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PLANTS Profile


Carduus acanthoides L.
spiny plumeless thistle

Data Source

Last revised by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team
Curated and maintained by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center
 

Data Documentation

Documentation State Type
1976. Weed Science MA Literature
1999. University of Minnesota Herbarium: Vascular plant collection (http://www.wildflowers.umn.edu) MN Literature
2000. CalFlora: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation (http://www.calflora.org/). The CalFlora Database, Berkeley CA Literature
2000. New Mexico Botanist NM Literature
Agronomy Services Division. Minnesota noxious weed rules (http://www.mda.state.mn.us/appd/weeds/noxiousplantsminnesota.pdf, 20 October 2003). Minnesota Department of Agriculture, Minnesota Literature
Annotated Code of Maryland. Weed control (http://mlis.state.md.us/cgi-win/web_statutes.exe?gag&9-401, 20 October 2003). State of Maryland, Maryland Literature
Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states. State agriculture or natural resource departments Literature
Atwood, J.T., et al. 1973. Check list of Vermont plants. Vermont Botanical and Bird Club VT Literature
Brouillet, L., F. Coursol, and M. Favreau. 2006. VASCAN, the Database of Vascular Plants of Canada. Herbier Marie-Victorin, Institut de recherche en biologie végétale, Université de Montréal BC, NB, NS, ON, QC Literature
Brown, M.L., and R.G. Brown. 1984. Herbaceous plants of Maryland. Port City Press, Inc., Baltimore DE, MD Literature
Bureau of Plant Industry. Noxious weed regulations (http://www.agr.state.ne.us/division/bpi/nwp/nwp1.htm, 24 May 2006). Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Nebraska Literature
California Department of Food and Agriculture. Pest ratings of noxious weed species and noxious weed seed (http://www.cdfa.ca.gov/phpps/ipc/weedinfo/winfo_list-pestrating.htm, 20 October 2003). California Department of Food and Agriculture, California Literature
Campbell, J., and M. Medley. 2012. The atlas of vascular plants in Kentucky (http://www.bluegrasswoodland.com) KY Literature
Campbell, Julian. Personal communication KY Literature
Charboneau, J.L.M., B.E. Nelson, and R.L. Hartman. 2013. A floristic inventory of Phillips and Valley counties, Montana (U.S.A.). Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 7(2): 847-878 MT Literature
Davis, R. 1952. Flora of Idaho. W.C. Brown Co., Dubuque ID Literature
Domangue, B.E., and C.K. McMullen. 2013. Floristic survey of the vascular plants of Shenandoah County, Virginia. Castanea 78: 312-322 VA Literature
Dorn, R.D. 1977. Manual of the vascular plants of Wyoming. 2 vols. Garland Publishing, Inc., New York WY Literature
Dorn, R.D. 1984. Vascular plants of Montana. Mountain West Publishers, Cheyenne MT Literature
Dowhan, J.J. 1979. Preliminary checklist of the vascular flora of Connecticut (growing without cultivation). State Geological and Natural History Survey of Connecticut, Natural Resources Center, Department of Environmental Protection. Hartford CT Literature
Eilers, L.J., and D.M. Roosa. 1991. The vascular plants of Iowa. University of Iowa Press, Iowa City IA Literature
Fisher, T.R. 1988. The Dicotyledoneae of Ohio. Part 3. Asteraceae. Ohio State University Press, Columbus OH Literature
George, G.G. 1992. A synonymized checklist of the plants found growing in Rhode Island. Rhode Island Wild Plant Society RI Literature
Glenn, S.D. (ed.). 2013. New York Metropolitan Flora database. New York Metropolitan Flora Project, Brooklyn Botanic Garden, New York NJ, NY Literature
Harvill, A.M., C.E. Stevens, and D.M.E. Ware. 1981. Atlas of the Virginia flora, Part II. Dicotyledons. Virginia Botanical Associates, Farmville VA Literature
Haubrich, G. 2002. Noxious weed spreadsheet. Washington State Department of Agriculture, Olympia WA Literature
Hickman, J.C. (ed.). 1993. The Jepson manual. University of California Press, Berkeley CA Literature
Hoffman, R.and K. Kearns (eds.). Wisconsin manual of control recommendations for ecologically invasive plants. Wisconsin Dept. Natural Resources, Madison, Wisconsin Literature
Hogan, Tim. Personal communication CO Literature
Hough, M.Y. 1978. New Jersey Wild Plants. Harmony Press, Harmony NJ Literature
Hrusa, G.F. 2003. Noxious weeds data. Unpublished CA Literature
Hulten, E., and M. Fries. 1986. Atlas of North European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols. Koeltz Scientific Books, Germany OK Literature
ID. Specimen at University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho, (http://www.sci.uidaho.edu/biosci/herbarium/vtour.html). ID Specimen
INVADERS database (http://invader.dbs.umt.edu/) ID, MT, WA, WY Literature
Johnston, B. 1991. List of Colorado plants. Unpublished CO Literature
Jones, S.D., J.K. Wipff, and P.M. Montgomery. 1997. Vascular plants of Texas: a comprehensive checklist including synonymy, bibliography, and index. University of Texas Press, Austin TX Literature
Magee, D. Flora of New England. Unpublished and undated CT, ME, RI, VT Literature
McGregor, R.L., et al. 1977. Atlas of the flora of the Great Plains. Iowa State University Press, Ames KS, NE, SD Literature
McGregor, R.L., et al. 1986. Flora of the Great Plains. University of Kansas Press, Lawrence ND Literature
