Araujia sericifera Brot. white bladderflower CA (BW) L48 (I)
BRAL4 Bryonia alba L. white bryony WA (CBW) L48 (I)
ALNE3 Allium neapolitanum Cirillo white garlic L48 (I)
NOIN3 Nothoscordum inodorum (Aiton) G. Nicholson CA (BW)
POAL7 Populus alba L. white poplar CT (PIB) L48 (I), CAN (I)
CYVI3 Cynanchum vincetoxicum (L.) Pers. white swallow-wort L48 (I), CAN (I)
VIHI3 Vincetoxicum hirundinaria Medik. VT (CAW)
CALE52 Carthamus leucocaulos Sm. whitestem distaff thistle CA (AW) L48 (I)
CADR Cardaria draba (L.) Desv. whitetop AK (NW), AZ (PNW, RNW), CA (BW), CO (BW), ID (NW), KS (NW), MT (CAT1), NV (NW), NM (CAW), OR (BDW, Q), SD (NW, RNPS), UT (NW), WA (CCW), WY (NW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
LEDR Lepidium draba L. IA (PRNW)
ANSY Anthriscus sylvestris (L.) Hoffm. wild chervil MA (P), WA (CBW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), CAN (I), GL (I)
ALVI Allium vineale L. wild garlic CA (BW), HI (NW) L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)
SIARA Sinapis arvensis L. ssp. arvensis wild mustard L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), VI (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
BRAR11 Brassica arvensis (L.) Rabenh., non L., nom. illeg. IA (SNW)
BRKAP2 Brassica kaber (DC.) L.C. Wheeler var. pinnatifida (Stokes) L.C. Wheeler OH (PNW)
PASA2 Pastinaca sativa L. wild parsnip OH (PNW) L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (W), SPM (W)
SASP Saccharum spontaneum L. wild sugarcane NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) (N), HI (I), PR (I)
RUPH Rubus phoenicolasius Maxim. wine raspberry CT (PIB), MA (P) L48 (I)
SPAL3 Spermacoce alata Aubl. [excluded] winged false buttonweed NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
BOAL4 Borreria alata (Aubl.) DC. FL (NW)
CATE2 Carduus tenuiflorus W. Curtis winged plumeless thistle CA (CW), OR (BDW, Q), WA (CAW, NWSPQ) L48 (I)
PABI5 Passiflora bicornis Mill. wingleaf passionflower HI (I)
PAPU13 Passiflora pulchella Kunth HI (NW)
STRIG Striga Lour. witchweed NW, Q AL (CAW), AZ (PNW), AR (NW), CA (Q), HI (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) (N), L48 (I)
CALA20 Carthamus lanatus L. woolly distaff thistle CA (BW), OR (ADW, Q) L48 (I), CAN (I)
CALAC3 Carthamus lanatus L. ssp. creticus (L.) Holmboe woolly distaff thistle L48 (I), CAN (I)
CABA5 Carthamus baeticus (Boiss. & Reut.) Nyman CA (BW), OR (ADW, Q)
AMGR5 Ambrosia grayi (A. Nelson) Shinners woollyleaf bur ragweed KS (NW) L48 (N)
NYPE Nymphoides peltata (S.G. Gmel.) Kuntze yellow floatingheart CT (PIB), ME (IAP), MA (P), OR (ADW, Q), VT (CBW), WA (CBW, WAWQ) L48 (I), CAN (I)
SEPU8 Setaria pumila (Poir.) Roem. & Schult. yellow foxtail MA (P) (I), L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I), SPM (W)
RUELO Rubus ellipticus Sm. var. obcordatus Focke yellow Himalayan raspberry HI (NW) HI (I)
GLFL Glaucium flavum Crantz yellow hornpoppy MA (P) L48 (I), CAN (W)
MAAL4 Malachra alceifolia Jacq. yellow leafbract HI (NW) L48 (I), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
CYES Cyperus esculentus L. yellow nutsedge CA (BW), CO (BW), HI (NW), OR (BDW, Q), WA (CBW, Q) L48 (NI), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (I)
CESO3 Centaurea solstitialis L. yellow star-thistle AZ (PNW, RNW), CA (CW), CO (AW), ID (NW), MT (CAT3), NV (NW), NM (CAW), ND (NW), OR (BDW, Q), SD (RNPS), UT (NW), WA (CBW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
LIFL5 Limnocharis flava (L.) Buchenau [excluded] yellow velvetleaf FL (PAP1)
NYME Nymphaea mexicana Zucc. yellow waterlily CA (BW) L48 (N), CAN (I)
CIOC2 Cirsium ochrocentrum A. Gray yellowspine thistle CA (AW) L48 (N)
ALCO16 Alyssum corsicum Duby yellowtuft OR (NW) L48 (I)
ALMU Alyssum murale Waldst. & Kit. yellowtuft OR (NW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
MOPA8 Moraea pallida (Baker) Goldblatt yelow tulip NW
HOPA11 Homeria pallida Baker AL (CAW), CA (Q), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), VT (CAW)
AERU Aeschynomene rudis Benth. zigzag jointvetch CA (BW) L48 (N), PR (N)


