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Bromus tectorum L.
cheatgrass

Data Source

Last revised by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team
Curated and maintained by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team
 

Data Documentation

Documentation State Type
Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states. State agriculture or natural resource departments. Literature
California Invasive Plant Council. California Invasive Plant Inventory. Cal-IPC Publication 2006-02 (1 February 2007). California Invasive Plant Council, Berkeley, California. Literature
Connecticut Invasive Plants Council. Connecticut invasive plant list (20 April 2005). Connecticut Invasive Plants Council, Connecticut. Literature
Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council. Invasive plant list. Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, Florida. Literature
Plant Industry Division. Rules pertaining to the administration and enforcement of the Colorado Noxious Weed Act (23 January 2006). Colorado Department of Agriculture, Colorado. Literature
Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council. Invasive exotic pest plants in Tennessee (19 October 1999). Research Committee of the Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council, Tennessee. Literature
Southern Weed Science Society. Weeds of the United States and Canada. CD-ROM. Southern Weed Science Society, Champaign, Illinois. Literature
Stubbendieck, J., G.Y. Friisoe,and M.R. Bolick. Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains. Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry, Lincoln, Nebraska. Literature
USDI, Geological Survey. Information index for selected alien plants in Hawaii (20 October 2003). Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk Project, Biological Resources Division, Haleakala Field Station, Makawao, Hawaii. Literature
Uva, R.H., J.C. Neal,and J.M. DiTomaso. Weeds of the Northeast. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York. Literature
Whitson, T.D. (ed.) et al. Weeds of the West. Western Society of Weed Science in cooperation with Cooperative Extension Services, University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming. Literature
Brouillet, L., F. Coursol, and M. Favreau. 2006. VASCAN, the Database of Vascular Plants of Canada. Herbier Marie-Victorin, Institut de recherche en biologie végétale, Université de Montréal. AB, BC, GL, MB, NB, NS, NT, ON, QC, SK, YT Literature
Anderson 1075 (ALA 00010408). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Anderson 1338 (ALA 00010409). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Anderson 6225 (ALA 00010427). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Duffy & Tande 1046 (ALA V0119241). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Hulten, E. 1968. Flora of Alaska and neighboring territories: A manual of the vascular plants. Stanford University Press, Stanford. AK Literature
Unknown (ALA 00003095). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Haynes, R. 1990. A database of the Alabama flora. Unpublished. AL Literature
Whetstone, R.D. 1981. Vascular flora and vegetation of the Cumberland Plateau of Alabama. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. AL Literature
Smith, E.B. 1988. An atlas and annotated list of the vascular plants of Arkansas, 2d ed. AR Literature
1987. Desert Plants. AZ Literature
1992. Journal of the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science. AZ Literature
Damrel, D., D.J. Pinkava, and L.R. Landrum. The Phoenix flora. AZ Literature
Imdorf, G.J. 1995. Flora and vegetation of the Sierra Ancha Wilderness Area, Tonto National Forest, Gila County, Arizona. M.S. Thesis. Arizona State University, Tempe. AZ Literature
Kartesz, J.T. 2002. Atlas of the Arizona flora. Unpublished. AZ Literature
Kearney, T., and R.H. Peebles. 1960. Arizona flora with supplement. University of California Press, Los Angeles. AZ Literature
