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PLANTS Profile


Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop.
Canada thistle

Data Source

Last revised by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team
Curated and maintained by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center
 

Data Documentation

Documentation State Type
1999. University of Minnesota Herbarium: Vascular plant collection (http://www.wildflowers.umn.edu) MN Literature
2000. CalFlora: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation (http://www.calflora.org/). The CalFlora Database, Berkeley CA Literature
Agronomy Services Division. Minnesota noxious weed rules (http://www.mda.state.mn.us/appd/weeds/noxiousplantsminnesota.pdf, 20 October 2003). Minnesota Department of Agriculture, Minnesota Literature
Annotated Code of Maryland. Weed control (http://mlis.state.md.us/cgi-win/web_statutes.exe?gag&9-401, 20 October 2003). State of Maryland, Maryland Literature
Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states. State agriculture or natural resource departments Literature
Atwood, J.T., et al. 1973. Check list of Vermont plants. Vermont Botanical and Bird Club VT Literature
BLMLK. Specimen at Bureau of Land Management, Lakeview, Oregon, (http://www.blm.gov/or/districts/lakeview/overview.php). OR Specimen
Booth, W.E., and J.C. Wright. 1966. Flora of Montana. Montana State University, Bozeman MT Literature
Brouillet, L., F. Coursol, and M. Favreau. 2006. VASCAN, the Database of Vascular Plants of Canada. Herbier Marie-Victorin, Institut de recherche en biologie végétale, Université de Montréal AB, BC, GL, MB, NB, NF, NS, NT, ON, PE, QC, SB, SK, YT Literature
Brown, M.L., and R.G. Brown. 1984. Herbaceous plants of Maryland. Port City Press, Inc., Baltimore MD Literature
Bureau of Plant Industry. Noxious weed regulations (http://www.agr.state.ne.us/division/bpi/nwp/nwp1.htm, 24 May 2006). Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Nebraska Literature
CIC. Specimen at Albertson College of Idaho, Caldwell, Idaho, (http://www.collegeofidaho.edu/academics/biology/Resources/handbook/default.asp?mainID=10&subID=4). ID Specimen
California Department of Food and Agriculture. Pest ratings of noxious weed species and noxious weed seed (http://www.cdfa.ca.gov/phpps/ipc/weedinfo/winfo_list-pestrating.htm, 20 October 2003). California Department of Food and Agriculture, California Literature
California Invasive Plant Council. California Invasive Plant Inventory. Cal-IPC Publication 2006-02 (http://www.cal-ipc.org/ip/inventory/index.php, 1 February 2007). California Invasive Plant Council, Berkeley, California Literature
Campbell, J., and M. Medley. 2012. The atlas of vascular plants in Kentucky (http://www.bluegrasswoodland.com) KY Literature
Campbell, Julian. Personal communication KY Literature
Charboneau, J.L.M., B.E. Nelson, and R.L. Hartman. 2013. A floristic inventory of Phillips and Valley counties, Montana (U.S.A.). Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 7(2): 847-878 MT Literature
Chester, E.W, B.E. Wofford, and R. Kral. 1997. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. Vol. 2. Miscellaneous Publication No. 13. Austin Peay State University, Clarksville TN Literature
Chester, E.W., B.E. Wofford, R. Kral, H.R. DeSelm, and A.M. Evans. 1993. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. 2 vols. Center for Field Biology Miscellaneous Publication No. 9/13. Austin Peay State University, Clarksville TN Literature
Clark, S. 1995. United States Fish and Wildlife Service report. Unpublished, on file at UC Davis Herbarium CA Literature
Clemants, Steven. Personal communication NY Literature
Connecticut Invasive Plants Council. Connecticut invasive plant list (ftp://ftp-fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/CT/invasives/WordInvasivesListCommonNameW-Authors4PDF.pdf, 20 April 2005). Connecticut Invasive Plants Council, Connecticut Literature
Crovello, T.J., C.A. Keller, and J.T. Kartesz. 1983. The vascular plants of Indiana: A computer based checklist. University of Notre Dame Press, Notre Dame IN Literature
Cullina, M.D., B. Connolly, B. Sorrie, and P. Somers. 2011. The vascular plants of Massachusetts: A county checklist, first revision. Massachusetts Natural Heritage & Endangered Species Program, Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife, Westborough MA Literature
