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Introduced, Invasive, and Noxious Plants

NRCS Invasive Species Policy
Invasive Species Executive Order 13112

Federal and State Noxious Weeds
682 records returned

Click on an accepted name below to view its PLANTS Profile with more information, and web links if available. Noxious weeds that are synonyms retain their noxious status, and are indented beneath the current PLANTS accepted name.

United States USDA, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ). State Plant Regulatory Officials letters (). National Plant Board.
USDA, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ). 2012. Federal noxious weed list (1 February 2012). USDA, APHIS, PPQ.
Alabama Division of Plant Industry. 2003. Summary of plant protection regulations (20 October 2003). Alabama Department of Agriculture and Industries.
Alaska Division of Agriculture. 1996. State of Alaska prohibited and restricted noxious weeds (20 October 2003). Alaska Department of Natural Resources.
Arizona Plant Services Division. 2005. Prohibited, regulated and restricted noxious weeds (1 May 2006). Arizona Department of Agriculture.
Arkansas Arkansas State Plant Board. 1997. Regulations on plant diseases and pests (20 October 2003). Arkansas State Plant Board.
California California Department of Food and Agriculture. 2003. Pest ratings of noxious weed species and noxious weed seed (20 October 2003). California Department of Food and Agriculture.
California Department of Food and Agriculture. 2003. Plant quarantine manual, California plant quarantine policy - weeds (20 October 2003). California Department of Food and Agriculture.
Food and Agriculture Code. 2003. Camelthorn, Section 7301-7305 (20 October 2003). State of California.
Food and Agriculture Code. 2003. Hydrilla, Section 6048-6049 (20 October 2003). State of California.
Colorado Plant Industry Division. 2003. Rules pertaining to the administration and enforcement of the Colorado Noxious Weed Act (23 January 2006). Colorado Department of Agriculture.
Connecticut Connecticut Invasive Plants Council. 2004. Connecticut invasive plant list (20 April 2005). Connecticut Invasive Plants Council.
Delaware Delaware Department of Agriculture. 1986. Rules and regulations for noxious weed control (23 January 2006). Delaware Department of Agriculture.
Florida Bureau of Aquatic Plant Management. 2002. Aquatic plant importation, transportation, non-nursery cultivation, possession and collection (20 October 2003). Florida Department of Environmental Protection.
Division of Plant Industry. 2000. Introduction or release of plant pests, noxious weeds, arthropods, and biological control agents (20 October 2003). Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services.
Hawaii Division of Plant Industry. 2003. List of plant species designated as noxious weeds (20 October 2003). Hawaii Department of Agriculture.
Idaho Idaho Department of Agriculture. 2006. Noxious weed rules (24 May 2006). Idaho Department of Agriculture.
Illinois Illinois Administrative Code. 2002. Illinois noxious weed law (20 October 2003). State of Illinois.
Indiana Division of Entomology and Plant Pathology. 2003. Summary of plant protection regulations (20 October 2003). Indiana Department of Natural Resources.
Iowa Iowa Department of Agricultureand Land Stewardship. 2002. The Iowa weed law (20 October 2003). Iowa Department of Agriculture & land Stewardship.
Kansas Division of Plant Health. 2003. Kansas noxious weed law (20 October 2003). Kansas Department of Agriculture.
Kentucky Kentucky Revised Statutes. 1990. Department to eradicate noxious weeds on right-of-ways -- advertisement of program (1 May 2006). State of Kentucky.
Louisiana Louisiana State Code. 1995. Agriculture and forestry. State of Louisiana.
Maine Public Laws of Maine. 1999. An act to prevent the spread of invasive aquatic plants (20 October 2003). State of Maine.
Maryland Annotated Code of Maryland. 1994. Weed control (20 October 2003). State of Maryland.
Massachusetts Bureau of Farm Productsand Plant Industries. 2006. Massachusetts prohibited plant list (23 January 2006). Massachusetts Department of Agricultural Resources.
Michigan Pesticide and Plant Pest Management Division. 2002. Noxious and restricted weeds and prohibited plants - Michigan (20 October 2003). Michigan Department of Agriculture.
Minnesota Agronomy Services Division. 2003. Minnesota noxious weed rules (20 October 2003). Minnesota Department of Agriculture.
Mississippi Bureau of Plant Industry. 2004. Regulation of noxious weeds (24 May 2006). State of Mississippi.
Missouri Revised Statues of Missouri. 2004. Insect pests and weeds (20 October 2003). Missouri Department of Agriculture.
Montana Montana Department of Agriculture. 2003. Montana noxious weeds list (24 May 2006). Montana Department of Agriculture.
Nebraska Bureau of Plant Industry. 1989. Noxious weed regulations (24 May 2006). Nebraska Department of Agriculture.
Nevada Nevada Administrative Code. 2003. Control of insects, pests, and noxious weeds (20 October 2003). State of Nevada.
New Hampshire New Hampshire Code of Administrative Rules. 2004. Invasive species, Chapter Agr. 3800 (15 September 2004). State of New Hampshire.
New Mexico Office of the Director/Secretary. 1998. New Mexico noxious weed list (20 October 2003). New Mexico Department of Agriculture.
North Carolina North Carolina Department of Agriculture. 2003. Regulations for state noxious weeds (20 October 2003). North Carolina Department of Agriculture.
North Dakota North Dakota Century Code. 2003. Noxious weed control (20 October 2003). State of North Dakota.
Ohio Plant Industry Division. 1997. Noxious weeds (20 October 2003). Ohio Department of Agriculture.
Oklahoma Oklahoma House of Representatives. 1998. House Bill 2277 (20 October 2003). State of Oklahoma.
Oregon Oregon Administrative Rules. 2006. Quarantine; noxious weeds, Chapter 603-52-1200 (24 May 2006). State of Oregon.
Oregon Department of Agriculture. 2006. Noxious weed policy and classification system (24 May 2006). Oregon Department of Agriculture.
Pennsylvania Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture. 2000. Pennsylvania noxious weed control list (20 October 2003). Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture.
South Carolina South Carolina Aquatic Nuisance Species Program. 2003. Illegal aquatic plants in South Carolina (20 October 2003). South Carolina Department of Natural Resources.
State Crop Pest Commission. 1996. Designation of plant pests (24 May 2006). State of South Carolina.
South Dakota South Dakota Code. 1992. Plant quarantine and treatment, Chapter 38-24a, Article 12:51 (24 May 2006). State of South Dakota.
South Dakota Code. 2005. South Dakota weed and pest control, Chapter 38-22, Article 12:62 (24 May 2006). State of South Dakota.
Tennessee Department of Agriculture of Tennessee. 1998. Plant pest act (20 October 2003). Department of Agriculture of Tennessee.
Texas Texas Administrative Code. 2005. Quarantines and noxious plants, Chapter 19 (24 May 2006). State of Texas.
Utah Utah Department of Agriculture. 2003. Utah noxious weed act (20 October 2003). Utah Department of Agriculture.
Vermont Vermont Department of Agriculture, Food and Markets. 2003. Quarantine #3 - noxious weeds (20 October 2003). Vermont Department of Agriculture, Food and Markets.
Virginia Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. 2003. Virginia noxious weed law (20 October 2003). Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services.
Washington Washington Administrative Code. 2005. Noxious weed control, Chapter 16-752 (24 May 2006). State of Washington.
Washington Administrative Code. 2005. State noxious weed list and schedule of monetary penalties, Chapter 16-750 (24 May 2006). State of Washington.
West Virginia West Virginia Department of Agriculture. 2003. Regulations governing the distribution of plant material in West Virginia. West Virginia Department of Agriculture.
Wisconsin Doll, J. 1990. Noxious weeds in Wisconsin (20 October 2003). University of Wisconsin Cooperative Extension Programs.
Wyoming Wyoming Department of Agriculture. 2003. Designated noxious weeds and prohibited noxious weeds (20 October 2003). Wyoming Department of Agriculture.
Symbol Scientific Name Common Name Federal Noxious Status State Noxious Status Native Status*
AEGIN Aeginetia L. aeginetia NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
CIJA2 Cirsium japonicum Fisch. ex DC. Japanese thistle CA (QW)
CIREU Citrus reticulata Blanco ssp. unshiu (Marcow.) D.Rivera Núñez et al. Unshu orange SC (PP)
CRHE5 Crassula helmsii A. Berger swamp stonecrop FL (PAP1), NC (CAW), WA (WAWQ)
DRAR7 Drymaria arenarioides Humb. & Bonpl. ex Schult. [excluded] sandwort drymary NW AL (CAW), AZ (PNW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NM (CAW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
GLDI Glossostigma diandrum (L.) Kunze [excluded] mudmats WA (WAWQ)
HIAT2 Hieracium atratum Fr. polar hawkweed WA (CBW)
LAGAR Lagarosiphon Harv. oxygen-weed FL (PAP1), NC (CAW)
LAMA15 Lagarosiphon major (Ridley) Moss oxygen-weed NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MA (P), OR (Q), SC (ILAP, PP), TX (NP), VT (CAW), WA (WAWQ)
LECH2 Leptochloa chinensis (L.) Nees [excluded] Chinese sprangletop NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
LIFL5 Limnocharis flava (L.) Buchenau [excluded] yellow velvetleaf FL (PAP1)
LYFL7 Lygodium flexuosum (L.) Sw. maidenhair creeper NW
MICO16 Mikania cordata (Burm. f.) B.L. Rob. [excluded] heartleaf hempvine NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
MOHA2 Monochoria hastata (L.) Solms [excluded] arrowleaf falsepickerelweed NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (PAP1), MA (P), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (ILAP, PP), VT (CAW)
MOFL2 Moraea flaccida (Sweet) Steud. one-leaf Cape tulip NW
HOFL4 Homeria flaccida Sweet AL (CAW), CA (Q), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), VT (CAW)
MOMI4 Moraea miniata Andrews two-leaf Cape tulip NW
MOOC2 Moraea ochroleuca (Salisb.) Drapiez apricot tulip NW
HOOC Homeria ochroleuca Salisb. AL (CAW), CA (Q), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), VT (CAW)
MOPA8 Moraea pallida (Baker) Goldblatt yelow tulip NW
HOPA11 Homeria pallida Baker AL (CAW), CA (Q), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), VT (CAW)
