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Paspalum L.
crowngrass

Data Source

Last revised by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team
Curated and maintained by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team
 

Data Documentation

Documentation State Type
1909. Torreya. DE Literature
1910. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium. DC Literature
1942. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium. DE, HI, PR Literature
1954. Rhodora. MD Literature
1964. Phytologia. MD Literature
1965. Castanea. AL Literature
1966. Sida. MT Literature
1968. Castanea. MS Literature
1976. Rhodora. VI Literature
1977. Castanea. WV Literature
1978. Castanea. WV Literature
1978. Southern California Botanists Special Publication. CA Literature
1988. List of plants on Vina Plains Preserve, Vina Plains Preserve Handbook, rev. 1987. Unpublished. Nature Conservancy. CA Literature
1989. Sida. PR Literature
1991. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum. MS Literature
1993. Journal of the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science. AZ Literature
1993. Sida. AL Literature
1994. Missouriensis. MO Literature
1998. Bishop Museum Occasional Papers. HI Literature
1998. Castanea. LA Literature
1998. Sida. KS Literature
1999. Bishop Museum Occasional Papers. HI Literature
1999. University of Minnesota Herbarium: Vascular plant collection. MN Literature
2000. CalFlora: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation. The CalFlora Database, Berkeley. CA Literature
2001. Journal of the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science. AZ Literature
Abrams, L. 1960. An illustrated flora of the Pacific States. Stanford University Press, Stanford. OR Literature
Acevedo-Rodriguez, P., et al. 1996. Flora of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 78. New York Botanical Garden, Bronx. VI Literature
Allred, Kelly W. Personal communication. NM Literature
Anonymous. Personal communication to John Kartesz. AL, AR, HI, MS, OK, PR, SC, VI Literature
Arizona Heritage Data Management System. AZ Literature
Atwood, J.T., et al. 1973. Check list of Vermont plants. Vermont Botanical and Bird Club. VT Literature
Barger, T.W., D.D. Spaulding, and B.D. Holt. 2013. The vascular flora of the Perdido River Forever Wild tract, Baldwin County, Alabama. Castanea 78: 119-133. AL Literature
Barkworth, Mary E. Personal communication. AL, DE, FL, GA, MS, NC, TX, UT Literature
Braun, E.L. 1967. The Monocotyledoneae of Ohio. Ohio State University Press, Columbus. OH Literature
Britton, N.L., and P. Wilson. 1926. Botany of Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Scientific Survey of Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands. New York Academy of Sciences, New York. PR, VI Literature
Brouillet, L., F. Coursol, and M. Favreau. 2006. VASCAN, the Database of Vascular Plants of Canada. Herbier Marie-Victorin, Institut de recherche en biologie végétale, Université de Montréal. ON Literature
Brown, M.L., and R.G. Brown. 1984. Herbaceous plants of Maryland. Port City Press, Inc., Baltimore. MD Literature
Bryson, C.T.,and D.A. Skojac, Jr. 2011. An annotated checklist of the vascular flora of Washington County, Mississippi. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 5: 855-866. MS Literature
CIC. Specimen at Albertson College of Idaho, Caldwell, Idaho. ID Specimen
Campbell, J., and M. Medley. 2012. The atlas of vascular plants in Kentucky. KY Literature
Campbell, Julian. Personal communication. KY Literature
Carter, J.R. 1978. A floristic study of the Delta National Forest and adjacent areas. M.S. Thesis. Mississippi State University. MS Literature
Carter, R., Baker, W.W., Morris, W.M. 2009. Contributions to the flora of Georgia, U.S.A. Vulpia 8: 1-54. GA Literature
Chester, E.W., B.E. Wofford, R. Kral, H.R. DeSelm, and A.M. Evans. 1993. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. 2 vols. Center for Field Biology Miscellaneous Publication No. 9/13. Austin Peay State University, Clarksville. TN Literature
Chester, E.W., B.E. Wofford, R. Kral, H.R. DeSelm, and A.M. Evans. 1993. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. Vol. 1. Miscellaneous Publication No. 9. Austin Peay State University, Clarksville. TN Literature
