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You are here: Home / Profile Page / Data Source and Documentation for Carduus acanthoides L. Printer-Friendly Printer-Friendly
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Carduus acanthoides L.
spiny plumeless thistle

Data Source

Last revised by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team
Curated and maintained by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team
 

Data Documentation

Documentation State Type
1976. Weed Science. MA Literature
1999. University of Minnesota Herbarium: Vascular plant collection. MN Literature
2000. CalFlora: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation. The CalFlora Database, Berkeley. CA Literature
2000. New Mexico Botanist. NM Literature
Agronomy Services Division. Minnesota noxious weed rules (20 October 2003). Minnesota Department of Agriculture, Minnesota. Literature
Annotated Code of Maryland. Weed control (20 October 2003). State of Maryland, Maryland. Literature
Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states. State agriculture or natural resource departments. Literature
Atwood, J.T., et al. 1973. Check list of Vermont plants. Vermont Botanical and Bird Club. VT Literature
Brouillet, L., F. Coursol, and M. Favreau. 2006. VASCAN, the Database of Vascular Plants of Canada. Herbier Marie-Victorin, Institut de recherche en biologie végétale, Université de Montréal. BC, NB, NS, ON, QC Literature
Brown, M.L., and R.G. Brown. 1984. Herbaceous plants of Maryland. Port City Press, Inc., Baltimore. DE, MD Literature
Bureau of Plant Industry. Noxious weed regulations (24 May 2006). Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Nebraska. Literature
California Department of Food and Agriculture. Pest ratings of noxious weed species and noxious weed seed (20 October 2003). California Department of Food and Agriculture, California. Literature
Campbell, J., and M. Medley. 2012. The atlas of vascular plants in Kentucky. KY Literature
Campbell, Julian. Personal communication. KY Literature
Charboneau, J.L.M., B.E. Nelson, and R.L. Hartman. 2013. A floristic inventory of Phillips and Valley counties, Montana (U.S.A.). Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 7(2): 847-878. MT Literature
Davis, R. 1952. Flora of Idaho. W.C. Brown Co., Dubuque. ID Literature
Domangue, B.E., and C.K. McMullen. 2013. Floristic survey of the vascular plants of Shenandoah County, Virginia. Castanea 78: 312-322. VA Literature
Dorn, R.D. 1977. Manual of the vascular plants of Wyoming. 2 vols. Garland Publishing, Inc., New York. WY Literature
Dorn, R.D. 1984. Vascular plants of Montana. Mountain West Publishers, Cheyenne. MT Literature
Dowhan, J.J. 1979. Preliminary checklist of the vascular flora of Connecticut (growing without cultivation). State Geological and Natural History Survey of Connecticut, Natural Resources Center, Department of Environmental Protection. Hartford. CT Literature
Eilers, L.J., and D.M. Roosa. 1991. The vascular plants of Iowa. University of Iowa Press, Iowa City. IA Literature
Fisher, T.R. 1988. The Dicotyledoneae of Ohio. Part 3. Asteraceae. Ohio State University Press, Columbus. OH Literature
George, G.G. 1992. A synonymized checklist of the plants found growing in Rhode Island. Rhode Island Wild Plant Society. RI Literature
Glenn, S.D. (ed.). 2013. New York Metropolitan Flora database. New York Metropolitan Flora Project, Brooklyn Botanic Garden, New York. NJ, NY Literature
Harvill, A.M., C.E. Stevens, and D.M.E. Ware. 1981. Atlas of the Virginia flora, Part II. Dicotyledons. Virginia Botanical Associates, Farmville. VA Literature
Haubrich, G. 2002. Noxious weed spreadsheet. Washington State Department of Agriculture, Olympia. WA Literature
Hickman, J.C. (ed.). 1993. The Jepson manual. University of California Press, Berkeley. CA Literature
Hoffman, R.and K. Kearns (eds.). Wisconsin manual of control recommendations for ecologically invasive plants. Wisconsin Dept. Natural Resources, Madison, Wisconsin. Literature
Hogan, Tim. Personal communication. CO Literature
Hough, M.Y. 1978. New Jersey Wild Plants. Harmony Press, Harmony. NJ Literature
Hrusa, G.F. 2003. Noxious weeds data. Unpublished. CA Literature
Hulten, E., and M. Fries. 1986. Atlas of North European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols. Koeltz Scientific Books, Germany. OK Literature
ID. Specimen at University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho. ID Specimen
INVADERS database. ID, MT, WA, WY Literature
Johnston, B. 1991. List of Colorado plants. Unpublished. CO Literature
Jones, S.D., J.K. Wipff, and P.M. Montgomery. 1997. Vascular plants of Texas: a comprehensive checklist including synonymy, bibliography, and index. University of Texas Press, Austin. TX Literature