NEAL2 Nechamandra alternifolia (Roxb.) Thw. nechamandra FL (PAP1)
ONAC2 Onopordum acaulon L. stemless thistle NW
OPAU10 Opuntia aurantiaca Lindl. tiger-pear NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
ORLO3 Oryza longistaminata A. Chev. & Roehr. longstamen rice NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
ORPU13 Oryza punctata Kotzchy ex Steud. red rice NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
PATRM Passiflora tripartita (Juss.) Poir. var. mollissima (Kunth) Holm-Niesen & P.M. Jørg. banana passionflower
PAMO5 Passiflora mollissima (Kunth) L.H. Bailey HI (NW)
PORO12 Pontederia rotundifolia L. f. tropical pickerelweed FL (PAP1)
PRAL11 Prosopis alpataco Phil. NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
PRAR6 Prosopis argentina Burkart NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
PRBU2 Prosopis burkartii Muñoz NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
PRCA9 Prosopis caldenia Burkart NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
PRCA10 Prosopis calingastana Burkart cusqui NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
PRCA11 Prosopis campestris Griseb. NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
PRCA12 Prosopis castellanosii Burkart NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
PRDE4 Prosopis denudans Benth. NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
PREL5 Prosopis elata (Burkart) Burkart NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
PRFE2 Prosopis ferox Griseb. NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
PRFI4 Prosopis fiebrigii Harms NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
PRHA4 Prosopis hassleri Harms ex Hassler NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
PRHU3 Prosopis humilis Gillies ex Hook. & Arn. NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
PRKU2 Prosopis kuntzei Harms ex Hassler NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
PRPA10 Prosopis palmeri S. Watson NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
PRRO4 Prosopis rojasiana Burkart NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
PRRU4 Prosopis ruizlealii Burkart NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
PRRU5 Prosopis ruscifolia Griseb. NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
PRSE5 Prosopis sericantha Gillies ex Hook. & Arn. NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
PRTO3 Prosopis torquata DC. NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
RUFR80 Rubus fruticosus L. [excluded] shrubby blackberry NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
RUMO4 Rubus moluccanus L. [excluded] eelkek NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
SASA7 Sagittaria sagittifolia L. [excluded] arrowhead NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MA (P), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (ILAP, PP), VT (CAW)
SABI9 Salvinia biloba Raddi giant salvinia NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MA (P), OR (Q), SC (ILAP, PP), VT (CAW)
SAHE7 Salvinia herzogii de la Sota giant salvinia NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MA (P), OR (Q), SC (ILAP, PP), VT (CAW)
SEIN10 Senecio inaequidens DC. South African ragwort NW
SPAL3 Spermacoce alata Aubl. [excluded] winged false buttonweed NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
BOAL4 Borreria alata (Aubl.) DC. FL (NW)
STAL6 Stratiotes aloides L. [excluded] water soldiers AL (CCW), FL (PAP1)
TRBI5 Trapa bicornis Osbeck horn nut WA (WAWQ)
VOCU Vossia cuspidata Griff. hippo grass FL (PAP1)
ALECT2 Alectra Thunb. alectra NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) (I)
MELAS Melastoma L. melastoma HI (NW) (I)
SOPR3 Sorghum propinquum (Kunth) Hitchc. sorghum NV (NW) (I)
TIBOU Tibouchina Aubl. glorytree HI (NW) (I)
RUMEX Rumex L. dock AR (NW) (I), GL (I,N)
CYRE Cymbopogon refractus (R. Br.) A. Camus barbwire grass HI (NW) (I), HI (I)
MIDI8 Mimosa diplotricha C. Wright giant false sensitive plant HI (NW), MA (P) (I), HI (I), PR (I)
MIIN80 Mimosa invisa Mart., non Mart. ex Colla NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), HI (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
PRPA4 Prosopis pallida (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.) Kunth kiawe NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
ELMO5 Elephantopus mollis Kunth soft elephantsfoot HI (NW) (I), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
CARDU Carduus L. plumeless thistle AR (NW), IA (PRNW) (I), L48 (I)
CASUA Casuarina Rumph. ex L. sheoak FL (PAP1) (I), L48 (I)
EICHH Eichhornia Kunth water hyacinth FL (PAP1) (I), L48 (I)
SILYB Silybum Adans. milkthistle AR (NW) (I), L48 (I)
TAMAR2 Tamarix L. tamarisk MT (CAT2), NM (CCW), SD (NW), TX (NP), WY (NW) (I), L48 (I)
TRAPA Trapa L. water chestnut FL (PAP1), NC (CAW) (I), L48 (I)
MEPO3 Medicago polymorpha L. burclover AZ (PNW, RGNW) (I), L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
PLLA Plantago lanceolata L. narrowleaf plantain AR (NW), IA (SNW) (I), L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
SINAP Sinapis L. mustard MI (NW) (I), L48 (I), GL (I)
BRASS2 Brassica L. mustard MI (NW) (I), L48 (I), GL (I,W)
PUMO Pueraria montana (Lour.) Merr. kudzu CT (PIB), FL (NW), MA (P) (I), L48 (I), HI (I)
PUMOL Pueraria montana (Lour.) Merr. var. lobata (Willd.) Maesen & S.M. Almeida ex Sanjappa & Predeep kudzu MS (NW), WA (CAW, NWSPQ) (I), L48 (I), HI (I)
PULO Pueraria lobata (Willd.) Ohwi IL (NW), KS (NW), KY (NW), MO (NW), OR (ADW, Q), PA (NW), TX (NP)
PUTH Pueraria thunbergiana (Siebold & Zucc.) Benth. WV (NW)
SEPU8 Setaria pumila (Poir.) Roem. & Schult. yellow foxtail MA (P) (I), L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I), SPM (W)
TRTE Tribulus terrestris L. puncturevine AZ (PNW, RGNW), CA (CW), CO (CW), ID (NW), IA (SNW), NV (NW), NC (CBW), OR (BDW, Q), WA (CBW) (I), L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (W)
COBE2 Commelina benghalensis L. jio NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) (I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
DIBU Dioscorea bulbifera L. air yam AL (CAW), FL (NW) (I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
IPAQ Ipomoea aquatica Forssk. swamp morning-glory NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (PAP1), MA (PR), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (ILAP, PP), TX (NP), VT (CAW) (I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
MEQU Melaleuca quinquenervia (Cav.) S.F. Blake punktree NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW, PAP1), MA (P), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (ILAP, PP), TX (NP), VT (CAW) (I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
PEPO14 Pennisetum polystachion (L.) Schult. mission grass (I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
PEPO4 Pennisetum polystachyon (L.) Schult., orth. var. NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
SOHA Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers. Johnsongrass AR (NW), CA (CW), CO (CW), DE (NW), ID (NW), IL (NW), IN (NW), KS (NW), KY (NW), MD (NW), MO (NW), NV (NW), OH (PNW), OR (BDW, Q), PA (NW), SD (RNPS), UT (NW), WA (CAW, NWSPQ), WV (NW) (I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (I)
ECCR Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) P. Beauv. barnyardgrass AR (NW) (I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (W), SPM (W)
CYRO Cyperus rotundus L. nutgrass AR (NW), CA (BW), OR (ADW, Q), WA (Q) (I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
PECI Pennisetum ciliare (L.) Link buffelgrass AZ (PNW, RGNW) (I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
SCTE Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi Brazilian peppertree FL (NW, PAP1), TX (NP) (I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
SOTO4 Solanum torvum Sw. turkey berry NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), HI (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) (I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
TRPR5 Tridax procumbens L. coatbuttons NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) (I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
SOBI2 Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench1 sorghum IN (NW), IA (SNW), MD (NW), NV (NW), OH (PNW), PA (NW) (I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (I)
EICR Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms common water hyacinth AL (CCW), AZ (PNW, RGNW, RNW), CA (CW), CT (PINB), SC (ILAP, PP), TX (NP) (I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (W)
CYDA Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.2 Bermudagrass AR (NW), UT (NW) (I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (W), SPM (W)
ALSE4 Alternanthera sessilis (L.) R. Br. ex DC. sessile joyweed NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) (I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
HYPE3 Hyptis pectinata (L.) Poit. comb bushmint HI (NW) (I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
IPTR2 Ipomoea triloba L. littlebell AZ (PNW, RNW), FL (NW), SC (PP) (I), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
COGR9 Coccinia grandis (L.) Voigt ivy gourd HI (NW) (I), L48 (I), HI (I), VI (I)
DACA6 Daucus carota L. Queen Anne's lace IA (SNW), MI (NW), OH (PNW), WA (CBW, NWSPQ) (I), L48 (I), PR (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
CUME Cucumis melo L. cantaloupe (I), L48 (I), PR (I), CAN (W)
CUMED Cucumis melo L. var. dudaim (L.) Naud. AZ (PNW), CA (AW)
DIAL2 Dioscorea alata L. water yam FL (NW) (I), L48 (I), PR (I), VI (I)
IPCAF Ipomoea carnea Jacq. ssp. fistulosa (Mart. ex Choisy) D. Austin gloria de la manana (I), L48 (I), PR (I), VI (I)
IPFI2 Ipomoea fistulosa Mart. ex Choisy FL (PAP1)
ORSA Oryza sativa L. rice AR (NW), SC (PP) (I), L48 (I), PR (I), VI (I)
ALLIU Allium L. onion AR (NW) (I), L48 (I,N)
IPOMO Ipomoea L.3 morning-glory AZ (PNW), AR (NW) (I), L48 (I,N)
PROSO Prosopis L. mesquite FL (NW) (I), L48 (I,N)
SALVI2 Salvinia Ség.4, 5 watermoss FL (PAP1), NC (CAW), TX (NP) (I), L48 (I,W)
XASTC Xanthium strumarium L. var. canadense (Mill.) Torr. & A. Gray Canada cocklebur (I), L48 (N), HI (I), CAN (N)
XACO Xanthium commune Britton IA (SNW)
ANVI2 Andropogon virginicus L. broomsedge bluestem HI (NW) (I), L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), CAN (N)