Clifton, G. Plumas County and Plumas National Forest flora (2001 Draft). Unpublished and undated. CA Literature
Cooperrider, T.S. 1982. Endangered and threatened plants of Ohio. Ohio Biological Survey Notes No. 16. Ohio State University, Columbus. OH Literature
Crovello, T.J., C.A. Keller, and J.T. Kartesz. 1983. The vascular plants of Indiana: A computer based checklist. University of Notre Dame Press, Notre Dame. IN Literature
Cullina, M.D., B. Connolly, B. Sorrie, and P. Somers. 2011. The vascular plants of Massachusetts: A county checklist, first revision. Massachusetts Natural Heritage & Endangered Species Program, Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife, Westborough. MA Literature
D. Goldman 3938 (GH). Specimen at Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts. MD Specimen
Damrel, D., D.J. Pinkava, and L.R. Landrum. The Phoenix flora. AZ Literature
Davis, R. 1952. Flora of Idaho. W.C. Brown Co., Dubuque. ID Literature
Deam, C.C. 1940. Flora of Indiana. Wm.B. Burford Printing Co., Indianapolis. IN Literature
Department of Biology Herbarium (TAMU) and Tracy Herbarium (TAES). 1998. Department of Biology Herbarium (TAMU) and Tracy Herbarium (TAES) specimen data. Texas A&M University. TX Literature
Deramus, R. 1970. Studies on the flora of the vascular plants of Dauphin Island, Mobile Co. Alabama. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa. AL, MS Literature
District of Columbia Natural Heritage Program. DC Literature
Domangue, B.E., and C.K. McMullen. 2013. Floristic survey of the vascular plants of Shenandoah County, Virginia. Castanea 78: 312-322. VA Literature
Dowhan, J.J. 1979. Preliminary checklist of the vascular flora of Connecticut (growing without cultivation). State Geological and Natural History Survey of Connecticut, Natural Resources Center, Department of Environmental Protection. Hartford. CT Literature
Duncan, W.H., and J.T. Kartesz. 1981. Vascular flora of Georgia. University of Georgia Press, Athens. GA Literature
Eilers, L.J., and D.M. Roosa. 1991. The vascular plants of Iowa. University of Iowa Press, Iowa City. IA Literature
Ferren, W.R. 1985. Carpinteria Salt Marsh, annotated and illustrated catalogue of vascular plants. Herbarium Publication No. 4. University of California, Santa Barbara. CA Literature
George, G.G. 1992. A synonymized checklist of the plants found growing in Rhode Island. Rhode Island Wild Plant Society. RI Literature
Glenn, S.D. (ed.). 2013. New York Metropolitan Flora database. New York Metropolitan Flora Project, Brooklyn Botanic Garden, New York. CT, NJ, NY Literature
Gould, F.W. 1975. The grasses of Texas. Texas A&M University Press, College Station. TX Literature
Gunn, C.R., T.M. Pullen, E.A. Stadelbacher, J.M. Chandler, and J. Barnes. 1980. Vascular flora of Washington County, Mississippi, and environs. USDA Science and Education Administration. MS Literature
Hannick, V.C., J.N. Mink, J.R. Singhurst, and W.C. Holmes. 2013. Annotated checklist of the vascular flora of McLennan County, Texas. Phytoneuron 2013-29(29): 1-37. TX Literature
Harvill, A.M., C.E. Stevens, and D.M.E. Ware. 1977. Atlas of the Virginia flora, Part I. Pteridophytes through monocotyledons. Virginia Botanical Associates, Farmville. VA Literature
Hastings Natural History Reservation. Plants of Hastings. CA Literature
Hatch, S.L., K.N. Gandhi, and L.E. Brown. 1990. Checklist of the vascular plants of Texas (MP-1655). Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, College Station. TX Literature
Haynes, R. 1990. A database of the Alabama flora. Unpublished. AL Literature
Hickman, J.C. (ed.). 1993. The Jepson manual. University of California Press, Berkeley. CA Literature
Hitchcock, A.S. 1950. Manual of the grasses of the United States, 2nd ed. USDA Miscellaneous Publication No. 200. NC, OR, PA Literature
Hitchcock, C.L., A. Cronquist, M. Ownbey, and J.W. Thompson. 1969. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest. 5 vols. University of Washington Press, Seattle. WA Literature
Hogan, Tim. Personal communication. CO Literature
