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Myriophyllum spicatum L.
Eurasian watermilfoil

Data Source

Last revised by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team
Curated and maintained by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team

Data Documentation

Documentation State Type
1916. Rhodora. CT Literature
1929. Madroño. CA Literature
1967. Weed Science. NC, TN Literature
1977. Phytologia. DE, IN, MD, NJ, NM Literature
1980. Journal of the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science. AZ Literature
1980. Phytologia. MS Literature
1999. Tennessee Anthropologist. NE Literature
1999. University of Minnesota Herbarium: Vascular plant collection. MN Literature
2000. CalFlora: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation. The CalFlora Database, Berkeley. CA Literature
Aiken, Susan. Personal communication. UT Literature
Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states. State agriculture or natural resource departments. Literature
Atwood, J.T., et al. 1973. Check list of Vermont plants. Vermont Botanical and Bird Club. VT Literature
Barkworth, Mary E. Personal communication. DE Literature
Brouillet, L., F. Coursol, and M. Favreau. 2006. VASCAN, the Database of Vascular Plants of Canada. Herbier Marie-Victorin, Institut de recherche en biologie végétale, Université de Montréal. BC, NB, ON, QC Literature
Bureau of Aquatic Plant Management. Aquatic plant importation, transportation, non-nursery cultivation, possession and collection (20 October 2003). Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Florida. Literature
Bureau of Farm Productsand Plant Industries. Massachusetts prohibited plant list (23 January 2006). Massachusetts Department of Agricultural Resources, Massachusetts. Literature
California Invasive Plant Council. California Invasive Plant Inventory. Cal-IPC Publication 2006-02 (1 February 2007). California Invasive Plant Council, Berkeley, California. Literature
Campbell, J., and M. Medley. 2012. The atlas of vascular plants in Kentucky. KY Literature
Campbell, Julian. Personal communication. KY Literature
Chester, E.W., B.E. Wofford, R. Kral, H.R. DeSelm, and A.M. Evans. 1993. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. 2 vols. Center for Field Biology Miscellaneous Publication No. 9/13. Austin Peay State University, Clarksville. TN Literature
Clark, S. 1995. United States Fish and Wildlife Service report. Unpublished, on file at UC Davis Herbarium. CA Literature
Clemants, Steven. Personal communication. NJ, NY Literature
Connecticut Invasive Plants Council. Connecticut invasive plant list (20 April 2005). Connecticut Invasive Plants Council, Connecticut. Literature
Cooperrider, T.S. 1982. Endangered and threatened plants of Ohio. Ohio Biological Survey Notes No. 16. Ohio State University, Columbus. OH Literature
Cooperrider, T.S. 1995. The Dicotyledoneae of Ohio. Part 2: Linaceae through Campanulaceae. Ohio State University Press, Columbus. OH Literature
Cullina, M.D., B. Connolly, B. Sorrie, and P. Somers. 2011. The vascular plants of Massachusetts: A county checklist, first revision. Massachusetts Natural Heritage & Endangered Species Program, Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife, Westborough. MA Literature
Division of Plant Industry. Summary of plant protection regulations (20 October 2003). Alabama Department of Agriculture and Industries, Alabama. Literature
Duncan, W.H., and J.T. Kartesz. 1981. Vascular flora of Georgia. University of Georgia Press, Athens. GA Literature
EOSC. Specimen at Eastern Oregon University, Lagrande, Oregon. OR Specimen
Eilers, L.J., and D.M. Roosa. 1991. The vascular plants of Iowa. University of Iowa Press, Iowa City. IA Literature
Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council. Invasive plant list. Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, Florida. Literature
Glenn, S.D. (ed.). 2013. New York Metropolitan Flora database. New York Metropolitan Flora Project, Brooklyn Botanic Garden, New York. CT, NJ, NY Literature
Harvill, A.M., C.E. Stevens, and D.M.E. Ware. 1981. Atlas of the Virginia flora, Part II. Dicotyledons. Virginia Botanical Associates, Farmville. VA Literature