EUHE4 Euphorbia heterophylla L. Mexican fireplant (I), L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
EUPR5 Euphorbia prunifolia Jacq. FL (NW), SC (PP)
TRSE4 Triumfetta semitriloba Jacq. Sacramento burbark HI (NW) (I), L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
CHOD Chromolaena odorata (L.) R.M. King & H. Rob. Jack in the bush HI (NW) (I), L48 (N), PR (N), VI (N)
URLO Urena lobata L. Caesarweed HI (NW) (I,N), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
ALTER2 Alternanthera Forssk. joyweed AR (NW) (I,N), L48 (I,N)
BERBE Berberis L.6 barberry MI (P) (I,N), L48 (I,N)
CROTA Crotalaria L. rattlebox AR (NW) (I,N), L48 (I,N)
CUSCU Cuscuta L.7, 8 dodder NW AL (CAW), AZ (PNW, RNW), AR (NW), CA (CW, Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MI (NW), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (BDW, Q), SC (PP), SD (RNPS), VT (CAW) (I,N), L48 (I,N)
LYTHR Lythrum L.9, 10, 11 loosestrife MI (SP), NC (CBW), WI (NUW) (I,N), L48 (I,N)
RHAMN Rhamnus L.12 buckthorn IA (PRNW) (I,N), L48 (I,N)
RIBES Ribes L.13 currant MI (PP) (I,N), L48 (I,N)
VITIS Vitis L.14 grape OH (PNW) (I,N), L48 (I,N)
XANTH2 Xanthium L. cocklebur AR (NW) (I,N), L48 (I,N)
HIERA Hieracium L.15 hawkweed WA (CCW) (I,N), L48 (I,N), GL (I,N)
PHAU7 Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud.16 common reed AL (CCW), CT (IB), MA (P), SC (PP), VT (CBW), WA (CCW) (I,N), L48 (N), HI (I), CAN (N)
PHCO15 Phragmites communis Trin. SC (ILAP)
CEEC Cenchrus echinatus L. southern sandbur AZ (PNW, RGNW), CA (CW) (I,N), L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
SALSO Salsola L. Russian thistle AR (NW) (I,W), L48 (I)
MICON Miconia Ruiz & Pav. johnnyberry HI (NW) (N)
MEMA Melastoma malabathricum L. Malabar melastome NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) (N), HI (I)
SASP Saccharum spontaneum L. wild sugarcane NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) (N), HI (I), PR (I)
ISRU Ischaemum rugosum Salisb. ribbed murainagrass NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) (N), L48 (I)
LIIN5 Limnophila indica (L.) Druce Indian marshweed CA (QW) (N), L48 (I)
LYMI Lygodium microphyllum (Cav.) R. Br. small-leaf climbing fern AL (CAW), FL (NW) (N), L48 (I)
MIFL3 Miscanthus floridulus (Labill.) Warb. ex K. Schum. & Lauterb. Pacific Island silvergrass HI (NW) (N), L48 (I)
STRIG Striga Lour. witchweed NW, Q AL (CAW), AZ (PNW), AR (NW), CA (Q), HI (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) (N), L48 (I)
STAS2 Striga asiatica (L.) Kuntze Asiatic witchweed CA (AW) (N), L48 (I)
CHAC Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin. golden false beardgrass NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) (N), L48 (I), HI (I)
PARE3 Panicum repens L. torpedo grass AL (CCW), AZ (PNW), HI (NW), TX (NP) (N), L48 (I), HI (I)
MAHON Mahonia Nutt.6 barberry MI (P) (N), L48 (I,N)
OROBA Orobanche L.17, 18 broomrape NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) (N), L48 (I,N)
CIRSI Cirsium Mill. thistle AR (NW), IA (PRNW) (N), L48 (I,N), GL (I,N), NA (N)
IMCY Imperata cylindrica (L.) P. Beauv.19 cogongrass NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), HI (NW), MN (PNW), MS (NW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) (NI), L48 (I)
PASC6 Paspalum scrobiculatum L. kodomillet NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) (NI), L48 (I), HI (I)
ARDO4 Arundo donax L. giant reed TX (NP) (NI), L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
PHUR Phyllanthus urinaria L. chamber bitter AL (CCW) (NI), L48 (I), PR (I)
POOL Portulaca oleracea L. little hogweed AZ (PNW, RGNW) (NI), L48 (I,N), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (NI)
CYNOD Cynodon Rich. Bermudagrass CA (CW) (W), L48 (I)
ONOPO Onopordum L. cottonthistle AR (NW) (W), L48 (I)
POBO10 Polygonum ×bohemicum (J. Chrtek & Chrtková) Zika & Jacobson [cuspidatum × sachalinense] Bohemian knotweed WA (CBW, NWSPQ) CAN (I)
AGRI2 Ageratina riparia (Regel) R.M. King & H. Rob. spreading snakeroot HI (NW) HI (I)
DIAB Digitaria abyssinica (Hochst. ex A. Rich.) Stapf African couchgrass MA (P) HI (I)
DISC5 Digitaria scalarum (Schweinf.) Chiov. NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
GRBA Grevillea banksii R. Br. kahiliflower HI (NW) HI (I)
HAMA7 Harrisia martinii (Labour.) Britton mooncactus HI (I)
ERMA16 Eriocereus martinii (Labour.) Riccob. HI (NW)
MEVE3 Medinilla venosa (Blume) Blume holdtight HI (NW) HI (I)
MOHI Montanoa hibiscifolia (Benth.) Standl. treedaisy HI (NW) HI (I)
MOFA Morella faya (Aiton) Wilbur firetree HI (I)
MYFA Myrica faya Aiton HI (NW)
OXPA3 Oxyspora paniculata (D. Don) DC. bristletips HI (NW) HI (I)
PABI5 Passiflora bicornis Mill. wingleaf passionflower HI (I)
PAPU13 Passiflora pulchella Kunth HI (NW)
PRJU3 Prosopis juliflora (Sw.) DC. mesquite HI (NW) HI (I)
RUELO Rubus ellipticus Sm. var. obcordatus Focke yellow Himalayan raspberry HI (NW) HI (I)
RUSI4 Rubus sieboldii Blume palmleaf dewberry HI (NW) HI (I)
SEMA15 Senecio madagascariensis Poir. Madagascar ragwort HI (NW) HI (I)
SORO3 Solanum robustum Wendl. shrubby nightshade HI (NW) HI (I)
THVI2 Themeda villosa (Poir.) A. Camus silky kangaroo grass HI (NW) HI (I)
CEHI3 Cereus hildmannianus K. Schum. hedge cactus HI (I), PR (I)
CEUR Cereus uruguayanus auct. non Kiesling HI (NW)
PUPH2 Pueraria phaseoloides (Roxb.) Benth. tropical kudzu HI (NW) HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
BOFR2 Bocconia frutescens L. parrotweed HI (NW) HI (I), PR (N)
HYSU3 Hyptis suaveolens (L.) Poit. pignut HI (NW) HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
ACPA8 Acacia paradoxa DC. paradox acacia CA (BW) L48 (I)
ACNO7 Acaena novae-zelandiae Kirk biddy-biddy L48 (I)
ACNO4 Acaena novae-zelandica Kirk, orth. var. CA (AW), HI (NW), OR (BDW, Q)
ACPA14 Acaena pallida (Kirk) Allen pale biddy-biddy CA (AW) L48 (I)
ACBR5 Achnatherum brachychaetum (Godr.) Barkworth shortbristled needlegrass CA (AW) L48 (I)
STBR3 Stipa brachychaeta Godr. AZ (PNW)
AECY Aegilops cylindrica Host jointed goatgrass AZ (PNW, RNW), CA (BW), CO (CW), ID (NW), NM (CCW), OR (BDW, Q), WA (CCW) L48 (I)
AEGE Aegilops geniculata Roth ovate goatgrass L48 (I)
AEOV2 Aegilops ovata L. p.p. CA (BW), OR (ADW, Q)
AETR Aegilops triuncialis L. barbed goatgrass CA (BW), OR (ADW, Q) L48 (I)
ALMA12 Alhagi maurorum Medik. camelthorn CA (AW, PN), WA (CBW) L48 (I)
ALCA Alhagi camelorum Fisch. NV (NW), TX (NP)
ALPS3 Alhagi pseudalhagi (M. Bieb.) Desv. ex B. Keller & Schaparenko AZ (PNW, RNW), CO (AW), NM (CAW), OR (ADW, Q)
ALNE3 Allium neapolitanum Cirillo white garlic L48 (I)
NOIN3 Nothoscordum inodorum (Aiton) G. Nicholson CA (BW)
ALPA20 Allium paniculatum L. Mediterranean onion CA (BW) L48 (I)
ALVIC3 Allium vineale L. ssp. compactum (Thuill.) Coss. & Germ. compact onion HI (NW) L48 (I)
ALCO16 Alyssum corsicum Duby yellowtuft OR (NW) L48 (I)
AMBR7 Ampelopsis brevipedunculata (Maxim.) Trautv. Amur peppervine CT (PINB), MA (P) L48 (I)
ARSE8 Araujia sericifera Brot. white bladderflower CA (BW) L48 (I)
ARCA45 Arctotheca calendula (L.) Levyns Capeweed CA (AW) L48 (I)
ASFI2 Asphodelus fistulosus L. onionweed NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NM (CAW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) L48 (I)
AZPI Azolla pinnata R. Br. feathered mosquitofern NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MA (P), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (ILAP, PP), VT (CAW) L48 (I)
BRSY Brachypodium sylvaticum (Huds.) P. Beauv. slender false brome OR (BDW, Q) L48 (I)
BRAL4 Bryonia alba L. white bryony WA (CBW) L48 (I)
CATE2 Carduus tenuiflorus W. Curtis winged plumeless thistle CA (CW), OR (BDW, Q), WA (CAW, NWSPQ) L48 (I)
CAKO2 Carex kobomugi Ohwi Japanese sedge CT (PIB), MA (P) L48 (I)
CALE52 Carthamus leucocaulos Sm. whitestem distaff thistle CA (AW) L48 (I)
CAOX6 Carthamus oxyacanthus M. Bieb. jeweled distaff thistle L48 (I)
CAOX2 Carthamus oxyacantha M. Bieb., orth. var. NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
CATA5 Caulerpa taxifolia (Vahl) C. Agardh20 killer alga NW AL (CAW), MA (P), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (ILAP, PP), VT (CAW) L48 (I)
CEIB Centaurea iberica Trevir. ex Spreng. Iberian knapweed AZ (PNW), CA (AW), NV (NW), OR (ADW, Q) L48 (I)
CESU Centaurea sulphurea Willd. sulphur knapweed AZ (PNW), CA (BW) L48 (I)
CEVI Centaurea virgata Lam. squarrose knapweed CO (AW), OR (ADW, Q) L48 (I)
CEVIS2 Centaurea virgata Lam. ssp. squarrosa (Willd.) Gugler squarrose knapweed L48 (I)
CESQ Centaurea squarrosa Willd. AZ (PNW), CA (AW), UT (NW)
CEVIS Centaurea virgata Lam. var. squarrosa (Willd.) Boiss. NV (NW)
CRVU2 Crupina vulgaris Cass. common crupina NW AL (CAW), CA (AW, Q), CO (AW), FL (NW), ID (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), MT (CAT3), NV (NW), NC (CAW), OR (BDW, Q), SC (PP), SD (RNPS), VT (CAW), WA (CAW, NWSPQ) L48 (I)
CUMY Cucumis myriocarpus E. Mey. ex Naud. gooseberry gourd CA (BW) L48 (I)
CUAN4 Cupaniopsis anacardioides (A. Rich.) Radlk. carrotwood FL (NW) L48 (I)
CUJA Cuscuta japonica Choisy Japanese dodder TX (NP) L48 (I)
CURE Cuscuta reflexa Roxb. giant dodder CA (AW) L48 (I)
CYCA Cynara cardunculus L. cardoon CA (BW) L48 (I)
CYSCA Cytisus scoparius (L.) Link var. andreanus (Puiss.) Dippel Scotch broom HI (NW) L48 (I)
CYST7 Cytisus striatus (Hill) Rothm. striated broom OR (BDW, Q) L48 (I)
DICI2 Dichrostachys cinerea (L.) Wight & Arn. aroma HI (NW) L48 (I)
DINU6 Dichrostachys nutans Benth. HI (NW)
DIVE2 Digitaria velutina (Forssk.) P. Beauv. velvet crabgrass NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) L48 (I)
DISA9 Dipsacus sativus (L.) Honck. Indian teasel IA (SNW) L48 (I)
EMAU Emex australis Steinh. southern threecornerjack NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) L48 (I)
EUOB4 Euphorbia oblongata Griseb. eggleaf spurge CA (BW), WA (CAW, NWSPQ) L48 (I)
EUSE12 Euphorbia serrata L. serrate spurge CA (AW) L48 (I)
EUTE10 Euphorbia terracina L. Geraldton carnation weed CA (QW) L48 (I)
EUMU Euryops multifidus (Thunb.) DC. hawk's eye L48 (I)
EUSUV Euryops subcarnosus DC. ssp. vulgaris B. Nord AZ (RNW)
GEMO2 Genista monspessulana (L.) L.A.S. Johnson French broom CA (CW), OR (BDW) L48 (I)
CYMO5 Cytisus monspessulanus L. HI (NW), OR (Q)
GLCL3 Glossostigma cleistanthum W.R. Barker Mudmats WA (WAWQ) L48 (I)
HAGL Halogeton glomeratus (M. Bieb.) C.A. Mey. saltlover AZ (PNW, RNW), CA (AW), CO (CW), HI (NW), NM (CBW), OR (BDW, Q) L48 (I)