Davis, R. 1952. Flora of Idaho. W.C. Brown Co., Dubuque ID Literature
Deam, C.C. 1940. Flora of Indiana. Wm.B. Burford Printing Co., Indianapolis IN Literature
Delaware Department of Agriculture. Rules and regulations for noxious weed control (http://www.state.de.us/deptagri/plantind/noxious.shtml, 23 January 2006). Delaware Department of Agriculture, Delaware Literature
District of Columbia Natural Heritage Program DC Literature
Division of Agriculture. State of Alaska prohibited and restricted noxious weeds (http://www.dnr.state.ak.us/ag/ag_pmc.htm, 20 October 2003). Alaska Department of Natural Resources, Alaska Literature
Division of Entomology and Plant Pathology. Summary of plant protection regulations (http://www.in.gov/dnr/entomolo/pestinfo/invasive.htm, 20 October 2003). Indiana Department of Natural Resources, Indiana Literature
Division of Plant Health. Kansas noxious weed law (http://www.accesskansas.org/kda/Plantpest/PestManagement/plant-pestmanagement-weeds.htm, 20 October 2003). Kansas Department of Agriculture, Kansas Literature
Division of Plant Industry. List of plant species designated as noxious weeds (http://www.hawaiiag.org/hdoa/adminrules/AR-68.pdf, 20 October 2003). Hawaii Department of Agriculture, Hawaii Literature
Doll, J. Noxious weeds in Wisconsin (http://ipcm.wisc.edu/uw_weeds/extension/articles/weedlaws%20in%20statutes.htm, 20 October 2003). University of Wisconsin Cooperative Extension Programs, Wisconsin Literature
Domangue, B.E., and C.K. McMullen. 2013. Floristic survey of the vascular plants of Shenandoah County, Virginia. Castanea 78: 312-322 VA Literature
Dorn, R.D. 1977. Manual of the vascular plants of Wyoming. 2 vols. Garland Publishing, Inc., New York WY Literature
Dorn, R.D. 1984. Vascular plants of Montana. Mountain West Publishers, Cheyenne MT Literature
Dowhan, J.J. 1979. Preliminary checklist of the vascular flora of Connecticut (growing without cultivation). State Geological and Natural History Survey of Connecticut, Natural Resources Center, Department of Environmental Protection. Hartford CT Literature
Duffy, Tande & Robinson 95-731 (ALA V0120691). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
EOSC. Specimen at Eastern Oregon University, Lagrande, Oregon, (http://mgd.nacse.org/cgi-bin/sqml2.0/eastoregon/eastor.qml). OR Specimen
Eilers, L.J., and D.M. Roosa. 1991. The vascular plants of Iowa. University of Iowa Press, Iowa City IA Literature
Fisher, T.R. 1988. The Dicotyledoneae of Ohio. Part 3. Asteraceae. Ohio State University Press, Columbus OH Literature
Gasser 15-G (ALA 00010349). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
George, G.G. 1992. A synonymized checklist of the plants found growing in Rhode Island. Rhode Island Wild Plant Society RI Literature
Glenn, S.D. (ed.). 2013. New York Metropolitan Flora database. New York Metropolitan Flora Project, Brooklyn Botanic Garden, New York CT, NJ, NY Literature
Hartman, R. Atlas of the vascular flora of Wyoming. Unpublished and undated WY Literature
Harvill, A.M., C.E. Stevens, and D.M.E. Ware. 1981. Atlas of the Virginia flora, Part II. Dicotyledons. Virginia Botanical Associates, Farmville VA Literature
Haubrich, G. 2002. Noxious weed spreadsheet. Washington State Department of Agriculture, Olympia WA Literature
Heil, K.D, and S.L. O'Kane, Jr. 2002. Catalog of the Four Corners flora - vascular plants of the San Juan River Drainage: Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico and Utah, 6th ed. (http://www.sanjuancollege.edu/documents/Herbarium/FourCornersFlora.pdf) AZ Literature
Hickman, J.C. (ed.). 1993. The Jepson manual. University of California Press, Berkeley CA Literature
Hoffman, R.and K. Kearns (eds.). Wisconsin manual of control recommendations for ecologically invasive plants. Wisconsin Dept. Natural Resources, Madison, Wisconsin Literature
Hogan, Tim. Personal communication CO Literature
Hough, M.Y. 1978. New Jersey Wild Plants. Harmony Press, Harmony NJ Literature
Hrusa, G.F. 2003. Noxious weeds data. Unpublished CA Literature
Hulten, E. 1968. Flora of Alaska and neighboring territories: A manual of the vascular plants. Stanford University Press, Stanford AK Literature
ID. Specimen at University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho, (http://www.sci.uidaho.edu/biosci/herbarium/vtour.html). ID Specimen
