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PLANTS Profile


Fraxinus L.
ash

Data Source

Last revised by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team
Curated and maintained by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center
 

Data Documentation

Documentation State Type
1955. Agricultural Extension Station Bulletin. Cornell University FL, MN Literature
1971. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden AL Literature
1991. Douglasia WA Literature
1992. Journal of the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science AZ Literature
1995. Castanea PA Literature
1999. University of Minnesota Herbarium: Vascular plant collection (http://www.wildflowers.umn.edu) MN Literature
2000. CalFlora: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation (http://www.calflora.org/). The CalFlora Database, Berkeley CA Literature
2001. New Mexico Botanist NM Literature
2002. New Mexico Botanist NM Literature
2002. Rhodora OH Literature
Abrams, L. 1960. An illustrated flora of the Pacific States. Stanford University Press, Stanford CA, UT, WY Literature
Anonymous. Personal communication to John Kartesz UT Literature
Atwood, J.T., et al. 1973. Check list of Vermont plants. Vermont Botanical and Bird Club VT Literature
Barger, T.W., D.D. Spaulding, and B.D. Holt. 2013. The vascular flora of the Perdido River Forever Wild tract, Baldwin County, Alabama. Castanea 78: 119-133 AL Literature
Barkworth, Mary E. Personal communication DE, NC, VA Literature
Bluhm, Wilbur. Personal communication OR Literature
Booth, W.E., and J.C. Wright. 1966. Flora of Montana. Montana State University, Bozeman MT Literature
Brouillet, L., F. Coursol, and M. Favreau. 2006. VASCAN, the Database of Vascular Plants of Canada. Herbier Marie-Victorin, Institut de recherche en biologie végétale, Université de Montréal AB, BC, MB, NB, NF, NS, ON, PE, QC, SK Literature
Brown, R.G., and M.L. Brown. 1972. Woody plants of Maryland. Port City Press, Inc., Baltimore MD Literature
Bryson, C.T.,and D.A. Skojac, Jr. 2011. An annotated checklist of the vascular flora of Washington County, Mississippi. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 5: 855-866 MS Literature
Bryson, Charles. Personal communication MS Literature
Buegge, J.J. Flora of the Santa Teresa Mountains in Graham County, Arizona (http://lifesciences.asu.edu/herbarium/st_teresa_weblist.html) AZ Literature
Campbell, J., and M. Medley. 2012. The atlas of vascular plants in Kentucky (http://www.bluegrasswoodland.com) KY Literature
Campbell, Julian. Personal communication KY Literature
Charboneau, J.L.M., B.E. Nelson, and R.L. Hartman. 2013. A floristic inventory of Phillips and Valley counties, Montana (U.S.A.). Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 7(2): 847-878 MT Literature
Checklist of the vascular plants of San Diego County, California (http://www.sdnhm.org/research/botany/sdplants/index.htm). San Diego Natural History Museum, San Diego CA Literature
Chester, E.W, B.E. Wofford, and R. Kral. 1997. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. Vol. 2. Miscellaneous Publication No. 13. Austin Peay State University, Clarksville TN Literature
Chester, E.W., B.E. Wofford, R. Kral, H.R. DeSelm, and A.M. Evans. 1993. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. 2 vols. Center for Field Biology Miscellaneous Publication No. 9/13. Austin Peay State University, Clarksville TN Literature
Clemants, Steven. Personal communication CT, NJ, NY Literature
Clifton, G. Plumas County and Plumas National Forest flora (2001 Draft). Unpublished and undated CA Literature
Cooperrider, T.S, A.W. Cusick, and J.T. Kartesz (eds.). 1999. Seventh catalog of the vascular plants of Ohio (in press). Ohio State University Press, Columbus OH Literature
Cooperrider, T.S. 1995. The Dicotyledoneae of Ohio. Part 2: Linaceae through Campanulaceae. Ohio State University Press, Columbus OH Literature