HEHI12 Hedera hibernica (G. Kirchn.) Bean21 Atlantic Ivy WA (CCW) L48 (I)
HIGL3 Hieracium glomeratum Froel. queen-devil hawkweed WA (CBW) L48 (I)
HYVE3 Hydrilla verticillata (L. f.) Royle waterthyme NW AL (CAW), AZ (PNW), CA (AW, NAW, Q), CO (AW), CT (IB), FL (PAP1), ME (IAP), MA (P), MS (NW), NV (NW), NM (CAW), NC (CAW), OR (ADW, Q), SC (ILAP, PP), TX (NP), VT (CAW), WA (CAW, WAWQ) L48 (I)
HYPO3 Hygrophila polysperma (Roxb.) T. Anderson Indian swampweed NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (PAP2), MA (P), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (ILAP, PP), VT (CAW) L48 (I)
IPTU3 Ipomoea turbinata Lag. lilacbell L48 (I)
CAMU25 Calonyction muricatum (L.) G. Don AR (NW), SC (PP)
LEHO7 Lepyrodiclis holosteoides (C.A. Mey.) Fenzl ex Fisch. & C.A. Mey. false jagged-ckickweed WA (CBW) L48 (I)
LIOB Ligustrum obtusifolium Siebold & Zucc. border privet CT (PIB), MA (P), NH (PIS) L48 (I)
LISE3 Limnophila sessiliflora (Vahl) Blume Asian marshweed NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (PAP2), MA (P), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (ILAP, PP), VT (CAW) L48 (I)
LIGE Linaria genistifolia (L.) Mill. broomleaf toadflax CO (BW) L48 (I)
LUGRG2 Ludwigia grandiflora (Michx.) Greuter & Burdet ssp. grandiflora large-flower primrose-willow L48 (I)
LUUR Ludwigia uruguayensis (Camb.) H. Hara SC (PP)
LUGRH Ludwigia grandiflora (Michx.) Greuter & Burdet ssp. hexapetala (Hook. & Arn.) G.L. Nesom & Kartesz large-flower primrose-willow L48 (I)
LUHE5 Ludwigia hexapetala (Hook. & Arn.) Zardini, Gu & P.H. Raven NC (CBW), SC (ILAP, PP), WA (CBW, WAWQ)
LYFE4 Lycium ferocissimum Miers African boxthorn L48 (I)
LYFE3 Lycium ferrocissimum Miers, orth. var. NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
LYVI3 Lythrum virgatum L.22, 23 European wand loosestrife IA (SNW), MN (PNW), MT (CAT2), NE (NW), NV (NW), ND (NW), SD (RNPS), TN (PP), VA (NW), WA (CBW, Q) L48 (I)
MIVE3 Milium vernale M. Bieb. spring milletgrass ID (NW) L48 (I)
MORAE Moraea Mill. Cape tulip L48 (I)
HOMER Homeria Vent. AL (CAW), CA (Q), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), VT (CAW)
MOCO8 Moraea collina Thunb. Cape tulip NW L48 (I)
HOCO6 Homeria collina (Thunb.) Salisb. AL (CAW), CA (Q), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), VT (CAW)
MUKE Murdannia keisak (Hassk.) Hand.-Maz. wartremoving herb WA (WAWQ) L48 (I)
NATR3 Nassella trichotoma (Nees) Hack. serrated tussock NW AL (CAW), AZ (PNW), AR (NW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), TX (NP), VT (CAW) L48 (I)
STTR8 Stipa trichotoma Nees HI (NW)
NERE Neyraudia reynaudiana (Kunth) Keng ex Hitchc. silkreed FL (NW) L48 (I)
ONAL5 Ononis alopecuroides L. foxtail restharrow CA (QW) L48 (I)
ONIL Onopordum illyricum L. Illyrian cottonthistle NW CA (AW) L48 (I)
ONTA Onopordum tauricum Willd. bull cottonthistle CA (AW), CO (BW) L48 (I)
ORMI Orobanche minor Sm. hellroot OR (BDW, Q) L48 (I)
ORRA Orobanche ramosa L. hemp broomrape AZ (PNW), CA (AW), TX (NP) L48 (I)
ORRU Oryza rufipogon Griffiths brownbeard rice NW AL (CAW), CA (BW, Q), FL (NW, PAP1), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) L48 (I)
OTAL Ottelia alismoides (L.) Pers. ducklettuce NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MA (P), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (ILAP, PP), VT (CAW) L48 (I)
PACR15 Paederia cruddasiana Prain sewer vine FL (NW) L48 (I)
PATO2 Paulownia tomentosa (Thunb.) Siebold & Zucc. ex Steud. princesstree CT (PIB) L48 (I)
PEHA Peganum harmala L. harmal peganum AZ (PNW), CA (AW), CO (AW), NV (NW), NM (CBW), OR (ADW, Q) L48 (I)
PEPE24 Pennisetum pedicellatum Trin. Kyasuma grass NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) L48 (I)
POPE10 Polygonum perfoliatum L. Asiatic tearthumb AL (CAW), CT (IB), MA (P), NC (CAW), OH (PNW), PA (NW), SC (PP) L48 (I)
PRFA2 Prosopis farcta (Banks & Sol.) J.F. Macbr. Syrian mesquite NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) L48 (I)
PRST3 Prosopis strombulifera (Lam.) Benth. Argentine screwbean NW AL (CAW), CA (AW, Q), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) L48 (I)
RUPH Rubus phoenicolasius Maxim. wine raspberry CT (PIB), MA (P) L48 (I)
SAPA8 Salsola paulsenii Litv. barbwire Russian thistle CA (CW) L48 (I)
SAVE6 Salsola vermiculata L. shrubby Russian thistle NW AL (CAW), CA (AW, Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) L48 (I)
SAAE Salvia aethiopis L. Mediterranean sage CA (BW), CO (AW), NV (NW), OR (BDW, Q), WA (CAW, NWSPQ) L48 (I)
SAVI18 Salvia virgata Jacq. wand sage CA (AW) L48 (I)
SCOLY Scolymus L. goldenthistle AR (NW) L48 (I)
SCHI Scolymus hispanicus L. common goldenthistle CA (AW) L48 (I)
SEPUP3 Setaria pumila (Poir.) Roem. & Schult. ssp. pallidefusca (Schumach.) B.K. Simon cattail grass L48 (I)
SEPA82 Setaria pallidifusca (Schumach.) Stapf & C.E. Hubbard, orth. var. NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
SOCA19 Solanum cardiophyllum Lindl. heartleaf horsenettle CA (AW) L48 (I)
SOLA Solanum lanceolatum Cav. orangeberry nightshade CA (BW) L48 (I)
SOMA Solanum marginatum L. f. purple African nightshade CA (BW) L48 (I)
SOTA3 Solanum tampicense Dunal scrambling nightshade NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (ILAP, PP), VT (CAW) L48 (I)
SOVI2 Solanum viarum Dunal tropical soda apple NW AL (CAW), AZ (PNW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), MS (NW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), TN (PP), TX (NP), VT (CAW) L48 (I)
SOAL Sorghum almum Parodi Columbus grass IL (NW), IN (NW), NV (NW), UT (NW) L48 (I)
SPER Sparganium erectum L. simplestem bur-reed NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (PAP1), MA (P), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (ILAP, PP), VT (CAW) L48 (I)
TACA8 Taeniatherum caput-medusae (L.) Nevski medusahead CA (CW), CO (AW), NV (NW), OR (BDW, Q), UT (NW) L48 (I)
TACH2 Tamarix chinensis Lour. five-stamen tamarisk CO (BW), ND (NW) L48 (I)
TAPA4 Tamarix parviflora DC. smallflower tamarisk CO (BW), NE (NW), NV (NW), ND (NW) L48 (I)
TARA Tamarix ramosissima Ledeb. saltcedar CO (BW), NE (NW), NV (NW), ND (NW), OR (BDW, Q), WA (CBW, NWSPQ) L48 (I)
TRSE6 Triadica sebifera (L.) Small Chinese tallow L48 (I)
SASE5 Sapium sebiferum (L.) Roxb. FL (NW), LA (NW), MS (NW), TX (NP)
URPA Urochloa panicoides P. Beauv. panic liverseed grass NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) L48 (I)
VIAL2 Viscum album L. European mistletoe CA (BW) L48 (I)
ZYFA Zygophyllum fabago L. Syrian beancaper CA (AW), ID (NW), OR (ADW, Q), WA (CAW, NWSPQ) L48 (I)
CASES Calystegia sepium (L.) R. Br. ssp. sepium hedge false bindweed L48 (I), AK (I)
COSE14 Convolvulus sepium L. AR (NW)
SILAA3 Silene latifolia Poir. ssp. alba (Mill.) Greuter & Burdet bladder campion WA (CCW) L48 (I), AK (I)
AGGI Agrostemma githago L. common corncockle AR (NW), SC (PP) L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)
ALPE4 Alliaria petiolata (M. Bieb.) Cavara & Grande garlic mustard AL (CAW), CT (IB), MA (P), MN (PNW), NH (PIS), OR (BDW, Q), VT (CBW), WA (CAW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)
ALVI Allium vineale L. wild garlic CA (BW), HI (NW) L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)
BEIN2 Berteroa incana (L.) DC. hoary alyssum MI (NW) L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)
BRRA2 Bromus racemosus L. bald brome L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)
BRCO4 Bromus commutatus Schrad. AR (NW) CAN (I)
GLHE2 Glechoma hederacea L. ground ivy CT (PIB) L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)
HEMA3 Hesperis matronalis L. dames rocket CO (BW), CT (IB), MA (P) L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)
LOTA Lonicera tatarica L. Tatarian honeysuckle CT (PIB), MA (P), NH (PIS), VT (CBW) L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)
MYSP2 Myriophyllum spicatum L. Eurasian watermilfoil AL (CCW), CO (BW), CT (IB), FL (PAP1), ID (NW), ME (IAP), MA (P), MT (CAT3), NV (NW), NM (CAW), NC (CBW), OR (BDW, Q), SC (ILAP, PP), SD (RNPS), TX (NP), VT (CBW), WA (CBW, WAWQ) L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)
POSA4 Polygonum sachalinense F. Schmidt ex Maxim. giant knotweed CA (BW), CT (PIB), OR (BDW, Q), WA (CBW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)
SYAS Symphytum asperum Lepechin prickly comfrey CA (BW) L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I)
ROSY Rorippa sylvestris (L.) Besser creeping yellowcress CA (QW), NC (CBW), OR (BDW, Q) L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), GL (I)
TRPE21 Tripleurospermum perforatum (Mérat) M. Lainz scentless false mayweed L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), GL (I)
MAPE2 Matricaria perforata Mérat CO (BW), WA (CCW)
CIAR4 Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. Canada thistle AK (NW), AZ (PNW), CA (BW), CO (BW), CT (PIB), DE (NW), HI (NW), ID (NW), IL (NW), IN (NW), IA (PRNW), KS (NW), KY (NW), MD (NW), MI (NW), MN (PNW), MO (NW), MT (CAT1), NE (NW), NV (NW), NM (CAW), NC (CBW), ND (NW), OH (PNW), OK (NW), OR (BDW, Q), PA (NW), SD (NW, RNPS), UT (NW), WA (CCW), WI (NW), WY (NW) L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
ELRE4 Elymus repens (L.) Gould quackgrass L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
AGRE2 Agropyron repens (L.) P. Beauv. AK (NW), IA (PRNW), KS (NW), OR (BDW, Q), UT (NW), WY (NW)
ELRE3 Elytrigia repens (L.) Desv. ex Nevski AZ (PNW, RNW), CA (BW), CO (BW), HI (NW)
LIVU2 Linaria vulgaris Mill. butter and eggs ID (NW), MT (CAT1), NV (NW), NM (CAW), OR (BDW, Q), SD (RNPS), WA (CCW), WY (NW) L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
GATE2 Galeopsis tetrahit L. brittlestem hempnettle AK (NW) L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
HIAU Hieracium aurantiacum L. orange hawkweed CO (AW), ID (NW), MT (CAT2), OR (ADW, Q), WA (CBW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
HIPI Hieracium pilosella L. mouseear hawkweed OR (ADW, Q), WA (CBW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
MYSC Myosotis scorpioides L. true forget-me-not CT (IB), MA (P) L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
POCU6 Polygonum cuspidatum Siebold & Zucc. Japanese knotweed AL (CCW), CA (BW), CT (IB), MA (P), NH (PIS), OR (BDW, Q), WA (CBW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