Medley, M.E. 1993. An annotated catalogue of the known or reported vascular flora of Kentucky. University of Louisville, Louisville KY Literature
Meyer, J. 1990. Chrysler Herbarium Checklist. Manuscript NJ Literature
Mitchell, R.S. (ed.). 1986. A checklist of New York State plants. Contributions of a Flora of New York State, Checklist III. New York State Bulletin No. 458. New York State Museum, Albany NY Literature
Mohlenbrock, R.H. 1986. Guide to the vascular flora of Illinois, rev. ed. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale and Edwardsville IL Literature
NMC. Specimen at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico, (http://biology-web.nmsu.edu/herbarium/). NM Specimen
New York Flora Association. 1990. Preliminary vouchered atlas of New York State flora, ed. 1. New York State Museum Institute, Albany NY Literature
North Carolina Department of Agriculture. Regulations for state noxious weeds (http://www.agr.state.nc.us/plantind/plant/weed/noxweed.htm, 20 October 2003). North Carolina Department of Agriculture, North Carolina Literature
Old, Richard. Personal communication WA Literature
Oregon Administrative Rules. Quarantine; noxious weeds, Chapter 603-52-1200 (http://www.oregon.gov/ODA/PLANT/docs/pdf/603_052_1200.pdf, 24 May 2006). State of Oregon, Oregon Literature
Oregon Department of Agriculture. Noxious weed policy and classification system (http://www.oregon.gov/ODA/PLANT/WEEDS/lists.shtml#Noxious_weed_policy___list, 24 May 2006). Oregon Department of Agriculture, Oregon Literature
Ownbey, G.B., and T. Morley. 1991. Vascular plants of Minnesota: A checklist and atlas. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis MN Literature
Plant Industry Division. Rules pertaining to the administration and enforcement of the Colorado Noxious Weed Act (http://www.ag.state.co.us/CSD/Weeds/statutes/weedrules.pdf, 23 January 2006). Colorado Department of Agriculture, Colorado Literature
Plant Services Division. Prohibited, regulated and restricted noxious weeds (http://www.azda.gov/PSD/quarantine5.htm, 1 May 2006). Arizona Department of Agriculture, Arizona Literature
Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1965. Atlas of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. Department of Botany Technical Bulletin No. 165. Chapel Hill NC Literature
Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1968. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill NC Literature
Reed, R. 1987. Wisconsin vascular plants. Unpublished WI Literature
Rhoads, A.F., and W.M. Klein, Jr. 1993. The vascular flora of Pennsylvania. Annotated checklist and atlas. American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia PA Literature
Richards, C.D., F. Hyland, and L.M. Eastman. 1983. Revised check-list of the vascular plants of Maine. Bulletin of the Josselyn Botanical Society, No. 11 ME Literature
SRP. Specimen at Boise State University, Boise, Idaho, (http://www.boisestate.edu/biology/facilities_and_collections.htm#thyme). ID Specimen
South Dakota Code. Plant quarantine and treatment, Chapter 38-24a, Article 12:51 (http://legis.state.sd.us/rules/DisplayRule.aspx?Rule=12:51:03:01, 24 May 2006). State of South Dakota, South Dakota Literature
Specimen Management System for California Herbaria (SMASCH) (http://www.mip.berkeley.edu/www_apps/smasch/) CA Literature
Strausbaugh, P.D., and E.L. Core. 1977. Flora of West Virginia, 2nd ed., 4 vols. West Virginia Bulletin, Morgantown WV Literature
Stubbendieck, J., G.Y. Friisoe,and M.R. Bolick. Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains. Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry, Lincoln, Nebraska Literature
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas, (http://www.biosci.utexas.edu/prc/). TX Specimen
Voss, E.G. 1985. Michigan flora. Cranbrook Institute of Science, Bloomfield Hills MI Literature
Washington Administrative Code. Noxious weed control, Chapter 16-752 (http://apps.leg.wa.gov/wac/default.aspx?cite=16-752, 24 May 2006). State of Washington, Washington Literature
Washington Administrative Code. State noxious weed list and schedule of monetary penalties, Chapter 16-750 (http://apps.leg.wa.gov/WAC/default.aspx?cite=16-750, 24 May 2006). State of Washington, Washington Literature
West Virginia Department of Agriculture. Regulations governing the distribution of plant material in West Virginia. West Virginia Department of Agriculture, West Virginia Literature
West Virginia county level data WV Literature
Wherry, E.T., J.M. Fogg, and H.A. Wahl. 1979. Atlas of the flora of Pennsylvania. Morris Arboretum, Philadelphia PA Literature
Whitson, T.D. (ed.) et al. Weeds of the West. Western Society of Weed Science in cooperation with Cooperative Extension Services, University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming Literature
Wisconsin vascular plants (http://www.botany.wisc.edu/herbarium). Wisconsin State Herbarium: University of Wisconsin - Madison WI Literature
Wyoming Department of Agriculture. Designated noxious weeds and prohibited noxious weeds (http://www.wyoweed.org/docs/designated_weeds_pests.html, 20 October 2003). Wyoming Department of Agriculture, Wyoming Literature
 
 
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