Crovello, T.J., C.A. Keller, and J.T. Kartesz. 1983. The vascular plants of Indiana: A computer based checklist. University of Notre Dame Press, Notre Dame IN Literature
Cullina, M.D., B. Connolly, B. Sorrie, and P. Somers. 2011. The vascular plants of Massachusetts: A county checklist, first revision. Massachusetts Natural Heritage & Endangered Species Program, Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife, Westborough MA Literature
Damrel, D., D.J. Pinkava, and L.R. Landrum. The Phoenix flora (http://collections.asu.edu/herbarium/phoenixflora/index.html) AZ Literature
Deam, C.C. 1940. Flora of Indiana. Wm.B. Burford Printing Co., Indianapolis IN Literature
Delaware Natural Heritage Program DE Literature
District of Columbia Natural Heritage Program DC Literature
Domangue, B.E., and C.K. McMullen. 2013. Floristic survey of the vascular plants of Shenandoah County, Virginia. Castanea 78: 312-322 VA Literature
Dorn, R.D. 1977. Manual of the vascular plants of Wyoming. 2 vols. Garland Publishing, Inc., New York WY Literature
Dorn, R.D. 1984. Vascular plants of Montana. Mountain West Publishers, Cheyenne MT Literature
Dowhan, J.J. 1979. Preliminary checklist of the vascular flora of Connecticut (growing without cultivation). State Geological and Natural History Survey of Connecticut, Natural Resources Center, Department of Environmental Protection. Hartford CT Literature
Duncan, W.H., and J.T. Kartesz. 1981. Vascular flora of Georgia. University of Georgia Press, Athens GA Literature
Eilers, L.J., and D.M. Roosa. 1991. The vascular plants of Iowa. University of Iowa Press, Iowa City IA Literature
George, G.G. 1992. A synonymized checklist of the plants found growing in Rhode Island. Rhode Island Wild Plant Society RI Literature
Glenn, S.D. (ed.). 2013. New York Metropolitan Flora database. New York Metropolitan Flora Project, Brooklyn Botanic Garden, New York CT, NJ, NY Literature
Goldman, D.H. 1996. A preliminary vascular flora of the French Creek drainage of Western New York State. New York Flora Association Newsletter 7 (2): 3-12 NY Literature
Hannick, V.C., J.N. Mink, J.R. Singhurst, and W.C. Holmes. 2013. Annotated checklist of the vascular flora of McLennan County, Texas. Phytoneuron (http://www.phytoneuron.net/2013Phytoneuron/29PhytoN-McLennan.pdf) 2013-29(29): 1-37 TX Literature
Hartman, R. Atlas of the vascular flora of Wyoming. Unpublished and undated WY Literature
Harvill, A.M., C.E. Stevens, and D.M.E. Ware. 1981. Atlas of the Virginia flora, Part II. Dicotyledons. Virginia Botanical Associates, Farmville VA Literature
Hatch, S.L., K.N. Gandhi, and L.E. Brown. 1990. Checklist of the vascular plants of Texas (MP-1655). Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, College Station TX Literature
Haynes, R. 1990. A database of the Alabama flora. Unpublished AL Literature
Heil, K.D, and S.L. O'Kane, Jr. 2002. Catalog of the Four Corners flora - vascular plants of the San Juan River Drainage: Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico and Utah, 6th ed. (http://www.sanjuancollege.edu/documents/Herbarium/FourCornersFlora.pdf) NM Literature
Hickman, J.C. (ed.). 1993. The Jepson manual. University of California Press, Berkeley CA Literature
Hitchcock, C.L., A. Cronquist, M. Ownbey, and J.W. Thompson. 1969. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest. 5 vols. University of Washington Press, Seattle WA Literature
Hogan, Tim. Personal communication CO Literature
Hough, M.Y. 1978. New Jersey Wild Plants. Harmony Press, Harmony NJ Literature
Hrusa, F., B. Ertter, A. Sanders, G. Leppig, and E. Dean. 2002. Catalog of non-native vascular plants occurring spontaneously in California beyond those addressed in The Jepson Manual. Part I. Madroño 49: 61-98 CA Literature
Hrusa, G.F. 1997. Report submitted to Glazner Environmental Consulting, Auburn CA. Unpublished CA Literature