FAJA2 Fallopia japonica (Houtt.) Ronse Decr. VT (CBW) CAN (I)
RORU Rosa rugosa Thunb. rugosa rose CT (PINB) L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
SOAR2 Sonchus arvensis L. field sowthistle AK (NW), AZ (PNW), CA (AW), CO (CW), HI (NW), ID (NW), IL (NW), IA (PRNW), MI (NW), MN (PNW), NV (NW), SD (NW, RNPS), WY (NW) L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
SECE Secale cereale L. cereal rye WA (CCW) L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (W), GL (W)
ECVU Echium vulgare L. common viper's bugloss WA (CBW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (W), SPM (I)
PASA2 Pastinaca sativa L. wild parsnip OH (PNW) L48 (I), AK (I), CAN (W), SPM (W)
ANCO2 Anthemis cotula L. stinking chamomile CO (BW), NV (NW) L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
BRSE Bromus secalinus L. rye brome AR (NW) L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
CYSC4 Cytisus scoparius (L.) Link Scotch broom CA (CW), HI (NW), ID (NW), OR (BDW, Q), WA (CBW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
LOTE2 Lolium temulentum L. Darnel ryegrass AR (NW), SC (PP) L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
VETH Verbascum thapsus L. common mullein CO (CW), HI (NW) L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
BRTE Bromus tectorum L. cheatgrass CO (CW), CT (PIB) L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I)
ERCI6 Erodium cicutarium (L.) L'Hér. ex Aiton redstem stork's bill CO (BW) L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I)
RARE3 Ranunculus repens L. creeping buttercup MA (P) L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
RUAC3 Rumex acetosella L. common sheep sorrel CT (PIB), IA (SNW) L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
SEVU Senecio vulgaris L. old-man-in-the-Spring WA (CCW) L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
CIVU Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten. bull thistle CO (BW), MD (NW), MN (PNW), NM (CBW), OR (BDW, Q), PA (NW), WA (CCW) L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
CILA8 Cirsium lanceolatum (L.) Scop., non Hill IA (PRNW)
HYRA3 Hypochaeris radicata L. hairy cat's ear WA (CBW) L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
LEVU Leucanthemum vulgare Lam. oxeye daisy WA (CBW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
CHLE80 Chrysanthemum leucanthemum L. CO (BW), MT (CAT1), WY (NW)
CHLEP Chrysanthemum leucanthemum L. var. pinnatifidum Lecoq & Lamotte OH (PNW)
NAMI2 Nasturtium microphyllum Boenn. ex Rchb. onerow yellowcress L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
ROMI3 Rorippa microphylla (Boenn. ex Rchb.) Hyl. ex Á. Löve & D. Löve CT (PIB)
POCO Poa compressa L. Canada bluegrass CT (PIB) L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
TAVU Tanacetum vulgare L. common tansy CO (BW), MT (CAT1), WA (CCW), WY (NW) L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
RUCR Rumex crispus L. curly dock IA (SNW) L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
SIAR4 Sinapis arvensis L. charlock mustard L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), VI (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
SIARA Sinapis arvensis L. ssp. arvensis wild mustard L48 (I), AK (I), HI (I), VI (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
BRAR11 Brassica arvensis (L.) Rabenh., non L., nom. illeg. IA (SNW)
BRKAP2 Brassica kaber (DC.) L.C. Wheeler var. pinnatifida (Stokes) L.C. Wheeler OH (PNW)
NAOF Nasturtium officinale W.T. Aiton watercress L48 (I), AK (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
RONA2 Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum (L.) Hayek CT (PIB)
ABTH Abutilon theophrasti Medik. velvetleaf CO (CW), IA (SNW), OR (BDW, Q), WA (CAW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), CAN (I)
ACGI Acer ginnala Maxim. Amur maple CT (PINB) L48 (I), CAN (I)
ACPL Acer platanoides L. Norway maple CT (INB), MA (P) L48 (I), CAN (I)
ACPS Acer pseudoplatanus L. sycamore maple CT (PIB), MA (P) L48 (I), CAN (I)
ACRE3 Acroptilon repens (L.) DC. hardheads AZ (PNW, RNW), CA (BW), CO (BW), HI (NW), NM (CBW), ND (NW), OR (BDW, Q), WA (CBW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
CERE6 Centaurea repens L. AK (NW), ID (NW), IA (PRNW), KS (NW), MT (CAT1), NV (NW), SC (PP), SD (NW, RNPS), UT (NW), WY (NW)
ALMY Alopecurus myosuroides Huds. slender meadow foxtail WA (CBW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
ALMU Alyssum murale Waldst. & Kit. yellowtuft OR (NW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
ANAR16 Anchusa arvensis (L.) M. Bieb. small bugloss WA (CBW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
ANOF Anchusa officinalis L. common bugloss OR (BDW, Q), WA (CBW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), CAN (I)
ARAB3 Artemisia absinthium L. absinthium CO (BW), ND (NW), WA (CCW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
BASC5 Bassia scoparia (L.) A.J. Scott burningbush L48 (I), CAN (I)
KOSC Kochia scoparia (L.) Schrad. CT (PIB), OR (BDW, Q), WA (CBW, NWSPQ) CAN (I)
BETH Berberis thunbergii DC. Japanese barberry CT (INB), MA (P) L48 (I), CAN (I)
BEVU Berberis vulgaris L. common barberry CT (IB), MA (P), NH (PIS) L48 (I), CAN (I)
BUUM Butomus umbellatus L. flowering rush CT (PIB), VT (CBW), WA (WAWQ) L48 (I), CAN (I)
CAIM Cardamine impatiens L. narrowleaf bittercress CT (IB), MA (P) L48 (I), CAN (I)
CACH42 Cardaria chalepensis (L.) Hand.-Maz. lenspod whitetop L48 (I), CAN (I)
CACH10 Cardaria chalapensis (L.) Hand.-Maz., orth. var. AZ (PNW), CA (BW), OR (BDW, Q) CAN (I)
CADR Cardaria draba (L.) Desv. whitetop AK (NW), AZ (PNW, RNW), CA (BW), CO (BW), ID (NW), KS (NW), MT (CAT1), NV (NW), NM (CAW), OR (BDW, Q), SD (NW, RNPS), UT (NW), WA (CCW), WY (NW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
LEDR Lepidium draba L. IA (PRNW)
CAPU6 Cardaria pubescens (C.A. Mey.) Jarmolenko hairy whitetop AK (NW), AZ (PNW), CA (BW), HI (NW), OR (BDW, Q), WA (CCW), WY (NW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
CAAC Carduus acanthoides L. spiny plumeless thistle AZ (PNW), CA (AW), CO (BW), MD (NW), MN (PNW), NE (NW), NC (CBW), OR (ADW, Q), SD (RNPS), WA (CBW, NWSPQ), WV (NW), WY (NW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
CACR2 Carduus crispus L. curly plumeless thistle WV (NW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
CANU4 Carduus nutans L. nodding plumeless thistle CA (AW), CO (BW), ID (NW), IL (NW), KS (NW), KY (NW), MD (NW), MN (PNW), MO (NW), NE (NW), NV (NW), NM (CBW), NC (CBW), ND (NW), OH (PNW), OK (NW), OR (BDW, Q), PA (NW), SD (RNPS), UT (NW), WA (CBW, NWSPQ), WV (NW), WY (NW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
CALA20 Carthamus lanatus L. woolly distaff thistle CA (BW), OR (ADW, Q) L48 (I), CAN (I)
CALAC3 Carthamus lanatus L. ssp. creticus (L.) Holmboe woolly distaff thistle L48 (I), CAN (I)
CABA5 Carthamus baeticus (Boiss. & Reut.) Nyman CA (BW), OR (ADW, Q)
CEOR7 Celastrus orbiculatus Thunb. Oriental bittersweet CT (IB), MA (P), NH (PIS), NC (CCW), VT (CBW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
CECA2 Centaurea calcitrapa L. red star-thistle AZ (PNW), CA (BW), NV (NW), NM (CAW), OR (ADW, Q), WA (CAW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), CAN (I)
CEDI3 Centaurea diffusa Lam. diffuse knapweed AZ (PNW, RNW), CA (AW), CO (BW), ID (NW), MT (CAT1), NE (NW), NV (NW), NM (CAW), ND (NW), OR (BDW, Q), SD (RNPS), UT (NW), WA (CBW, NWSPQ), WY (NW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
CEMA9 Centaurea macrocephala Puschk. ex Willd. bighead knapweed WA (CAW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), CAN (I)
CENI3 Centaurea nigrescens Willd. Tyrol knapweed OR (BDW, Q), WA (CAW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), CAN (I)
CEPR2 Centaurea pratensis Thuill., non Salisb., nom. illeg. CO (AW), ID (NW), OR (BDW, Q)
CESO3 Centaurea solstitialis L. yellow star-thistle AZ (PNW, RNW), CA (CW), CO (AW), ID (NW), MT (CAT3), NV (NW), NM (CAW), ND (NW), OR (BDW, Q), SD (RNPS), UT (NW), WA (CBW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
CHMI Chaenorhinum minus (L.) Lange dwarf snapdragon WA (NWSPQ) L48 (I), CAN (I)
CHJU Chondrilla juncea L. rush skeletonweed AZ (PNW), CA (AW), CO (AW), ID (NW), MT (CAT3), NV (NW), OR (BDW, Q), SD (RNPS), WA (CBW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
CLOR Clematis orientalis L. Oriental virginsbower CO (BW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
CLVI6 Clematis vitalba L. evergreen clematis OR (BDW, Q), WA (CCW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
CNBE Cnicus benedictus L. blessed thistle SC (PP) L48 (I), CAN (I)
COMA2 Conium maculatum L. poison hemlock CO (CW), ID (NW), IA (SNW), NV (NW), NM (CBW), OH (PNW), OR (BDW, Q), WA (CCW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
COSQ Coronopus squamatus (Forssk.) Asch. greater swinecress AZ (PNW), CA (BW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
CUAP2 Cuscuta approximata Bab. alfalfa dodder WA (CCW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
CYLO11 Cynanchum louiseae Kartesz & Gandhi Louise's swallow-wort CT (IB), MA (P) L48 (I), CAN (I)
CYNI Cynanchum nigrum (L.) Pers., non Cav. NH (PIS)
VINI3 Vincetoxicum nigrum (L.) Moench VT (CBW)
CYRO8 Cynanchum rossicum (Kleopow) Borhidi European swallow-wort CT (IB), MA (P), NH (PIS) L48 (I), CAN (I)
CYVI3 Cynanchum vincetoxicum (L.) Pers. white swallow-wort L48 (I), CAN (I)
VIHI3 Vincetoxicum hirundinaria Medik. VT (CAW)
CYOF Cynoglossum officinale L. gypsyflower CO (BW), MT (CAT1), NV (NW), OR (BDW, Q), WA (CBW), WY (NW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
DIFU2 Dipsacus fullonum L. Fuller's teasel CO (BW), IA (SNW), MO (NW), NM (CBW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
DILA4 Dipsacus laciniatus L. cutleaf teasel CO (BW), IA (SNW), MO (NW), OR (BDW, Q) L48 (I), CAN (I)
ECPL Echium plantagineum L. salvation jane OR (ADW, Q) L48 (I), CAN (I)
ELAN Elaeagnus angustifolia L. Russian olive CO (BW), CT (PIB), NM (CCW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
ELCI Elsholtzia ciliata (Thunb.) Hyl. crested latesummer mint CT (PIB) L48 (I), CAN (I)
EPHI Epilobium hirsutum L. codlins and cream MA (P), WA (WAWQ) L48 (I), CAN (I)
EUAL13 Euonymus alatus (Thunb.) Siebold burningbush MA (P) L48 (I), CAN (I)
EUAL8 Euonymus alata (Thunb.) Siebold, orth. var. CT (INB)