Haubrich, G. 2002. Noxious weed spreadsheet. Washington State Department of Agriculture, Olympia. WA Literature
Haynes, R. 1990. A database of the Alabama flora. Unpublished. AL Literature
Hickman, J.C. (ed.). 1993. The Jepson manual. University of California Press, Berkeley. CA Literature
Hill, S.R.,and C.N. Horn. 1997. Additions to the flora of South Carolina. Castanea 62: 194-208. SC Literature
Hitchcock, C.L., A. Cronquist, M. Ownbey, and J.W. Thompson. 1969. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest. 5 vols. University of Washington Press, Seattle. WA Literature
Hoffman, R.and K. Kearns (eds.). Wisconsin manual of control recommendations for ecologically invasive plants. Wisconsin Dept. Natural Resources, Madison, Wisconsin. Literature
Hrusa, G.F. 1996. Report submitted to North State Resources Inc., Redding. Unpublished. CA Literature
Hulten, E., and M. Fries. 1986. Atlas of North European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols. Koeltz Scientific Books, Germany. AK Literature
INVADERS database. MT, OR, WA Literature
Idaho Department of Agriculture. Noxious weed rules (24 May 2006). Idaho Department of Agriculture, Idaho. Literature
Johnston, M.C. 1990. The vascular plants of Texas, 2d ed. Published by the author, Austin. TX Literature
Jones, S.B., and N. Coile. 1988. The distribution of the vascular flora of Georgia. Herbarium, Department of Botany, Athens. GA Literature
Kratz, Andrew. Personal communication. CO Literature
Magee, D. Flora of New England. Unpublished and undated. NH Literature
Maine Department of Environmental Protection. 2013. Invasive aquatic plants. Maine Department of Environmental Protection. ME Literature
Mansfield, D.H. 2000. Flora of Steens Mountain. Oregon State University Press, Corvallis. OR Literature
Medley, M.E. 1993. An annotated catalogue of the known or reported vascular flora of Kentucky. University of Louisville, Louisville. KY Literature
Mitchell, R.S. (ed.). 1986. A checklist of New York State plants. Contributions of a Flora of New York State, Checklist III. New York State Bulletin No. 458. New York State Museum, Albany. NY Literature
Mohlenbrock, R.H. Personal communication. IL Literature
Montana Department of Agriculture. Montana noxious weeds list (24 May 2006). Montana Department of Agriculture, Montana. Literature
NCU. Specimen at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. OR, WV Specimen
Nevada Administrative Code. Control of insects, pests, and noxious weeds (20 October 2003). State of Nevada, Nevada. Literature
New York Flora Association. 1990. Preliminary vouchered atlas of New York State flora, ed. 1. New York State Museum Institute, Albany. NY Literature
North Carolina Department of Agriculture. Regulations for state noxious weeds (20 October 2003). North Carolina Department of Agriculture, North Carolina. Literature
Ode, David J. Personal communication. SD Literature
Office of the Director/Secretary. New Mexico noxious weed list (20 October 2003). New Mexico Department of Agriculture, New Mexico. Literature
Oregon Administrative Rules. Quarantine; noxious weeds, Chapter 603-52-1200 (24 May 2006). State of Oregon, Oregon. Literature
Oregon Department of Agriculture. Noxious weed policy and classification system (24 May 2006). Oregon Department of Agriculture, Oregon. Literature
Oregon Flora Project species list; species noted on herbarium specimens. Unpublished and undated. OR Literature
Ownbey, G.B., and T. Morley. 1991. Vascular plants of Minnesota: A checklist and atlas. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis. MN Literature
Papago Park checklist. Arizona State University, Tempe. AZ Literature
Plant Industry Division. Rules pertaining to the administration and enforcement of the Colorado Noxious Weed Act (23 January 2006). Colorado Department of Agriculture, Colorado. Literature
Public Laws of Maine. An act to prevent the spread of invasive aquatic plants (20 October 2003). State of Maine, Maine. Literature
Quinlan, S.E., and S. Cuccarese. 2004. Native Alaskan and exotic plants used by wildlife [online: accessed on 4 April 2005]. Alaska Department of Fish and Game, Anchorage. Literature
Reed, R. 1987. Wisconsin vascular plants. Unpublished. WI Literature