Hubbard, J.R., and W.S. Judd. 2013. Floristics of Silver River State Park, Marion County, Florida. Rhodora 115: 250-280 FL Literature
Illinois Plant Information Network (ILPIN) IL Literature
Imdorf, G.J. 1995. Flora and vegetation of the Sierra Ancha Wilderness Area, Tonto National Forest, Gila County, Arizona. M.S. Thesis (http://lifesciences.asu.edu/herbarium/). Arizona State University, Tempe AZ Literature
J. Baker s.n. (SOC 20329). Specimen at Southern Oregon University, Ashland, Oregon, (http://www.sou.edu/Biology/Herbarium/Herbarium.htm). OR Specimen
Johnston, B. 1991. List of Colorado plants. Unpublished CO Literature
Jones, S.B., and N. Coile. 1988. The distribution of the vascular flora of Georgia. Herbarium, Department of Botany, Athens GA Literature
Kartesz, J.T. 1988. A flora of Nevada. University of Nevada, Reno NV Literature
Kartesz, J.T. 2001. Atlas of the Nevada flora. Unpublished NV Literature
Kartesz, J.T. 2002. Atlas of the Arizona flora. Unpublished AZ Literature
Kearney, T., and R.H. Peebles. 1960. Arizona flora with supplement. University of California Press, Los Angeles AZ Literature
Kuhn, B., B.E. Nelson,and R.L. Hartman. 2011. A floristic inventory of the Cimarron National Grassland (Kansas) and the Comanche National Grassland (Colorado). Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 5: 753-772 CO, KS Literature
Liogier, H.A., and L.F. Martorell. 1982. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent Islands: A systematic synopsis. Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico PR Literature
Little, E.L., Jr. 1971. Atlas of United States trees. Vols. 1-6 plus supplements. Miscellaneous Publication No. 1146. USDA Forest Service, Washington, DC AZ, NM Literature
Little, E.L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees (native and naturalized). Agriculture Handbook No. 541. USDA, Washington, DC NM Literature
Lowe, E.N. 1921. Plants of Mississippi. Mississippi State Geological Survey Bulletin No. 17 MS Literature
Magee, D. Flora of New England. Unpublished and undated CT, MA, ME, NH, NY, RI, VT Literature
Martin, A.C., H.S. Zim, and A.L. Nelson. 1951. American wildlife and plants: A guide to wildlife food habits. Dover Publications, New York Literature
Martin, W.C., and C.R. Hutchins. 1980. A flora of New Mexico. Strauss & Cramer, Germany NM Literature
Maryland Heritage and Biodiversity Conservation Programs MD Literature
McGregor, R.L., et al. 1977. Atlas of the flora of the Great Plains. Iowa State University Press, Ames KS, ND, NE, OK, SD Literature
Medley, M.E. 1993. An annotated catalogue of the known or reported vascular flora of Kentucky. University of Louisville, Louisville KY Literature
Medley, Max. Personal communication KY Literature
Meyer, J. 1990. Chrysler Herbarium Checklist. Manuscript NJ Literature
Mississippi Natural Heritage Program MS Literature
Mitchell, R.S. (ed.). 1986. A checklist of New York State plants. Contributions of a Flora of New York State, Checklist III. New York State Bulletin No. 458. New York State Museum, Albany NY Literature
Mohlenbrock, R.H. 1986. Guide to the vascular flora of Illinois, rev. ed. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale and Edwardsville IL Literature
Mohr., C. 1901. Plant life of Alabama. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium VI AL Literature
NMC. Specimen at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico, (http://biology-web.nmsu.edu/herbarium/). NM Specimen
NMC. Specimen at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico, (http://biology-web.nmsu.edu/herbarium/). NM Specimen
Nesom, G.L. 2010. Observations on Fraxinus albicans Buckley (Oleaceae), the correct botanical name for Texas ash. Phytoneuron 2010-33: 1-12 OK, TX Literature
New Jersey Natural Heritage Program NJ Literature