EUCY2 Euphorbia cyparissias L. cypress spurge CO (AW), CT (PIB), MA (P) L48 (I), CAN (I)
EUES Euphorbia esula L. leafy spurge AK (NW), AZ (PNW), CA (AW), CO (BW), CT (IB), HI (NW), ID (NW), IA (PRNW), KS (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), MT (CAT1), NE (NW), NV (NW), NM (CAW), ND (NW), OR (BDW, Q), SD (NW, RNPS), UT (NW), WA (CBW, NWSPQ), WI (NW), WY (NW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
EUESE Euphorbia esula L. var. esula leafy spurge L48 (I), CAN (I)
EUPS2 Euphorbia pseudovirgata (Schur) Soó SD (RNPS)
EUMY2 Euphorbia myrsinites L. myrtle spurge CO (AW), OR (BDW, Q) L48 (I), CAN (I)
FRAL4 Frangula alnus Mill. glossy buckthorn CT (INB), MA (P) L48 (I), CAN (I)
RHFR Rhamnus frangula L. MN (RNW), NH (PIS), VT (CBW)
GAOF Galega officinalis L. professor-weed NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NV (NW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), PA (NW), SC (PP), VT (CAW), WA (CAW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), CAN (I)
GLMA3 Glyceria maxima (Hartm.) Holmb. reed mannagrass CT (PIB), MA (P) L48 (I), CAN (I)
GYPA Gypsophila paniculata L. baby's breath CA (BW), WA (CCW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
HAHA8 Halimodendron halodendron (Pall.) Voss common salttree CA (AW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
HEMA17 Heracleum mantegazzianum Sommier & Levier giant hogweed NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), CT (PIB), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NH (PIS), NC (CAW), OR (ADW, Q), PA (NW), SC (PP), VT (CAW), WA (CAW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), CAN (I)
HITR Hibiscus trionum L. flower of an hour CO (BW), WA (NWSPQ) L48 (I), CAN (I)
HICA10 Hieracium caespitosum Dumort. meadow hawkweed WA (CBW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), CAN (I)
HIPR Hieracium pratense Tausch ID (NW), MT (CAT2), OR (ADW, Q)
HIPI2 Hieracium piloselloides Vill. tall hawkweed MT (CAT2), OR (ADW, Q) L48 (I), CAN (I)
HUJA Humulus japonicus Siebold & Zucc. Japanese hop CT (PIB), MA (P) L48 (I), CAN (I)
HYMO6 Hydrocharis morsus-ranae L. common frogbit CA (AW), ME (IAP), VT (CBW), WA (WAWQ) L48 (I), CAN (I)
HYNI Hyoscyamus niger L. black henbane CA (CW), CO (BW), ID (NW), NV (NW), NM (CAW), WA (CCW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
IMGL Impatiens glandulifera Royle ornamental jewelweed CT (PIB), OR (BDW, Q), WA (CBW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), CAN (I)
IRPS Iris pseudacorus L. paleyellow iris CT (IB), MA (P), MT (CAT3), NH (PIS), OR (BDW, Q), WA (CCW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
LELA2 Lepidium latifolium L. broadleaved pepperweed AK (NW), CA (BW), CO (BW), CT (IB), HI (NW), ID (NW), MA (P), MT (CAT2), NV (NW), NM (CAW), OR (BDW, Q), SD (RNPS), UT (NW), WA (CBW, NWSPQ), WY (NW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
LIVU Ligustrum vulgare L. European privet CT (PINB) L48 (I), CAN (I)
LIDA Linaria dalmatica (L.) Mill. Dalmatian toadflax CO (BW), ID (NW), MT (CAT1), NV (NW), OR (BDW, Q), SD (RNPS), WY (NW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
LIDAD Linaria dalmatica (L.) Mill. ssp. dalmatica Dalmatian toadflax WA (CBW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
LIGED Linaria genistifolia (L.) Mill. ssp. dalmatica (L.) Maire & Petitm. AZ (PNW, RNW), CA (AW), NM (CAW), ND (NW), WA (NWSPQ) CAN (I)
LOBE Lonicera ×bella Zabel [morrowii × tatarica] showy fly honeysuckle CT (IB), MA (P), NH (PIS), VT (CBW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
LOMA6 Lonicera maackii (Rupr.) Herder Amur honeysuckle CT (IB), MA (P), VT (CBW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
LOMO2 Lonicera morrowii A. Gray Morrow's honeysuckle CT (IB), MA (P), NH (PIS), VT (CBW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
LOXY Lonicera xylosteum L. dwarf honeysuckle CT (PIB) L48 (I), CAN (I)
LYFL3 Lychnis flos-cuculi L. ragged robin CT (PIB) L48 (I), CAN (I)
LYNU Lysimachia nummularia L. creeping jenny CT (PINB), MA (P) L48 (I), CAN (I)
LYVU Lysimachia vulgaris L. garden yellow loosestrife CT (PIB), WA (CBW, WAWQ) L48 (I), CAN (I)
MISA Miscanthus sacchariflorus (Maxim.) Franch. Amur silvergrass MA (P) L48 (I), CAN (I)
MISI Miscanthus sinensis Andersson Chinese silvergrass CT (PINB) L48 (I), CAN (I)
NAMI Najas minor All. brittle waternymph AL (CCW), CT (PIB), ME (IAP), MA (P), SC (ILAP, PP), WA (WAWQ) L48 (I), CAN (I)
NYPE Nymphoides peltata (S.G. Gmel.) Kuntze yellow floatingheart CT (PIB), ME (IAP), MA (P), OR (ADW, Q), VT (CBW), WA (CBW, WAWQ) L48 (I), CAN (I)
ORUM Ornithogalum umbellatum L. star of Bethlehem AL (CCW), CT (PINB) L48 (I), CAN (I)
PHAM2 Phellodendron amurense Rupr. Amur corktree MA (P) L48 (I), CAN (I)
POCE4 Polygonum cespitosum Blume, nom. inq. Oriental lady's thumb L48 (I), CAN (I)
POCA49 Polygonum caespitosum Blume, orth. var. CT (PIB) CAN (I)
POAL7 Populus alba L. white poplar CT (PIB) L48 (I), CAN (I)
POCR3 Potamogeton crispus L. curly pondweed AL (CCW), CT (IB), ME (IAP), MA (P), VT (CBW), WA (CCW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
PORE5 Potentilla recta L. sulphur cinquefoil CO (BW), MT (CAT1), NV (NW), OR (BDW, Q), WA (CBW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
RAFI Ranunculus ficaria L. fig buttercup CT (IB), MA (P) L48 (I), CAN (I)
RHCA3 Rhamnus cathartica L. common buckthorn CT (IB), MA (P), MN (RNW), NH (PIS), VT (CBW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
ROAM Rorippa amphibia (L.) Besser great yellowcress MA (P) L48 (I), CAN (I)
ROAU Rorippa austriaca (Crantz) Besser Austrian yellowcress AK (NW), AZ (PNW), CA (BW), NV (NW), WA (CBW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
ROMU Rosa multiflora Thunb.24, 25 multiflora rose AL (CCW), CT (IB), IN (PR), IA (SNW), KY (NW), MA (P), MO (NW), NH (PIS), PA (NW), SD (RNPS), WV (NW), WI (NUW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
SACO8 Salsola collina Pall. slender Russian thistle CA (QW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
SAPR2 Salvia pratensis L. introduced sage WA (CAW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), CAN (I)
SAOF4 Saponaria officinalis L. bouncingbet CO (BW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
SEFA Setaria faberi Herrm. Japanese bristlegrass AR (NW), CA (BW), KY (NW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
SIMA3 Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn. blessed milkthistle OR (BDW), WA (CAW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), CAN (I)
SODU Solanum dulcamara L. climbing nightshade CT (PIB) L48 (I), CAN (I)
SPAN5 Spartina anglica C.E. Hubbard common cordgrass OR (ADW, Q), WA (CBW, WAWQ) L48 (I), CAN (I)
SPDE2 Spartina densiflora Brongn. denseflower cordgrass OR (ADW, Q), WA (CAW, WAWQ) L48 (I), CAN (I)
SPSA3 Sphaerophysa salsula (Pall.) DC. alkali swainsonpea CA (AW), NV (NW), OR (BDW, Q), WA (CBW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
TRNA Trapa natans L. water chestnut AL (CCW), AZ (PNW), CT (IB), ME (IAP), MA (P), OR (ADW, Q), SC (ILAP, PP), VT (CBW), WA (WAWQ) L48 (I), CAN (I)
ULPU Ulmus pumila L. Siberian elm NM (CCW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
VAOF Valeriana officinalis L. garden valerian CT (PIB) L48 (I), CAN (I)
XASP2 Xanthium spinosum L. spiny cocklebur OR (BDW, Q), WA (CCW) L48 (I), CAN (I)
ANSY Anthriscus sylvestris (L.) Hoffm. wild chervil MA (P), WA (CBW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), CAN (I), GL (I)
CEJA Centaurea jacea L. brownray knapweed WA (CBW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), CAN (I), GL (I)
CACA19 Carum carvi L. caraway CO (BW) L48 (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
NAST3 Nardus stricta L. matgrass ID (NW), OR (ADW, Q) L48 (I), CAN (I), GL (I), SPM (I)
AEPO Aegopodium podagraria L. bishop's goutweed CT (IB), MA (P), VT (CBW) L48 (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
ARMI2 Arctium minus Bernh. lesser burdock CO (CW), WY (NW) L48 (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
CAST Callitriche stagnalis Scop. pond water-starwort CT (PIB) L48 (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
CENI2 Centaurea nigra L. lesser knapweed WA (CBW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
CIIN Cichorium intybus L. chicory CO (CW) L48 (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
FEFI Festuca filiformis Pourr. fineleaf sheep fescue MA (P) L48 (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
HIFL3 Hieracium ×floribundum Wimm. & Grab. (pro sp.) [caespitosum × lactucella] hawkweed MT (CAT2), OR (ADW, Q), WA (CAW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
LYSA2 Lythrum salicaria L.26, 22, 23, 27 purple loosestrife AL (CBW), AZ (PNW), AR (NW), CA (BW), CO (AW), CT (IB), FL (PAP1), ID (NW), IN (PR), IA (SNW), MA (P), MN (PNW), MO (NW), MT (CAT2), NE (NW), NV (NW), NM (CAW), ND (NW), OH (PNW), OR (BDW, Q), PA (NW), SC (ILAP, PP), SD (NW, RNPS), TN (PP), TX (NP), UT (NW), VT (CBW), VA (NW), WA (CBW, Q), WY (NW) L48 (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
POPO5 Polygonum polystachyum Wall. ex Meisn. cultivated knotweed CA (BW), OR (BDW, Q), WA (CBW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
SEJA Senecio jacobaea L.28 stinking willie AZ (PNW), CA (BW), CO (AW), CT (PIB), ID (NW), MA (P), MT (CAT2), OR (BDW, Q), WA (CBW, NWSPQ, Q) L48 (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
SOARA2 Sonchus arvensis L. ssp. arvensis field sowthistle WA (CBW) L48 (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
TUFA Tussilago farfara L. coltsfoot AL (CAW), CT (IB), MA (P), OR (ADW, Q) L48 (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
MAQU Marsilea quadrifolia L. European waterclover CT (PIB) L48 (I), CAN (N)
SESQ Senecio squalidus L. oxford ragwort CA (BW) L48 (I), CAN (N)
THPA7 Thymelaea passerina (L.) Coss. & Germ. mezereon WA (CAW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), CAN (N)
TOAR Torilis arvensis (Huds.) Link spreading hedgeparsley WA (CBW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), CAN (N)
AVST Avena sterilis L. animated oat NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) L48 (I), CAN (W)
CHTE2 Chorispora tenella (Pall.) DC. crossflower CA (BW) L48 (I), CAN (W)
GLFL Glaucium flavum Crantz yellow hornpoppy MA (P) L48 (I), CAN (W)