†CodeNoxious Status
ADW "A" designated weed
AW A list (noxious weeds)
BDW "B" designated weed
BW B list (noxious weeds)
CAT1 Category 1 noxious weed
CAT2 Category 2 noxious weed
CAT3 Category 3 noxious weed
CAW Class A noxious weed
CBW Class B noxious weed
CCW Class C noxious weed
CW C list (noxious weeds)
IAP Invasive aquatic plant
IB Invasive, banned
ILAP Invasive aquatic plant
INB Invasive, not banned
NAW Noxious aquatic weed
NP Noxious plant
NUW Nuisance weed
NW Noxious weed
NWSPQ Noxious weed seed and plant quarantine
P Prohibited
PAP1 Prohibited aquatic plant, Class 1
PAP2 Prohibited aquatic plant, Class 2
PIB Potentially invasive, banned
PINB Potentially invasive, not banned
PIS Prohibited invasive Species
PN Public nuisance
PNW Prohibited noxious weed
PP Plant pest
PR Permit required
PRNW Primary noxious weed
Q Quarantine
QW Q list (temporary "A" list noxious weed, pending final determination)
RGNW Regulated noxious weeds
RNPS Regulated non-native plant species
RNW Restricted noxious weed
SNW Secondary noxious weed
SP Sale prohibited
WAWQ Wetland and aquatic weed quarantine

*CodeNative Status
I Introduced
I,N None
I,W None
N Native
N? Probably Native
W Waif

*CodeNative Status Jurisdiction
L48 Lower 48 States
AK Alaska
HI Hawaii
PR Puerto Rico
VI Virgin Islands
CAN Canada
GL Greenland
SPM St. Pierre and Miquelon
NA North America

1 IL; within the corporate limits of cities, villages, and incorporated towns  
2 WA; only cultivar 'Hibernica'  
3 MI; bushes subject to attack by black stem rust are prohibited  
4 UT; Bermudagrass shall not be a noxious weed in Washington County and shall not be subject to provisions of the Utah noxious Weed Act within the boundaries of the county  
5 US, AL, CA, MN, NC, OR, SC, VT; other than native or widely distributed species  
6 FL; with the exception of O. uniflora  
7 IA; except R. frangula  
8 OR; Imperata cylindrica 'Red Baron' is excluded from quarantine  
9 WA; non-native genotypes  
10 MI; planting of currants and gooseberries in certain parts of the State of Michigan is prohibited  
11 US, AL, CA, MN, NC, SC, VT; other than native or widely distributed species  
12 FL; Only the native Florida species are excluded from this list. These include: C. americana, C. compacta, C. exaltata, C. gronovii, C. indecora, C. obtusiflora, C. pentagona, C. umbellata  
13 WA; only cultivars 'Baltica', 'Pittsburgh', 'Star'  
14 TN; and related cultivars  
15 WA; any hybrid cross  
16 OH; when growing in groups of 100 or more and not pruned, sprayed, cultivated, or otherwise maintained for two consecutive years  
17 WA; non-native Hieracium species except those listed as Class A or Class B  
18 US, AL, NC, OR, SC, VT; Mediterranean clone  
19 NC; any Lythrum spp. not native to North Carolina  
20 WI; any nonnative member of the genus Lythrum or hybrids thereof  
21 MI; any nonnative member of the genus Lythrum or hybrid of the genus is prohibited from sale  
22 AZ; all species except Ipomoea carnea, Mexican bush morning glory, I. triloba, three-lobed morning glory, and I. arborescens, morning glory tree  
23 MO; except when cultivated for or used as understock for cultivated roses  
24 IA; not considered a noxious weed when used as a rootstock for cultivated roses  
25 OR; except named horticultural varieties  
26 PA; including all cultivars  
27 IA; it is illegal to import, sell, offer for sale, or distribute the seeds or the plants of purple loosestrife in any form  
28 IA; not a noxious weed when cultivated  
29 WA; in hay  
30 NC; all except S. minima  
31 FL; excluding S. minima  


Time Generated: 10/24/2020 07:09 AM CDT