New York Flora Association. 1990. Preliminary vouchered atlas of New York State flora, ed. 1. New York State Museum Institute, Albany NY Literature
Oregon Flora Project species list; species noted on herbarium specimens. Unpublished and undated OR Literature
Ownbey, G.B., and T. Morley. 1991. Vascular plants of Minnesota: A checklist and atlas. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis MN Literature
Peck, M.E. 1961. A manual of the higher plants of Oregon, 2nd ed. Oregon State University Press, Corvallis OR Literature
Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1965. Atlas of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. Department of Botany Technical Bulletin No. 165. Chapel Hill NC, SC Literature
Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1968. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill NC, SC Literature
Ralph, R.A. Checklist of the vascular plants of the Coastal Plain of Delaware. Unpublished and undated. University of Delaware Department of Biology DE Literature
Reed, R. 1987. Wisconsin vascular plants. Unpublished WI Literature
Reif, B., J. Larson, B.F. Jacobs, B.E. Nelson, and R.L. Hartman. 2009. Floristic studies in north central New Mexico, U.S.A. The Tusas Mountains and the Jemez Mountains. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 3: 921-961 NM Literature
Rhoads, A.F., and W.M. Klein, Jr. 1993. The vascular flora of Pennsylvania. Annotated checklist and atlas. American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia PA Literature
Richards, C.D., F. Hyland, and L.M. Eastman. 1983. Revised check-list of the vascular plants of Maine. Bulletin of the Josselyn Botanical Society, No. 11 ME Literature
Ripley, J.D. 1994. Vegetation of the United States Air Force Academy and the adjacent Regions of the Pike National Forest, El Paso County, Colorado. Department of Biology, United States Air Force Academy, Colorado Springs CO Literature
Seymour, F.C. 1969. The flora of New England. Charles E. Tuttle Company, Rutland NH Literature
Shultz, Leila M. Personal communication UT Literature
Smith, E.B. 1988. An atlas and annotated list of the vascular plants of Arkansas, 2d ed. AR Literature
Sorrie, B.A. 1992. County checklist of Massachusetts plants. Unpublished MA Literature
Specimen Management System for California Herbaria (SMASCH) (http://www.mip.berkeley.edu/www_apps/smasch/) CA Literature
Specimen at Eastern New Mexico University, Portales, New Mexico, (http://wwwstd.enmu.edu/pollockd/botany.html). NM Specimen
Specimen at Eastern New Mexico University, Portales, New Mexico, (http://wwwstd.enmu.edu/pollockd/botany.html). NM Specimen
Specimen at Linfield College, McMinnville, Oregon, (http://www.linfield.edu/bio/). OR Specimen
Stone, C.P., C.W. Smith, and J.T. Tunison (eds.). 1992. Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawaii, management and research. Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit, University of Hawaii, Manoa HI Literature
Strausbaugh, P.D., and E.L. Core. 1977. Flora of West Virginia, 2nd ed., 4 vols. West Virginia Bulletin, Morgantown WV Literature
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas, (http://www.biosci.utexas.edu/prc/). TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas, (http://www.biosci.utexas.edu/prc/). TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas, (http://www.biosci.utexas.edu/prc/). TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas, (http://www.biosci.utexas.edu/prc/). TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas, (http://www.biosci.utexas.edu/prc/). TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas, (http://www.biosci.utexas.edu/prc/). TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas, (http://www.biosci.utexas.edu/prc/). TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas, (http://www.biosci.utexas.edu/prc/). TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas, (http://www.biosci.utexas.edu/prc/). TX Specimen