ISTI Isatis tinctoria L. Dyer's woad AZ (PNW), CA (BW), CO (AW), ID (NW), MT (CAT2), NV (NW), NM (CAW), OR (BDW, Q), UT (NW), WA (CAW, NWSPQ), WY (NW) L48 (I), CAN (W)
ONAC Onopordum acanthium L. Scotch cottonthistle AZ (PNW, RNW), CA (AW), CO (BW), CT (PIB), ID (NW), MO (NW), NV (NW), NM (CAW), OK (NW), OR (BDW, Q), UT (NW), WA (CBW, NWSPQ), WY (NW) L48 (I), CAN (W)
SASC2 Salvia sclarea L. Europe sage WA (CAW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), CAN (W)
PASO2 Papaver somniferum L. opium poppy WV (NW) L48 (I), CAN (W), GL (W)
SAKA Salsola kali L. Russian thistle HI (NW) L48 (I), CAN (W), SPM (W)
ACME80 Acacia mearnsii De Wild. black wattle HI (NW) L48 (I), HI (I)
AGAD2 Ageratina adenophora (Spreng.) R.M. King & H. Rob. sticky snakeroot NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), HI (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) L48 (I), HI (I)
AREL4 Ardisia elliptica Thunb. shoebutton HI (NW) L48 (I), HI (I)
ARHI3 Arthraxon hispidus (Thunb.) Makino small carpetgrass CT (PIB), MA (P) L48 (I), HI (I)
CAPY2 Carduus pycnocephalus L. Italian plumeless thistle CA (CW), OR (BDW, Q), WA (CAW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), HI (I)
COJU2 Cortaderia jubata (Lem.) Stapf purple pampas grass HI (NW) L48 (I), HI (I)
EMSP Emex spinosa (L.) Campd. spiny threecornerjack NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), HI (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) L48 (I), HI (I)
MOVA Monochoria vaginalis (Burm. f.) C. Presl ex Kunth heartshape false pickerelweed NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (PAP1), MA (P), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (ILAP, PP), VT (CAW) L48 (I), HI (I)
PAFO3 Paederia foetida L. stinkvine AL (CBW), FL (NW) L48 (I), HI (I)
PAAN4 Panicum antidotale Retz. blue panicum CA (BW) L48 (I), HI (I)
PATA6 Passiflora tarminiana Coppens & V.E. Barney banana passionflower L48 (I), HI (I)
PAMO20 Passiflora mollissima auct. non (Kunth) L.H. Bailey HI (NW)
PEMA80 Pennisetum macrourum Trin. African feathergrass NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) L48 (I), HI (I)
PESE3 Pennisetum setaceum (Forssk.) Chiov. crimson fountaingrass HI (NW) L48 (I), HI (I)
PIUN2 Pittosporum undulatum Vent. Australian cheesewood HI (NW) L48 (I), HI (I)
RHTO10 Rhodomyrtus tomentosa (Aiton) Hassk. rose myrtle L48 (I), HI (I)
RHTO Rhodomyrtus tomentosus (Aiton) Hassk., orth. var. FL (NW), HI (NW) HI (I)
RUNI4 Rubus niveus Thunb. snowpeaks raspberry HI (NW) L48 (I), HI (I)
SAMO5 Salvinia molesta Mitchell kariba-weed NW AL (CAW), AZ (PNW, RGNW), CA (Q), CO (AW), CT (PIB), MA (P), MS (NW), NV (NW), OR (Q), SC (ILAP, PP), VT (CAW) L48 (I), HI (I)
SPJU2 Spartium junceum L. Spanish broom HI (NW), OR (BDW, Q), WA (CAW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), HI (I)
AIAL Ailanthus altissima (Mill.) Swingle tree of heaven CT (IB), MA (P), NH (PIS), VT (CBW) L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
ANAR6 Anthemis arvensis L. corn chamomile CO (BW) L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
CEME2 Centaurea melitensis L. Maltese star-thistle NV (NW), NM (CBW) L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
CESTM Centaurea stoebe L. ssp. micranthos (Gugler) Hayek spotted knapweed L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
CEBI2 Centaurea biebersteinii DC. CT (IB), MA (P), WA (CBW, NWSPQ)
CEMA4 Centaurea maculosa auct. non Lam. AZ (PNW, RNW), CA (AW), CO (BW), ID (NW), MT (CAT1), NE (NW), NV (NW), NM (CAW), ND (NW), OR (BDW, Q), SD (RNPS), UT (NW), WY (NW)
COAR4 Convolvulus arvensis L. field bindweed AK (NW), AZ (PNW, RGNW), AR (NW), CA (CW), CO (CW), HI (NW), ID (NW), IA (PRNW), KS (NW), MI (NW), MN (PNW), MO (NW), MT (CAT1), NM (CCW), ND (NW), OR (BDW, Q), SD (RNPS), TX (NP), UT (NW), WA (CCW), WI (NW), WY (NW) L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
CYSCS2 Cytisus scoparius (L.) Link var. scoparius Scotch broom HI (NW) L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
ELUM Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb. autumn olive CT (IB), MA (P), NH (PIS), WV (NW) L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
HEHE Hedera helix L.29 English ivy OR (BDW, Q), WA (CCW) L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
LECU Lespedeza cuneata (Dum. Cours.) G. Don sericea lespedeza CO (AW), KS (NW) L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
MYAQ2 Myriophyllum aquaticum (Vell.) Verdc. parrot feather watermilfoil AL (CCW), CT (PIB), ME (IAP), MA (P), VT (CAW), WA (CBW, WAWQ) L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
RUAR9 Rubus armeniacus Focke Himalayan blackberry L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
RUDI2 Rubus discolor Weihe & Nees OR (BDW, Q)
SATR12 Salsola tragus L. prickly Russian thistle CA (CW) L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
SAKAT6 Salsola kali L. ssp. tenuifolia Moq. OH (PNW)
SOSE2 Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pav. field burrweed WA (CAW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
TAMI3 Tagetes minuta L. muster John Henry CA (AW) L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
ULEU Ulex europaeus L. common gorse CA (BW), HI (NW), OR (BDW, Q), WA (CBW, NWSPQ) L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
VEBL Verbascum blattaria L. moth mullein CO (BW) L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I)
HYPE Hypericum perforatum L. common St. Johnswort CA (CW), CO (CW), MT (CAT1), NV (NW), OR (BDW), SD (RNPS), WA (CCW), WY (NW) L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
AMARE Ambrosia artemisiifolia L. var. elatior (L.) Descourtils annual ragweed L48 (I), HI (I), CAN (N)
AMEL2 Ambrosia elatior L. MI (NW)
ANCO6 Anredera cordifolia (Ten.) Steenis heartleaf madeiravine HI (NW) L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
FAVI Fatoua villosa (Thunb.) Nakai hairy crabweed AL (CCW) L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
LYJA Lygodium japonicum (Thunb.) Sw. Japanese climbing fern AL (CBW), FL (NW) L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
PHTE5 Phyllanthus tenellus Roxb. Mascarene Island leaf-flower AL (CCW) L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I)
BUDA2 Buddleja davidii Franch.30 orange eye butterflybush OR (BDW, Q), WA (CCW) L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (I)
CASA3 Cannabis sativa L. marijuana IL (NW), MN (PNW), MO (NW), PA (NW), WV (NW) L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (I)
GAPA2 Galinsoga parviflora Cav. gallant soldier AK (NW) L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (I)
LOJA Lonicera japonica Thunb. Japanese honeysuckle CT (IB), MA (P), NH (PIS), VT (CBW) L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (I)
EGDE Egeria densa Planch. Brazilian waterweed AL (CCW), CT (PIB), ME (IAP), MA (P), SC (ILAP, PP), VT (CAW), WA (CBW, WAWQ) L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (W)
ELDE3 Elodea densa (Planch.) Caspary OR (BDW, Q)
PECL2 Pennisetum clandestinum Hochst. ex Chiov. kikuyugrass NW AL (CAW), CA (CW, Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW, Q), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
TRRH Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq. diamond burbark HI (NW) L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)
DAST Datura stramonium L. jimsonweed CT (PIB), PA (NW) L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (I)
PAMI2 Panicum miliaceum L. proso millet CO (CW), OR (BDW, Q) L48 (I), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (I)
CAHA13 Cardiospermum halicacabum L. balloon vine AL (CCW), AR (NW), SC (PP), TX (NP) L48 (I), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
MAAL4 Malachra alceifolia Jacq. yellow leafbract HI (NW) L48 (I), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
ALPH Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Griseb. alligatorweed AL (CCW), AZ (PNW), CA (AW), FL (PAP1), SC (ILAP, PP), TX (NP) L48 (I), PR (I)
EIAZ2 Eichhornia azurea (Sw.) Kunth anchored water hyacinth NW AL (CAW), AZ (PNW), CA (Q), MA (P), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (ILAP, PP), TX (NP), VT (CAW) L48 (I), PR (I)
IMBR Imperata brasiliensis Trin. Brazilian satintail NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), MS (NW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) L48 (I), PR (I)
MIVI Microstegium vimineum (Trin.) A. Camus Nepalese browntop AL (CCW), CT (IB), MA (P) L48 (I), PR (I)
ROCO6 Rottboellia cochinchinensis (Lour.) W.D. Clayton itchgrass NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MA (P), MN (PNW), MS (NW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), TX (NP), VT (CAW) L48 (I), PR (I)
ROEX2 Rottboellia exaltata (L.) L. f. AR (NW), FL (NW)
LIOV Ligustrum ovalifolium Hassk. California privet CT (PINB) L48 (I), PR (I), CAN (I)
LAMO5 Lagascea mollis Cav. silkleaf HI (NW) L48 (I), PR (I), VI (I)
MIMI5 Mikania micrantha Kunth mile-a-minute NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW), HI (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) L48 (I), PR (N)
ANBI Andropogon bicornis L. barbas de indio HI (NW) L48 (I), PR (N), VI (N)
EUDE4 Euphorbia dentata Michx. toothed spurge ID (NW) L48 (I,N)
AMAR2 Ambrosia artemisiifolia L.31 annual ragweed IL (NW), OR (BDW, Q) L48 (I,N), HI (I), CAN (N)
AEVI3 Aeschynomene virginica (L.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb. Virginia jointvetch AR (NW) L48 (N)
AMGR5 Ambrosia grayi (A. Nelson) Shinners woollyleaf bur ragweed KS (NW) L48 (N)
AMTO3 Ambrosia tomentosa Nutt. skeletonleaf bur ragweed ID (NW), OR (ADW, Q) L48 (N)
FRDI3 Franseria discolor Nutt. WY (NW)
CEPUP6 Centromadia pungens (Hook. & Arn.) Greene ssp. pungens common tarweed L48 (N)
HEPU5 Hemizonia pungens (Hook. & Arn.) Torr. & A. Gray OR (BDW, Q), WA (CCW)
CIOC2 Cirsium ochrocentrum A. Gray yellowspine thistle CA (AW) L48 (N)
CLHIH2 Clidemia hirta (L.) D. Don var. hirta soapbush HI (NW) L48 (N)
HECI Helianthus ciliaris DC. Texas blueweed AZ (PNW, RNW), AR (NW), CA (AW), OR (ADW, Q), SC (PP), WA (CAW, NWSPQ) L48 (N)
HILA4 Hieracium laevigatum Willd. smooth hawkweed WA (CBW) L48 (N)
HOGL2 Hoffmannseggia glauca (Ortega) Eifert Indian rushpea L48 (N)
HODE Hoffmannseggia densiflora Benth. KS (NW)
IMBR2 Imperata brevifolia Vasey California satintail CA (BW) L48 (N)
IRDO Iris douglasiana Herb. Douglas iris CA (CW) L48 (N)