Rhoads, A.F., and W.M. Klein, Jr. 1993. The vascular flora of Pennsylvania. Annotated checklist and atlas. American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia. PA Literature
Smith, E.B. 1988. An atlas and annotated list of the vascular plants of Arkansas, 2d ed. AR Literature
Sorrie, B.A. 1992. County checklist of Massachusetts plants. Unpublished. MA Literature
South Carolina Aquatic Nuisance Species Program. Illegal aquatic plants in South Carolina (20 October 2003). South Carolina Department of Natural Resources, South Carolina. Literature
South Dakota Code. Plant quarantine and treatment, Chapter 38-24a, Article 12:51 (24 May 2006). State of South Dakota, South Dakota. Literature
Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council. Invasive exotic pest plants in Tennessee (19 October 1999). Research Committee of the Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council, Tennessee. Literature
Specimen Management System for California Herbaria (SMASCH). CA Literature
State Crop Pest Commission. Designation of plant pests (24 May 2006). State of South Carolina, South Carolina. Literature
Stebbins, J.C., and B.E. Valentine. 1990. Consultant inventory. Biological reconnaissance ... at the community of Fish Camp, Mariposa County. Unpublished. CA Literature
Stone, R.D. 1990. Preliminary checklist of vascular plants, North Stone Lake and environs. Unpublished. EA Engineering, Science, and Technology, Lafayette, CA. CA Literature
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
Taylor, R.J., and C.E.S. Taylor. 1989. An annotated list of the ferns, fern allies, gymnosperms and flowering plants of Oklahoma. Southeast Oklahoma State University. OK Literature
Texas Administrative Code. Quarantines and noxious plants, Chapter 19 (24 May 2006). State of Texas, Texas. Literature
Thomas, R.D., and C.M. Allen. 1993. Atlas of the vascular flora of Louisiana, vols. 1-3. Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. Natural Heritage Program, Fort Worth, TX. LA Literature
Thomas, R.D., and C.M. Allen. 1997. Atlas of the vascular flora of Louisiana, vols. 1-3 (Plus updates). Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. Natural Heritage Program, Baton Rouge. LA Literature
Thomas, W.E., S.P. Ash,and R.H. Maxwell. 2005. Distribution records of southern Indiana vascular plants II. Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science 114: 19-25. IN Literature
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico. NM Specimen
Vermont Department of Agriculture, Food and Markets. Quarantine #3 - noxious weeds (20 October 2003). Vermont Department of Agriculture, Food and Markets, Vermont. Literature
Voss, E.G. 1985. Michigan flora. Cranbrook Institute of Science, Bloomfield Hills. MI Literature
WS. Specimen at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington. WA Specimen
Warner, Richard. Personal communication. ND Literature
Washington Administrative Code. Noxious weed control, Chapter 16-752 (24 May 2006). State of Washington, Washington. Literature
Washington Administrative Code. State noxious weed list and schedule of monetary penalties, Chapter 16-750 (24 May 2006). State of Washington, Washington. Literature
Wherry, E.T., J.M. Fogg, and H.A. Wahl. 1979. Atlas of the flora of Pennsylvania. Morris Arboretum, Philadelphia. PA Literature
Whetstone, R.D. 1981. Vascular flora and vegetation of the Cumberland Plateau of Alabama. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. AL Literature
Wisconsin vascular plants. Wisconsin State Herbarium: University of Wisconsin - Madison. WI Literature
Wunderlin, R.P., B.F. Hansen,and E.L. Bridges. 1996. Atlas of Florida vascular plants: CD-ROM. University of South Florida, Tampa. FL Literature
Wunderlin, R.P., and B.F. Hansen. 2008. Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants [online: accessed on 8 November 2014]. Institute for Systematic Botany, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL. FL Literature
Yatskievych, G., and J. Turner. 1990. Catalogue of the flora of Missouri. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 37. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis. MO Literature
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