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PLANTS Profile


Abies Mill.
fir

Data Source

Last revised by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team
Curated and maintained by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center
 

Data Documentation

Documentation State Type
1985. Wassman Journal of Biology CA Literature
1991. Douglasia WA Literature
1993. Journal of the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science AZ Literature
1999. University of Minnesota Herbarium: Vascular plant collection (http://www.wildflowers.umn.edu) MN Literature
2000. CalFlora: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation (http://www.calflora.org/). The CalFlora Database, Berkeley CA Literature
Abrams, L. 1960. An illustrated flora of the Pacific States. Stanford University Press, Stanford OR, WA Literature
Ahlenslager, K., and P. Miller. 1999. Establishment record for Halliday Fen Research Natural Area within the Colville National Forest. Pend Oreille County, Washington. USDA Forest Service WA Literature
Anderson 5526 (ALA 00018139). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Anonymous. Personal communication to John Kartesz AZ, CO, MA, ME, UT Literature
Atwood, J.T., et al. 1973. Check list of Vermont plants. Vermont Botanical and Bird Club VT Literature
BOIS. Specimen at Rocky Mountain Research Station, Boise, Idaho, (http://www.fs.fed.us/rm/boise/research/shrub/greatbasin.shtml). ID Specimen
Batten & Juday 88-216 (ALA V0104021). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Batten & Juday 88-235 (ALA V0104038). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Batten & Juday 88-712 (ALA V0104304). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Bluhm, Wilbur. Personal communication OR Literature
Braun, E.L. 1961. The woody plants of Ohio. Ohio State University Press, Columbus OH Literature
Brouillet, L., F. Coursol, and M. Favreau. 2006. VASCAN, the Database of Vascular Plants of Canada. Herbier Marie-Victorin, Institut de recherche en biologie végétale, Université de Montréal AB, BC, LB, MB, NB, NF, NS, NT, ON, PE, QC, SB, SK, YT Literature
Brown, R.G., and M.L. Brown. 1972. Woody plants of Maryland. Port City Press, Inc., Baltimore MD Literature
CIC. Specimen at Albertson College of Idaho, Caldwell, Idaho, (http://www.collegeofidaho.edu/academics/biology/Resources/handbook/default.asp?mainID=10&subID=4). ID Specimen
California Native Plant Society. Inventory of rare and endangered plants (http://www.cnps.org) CA Literature
Charlet, D.A. 1996. Atlas of Nevada conifers: A phytogeographic reference. University of Nevada Press, Reno NV Literature
Charlet, David. Personal communication NV Literature
Cronquist, A., A.H. Holmgren, N.H. Holmgren, J.L. Reveal, and P.K. Holmgren. 1972. Intermountain flora: Vascular plants of the Intermountain West. New York Botanical Garden, New York WY Literature
Cullina, M.D., B. Connolly, B. Sorrie, and P. Somers. 2011. The vascular plants of Massachusetts: A county checklist, first revision. Massachusetts Natural Heritage & Endangered Species Program, Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife, Westborough MA Literature
Davis, R. 1952. Flora of Idaho. W.C. Brown Co., Dubuque ID Literature
DeLapp & Duffy 93-328 (ALA V0116183). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
DeLapp & Duffy 93-382 (ALA V0116236). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Dorn, R.D. 1977. Manual of the vascular plants of Wyoming. 2 vols. Garland Publishing, Inc., New York WY Literature
Dorn, R.D. 1984. Vascular plants of Montana. Mountain West Publishers, Cheyenne MT Literature
Dowhan, J.J. 1979. Preliminary checklist of the vascular flora of Connecticut (growing without cultivation). State Geological and Natural History Survey of Connecticut, Natural Resources Center, Department of Environmental Protection. Hartford CT Literature
Duffy 93-646 (ALA V0114638). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Duffy 93-680 (ALA V0114666). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Duffy 93-924 (ALA V0114872). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Duffy 93-946 (ALA V0114890). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
