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PLANTS Profile


Foeniculum vulgare Mill.
sweet fennel

Data Source

Last revised by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team
Curated and maintained by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center
 

Data Documentation

Documentation State Type
1900. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium NE, NJ Literature
2000. CalFlora: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation (http://www.calflora.org/). The CalFlora Database, Berkeley CA Literature
Bickford, C. 1979. Vegetation and flora of the Landels-Hill Big Creek Reserve, Monterey County, CA. Environmental Field Program Publication. University of California, Santa Cruz CA Literature
Britton, N.L., and P. Wilson. 1926. Botany of Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Scientific Survey of Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands. New York Academy of Sciences, New York PR, VI Literature
Brouillet, L., F. Coursol, and M. Favreau. 2006. VASCAN, the Database of Vascular Plants of Canada. Herbier Marie-Victorin, Institut de recherche en biologie végétale, Université de Montréal AB, BC, ON, QC Literature
Brown, M.L., and R.G. Brown. 1984. Herbaceous plants of Maryland. Port City Press, Inc., Baltimore MD Literature
California Invasive Plant Council. California Invasive Plant Inventory. Cal-IPC Publication 2006-02 (http://www.cal-ipc.org/ip/inventory/index.php, 1 February 2007). California Invasive Plant Council, Berkeley, California Literature
Checklist of the vascular plants of San Diego County, California (http://www.sdnhm.org/research/botany/sdplants/index.htm). San Diego Natural History Museum, San Diego CA Literature
Chester, E.W, B.E. Wofford, and R. Kral. 1997. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. Vol. 2. Miscellaneous Publication No. 13. Austin Peay State University, Clarksville TN Literature
Chester, E.W., B.E. Wofford, R. Kral, H.R. DeSelm, and A.M. Evans. 1993. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. 2 vols. Center for Field Biology Miscellaneous Publication No. 9/13. Austin Peay State University, Clarksville TN Literature
Clark, S. 1995. United States Fish and Wildlife Service report. Unpublished, on file at UC Davis Herbarium CA Literature
Clemants, Steven. Personal communication NY Literature
Clifton, G. Plumas County and Plumas National Forest flora (2001 Draft). Unpublished and undated CA Literature
Cooperrider, T.S. 1995. The Dicotyledoneae of Ohio. Part 2: Linaceae through Campanulaceae. Ohio State University Press, Columbus OH Literature
Cullina, M.D., B. Connolly, B. Sorrie, and P. Somers. 2011. The vascular plants of Massachusetts: A county checklist, first revision. Massachusetts Natural Heritage & Endangered Species Program, Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife, Westborough MA Literature
Doan, S. 2002. Flora of the Seven Springs Region, Tonto National Forest, Maricopa County, Arizona. M.S. Thesis (http://lifesciences.asu.edu/herbarium/). Arizona State University, Tempe AZ Literature
Dowhan, J.J. 1979. Preliminary checklist of the vascular flora of Connecticut (growing without cultivation). State Geological and Natural History Survey of Connecticut, Natural Resources Center, Department of Environmental Protection. Hartford CT Literature
Duncan, W.H., and J.T. Kartesz. 1981. Vascular flora of Georgia. University of Georgia Press, Athens GA Literature
EOSC. Specimen at Eastern Oregon University, Lagrande, Oregon, (http://mgd.nacse.org/cgi-bin/sqml2.0/eastoregon/eastor.qml). OR Specimen
George, G.G. 1992. A synonymized checklist of the plants found growing in Rhode Island. Rhode Island Wild Plant Society RI Literature
Glenn, S.D. (ed.). 2013. New York Metropolitan Flora database. New York Metropolitan Flora Project, Brooklyn Botanic Garden, New York CT, NJ, NY Literature
Harvill, A.M., C.E. Stevens, and D.M.E. Ware. 1981. Atlas of the Virginia flora, Part II. Dicotyledons. Virginia Botanical Associates, Farmville VA Literature
Heil, K.D, and S.L. O'Kane, Jr. 2002. Catalog of the Four Corners flora - vascular plants of the San Juan River Drainage: Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico and Utah, 6th ed. (http://www.sanjuancollege.edu/documents/Herbarium/FourCornersFlora.pdf) AZ Literature
Hickman, J.C. (ed.). 1993. The Jepson manual. University of California Press, Berkeley CA Literature
Hitchcock, C.L., A. Cronquist, M. Ownbey, and J.W. Thompson. 1969. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest. 5 vols. University of Washington Press, Seattle WA Literature
Hough, M.Y. 1978. New Jersey Wild Plants. Harmony Press, Harmony NJ Literature
Hrusa, G.F. 1996. Report submitted to North State Resources Inc., Redding. Unpublished CA Literature
Hrusa, G.F., and J. Glazner. 2000. Report submitted to North Fork Associates, Auburn, CA. Unpublished CA Literature
INVADERS database (http://invader.dbs.umt.edu/) OR, WA Literature
Jones, S.B., and N. Coile. 1988. The distribution of the vascular flora of Georgia. Herbarium, Department of Botany, Athens GA Literature
Kartesz, J.T. 1988. A flora of Nevada. University of Nevada, Reno NV Literature
Kartesz, J.T. 2001. Atlas of the Nevada flora. Unpublished NV Literature
Kearney, T., and R.H. Peebles. 1960. Arizona flora with supplement. University of California Press, Los Angeles AZ Literature
Keil, D.J. 1987. Preliminary list of the vascular flora of the Arroyo de la Cruz Region, San Luis Obispo County, California. Unpublished CA Literature