McLaughlin, Steven P. Personal communication. AZ Literature
1985. Wassman Journal of Biology. CA Literature
2000. CalFlora: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation. The CalFlora Database, Berkeley. CA Literature
Hickman, J.C. (ed.). 1993. The Jepson manual. University of California Press, Berkeley. CA Literature
Hrusa, G.F. 1996. Private checklist on file at UC Davis Herbarium. Unpublished. CA Literature
Hrusa, G.F. Field work for Sierra Madre flora. Unpublished and undated. CA Literature
Specimen Management System for California Herbaria (SMASCH). CA Literature
Wilken, Dieter. Personal communication. CA Literature
Hogan, Tim. Personal communication. CO Literature
Johnston, B. 1991. List of Colorado plants. Unpublished. CO Literature
Kuhn, B., B.E. Nelson,and R.L. Hartman. 2011. A floristic inventory of the Cimarron National Grassland (Kansas) and the Comanche National Grassland (Colorado). Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 5: 753-772. CO, KS Literature
Dowhan, J.J. 1979. Preliminary checklist of the vascular flora of Connecticut (growing without cultivation). State Geological and Natural History Survey of Connecticut, Natural Resources Center, Department of Environmental Protection. Hartford. CT Literature
Magee, D. Flora of New England. Unpublished and undated. CT, MA, ME, NH, NY, RI, VT Literature
Glenn, S.D. (ed.). 2013. New York Metropolitan Flora database. New York Metropolitan Flora Project, Brooklyn Botanic Garden, New York. CT, NJ, NY Literature
District of Columbia Natural Heritage Program. DC Literature
Ralph, R.A. Checklist of the vascular plants of the Coastal Plain of Delaware. Unpublished and undated. University of Delaware Department of Biology. DE Literature
Wunderlin, R.P., B.F. Hansen,and E.L. Bridges. 1996. Atlas of Florida vascular plants: CD-ROM. University of South Florida, Tampa. FL Literature
Wunderlin, R.P., and B.F. Hansen. 2008. Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants [online: accessed on 8 November 2014]. Institute for Systematic Botany, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL. FL Literature
Duncan, W.H., and J.T. Kartesz. 1981. Vascular flora of Georgia. University of Georgia Press, Athens. GA Literature
Jones, S.B., and N. Coile. 1988. The distribution of the vascular flora of Georgia. Herbarium, Department of Botany, Athens. GA Literature
Wagner, W.L., D.R. Herbst, and S.H. Sohmer. 1990. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i, 2 vols. University of Hawaii Press, Bishop Museum, Honolulu. HI Literature
Eilers, L.J., and D.M. Roosa. 1991. The vascular plants of Iowa. University of Iowa Press, Iowa City. IA Literature
CIC. Specimen at Albertson College of Idaho, Caldwell, Idaho. ID Specimen
Davis, R. 1952. Flora of Idaho. W.C. Brown Co., Dubuque. ID Literature
ID. Specimen at University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho. ID Specimen
SRP. Specimen at Boise State University, Boise, Idaho. ID Specimen
INVADERS database. ID, MT, OR, WY Literature
Mohlenbrock, R.H. 1986. Guide to the vascular flora of Illinois, rev. ed. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale and Edwardsville. IL Literature
Crovello, T.J., C.A. Keller, and J.T. Kartesz. 1983. The vascular plants of Indiana: A computer based checklist. University of Notre Dame Press, Notre Dame. IN Literature
Deam, C.C. 1940. Flora of Indiana. Wm.B. Burford Printing Co., Indianapolis. IN Literature
McGregor, R.L., et al. 1977. Atlas of the flora of the Great Plains. Iowa State University Press, Ames. KS, ND, NE, OK, SD Literature
Campbell, J., and M. Medley. 2012. The atlas of vascular plants in Kentucky. KY Literature
Campbell, Julian. Personal communication. KY Literature
Medley, M.E. 1993. An annotated catalogue of the known or reported vascular flora of Kentucky. University of Louisville, Louisville. KY Literature
Thomas, R.D., and C.M. Allen. 1993. Atlas of the vascular flora of Louisiana, vols. 1-3. Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. Natural Heritage Program, Fort Worth, TX. LA Literature