Hough, M.Y. 1978. New Jersey Wild Plants. Harmony Press, Harmony. NJ Literature
Hough, M.Y. Supplement to New Jersey Wild Plants. Published by the author. NJ Literature
Hrusa, G.F. 1996. Report submitted to North State Resources Inc., Redding. Unpublished. CA Literature
Hrusa, G.F. 1997. Private list, H.A.R.T. Inc. Unpublished. CA Literature
Hrusa, G.F. 1997. Report submitted to Glazner Environmental Consulting, Auburn CA. Unpublished. CA Literature
Hrusa, G.F., and J. Glazner. 2000. Report submitted to North Fork Associates, Auburn, CA. Unpublished. CA Literature
Hrusa, G.F., and J. Glazner. 2001. Report submitted to North Fork Associates, Auburn CA. Unpublished. CA Literature
Hubbard, J.R., and W.S. Judd. 2013. Floristics of Silver River State Park, Marion County, Florida. Rhodora 115: 250-280. FL Literature
ID. Specimen at University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho. ID Specimen
IDS. Specimen at Idaho State University, Pocatello, Idaho. ID Specimen
Illinois Plant Information Network (ILPIN). IL Literature
Indiana Natural Heritage Data Center. IN Literature
James, S.A., and C.T. Imada (eds.). 2007. Pacific Basin vascular plant checklist. Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, Honolulu. PW, UM Literature
Johnston, B. 1991. List of Colorado plants. Unpublished. CO Literature
Jones, S.B., and N. Coile. 1988. The distribution of the vascular flora of Georgia. Herbarium, Department of Botany, Athens. GA Literature
Jones, S.D., J.K. Wipff, and P.M. Montgomery. 1997. Vascular plants of Texas: a comprehensive checklist including synonymy, bibliography, and index. University of Texas Press, Austin. TX Literature
Kartesz, J.T. 1988. A flora of Nevada. University of Nevada, Reno. NV Literature
Kartesz, J.T. 2001. Atlas of the Nevada flora. Unpublished. NV Literature
Kartesz, J.T. 2002. Atlas of the Arizona flora. Unpublished. AZ Literature
Kearney, T., and R.H. Peebles. 1960. Arizona flora with supplement. University of California Press, Los Angeles. AZ Literature
Keil, D.J. 1987. Preliminary list of the vascular flora of the Arroyo de la Cruz Region, San Luis Obispo County, California. Unpublished. CA Literature
Kuhn, B., B.E. Nelson,and R.L. Hartman. 2011. A floristic inventory of the Cimarron National Grassland (Kansas) and the Comanche National Grassland (Colorado). Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 5: 753-772. CO, KS Literature
Liogier, H.A., and L.F. Martorell. 1982. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent Islands: A systematic synopsis. Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico. PR Literature
Lowe, E.N. 1921. Plants of Mississippi. Mississippi State Geological Survey Bulletin No. 17. MS Literature
Magee, D. Flora of New England. Unpublished and undated. CT, MA, NH, RI, VT Literature
Magney, D.L. 1986. A flora of Dry Lakes Ridge, Ventura County, CA. Herbarium Publication No. 5. University of California, Santa Barbara. CA Literature
Makings, E. Upper San Pedro River checklist. Arizona State University, Tempe. AZ Literature
Martin, A.C., H.S. Zim, and A.L. Nelson. 1951. American wildlife and plants: A guide to wildlife food habits. Dover Publications, New York. Literature
Martin, W.C., and C.R. Hutchins. 1980. A flora of New Mexico. Strauss & Cramer, Germany. NM Literature
Maryland Wildlife and Heritage Service. 2010. Rare, Threatened and Endangered Plants. Maryland Department of Natural Resources, Annapolis, MD. DC, MD Literature
Massey, A.B. 1961. Virginia Flora. Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station, Technical Bulletin 155. Blacksburg, VA. VA Literature
McGregor, R.L., R.E. Brooks, and L.A. Hauser. 1976. Checklist of Kansas vascular plants. Technical Publications of State Biological Survey of Kansas, No. 2. KS Literature
McGregor, R.L., et al. 1977. Atlas of the flora of the Great Plains. Iowa State University Press, Ames. KS, NE, OK Literature
Medley, M.E. 1993. An annotated catalogue of the known or reported vascular flora of Kentucky. University of Louisville, Louisville. KY Literature
Meyer, J. 1990. Chrysler Herbarium Checklist. Manuscript. NJ Literature
Mississippi Natural Heritage Program. MS Literature