Magee, D. Flora of New England. Unpublished and undated CT, MA Literature
Martin, W.C., and C.R. Hutchins. 1980. A flora of New Mexico. Strauss & Cramer, Germany NM Literature
McGregor, R.L., R.E. Brooks, and L.A. Hauser. 1976. Checklist of Kansas vascular plants. Technical Publications of State Biological Survey of Kansas, No. 2 KS Literature
McGregor, R.L., et al. 1977. Atlas of the flora of the Great Plains. Iowa State University Press, Ames IA Literature
Medley, M.E. 1993. An annotated catalogue of the known or reported vascular flora of Kentucky. University of Louisville, Louisville KY Literature
Mitchell, R.S. (ed.). 1986. A checklist of New York State plants. Contributions of a Flora of New York State, Checklist III. New York State Bulletin No. 458. New York State Museum, Albany NY Literature
Mohlenbrock, R.H. 1986. Guide to the vascular flora of Illinois, rev. ed. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale and Edwardsville IL Literature
NCU. Specimen at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, (http://www.herbarium.unc.edu). MS Specimen
New York Flora Association. 1990. Preliminary vouchered atlas of New York State flora, ed. 1. New York State Museum Institute, Albany NY Literature
Oregon Flora Project species list; species noted on herbarium specimens. Unpublished and undated OR Literature
Peck, M.E. 1961. A manual of the higher plants of Oregon, 2nd ed. Oregon State University Press, Corvallis OR Literature
Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1965. Atlas of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. Department of Botany Technical Bulletin No. 165. Chapel Hill NC, SC Literature
Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1968. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill NC, SC Literature
Rhoads, A.F., and W.M. Klein, Jr. 1993. The vascular flora of Pennsylvania. Annotated checklist and atlas. American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia PA Literature
Richards, C.D., F. Hyland, and L.M. Eastman. 1983. Revised check-list of the vascular plants of Maine. Bulletin of the Josselyn Botanical Society, No. 11 ME Literature
Shultz, Leila M. Personal communication UT Literature
Sorrie, B.A. 1992. County checklist of Massachusetts plants. Unpublished MA Literature
Specimen Management System for California Herbaria (SMASCH) (http://www.mip.berkeley.edu/www_apps/smasch/) CA Literature
Strausbaugh, P.D., and E.L. Core. 1977. Flora of West Virginia, 2nd ed., 4 vols. West Virginia Bulletin, Morgantown WV Literature
Tatnall, R.R. 1946. Flora of Delaware and the Eastern Shore. Society of Natural History of Delaware, Lancaster DE Literature
Thomas, R.D., and C.M. Allen. 1993. Atlas of the vascular flora of Louisiana, vols. 1-3. Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. Natural Heritage Program, Fort Worth, TX LA Literature
Thomas, R.D., and C.M. Allen. 1997. Atlas of the vascular flora of Louisiana, vols. 1-3 (Plus updates). Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. Natural Heritage Program, Baton Rouge LA Literature
Turner, B.L., H. Nichols, G. Denny, and O. Doron. 2003. Atlas of the Vascular Plants of Texas, vol. 1. Sida, Botanical Miscellany, No. 24. Botanical Research Institute of Texas Press, Fort Worth TX Literature
Voss, E.G. 1985. Michigan flora. Cranbrook Institute of Science, Bloomfield Hills MI Literature
WS. Specimen at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, (http://www.wsu.edu/~wsherb/). WA Specimen
WTU. Specimen at University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, (http://www.washington.edu/burkemuseum/collections/herbarium/index.php). WA Specimen
Wagner, W.L., D.R. Herbst, and S.H. Sohmer. 1990. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i, 2 vols. University of Hawaii Press, Bishop Museum, Honolulu HI Literature
Weber, W.R., and W.T. Corcoran. 1993. Atlas of Missouri vascular plants. Unpublished. Southwest Missouri State University and the Missouri Native Plant Society MO Literature
Weishaupt, C.G. 1971. Vascular plants of Ohio. Kendall/Hunt Publishing Co., Dubuque OH Literature
Welsh, S.L., N.D. Atwood, L.C. Higgins, and S. Goodrich. 1987. A Utah flora. Great Basin Naturalist Memoirs No. 9. Brigham Young University Press, Provo UT Literature
West Virginia county level data WV Literature
Wetter, M.A., T.S. Cochrane, M.R. Black, and H.H. Iltis. 1998. Checklist of the vascular plants of Wisconsin. Unpublished WI Literature
Wherry, E.T., J.M. Fogg, and H.A. Wahl. 1979. Atlas of the flora of Pennsylvania. Morris Arboretum, Philadelphia PA Literature
Wilken, Dieter. Personal communication CA Literature
Wisconsin vascular plants (http://www.botany.wisc.edu/herbarium). Wisconsin State Herbarium: University of Wisconsin - Madison WI Literature
Wunderlin, R.P., B.F. Hansen,and E.L. Bridges. 1996. Atlas of Florida vascular plants: CD-ROM. University of South Florida, Tampa FL Literature
Wunderlin, R.P., and B.F. Hansen. 2008. Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (http://florida.plantatlas.usf.edu) [online: accessed on 8 November 2014]. Institute for Systematic Botany, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL FL Literature
Yatskievych, G., and J. Turner. 1990. Catalogue of the flora of Missouri. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 37. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis MO Literature
 
 
Time Generated: 08/21/2018 10:49 AM CDT