Thomas, R.D., and C.M. Allen. 1997. Atlas of the vascular flora of Louisiana, vols. 1-3 (Plus updates). Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. Natural Heritage Program, Baton Rouge. LA Literature
Cullina, M.D., B. Connolly, B. Sorrie, and P. Somers. 2011. The vascular plants of Massachusetts: A county checklist, first revision. Massachusetts Natural Heritage & Endangered Species Program, Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife, Westborough. MA Literature
Sorrie, B.A. 1992. County checklist of Massachusetts plants. Unpublished. MA Literature
Brown, M.L., and R.G. Brown. 1984. Herbaceous plants of Maryland. Port City Press, Inc., Baltimore. MD Literature
Richards, C.D., F. Hyland, and L.M. Eastman. 1983. Revised check-list of the vascular plants of Maine. Bulletin of the Josselyn Botanical Society, No. 11. ME Literature
Voss, E.G. 1985. Michigan flora. Cranbrook Institute of Science, Bloomfield Hills. MI Literature
1999. University of Minnesota Herbarium: Vascular plant collection. MN Literature
Ownbey, G.B., and T. Morley. 1991. Vascular plants of Minnesota: A checklist and atlas. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis. MN Literature
Yatskievych, G. 1999. Steyermark's Flora of Missouri, vol. 1, rev. ed. Missouri Conservation of Conservation, Jefferson City, in cooperation with the Missouri Bot. Gard. Press, St. Louis. MO Literature
Yatskievych, G., and J. Turner. 1990. Catalogue of the flora of Missouri. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 37. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis. MO Literature
Bryson, C.T.,and D.A. Skojac, Jr. 2011. An annotated checklist of the vascular flora of Washington County, Mississippi. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 5: 855-866. MS Literature
Lowe, E.N. 1921. Plants of Mississippi. Mississippi State Geological Survey Bulletin No. 17. MS Literature
Mississippi Natural Heritage Program. MS Literature
Wieland, R.G. 2004. County records of Mississippi collections (#5501-9869, 9/12/89 to 1/23/04) deposited at Mississippi Museum of Natural Science Herbarium (MMNS). Mississippi Museum of Natural Science, Department of Wildlife, Fisheries and Parks, Jackson. MS Literature
Charboneau, J.L.M., B.E. Nelson, and R.L. Hartman. 2013. A floristic inventory of Phillips and Valley counties, Montana (U.S.A.). Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 7(2): 847-878. MT Literature
Dorn, R.D. 1984. Vascular plants of Montana. Mountain West Publishers, Cheyenne. MT Literature
Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1965. Atlas of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. Department of Botany Technical Bulletin No. 165. Chapel Hill. NC, SC Literature
Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1968. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill. NC, SC Literature
Seymour, F.C. 1969. The flora of New England. Charles E. Tuttle Company, Rutland. NH Literature
Hough, M.Y. 1978. New Jersey Wild Plants. Harmony Press, Harmony. NJ Literature
Meyer, J. 1990. Chrysler Herbarium Checklist. Manuscript. NJ Literature
Allred, Kelly W. Personal communication. NM Literature
Larson, J., B. Reif, B.E. Nelson, and R.L. Hartman. 2014. Floristic studies in north central New Mexico, U.S.A. The Sangre de Cristo Mountains. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 8: 271-303. NM Literature
Martin, W.C., and C.R. Hutchins. 1980. A flora of New Mexico. Strauss & Cramer, Germany. NM Literature
NMC. Specimen at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico. NM Specimen
Reif, B., J. Larson, B.F. Jacobs, B.E. Nelson, and R.L. Hartman. 2009. Floristic studies in north central New Mexico, U.S.A. The Tusas Mountains and the Jemez Mountains. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 3: 921-961. NM Literature
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico. NM Specimen
Kartesz, J.T. 1988. A flora of Nevada. University of Nevada, Reno. NV Literature