IDS. Specimen at Idaho State University, Pocatello, Idaho, (http://imnh.isu.edu/Collections/Botany.htm). ID Specimen
INVADERS database (http://invader.dbs.umt.edu/) ID, MT, OR, WY Literature
Idaho Department of Agriculture. Noxious weed rules (http://www.agri.state.id.us/Categories/PlantsInsects/NoxiousWeeds/watchlistsci.php, 24 May 2006). Idaho Department of Agriculture, Idaho Literature
Illinois Administrative Code. Illinois noxious weed law (http://www.agr.state.il.us/Laws/Regs/8iac220.pdf, 20 October 2003). State of Illinois, Illinois Literature
Illinois Plant Information Network (ILPIN) IL Literature
Iowa Department of Agricultureand Land Stewardship. The Iowa weed law (http://www.weeds.iastate.edu/reference/weedlaw.htm, 20 October 2003). Iowa Department of Agriculture & land Stewardship, Iowa Literature
Johnston, B. 1991. List of Colorado plants. Unpublished CO Literature
Jones (ALA V0128516). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Kartesz, J.T. 1988. A flora of Nevada. University of Nevada, Reno NV Literature
Kartesz, J.T. 2001. Atlas of the Nevada flora. Unpublished NV Literature
Kearney, T., and R.H. Peebles. 1960. Arizona flora with supplement. University of California Press, Los Angeles AZ Literature
Kemp, L., and S.R. Schuller. 1982. Checklist of the vascular plants of Thornton T. Munger Research Natural Area. Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station Administrative Report PNW-4. USDA Forest Service WA Literature
Kennemore wit Yaworsky, Standley & Klee 1890 (ALA V0124640). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Kentucky Revised Statutes. Department to eradicate noxious weeds on right-of-ways -- advertisement of program (http://www.lrc.state.ky.us/KRS/176-00/051.PDF, 1 May 2006). State of Kentucky, Kentucky Literature
Larson, J., B. Reif, B.E. Nelson, and R.L. Hartman. 2014. Floristic studies in north central New Mexico, U.S.A. The Sangre de Cristo Mountains. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 8: 271-303 NM Literature
Lee, R.D. 1999. New Mexico's invasive weeds. New Mexico State University, Las Cruces NM Literature
Magee, D. Flora of New England. Unpublished and undated CT, MA, ME, NH, RI, VT Literature
Martin, W.C., and C.R. Hutchins. 1980. A flora of New Mexico. Strauss & Cramer, Germany NM Literature
McGregor, R.L., et al. 1977. Atlas of the flora of the Great Plains. Iowa State University Press, Ames KS, ND, NE, SD Literature
Medley, M.E. 1993. An annotated catalogue of the known or reported vascular flora of Kentucky. University of Louisville, Louisville KY Literature
Meyer, J. 1990. Chrysler Herbarium Checklist. Manuscript NJ Literature
Mitchell, R.S. (ed.). 1986. A checklist of New York State plants. Contributions of a Flora of New York State, Checklist III. New York State Bulletin No. 458. New York State Museum, Albany NY Literature
Mohlenbrock, R.H. 1986. Guide to the vascular flora of Illinois, rev. ed. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale and Edwardsville IL Literature
Mohr., C. 1901. Plant life of Alabama. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium VI AL Literature
Montana Department of Agriculture. Montana noxious weeds list (http://www.agr.state.mt.us/weedpest/noxiousweedslist.asp, 24 May 2006). Montana Department of Agriculture, Montana Literature
Muller 3421 (ALA 00087261). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
NMC. Specimen at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico, (http://biology-web.nmsu.edu/herbarium/). NM Specimen
Nevada Administrative Code. Control of insects, pests, and noxious weeds (http://www.leg.state.nv.us/NAC/NAC-555.html, 20 October 2003). State of Nevada, Nevada Literature
New York Flora Association. 1990. Preliminary vouchered atlas of New York State flora, ed. 1. New York State Museum Institute, Albany NY Literature
North Carolina Department of Agriculture. Regulations for state noxious weeds (http://www.agr.state.nc.us/plantind/plant/weed/noxweed.htm, 20 October 2003). North Carolina Department of Agriculture, North Carolina Literature
North Dakota Century Code. Noxious weed control (http://www.agdepartment.com/Programs/Plant/NoxiousWeeds.html, 20 October 2003). State of North Dakota, North Dakota Literature
Norton-Brown Herbarium. Norton-Brown Herbarium (MARY) plant distribution records. 2014 (http://www.nbh.psla.umd.edu). University of Maryland, College Park DE, MD Literature