Mitchell, R.S. (ed.). 1986. A checklist of New York State plants. Contributions of a Flora of New York State, Checklist III. New York State Bulletin No. 458. New York State Museum, Albany. NY Literature
Mohlenbrock, R.H. 1986. Guide to the vascular flora of Illinois, rev. ed. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale and Edwardsville. IL Literature
Mohr., C. 1901. Plant life of Alabama. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium VI. AL Literature
Moore, Jennifer A. Personal communication. GA Literature
Myers, R.M. 1972. Annotated catalog and index for the Illinois flora. Western Illinois University Series in Biological Sciences, No. 10. Macomb. IL Literature
NCU. Specimen at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. MS Specimen
NMC. Specimen at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico. NM Specimen
NMC. Specimen at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico. NM Specimen
NMC. Specimen at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico. NM Specimen
New Jersey Natural Heritage Program. NJ Literature
New York Flora Association. 1990. Preliminary vouchered atlas of New York State flora, ed. 1. New York State Museum Institute, Albany. NY Literature
Neyland, R., C. Reid,and D.J. Rosen. 2011. Noteworthy vascular plant collections from Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 5: 839-841. LA Literature
Norton-Brown Herbarium. Norton-Brown Herbarium (MARY) plant distribution records. 2014. University of Maryland, College Park. MD Literature
Ohio Natural Heritage Database. OH Literature
Oregon Flora Project species list; species noted on herbarium specimens. Unpublished and undated. OR Literature
Ownbey, G.B., and T. Morley. 1991. Vascular plants of Minnesota: A checklist and atlas. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis. MN Literature
Peck, M.E. 1961. A manual of the higher plants of Oregon, 2nd ed. Oregon State University Press, Corvallis. OR Literature
Radford, A., et al. (eds.). Vascular flora of the southeastern United States. Unpublished and undated. VA Literature
Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1965. Atlas of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. Department of Botany Technical Bulletin No. 165. Chapel Hill. NC, SC Literature
Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1968. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill. NC, SC Literature
Ralph, R.A. Checklist of the vascular plants of the Coastal Plain of Delaware. Unpublished and undated. University of Delaware Department of Biology. DE Literature
Rayner, D.E., C. Aulbach-Smith., et al. South Carolina plant atlas. SC Literature
Reed, R. 1987. Wisconsin vascular plants. Unpublished. WI Literature
Reif, B., J. Larson, B.F. Jacobs, B.E. Nelson, and R.L. Hartman. 2009. Floristic studies in north central New Mexico, U.S.A. The Tusas Mountains and the Jemez Mountains. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 3: 921-961. NM Literature
Rhoads, A.F., and W.M. Klein, Jr. 1993. The vascular flora of Pennsylvania. Annotated checklist and atlas. American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia. PA Literature
Riefner, R.E.,and J.T. Columbus. 2008. Paspalum vaginatum (Poaceae), a new threat to wetland diversity in southern California. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 2: 743-759. CA Literature
Rogers, K.E. Checklist of the vascular flora of Forrest, Lamar, and Perry counties, Mississippi. Unpublished and undated. MS Literature
Seymour, F.C. 1969. The flora of New England. Charles E. Tuttle Company, Rutland. NH Literature
Shultz, Leila M. Personal communication. UT Literature
Smith, E.B. 1988. An atlas and annotated list of the vascular plants of Arkansas, 2d ed. AR Literature
Smith, J.P. 1995. A checklist of California grasses. Unpublished. Arcata. CA Literature
Sorrie, B.A. 1992. County checklist of Massachusetts plants. Unpublished. MA Literature
Specimen Management System for California Herbaria (SMASCH). CA Literature
Strausbaugh, P.D., and E.L. Core. 1977. Flora of West Virginia, 2nd ed., 4 vols. West Virginia Bulletin, Morgantown. WV Literature
Swink, F., and G. Wilhelm. 1994. Plants of the Chicago Region, eds. 1-4. Morton Arboretum, Lisle. MI Literature