Magee, D. Flora of New England. Unpublished and undated. CT, ME, RI, VT Literature
McGregor, R.L., et al. 1977. Atlas of the flora of the Great Plains. Iowa State University Press, Ames. KS, NE, SD Literature
McGregor, R.L., et al. 1986. Flora of the Great Plains. University of Kansas Press, Lawrence. ND Literature
Medley, M.E. 1993. An annotated catalogue of the known or reported vascular flora of Kentucky. University of Louisville, Louisville. KY Literature
Meyer, J. 1990. Chrysler Herbarium Checklist. Manuscript. NJ Literature
Mitchell, R.S. (ed.). 1986. A checklist of New York State plants. Contributions of a Flora of New York State, Checklist III. New York State Bulletin No. 458. New York State Museum, Albany. NY Literature
Mohlenbrock, R.H. 1986. Guide to the vascular flora of Illinois, rev. ed. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale and Edwardsville. IL Literature
NMC. Specimen at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico. NM Specimen
New York Flora Association. 1990. Preliminary vouchered atlas of New York State flora, ed. 1. New York State Museum Institute, Albany. NY Literature
North Carolina Department of Agriculture. Regulations for state noxious weeds (20 October 2003). North Carolina Department of Agriculture, North Carolina. Literature
Old, Richard. Personal communication. WA Literature
Oregon Administrative Rules. Quarantine; noxious weeds, Chapter 603-52-1200 (24 May 2006). State of Oregon, Oregon. Literature
Oregon Department of Agriculture. Noxious weed policy and classification system (24 May 2006). Oregon Department of Agriculture, Oregon. Literature
Ownbey, G.B., and T. Morley. 1991. Vascular plants of Minnesota: A checklist and atlas. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis. MN Literature
Plant Industry Division. Rules pertaining to the administration and enforcement of the Colorado Noxious Weed Act (23 January 2006). Colorado Department of Agriculture, Colorado. Literature
Plant Services Division. Prohibited, regulated and restricted noxious weeds (1 May 2006). Arizona Department of Agriculture, Arizona. Literature
Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1965. Atlas of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. Department of Botany Technical Bulletin No. 165. Chapel Hill. NC Literature
Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1968. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill. NC Literature
Reed, R. 1987. Wisconsin vascular plants. Unpublished. WI Literature
Rhoads, A.F., and W.M. Klein, Jr. 1993. The vascular flora of Pennsylvania. Annotated checklist and atlas. American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia. PA Literature
Richards, C.D., F. Hyland, and L.M. Eastman. 1983. Revised check-list of the vascular plants of Maine. Bulletin of the Josselyn Botanical Society, No. 11. ME Literature
SRP. Specimen at Boise State University, Boise, Idaho. ID Specimen
South Dakota Code. Plant quarantine and treatment, Chapter 38-24a, Article 12:51 (24 May 2006). State of South Dakota, South Dakota. Literature
Specimen Management System for California Herbaria (SMASCH). CA Literature
Strausbaugh, P.D., and E.L. Core. 1977. Flora of West Virginia, 2nd ed., 4 vols. West Virginia Bulletin, Morgantown. WV Literature
Stubbendieck, J., G.Y. Friisoe,and M.R. Bolick. Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains. Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry, Lincoln, Nebraska. Literature
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
Voss, E.G. 1985. Michigan flora. Cranbrook Institute of Science, Bloomfield Hills. MI Literature
Washington Administrative Code. Noxious weed control, Chapter 16-752 (24 May 2006). State of Washington, Washington. Literature
Washington Administrative Code. State noxious weed list and schedule of monetary penalties, Chapter 16-750 (24 May 2006). State of Washington, Washington. Literature
West Virginia Department of Agriculture. Regulations governing the distribution of plant material in West Virginia. West Virginia Department of Agriculture, West Virginia. Literature
West Virginia county level data. WV Literature
Wherry, E.T., J.M. Fogg, and H.A. Wahl. 1979. Atlas of the flora of Pennsylvania. Morris Arboretum, Philadelphia. PA Literature
Whitson, T.D. (ed.) et al. Weeds of the West. Western Society of Weed Science in cooperation with Cooperative Extension Services, University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming. Literature
Wisconsin vascular plants. Wisconsin State Herbarium: University of Wisconsin - Madison. WI Literature
Wyoming Department of Agriculture. Designated noxious weeds and prohibited noxious weeds (20 October 2003). Wyoming Department of Agriculture, Wyoming. Literature
 
 
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