LISP2 Limnobium spongia (Bosc) Rich. ex Steud. American spongeplant CA (QW) L48 (N)
MALE3 Malvella leprosa (Ortega) Krapov. alkali mallow CA (CW) L48 (N)
OESI3 Oenothera sinuosa W.L. Wagner & Hoch wavyleaf beeblossom L48 (N)
GASI Gaura sinuata Nutt. ex Ser. CA (BW)
OEXE Oenothera xerogaura W.L. Wagner & Hoch Drummond's beeblossom L48 (N)
GADR Gaura drummondii (Spach) Torr. & A. Gray CA (BW)
ORCO4 Orobanche cooperi (A. Gray) A. Heller desert broomrape CA (AW) L48 (N)
PHVI17 Physalis viscosa L. starhair groundcherry CA (BW) L48 (N)
PRRE2 Prosopis reptans Benth. tornillo NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW) L48 (N)
SODI Solanum dimidiatum Raf. western horsenettle CA (AW) L48 (N)
STFL4 Stachys floridana Shuttlw. ex Benth. Florida hedgenettle NC (CBW) L48 (N)
TOPU2 Toxicodendron pubescens Mill. Atlantic poison oak L48 (N)
RHTO8 Rhus toxicodendron L. MI (NW)
UTIN Utricularia inflata Walter swollen bladderwort WA (WAWQ) L48 (N)
PHAR3 Phalaris arundinacea L. reed canarygrass CT (INB), MA (P), WA (CCW) L48 (N), AK (I), CAN (N), SPM (I)
HEAN3 Helianthus annuus L. common sunflower IA (SNW) L48 (N), AK (I), HI (I), PR (I), CAN (I), SPM (I)
SOPT7 Solanum ptycanthum Dunal West Indian nightshade KY (NW) L48 (N), AK (I), HI (I), VI (I), CAN (N)
NYOD Nymphaea odorata Aiton American white waterlily WA (CCW) L48 (N), AK (I), PR (N), CAN (N)
CIMA2 Cicuta maculata L. spotted water hemlock NV (NW) L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N)
LATAP Lactuca tatarica (L.) C.A. Mey. var. pulchella (Pursh) Breitung blue lettuce L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N)
LAPU Lactuca pulchella (Pursh) DC. AK (NW)
FRGR3 Froelichia gracilis (Hook.) Moq. slender snakecotton CT (PIB) L48 (N), CAN (I)
MISC Mikania scandens (L.) Willd. climbing hempvine HI (NW) L48 (N), CAN (I)
NYME Nymphaea mexicana Zucc. yellow waterlily CA (BW) L48 (N), CAN (I)
PRLO Proboscidea louisianica (Mill.) Thell. ram's horn WA (NWSPQ) L48 (N), CAN (I)
ROPS Robinia pseudoacacia L. black locust CT (INB), MA (P) L48 (N), CAN (I)
SOCA3 Solanum carolinense L. Carolina horsenettle AK (NW), AZ (PNW), AR (NW), CA (BW), HI (NW), IA (PRNW), NV (NW) L48 (N), CAN (I)
AMTR Ambrosia trifida L.31 great ragweed CA (BW), DE (NW), IL (NW) L48 (N), CAN (N)
AMFR Amorpha fruticosa L. false indigo bush CT (PIB), WA (CBW, NWSPQ) L48 (N), CAN (N)
CACA Cabomba caroliniana A. Gray Carolina fanwort CA (QW), CT (IB), ME (IAP), MA (P), VT (CAW), WA (CBW, WAWQ) L48 (N), CAN (N)
CELO3 Cenchrus longispinus (Hack.) Fernald mat sandbur CA (CW), WA (CBW) L48 (N), CAN (N)
CIUN Cirsium undulatum (Nutt.) Spreng. wavyleaf thistle CA (AW) L48 (N), CAN (N)
EQTE Equisetum telmateia Ehrh. giant horsetail OR (BDW, Q) L48 (N), CAN (N)
IRMI Iris missouriensis Nutt. Rocky Mountain iris CA (CW) L48 (N), CAN (N)
IVAX Iva axillaris Pursh povertyweed CA (CW) L48 (N), CAN (N)
MINY Mirabilis nyctaginea (Michx.) MacMill. heartleaf four o'clock WA (CAW, NWSPQ) L48 (N), CAN (N)
MUSC Muhlenbergia schreberi J.F. Gmel. nimblewill CA (BW) L48 (N), CAN (N)
MYHE2 Myriophyllum heterophyllum Michx. twoleaf watermilfoil CT (IB), ME (IAP), MA (P), VT (CAW) L48 (N), CAN (N)
NELU Nelumbo lutea Willd. American lotus CT (PIB) L48 (N), CAN (N)
OESU3 Oenothera suffrutescens (Ser.) W.L. Wagner & Hoch scarlet beeblossom L48 (N), CAN (N)
GACO5 Gaura coccinea Nutt. ex Pursh CA (BW)
PHLO4 Physalis longifolia Nutt. longleaf groundcherry CA (AW) L48 (N), CAN (N)
POAME Polygonum amphibium L. var. emersum Michx. longroot smartweed CA (CW) L48 (N), CAN (N)
SAGR Sagittaria graminea Michx. grassy arrowhead WA (CBW, WAWQ) L48 (N), CAN (N)
SIAN Sicyos angulatus L. oneseed bur cucumber DE (NW), IN (NW), KY (NW) L48 (N), CAN (N)
SIPE2 Silphium perfoliatum L. cup plant CT (PIB) L48 (N), CAN (N)
SPAL Spartina alterniflora Loisel. smooth cordgrass OR (ADW, Q), WA (CBW, WAWQ) L48 (N), CAN (N)
TORA2 Toxicodendron radicans (L.) Kuntze eastern poison ivy MN (PNW) L48 (N), CAN (N)
TOVE Toxicodendron vernix (L.) Kuntze poison sumac MI (NW) L48 (N), CAN (N)
RUAL4 Rumex altissimus Alph. Wood pale dock IA (SNW) L48 (N), CAN (N), SPM (N)
PAGL17 Packera glabella (Poir.) C. Jeffrey butterweed L48 (N), CAN (W)
SEGL Senecio glabellus Poir. OH (PNW)
SORO Solanum rostratum Dunal buffalobur nightshade ID (NW), OR (BDW, Q), WA (CAW, NWSPQ) L48 (N), CAN (W)
PRVE Prosopis velutina Wooton velvet mesquite MA (P) L48 (N), HI (I)
PRAR4 Prosopis articulata S. Watson NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
RUAR2 Rubus argutus Link sawtooth blackberry HI (NW) L48 (N), HI (I)
PLAR3 Plantago aristata Michx. largebracted plantain AR (NW) L48 (N), HI (I), CAN (I)
SOEL Solanum elaeagnifolium Cav. silverleaf nightshade AR (NW), CA (BW), HI (NW), ID (NW), NV (NW), OR (ADW, Q), WA (CAW, NWSPQ) L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N)
PIST2 Pistia stratiotes L. water lettuce AL (CCW), CA (BW), CT (PIB), FL (PAP2), SC (ILAP, PP), TX (NP) L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)
LAPU12 Landoltia punctata (G. Mey.) D.H. Les & D.J. Crawford dotted duckmeat L48 (N), HI (N), PR (N)
SPOL2 Spirodela oligorrhiza (Kurz) Hegelm. TX (NP)
HECO10 Heteropogon contortus (L.) P. Beauv. ex Roem. & Schult. tanglehead CA (AW) L48 (N), HI (N), PR (N), VI (N)
AEIN Aeschynomene indica L. Indian jointvetch HI (NW) L48 (N), PR (N)
AERU Aeschynomene rudis Benth. zigzag jointvetch CA (BW) L48 (N), PR (N)
ANCR2 Anoda cristata (L.) Schltdl. crested anoda CO (BW) L48 (N), PR (N)
MIPE2 Mimosa pellita Kunth ex Willd. lollipop mimosa L48 (N), PR (N)
MIPI Mimosa pigra auct. non L. NW AL (CAW), CA (Q), FL (NW, PAP1), HI (NW), MA (P), MN (PNW), NC (CAW), OR (Q), SC (PP), VT (CAW)
SEHE8 Sesbania herbacea (Mill.) McVaugh bigpod sesbania L48 (N), PR (N), CAN (W)
SEEX Sesbania exaltata (Raf.) Rydb. ex A.W. Hill AR (NW)
CESP4 Cenchrus spinifex Cav. coastal sandbur L48 (N), PR (N), VI (N)
CEIN4 Cenchrus incertus M.A. Curtis AZ (PNW, RGNW), CA (CW)
PIAD Piper aduncum L. higuillo de hoja menuda HI (NW) L48 (N), PR (N), VI (N)
SPPA Spartina patens (Aiton) Muhl. saltmeadow cordgrass OR (BDW, Q), WA (CAW, WAWQ) L48 (N), PR (N), VI (N), CAN (N)
RAAC3 Ranunculus acris L. tall buttercup MT (CAT2) L48 (NI), AK (I), CAN (I), GL (N?), SPM (I)
CASE13 Calystegia sepium (L.) R. Br. hedge false bindweed TX (NP) L48 (NI), AK (I), CAN (N), SPM (I)
GERO Geranium robertianum L. Robert geranium WA (CBW) L48 (NI), AK (I), CAN (N), SPM (N)
PIHI Picris hieracioides L. hawkweed oxtongue WA (CBW) L48 (NI), AK (N), HI (I), CAN (I)
CYES Cyperus esculentus L. yellow nutsedge CA (BW), CO (BW), HI (NW), OR (BDW, Q), WA (CBW, Q) L48 (NI), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (I)
SAAU Salvinia auriculata Aubl. eared watermoss NW AL (CAW), CA (Q, QW), MA (P), OR (Q), SC (ILAP, PP), VT (CAW) PR (I)


†CodeNoxious Status
ADW "A" designated weed
AW A list (noxious weeds)
BDW "B" designated weed
BW B list (noxious weeds)
CAT1 Category 1 noxious weed
CAT2 Category 2 noxious weed
CAT3 Category 3 noxious weed
CAW Class A noxious weed
CBW Class B noxious weed
CCW Class C noxious weed
CW C list (noxious weeds)
IAP Invasive aquatic plant
IB Invasive, banned
ILAP Invasive aquatic plant
INB Invasive, not banned
NAW Noxious aquatic weed
NP Noxious plant
NUW Nuisance weed
NW Noxious weed
NWSPQ Noxious weed seed and plant quarantine
P Prohibited
PAP1 Prohibited aquatic plant, Class 1
PAP2 Prohibited aquatic plant, Class 2
PIB Potentially invasive, banned
PINB Potentially invasive, not banned
PIS Prohibited invasive Species
PN Public nuisance
PNW Prohibited noxious weed
PP Plant pest
PR Permit required
PRNW Primary noxious weed
Q Quarantine
QW Q list (temporary "A" list noxious weed, pending final determination)
RGNW Regulated noxious weeds
RNPS Regulated non-native plant species
RNW Restricted noxious weed
SNW Secondary noxious weed
SP Sale prohibited
WAWQ Wetland and aquatic weed quarantine

*CodeNative Status
I Introduced
I,N None
I,W None
N Native
N? Probably Native
W Waif

*CodeNative Status Jurisdiction
L48 Lower 48 States
AK Alaska
HI Hawaii
PR Puerto Rico
VI Virgin Islands
CAN Canada
GL Greenland
SPM St. Pierre and Miquelon
NA North America

1 IA; not a noxious weed when cultivated  
2 UT; Bermudagrass shall not be a noxious weed in Washington County and shall not be subject to provisions of the Utah noxious Weed Act within the boundaries of the county  
3 AZ; all species except Ipomoea carnea, Mexican bush morning glory, I. triloba, three-lobed morning glory, and I. arborescens, morning glory tree  
4 NC; all except S. minima  
5 FL; excluding S. minima  
6 MI; bushes subject to attack by black stem rust are prohibited  
7 US, AL, CA, MN, NC, SC, VT; other than native or widely distributed species  
8 FL; Only the native Florida species are excluded from this list. These include: C. americana, C. compacta, C. exaltata, C. gronovii, C. indecora, C. obtusiflora, C. pentagona, C. umbellata  
9 NC; any Lythrum spp. not native to North Carolina  
10 WI; any nonnative member of the genus Lythrum or hybrids thereof  
11 MI; any nonnative member of the genus Lythrum or hybrid of the genus is prohibited from sale  
12 IA; except R. frangula  
13 MI; planting of currants and gooseberries in certain parts of the State of Michigan is prohibited  
14 OH; when growing in groups of 100 or more and not pruned, sprayed, cultivated, or otherwise maintained for two consecutive years  
15 WA; non-native Hieracium species except those listed as Class A or Class B  
16 WA; non-native genotypes  
17 US, AL, CA, MN, NC, OR, SC, VT; other than native or widely distributed species  
18 FL; with the exception of O. uniflora  
19 OR; Imperata cylindrica 'Red Baron' is excluded from quarantine  
20 US, AL, NC, OR, SC, VT; Mediterranean clone  
21 WA; only cultivar 'Hibernica'  
22 TN; and related cultivars  
23 WA; any hybrid cross  
24 MO; except when cultivated for or used as understock for cultivated roses  
25 IA; not considered a noxious weed when used as a rootstock for cultivated roses  
26 PA; including all cultivars  
27 IA; it is illegal to import, sell, offer for sale, or distribute the seeds or the plants of purple loosestrife in any form  
28 WA; in hay  
29 WA; only cultivars 'Baltica', 'Pittsburgh', 'Star'  
30 OR; except named horticultural varieties  
31 IL; within the corporate limits of cities, villages, and incorporated towns  


Time Generated: 10/24/2020 06:41 AM CDT