Kartesz, J.T. 2001. Atlas of the Nevada flora. Unpublished. NV Literature
Peterson, Eric B. June 2005. Field observation validated by NPDC staff. NV Observation
Kelly, R.,and Y. Gregor. 2014. Flora survey of Rocky Point Marsh, Queens County, New York. Long Island Botanical Society Quarterly Newsletter 24: 1, 3-6. NY Literature
Mitchell, R.S. (ed.). 1986. A checklist of New York State plants. Contributions of a Flora of New York State, Checklist III. New York State Bulletin No. 458. New York State Museum, Albany. NY Literature
New York Flora Association. 1990. Preliminary vouchered atlas of New York State flora, ed. 1. New York State Museum Institute, Albany. NY Literature
Weishaupt, C.G. 1971. Vascular plants of Ohio. Kendall/Hunt Publishing Co., Dubuque. OH Literature
EOSC. Specimen at Eastern Oregon University, Lagrande, Oregon. OR Specimen
Oregon Flora Project species list; species noted on herbarium specimens. Unpublished and undated. OR Literature
Peck, M.E. 1961. A manual of the higher plants of Oregon, 2nd ed. Oregon State University Press, Corvallis. OR Literature
Rhoads, A.F., and W.M. Klein, Jr. 1993. The vascular flora of Pennsylvania. Annotated checklist and atlas. American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia. PA Literature
Wherry, E.T., J.M. Fogg, and H.A. Wahl. 1979. Atlas of the flora of Pennsylvania. Morris Arboretum, Philadelphia. PA Literature
George, G.G. 1992. A synonymized checklist of the plants found growing in Rhode Island. Rhode Island Wild Plant Society. RI Literature
Chester, E.W., B.E. Wofford, R. Kral, H.R. DeSelm, and A.M. Evans. 1993. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. 2 vols. Center for Field Biology Miscellaneous Publication No. 9/13. Austin Peay State University, Clarksville. TN Literature
Chester, E.W., B.E. Wofford, R. Kral, H.R. DeSelm, and A.M. Evans. 1993. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. Vol. 1. Miscellaneous Publication No. 9. Austin Peay State University, Clarksville. TN Literature
Hannick, V.C., J.N. Mink, J.R. Singhurst, and W.C. Holmes. 2013. Annotated checklist of the vascular flora of McLennan County, Texas. Phytoneuron 2013-29(29): 1-37. TX Literature
Turner, B.L., H. Nichols, G. Denny, and O. Doron. 2003. Atlas of the Vascular Plants of Texas, vol. 2. Sida, Botanical Miscellany, No. 24. Botanical Research Institute of Texas Press, Fort Worth. TX Literature
Shultz, Leila M. Personal communication. UT Literature
Welsh, S.L., N.D. Atwood, L.C. Higgins, and S. Goodrich. 1987. A Utah flora. Great Basin Naturalist Memoirs No. 9. Brigham Young University Press, Provo. UT Literature
Domangue, B.E., and C.K. McMullen. 2013. Floristic survey of the vascular plants of Shenandoah County, Virginia. Castanea 78: 312-322. VA Literature
Harvill, A.M., C.E. Stevens, and D.M.E. Ware. 1977. Atlas of the Virginia flora, Part I. Pteridophytes through monocotyledons. Virginia Botanical Associates, Farmville. VA Literature
Atwood, J.T., et al. 1973. Check list of Vermont plants. Vermont Botanical and Bird Club. VT Literature
1991. Douglasia. WA Literature
St. John, H. 1963. Flora of southeastern Washington and adjacent Idaho, 3rd ed. Outdoor Pictures, Escondido. WA Literature
WS. Specimen at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington. WA Specimen
WTU. Specimen at University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. WA Specimen
Reed, R. 1987. Wisconsin vascular plants. Unpublished. WI Literature
Wisconsin vascular plants. Wisconsin State Herbarium: University of Wisconsin - Madison. WI Literature
Strausbaugh, P.D., and E.L. Core. 1977. Flora of West Virginia, 2nd ed., 4 vols. West Virginia Bulletin, Morgantown. WV Literature
West Virginia county level data. WV Literature
Dorn, R.D. 1977. Manual of the vascular plants of Wyoming. 2 vols. Garland Publishing, Inc., New York. WY Literature
Hartman, R. Atlas of the vascular flora of Wyoming. Unpublished and undated. WY Literature
 
 
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