EOSC. Specimen at Eastern Oregon University, Lagrande, Oregon, (http://mgd.nacse.org/cgi-bin/sqml2.0/eastoregon/eastor.qml). OR Specimen
EOSC. Specimen at Eastern Oregon University, Lagrande, Oregon, (http://mgd.nacse.org/cgi-bin/sqml2.0/eastoregon/eastor.qml). OR Specimen
Eilers, L.J., and D.M. Roosa. 1991. The vascular plants of Iowa. University of Iowa Press, Iowa City IA Literature
Flora of North America Editorial Committee, (eds.). 1993. Flora of North America north of Mexico. 3+ vols. Oxford University Press, New York and Oxford NV Literature
George, G.G. 1992. A synonymized checklist of the plants found growing in Rhode Island. Rhode Island Wild Plant Society RI Literature
Glenn, S.D. (ed.). 2013. New York Metropolitan Flora database. New York Metropolitan Flora Project, Brooklyn Botanic Garden, New York NJ Literature
Goldman, D.H. 1996. A preliminary vascular flora of the French Creek drainage of Western New York State. New York Flora Association Newsletter 7 (2): 3-12 NY Literature
Hagwood, Sheri. 19 May 1995, ID Observation
Hahn, B.E. 1973. Flora of Montana: Conifers and monocots. Montana State University, Bozeman MT Literature
Hartman, R. Atlas of the vascular flora of Wyoming. Unpublished and undated WY Literature
Harvill, A.M., C.E. Stevens, and D.M.E. Ware. 1977. Atlas of the Virginia flora, Part I. Pteridophytes through monocotyledons. Virginia Botanical Associates, Farmville VA Literature
Heil, K.D, and S.L. O'Kane, Jr. 2002. Catalog of the Four Corners flora - vascular plants of the San Juan River Drainage: Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico and Utah, 6th ed. (http://www.sanjuancollege.edu/documents/Herbarium/FourCornersFlora.pdf) AZ, NM Literature
Hickman, J.C. (ed.). 1993. The Jepson manual. University of California Press, Berkeley CA Literature
Hogan, Tim. Personal communication CO Literature
Hulten, E. 1968. Flora of Alaska and neighboring territories: A manual of the vascular plants. Stanford University Press, Stanford AK Literature
ID. Specimen at University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho, (http://www.sci.uidaho.edu/biosci/herbarium/vtour.html). ID Specimen
ID. Specimen at University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho, (http://www.sci.uidaho.edu/biosci/herbarium/vtour.html). ID Specimen
ID. Specimen at University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho, (http://www.sci.uidaho.edu/biosci/herbarium/vtour.html). ID Specimen
IDS. Specimen at Idaho State University, Pocatello, Idaho, (http://imnh.isu.edu/Collections/Botany.htm). ID Specimen
IDS. Specimen at Idaho State University, Pocatello, Idaho, (http://imnh.isu.edu/Collections/Botany.htm). ID Specimen
Imdorf, G.J. 1995. Flora and vegetation of the Sierra Ancha Wilderness Area, Tonto National Forest, Gila County, Arizona. M.S. Thesis (http://lifesciences.asu.edu/herbarium/). Arizona State University, Tempe AZ Literature
J. Wood 4096 (RM). Specimen at University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming, (http://www.rmh.uwyo.edu/). WA Specimen
J. Wood 4469 (RM). Specimen at University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming, (http://www.rmh.uwyo.edu/). WA Specimen
Johnston, B. 1991. List of Colorado plants. Unpublished CO Literature
Jones, S.B., and N. Coile. 1988. The distribution of the vascular flora of Georgia. Herbarium, Department of Botany, Athens GA Literature
Kartesz, J.T. 1988. A flora of Nevada. University of Nevada, Reno NV Literature
Kartesz, J.T. 2001. Atlas of the Nevada flora. Unpublished NV Literature
Kartesz, J.T. 2002. Atlas of the Arizona flora. Unpublished AZ Literature
Kearney, T., and R.H. Peebles. 1960. Arizona flora with supplement. University of California Press, Los Angeles AZ Literature
LaBounty (ALA V0110280). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Larson, J., B. Reif, B.E. Nelson, and R.L. Hartman. 2014. Floristic studies in north central New Mexico, U.S.A. The Sangre de Cristo Mountains. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 8: 271-303 NM Literature