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
Taylor, R.J., and C.E.S. Taylor. 1989. An annotated list of the ferns, fern allies, gymnosperms and flowering plants of Oklahoma. Southeast Oklahoma State University. OK Literature
Texas A&M Bioinformatics Working Group. Texas A&M Bioinformatics Working Group Internet site. TX Literature
Thomas, R.D., and C.M. Allen. 1993. Atlas of the vascular flora of Louisiana, vols. 1-3. Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. Natural Heritage Program, Fort Worth, TX. LA Literature
Thomas, R.D., and C.M. Allen. 1997. Atlas of the vascular flora of Louisiana, vols. 1-3 (Plus updates). Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. Natural Heritage Program, Baton Rouge. LA Literature
Thomas, W.E.,and R.H. Maxwell. 2009. Distribution records of southern Indiana vascular plants III. Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science 118: 31-38. IN Literature
Turner, B.L., H. Nichols, G. Denny, and O. Doron. 2003. Atlas of the Vascular Plants of Texas, vol. 2. Sida, Botanical Miscellany, No. 24. Botanical Research Institute of Texas Press, Fort Worth. TX Literature
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico. NM Specimen
Van Bruggen, T. 1985. The vascular plants of South Dakota, 2d ed. Iowa State University Press, Ames. SD Literature
Voss, E.G. 1985. Michigan flora. Cranbrook Institute of Science, Bloomfield Hills. MI Literature
WTU. Specimen at University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. WA Specimen
Wagner, W.L., D.R. Herbst, and S.H. Sohmer. 1990. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i, 2 vols. University of Hawaii Press, Bishop Museum, Honolulu. HI Literature
Ward, D.B. 1968. Checklist of the vascular flora of Florida, Part 1. Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Bulletin 726. University of Florida, Gainesville. FL Literature
Weishaupt, C.G. 1971. Vascular plants of Ohio. Kendall/Hunt Publishing Co., Dubuque. OH Literature
Welsh, S.L., N.D. Atwood, L.C. Higgins, and S. Goodrich. 1987. A Utah flora. Great Basin Naturalist Memoirs No. 9. Brigham Young University Press, Provo. UT Literature
West Virginia Natural Heritage Program. WV Literature
West Virginia county level data. WV Literature
Wherry, E.T., J.M. Fogg, and H.A. Wahl. 1979. Atlas of the flora of Pennsylvania. Morris Arboretum, Philadelphia. PA Literature
Whetstone, R.D. 1981. Vascular flora and vegetation of the Cumberland Plateau of Alabama. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. AL Literature
Wieland, R.G. 2004. County observation records of Mississippi Vegetation Survey Project (Samples taken 9-1989 to 11-2003, inclusive of collection records and of field surveys by other authors). Mississippi Museum of Natural Science, Department of Wildlife, Fisheries and Parks, Jackson. MS Literature
Wieland, R.G. 2004. County records of Mississippi collections (#5501-9869, 9/12/89 to 1/23/04) deposited at Mississippi Museum of Natural Science Herbarium (MMNS). Mississippi Museum of Natural Science, Department of Wildlife, Fisheries and Parks, Jackson. MS Literature
Wilhelm, G.S. 1984. Vascular flora of the Pensacola Region. Ph.D. Dissertation. Southern Illinois University, Carbondale. AL Literature
Wilken, Dieter. Personal communication. CA Literature
Wisconsin vascular plants. Wisconsin State Herbarium: University of Wisconsin - Madison. WI Literature
Witham, C. 1996. Checklist of plants, Jepson Prairie Preserve. Unpublished. CA Literature
Wunderlin, R.P., B.F. Hansen,and E.L. Bridges. 1996. Atlas of Florida vascular plants: CD-ROM. University of South Florida, Tampa. FL Literature
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Yatskievych, G. 1999. Steyermark's Flora of Missouri, vol. 1, rev. ed. Missouri Conservation of Conservation, Jefferson City, in cooperation with the Missouri Bot. Gard. Press, St. Louis. MO Literature
Yatskievych, G., and J. Turner. 1990. Catalogue of the flora of Missouri. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 37. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis. MO Literature
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