Office of the Director/Secretary. New Mexico noxious weed list (http://nmdaweb.nmsu.edu/DIVISIONS/APR/weed.html, 20 October 2003). New Mexico Department of Agriculture, New Mexico Literature
Oklahoma House of Representatives. House Bill 2277 (http://www2.lsb.state.ok.us/os/os%5F2%2D3%2D220.rtf, 20 October 2003). State of Oklahoma, Oklahoma Literature
Oregon Administrative Rules. Quarantine; noxious weeds, Chapter 603-52-1200 (http://www.oregon.gov/ODA/PLANT/docs/pdf/603_052_1200.pdf, 24 May 2006). State of Oregon, Oregon Literature
Oregon Department of Agriculture. Noxious weed policy and classification system (http://www.oregon.gov/ODA/PLANT/WEEDS/lists.shtml#Noxious_weed_policy___list, 24 May 2006). Oregon Department of Agriculture, Oregon Literature
Oregon Flora Project species list; species noted on herbarium specimens. Unpublished and undated OR Literature
Ownbey, G.B., and T. Morley. 1991. Vascular plants of Minnesota: A checklist and atlas. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis MN Literature
Peck, M.E. 1961. A manual of the higher plants of Oregon, 2nd ed. Oregon State University Press, Corvallis OR Literature
Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture. Pennsylvania noxious weed control list (http://www.agriculture.state.pa.us/agriculture/cwp/view.asp?q=127683, 20 October 2003). Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture, Pennsylvania Literature
Pesticide and Plant Pest Management Division. Noxious and restricted weeds and prohibited plants - Michigan (http://www.michigan.gov/mda/0,1607,7-125-1569_16993-11250--,00.html, 20 October 2003). Michigan Department of Agriculture, Michigan Literature
Plant Industry Division. Noxious weeds (http://www.ohioagriculture.gov/pubs/divs/plnt/curr/rules/plnt-901-5-37.pdf, 20 October 2003). Ohio Department of Agriculture, Ohio Literature
Plant Industry Division. Rules pertaining to the administration and enforcement of the Colorado Noxious Weed Act (http://www.ag.state.co.us/CSD/Weeds/statutes/weedrules.pdf, 23 January 2006). Colorado Department of Agriculture, Colorado Literature
Plant Services Division. Prohibited, regulated and restricted noxious weeds (http://www.azda.gov/PSD/quarantine5.htm, 1 May 2006). Arizona Department of Agriculture, Arizona Literature
Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1965. Atlas of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. Department of Botany Technical Bulletin No. 165. Chapel Hill NC Literature
Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1968. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill NC Literature
Ralph, R.A. Checklist of the vascular plants of the Coastal Plain of Delaware. Unpublished and undated. University of Delaware Department of Biology DE Literature
Reed, R. 1987. Wisconsin vascular plants. Unpublished WI Literature
Reif, B., J. Larson, B.F. Jacobs, B.E. Nelson, and R.L. Hartman. 2009. Floristic studies in north central New Mexico, U.S.A. The Tusas Mountains and the Jemez Mountains. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 3: 921-961 NM Literature
Revised Statues of Missouri. Insect pests and weeds (http://www.moga.state.mo.us/STATUTES/C263.htm, 20 October 2003). Missouri Department of Agriculture, Missouri Literature
Rhoads, A.F., and W.M. Klein, Jr. 1993. The vascular flora of Pennsylvania. Annotated checklist and atlas. American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia PA Literature
Richards, C.D., F. Hyland, and L.M. Eastman. 1983. Revised check-list of the vascular plants of Maine. Bulletin of the Josselyn Botanical Society, No. 11 ME Literature
SRP. Specimen at Boise State University, Boise, Idaho, (http://www.boisestate.edu/biology/facilities_and_collections.htm#thyme). ID Specimen
Seymour, F.C. 1969. The flora of New England. Charles E. Tuttle Company, Rutland NH Literature
Shultz, Leila M. Personal communication UT Literature
Smith, E.B. 1988. An atlas and annotated list of the vascular plants of Arkansas, 2d ed. AR Literature
Sorrie, B.A. 1992. County checklist of Massachusetts plants. Unpublished MA Literature
South Dakota Code. Plant quarantine and treatment, Chapter 38-24a, Article 12:51 (http://legis.state.sd.us/rules/DisplayRule.aspx?Rule=12:51:03:01, 24 May 2006). State of South Dakota, South Dakota Literature