Layser, E.F. 1980. Flora of Pend Oreille County, Washington. Washington State University, Cooperative Extension, Pullman WA Literature
Little 18105 (ALA 00046009). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Little & Harris 26734 (ALA 00057727). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Little & Harris 26763 (ALA 00058051). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Little, E.L., Jr. 1971. Atlas of United States trees. Vols. 1-6 plus supplements. Miscellaneous Publication No. 1146. USDA Forest Service, Washington, DC ID, MT Literature
Little, E.L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees (native and naturalized). Agriculture Handbook No. 541. USDA, Washington, DC AZ, ID, NM, OR, WA Literature
Liu, T.-S. 1971. A monograph of the genus Abies. Department of Forestry, College of Agriculture, National Taiwan University, Taipei WV Literature
Magee, D. Flora of New England. Unpublished and undated CT, MA, ME, NH, RI, VT Literature
Martin, A.C., H.S. Zim, and A.L. Nelson. 1951. American wildlife and plants: A guide to wildlife food habits. Dover Publications, New York Literature
Martin, W.C., and C.R. Hutchins. 1980. A flora of New Mexico. Strauss & Cramer, Germany NM Literature
Maryland Wildlife and Heritage Service. 2010. Rare, Threatened and Endangered Plants. Maryland Department of Natural Resources, Annapolis, MD MD Literature
Massey, A.B. 1961. Virginia Flora. Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station, Technical Bulletin 155. Blacksburg, VA VA Literature
McLaughlin, Steven P. Personal communication AZ Literature
Mitchell, R.S. (ed.). 1986. A checklist of New York State plants. Contributions of a Flora of New York State, Checklist III. New York State Bulletin No. 458. New York State Museum, Albany NY Literature
Muller 5503 (ALA V0106952). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
NMC. Specimen at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico, (http://biology-web.nmsu.edu/herbarium/). AZ, NM Specimen
NMC. Specimen at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico, (http://biology-web.nmsu.edu/herbarium/). NM Specimen
New York Flora Association. 1990. Preliminary vouchered atlas of New York State flora, ed. 1. New York State Museum Institute, Albany NY Literature
Oregon Flora Project species list; species noted on herbarium specimens. Unpublished and undated OR Literature
Ownbey, G.B., and T. Morley. 1991. Vascular plants of Minnesota: A checklist and atlas. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis MN Literature
Peck, M.E. 1961. A manual of the higher plants of Oregon, 2nd ed. Oregon State University Press, Corvallis OR Literature
Poindexter, D.B. 2010. Abies firma (Pinaceae) naturalized in North America. Phytoneuron 2010-41: 1-7 NC Literature
Porter, C.L. 1962. A flora of Wyoming. University of Wyoming Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 402, 404, 418, 434, Res. J. 14, 20, 64, 65 WY Literature
Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1965. Atlas of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. Department of Botany Technical Bulletin No. 165. Chapel Hill NC Literature
Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1968. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill NC Literature
Reed, R. 1987. Wisconsin vascular plants. Unpublished WI Literature
Reif, B., J. Larson, B.F. Jacobs, B.E. Nelson, and R.L. Hartman. 2009. Floristic studies in north central New Mexico, U.S.A. The Tusas Mountains and the Jemez Mountains. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 3: 921-961 NM Literature
Rhoads, A.F., and W.M. Klein, Jr. 1993. The vascular flora of Pennsylvania. Annotated checklist and atlas. American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia PA Literature
Richards, C.D., F. Hyland, and L.M. Eastman. 1983. Revised check-list of the vascular plants of Maine. Bulletin of the Josselyn Botanical Society, No. 11 ME Literature
SRP. Specimen at Boise State University, Boise, Idaho, (http://www.boisestate.edu/biology/facilities_and_collections.htm#thyme). ID Specimen
SRP. Specimen at Boise State University, Boise, Idaho, (http://www.boisestate.edu/biology/facilities_and_collections.htm#thyme). ID Specimen