Taber, W.S. 1960. Delaware trees, 2nd ed. Delaware State Forestry Department, Dover DE Literature
Taylor, R.J., and C.E.S. Taylor. 1989. An annotated list of the ferns, fern allies, gymnosperms and flowering plants of Oklahoma. Southeast Oklahoma State University OK Literature
Texas A&M Bioinformatics Working Group. Texas A&M Bioinformatics Working Group Internet site (http://csdl.tamu.edu/FLORA/output/outputa.html) TX Literature
Thomas, R.D., and C.M. Allen. 1993. Atlas of the vascular flora of Louisiana, vols. 1-3. Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. Natural Heritage Program, Fort Worth, TX LA Literature
Thomas, R.D., and C.M. Allen. 1997. Atlas of the vascular flora of Louisiana, vols. 1-3 (Plus updates). Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. Natural Heritage Program, Baton Rouge LA Literature
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, (http://www.msb.unm.edu/herbarium/). NM Specimen
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, (http://www.msb.unm.edu/herbarium/). NM Specimen
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, (http://www.msb.unm.edu/herbarium/). NM Specimen
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, (http://www.msb.unm.edu/herbarium/). NM Specimen
Voss, E.G. 1985. Michigan flora. Cranbrook Institute of Science, Bloomfield Hills MI Literature
WS. Specimen at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, (http://www.wsu.edu/~wsherb/). WA Specimen
WTU. Specimen at University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, (http://www.washington.edu/burkemuseum/collections/herbarium/index.php). WA Specimen
Wagner, W.L., D.R. Herbst, and S.H. Sohmer. 1990. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i, 2 vols. University of Hawaii Press, Bishop Museum, Honolulu HI Literature
Weber, W.R., and W.T. Corcoran. 1993. Atlas of Missouri vascular plants. Unpublished. Southwest Missouri State University and the Missouri Native Plant Society MO Literature
Weishaupt, C.G. 1971. Vascular plants of Ohio. Kendall/Hunt Publishing Co., Dubuque OH Literature
Welsh, S.L., N.D. Atwood, L.C. Higgins, and S. Goodrich. 1987. A Utah flora. Great Basin Naturalist Memoirs No. 9. Brigham Young University Press, Provo UT Literature
West Virginia county level data WV Literature
Wherry, E.T., J.M. Fogg, and H.A. Wahl. 1979. Atlas of the flora of Pennsylvania. Morris Arboretum, Philadelphia PA Literature
Wieland, R.G. 2004. County observation records of Mississippi Vegetation Survey Project (Samples taken 9-1989 to 11-2003, inclusive of collection records and of field surveys by other authors). Mississippi Museum of Natural Science, Department of Wildlife, Fisheries and Parks, Jackson MS Literature
Wieland, R.G. 2004. County records of Mississippi collections (#5501-9869, 9/12/89 to 1/23/04) deposited at Mississippi Museum of Natural Science Herbarium (MMNS). Mississippi Museum of Natural Science, Department of Wildlife, Fisheries and Parks, Jackson MS Literature
Wilken, Dieter. Personal communication CA Literature
Wisconsin vascular plants (http://www.botany.wisc.edu/herbarium). Wisconsin State Herbarium: University of Wisconsin - Madison WI Literature
Wunderlin, R.P., B.F. Hansen,and E.L. Bridges. 1996. Atlas of Florida vascular plants: CD-ROM. University of South Florida, Tampa FL Literature
Wunderlin, R.P., and B.F. Hansen. 2008. Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (http://florida.plantatlas.usf.edu) [online: accessed on 8 November 2014]. Institute for Systematic Botany, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL FL Literature
Yatskievych, G., and J. Turner. 1990. Catalogue of the flora of Missouri. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 37. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis MO Literature
 
 
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