South Dakota Code. South Dakota weed and pest control, Chapter 38-22, Article 12:62 (http://legis.state.sd.us/rules/rules/12/62/1262.doc, 24 May 2006). State of South Dakota, South Dakota Literature
Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council. Invasive exotic pest plants in Tennessee (http://www.tneppc.org/TNEPPC2004PlantList-8x11.pdf, 19 October 1999). Research Committee of the Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council, Tennessee Literature
Southern Weed Science Society. Weeds of the United States and Canada. CD-ROM. Southern Weed Science Society, Champaign, Illinois Literature
Specimen Management System for California Herbaria (SMASCH) (http://www.mip.berkeley.edu/www_apps/smasch/) CA Literature
Specimen at Douglas County Museum, Roseburg, Oregon, (http://www.co.douglas.or.us/museum/collections.asp). OR Specimen
St. John, H. 1963. Flora of southeastern Washington and adjacent Idaho, 3rd ed. Outdoor Pictures, Escondido WA Literature
Stensvold 6888 (ALA V0122581). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Strausbaugh, P.D., and E.L. Core. 1977. Flora of West Virginia, 2nd ed., 4 vols. West Virginia Bulletin, Morgantown WV Literature
Straw, R. Jackson and Josephine County checklist. Unpublished and undated OR Literature
Stubbendieck, J., G.Y. Friisoe,and M.R. Bolick. Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains. Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry, Lincoln, Nebraska Literature
Talbot & Talbot 429 (ALA V0125890). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Tatnall, E. 1860. Catalogue of the phaenogamous and filicoid plants of New Castle County, Delaware. Wilmington Institute, Wilmington DE Literature
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, (http://www.msb.unm.edu/herbarium/). NM Specimen
Utah Department of Agriculture. Utah noxious weed act (http://ag.utah.gov/plantind/nox_utah.html, 20 October 2003). Utah Department of Agriculture, Utah Literature
Uva, R.H., J.C. Neal,and J.M. DiTomaso. Weeds of the Northeast. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York Literature
Voss, E.G. 1985. Michigan flora. Cranbrook Institute of Science, Bloomfield Hills MI Literature
WS. Specimen at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, (http://www.wsu.edu/~wsherb/). WA Specimen
WTU. Specimen at University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, (http://www.washington.edu/burkemuseum/collections/herbarium/index.php). WA Specimen
Washington Administrative Code. State noxious weed list and schedule of monetary penalties, Chapter 16-750 (http://apps.leg.wa.gov/WAC/default.aspx?cite=16-750, 24 May 2006). State of Washington, Washington Literature
Weber, W.R., and W.T. Corcoran. 1993. Atlas of Missouri vascular plants. Unpublished. Southwest Missouri State University and the Missouri Native Plant Society MO Literature
Welsh, S.L., N.D. Atwood, L.C. Higgins, and S. Goodrich. 1987. A Utah flora. Great Basin Naturalist Memoirs No. 9. Brigham Young University Press, Provo UT Literature
West Virginia county level data WV Literature
Wherry, E.T., J.M. Fogg, and H.A. Wahl. 1979. Atlas of the flora of Pennsylvania. Morris Arboretum, Philadelphia PA Literature
Whitson, T.D. (ed.) et al. Weeds of the West. Western Society of Weed Science in cooperation with Cooperative Extension Services, University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming Literature
Wiberg, C., and S. Greene. 1985. Blackwater Island Research Natural Area. Federal Research Natural Areas in Oregon and Washington: A Guidebook for Scientists and Educators, Supplement No. 11 WA Literature
Wilken, Dieter. Personal communication CA Literature
Williams s.n. (ALA V0100930). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska, (http://www.uaf.edu/museum/collections/herb/). AK Specimen
Wisconsin vascular plants (http://www.botany.wisc.edu/herbarium). Wisconsin State Herbarium: University of Wisconsin - Madison WI Literature
Wyoming Department of Agriculture. Designated noxious weeds and prohibited noxious weeds (http://www.wyoweed.org/docs/designated_weeds_pests.html, 20 October 2003). Wyoming Department of Agriculture, Wyoming Literature
Yatskievych, G., and J. Turner. 1990. Catalogue of the flora of Missouri. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 37. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis MO Literature
 
 
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