SRP. Specimen at Boise State University, Boise, Idaho, (http://www.boisestate.edu/biology/facilities_and_collections.htm#thyme). ID Specimen
Seymour, F.C. 1969. The flora of New England. Charles E. Tuttle Company, Rutland NH Literature
Shultz, Leila M. Personal communication UT Literature
Simpson, C., J. Koenig, R. Love, B. Newhouse, N. Otting, S. Sundberg, D. Wagner, and P. Warner. 2002. Vascular plants of Lane County, Oregon. Native Plant Society of Oregon OR Literature
Sorrie, B.A. 1992. County checklist of Massachusetts plants. Unpublished MA Literature
Specimen Management System for California Herbaria (SMASCH) (http://www.mip.berkeley.edu/www_apps/smasch/) CA Literature
Specimen at Douglas County Museum, Roseburg, Oregon, (http://www.co.douglas.or.us/museum/collections.asp). OR Specimen
Specimen at Douglas County Museum, Roseburg, Oregon, (http://www.co.douglas.or.us/museum/collections.asp). OR Specimen
Specimen at Douglas County Museum, Roseburg, Oregon, (http://www.co.douglas.or.us/museum/collections.asp). OR Specimen
Specimen at Eastern New Mexico University, Portales, New Mexico, (http://wwwstd.enmu.edu/pollockd/botany.html). NM Specimen
Stensvold 5935 (ALA V0115753). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Stensvold 6987 (ALA V0124622). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Stensvold 7077 (ALA V0124623). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Strausbaugh, P.D., and E.L. Core. 1977. Flora of West Virginia, 2nd ed., 4 vols. West Virginia Bulletin, Morgantown WV Literature
Straw, R. Jackson and Josephine County checklist. Unpublished and undated OR Literature
Tennessee Division of Natural Heritage TN Literature
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, (http://www.msb.unm.edu/herbarium/). NM Specimen
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, (http://www.msb.unm.edu/herbarium/). NM Specimen
Voss, E.G. 1985. Michigan flora. Cranbrook Institute of Science, Bloomfield Hills MI Literature
WS. Specimen at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, (http://www.wsu.edu/~wsherb/). WA Specimen
WS. Specimen at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, (http://www.wsu.edu/~wsherb/). WA Specimen
WS. Specimen at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, (http://www.wsu.edu/~wsherb/). WA Specimen
WS. Specimen at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, (http://www.wsu.edu/~wsherb/). WA Specimen
WTU. Specimen at University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, (http://www.washington.edu/burkemuseum/collections/herbarium/index.php). WA Specimen
WTU. Specimen at University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, (http://www.washington.edu/burkemuseum/collections/herbarium/index.php). WA Specimen
WTU. Specimen at University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, (http://www.washington.edu/burkemuseum/collections/herbarium/index.php). WA Specimen
WTU. Specimen at University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, (http://www.washington.edu/burkemuseum/collections/herbarium/index.php). WA Specimen
Weakley, A.S. 1996. Flora of the Carolinas and Virginia. Unpublished NC Literature
Weakley, A.S. 2012. Flora of the southern and Mid-Atlantic states. Working draft of 30 November 2012. Published by the author, Chapel Hill, NC NC Literature
Welsh, S.L., N.D. Atwood, L.C. Higgins, and S. Goodrich. 1987. A Utah flora. Great Basin Naturalist Memoirs No. 9. Brigham Young University Press, Provo UT Literature
West Virginia county level data WV Literature
Wherry, E.T., J.M. Fogg, and H.A. Wahl. 1979. Atlas of the flora of Pennsylvania. Morris Arboretum, Philadelphia PA Literature
Wilken, Dieter. Personal communication to John Kartesz CA Literature
Wilken, Dieter. Personal communication CA Literature
Wisconsin vascular plants (http://www.botany.wisc.edu/herbarium). Wisconsin State Herbarium: University of Wisconsin - Madison WI Literature
Woolwine 320 (ALA V0154232). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Yatskievych, Kay. Personal communication IN Literature
 
 
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