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Quercus L.
oak

Data Source

Last revised by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team
Curated and maintained by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team
 

Data Documentation

Documentation State Type
1918. Botanical Gazette. GA, MS, TX Literature
1920. Torreya. NE Literature
1922. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum. IL Literature
1922. Rhodora. AL Literature
1929. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum. TX Literature
1929. Madroño. CA Literature
1938. American Midland Naturalist. TX Literature
1940. American Midland Naturalist. AZ, CO, NM, NV, OK, SD, TX, UT, WY Literature
1940. Rhodora. VA Literature
1941. Rhodora. VA Literature
1941. Torreya. NJ Literature
1942. Indiana Academy of Science. IN Literature
1942. Rhodora. AL, DC Literature
1943. Washington Journal of Science. TX Literature
1945. Castanea. TX Literature
1947. Rhodora. VA Literature
1948. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum. AL, AR, AZ, DC, DE, FL, GA, IL, IN, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MS, NC, NE, NJ, OH, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, WI Literature
1950. Indiana Academy of Science. IN Literature
1951. Contributions from the Texas Research Foundation. TX Literature
1956. Rhodora. MA, RI, VT Literature
1961. American Midland Naturalist. AL, FL, GA, MS, NC, SC Literature
1961. Phytologia. MO Literature
1962. Phytologia. MO Literature
1964. Castanea. AL, NC, SC Literature
1964. Phytologia. IL Literature
1965. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club. NJ Literature
1966. Sida. LA Literature
1966. Southwestern Naturalist. NM Literature
1967. Castanea. AL Literature
1967. Phytologia. MO Literature
1968. Madroño. CA Literature
1969. Phytologia. IL Literature
1972. Castanea. VA Literature
1973. Madroño. CA Literature
1977. Sida. MS Literature
1978. Castanea. WV Literature
1981. Madroño. CA Literature
1982. Rhodora. NH Literature
1984. Michigan Botanist. WI Literature
1985. Wassman Journal of Biology. CA Literature
1986. Canadian Field-Naturalist. MD Literature
1987. Desert Plants. AZ Literature
1987. Michigan Botanist. MI Literature
1991. Douglasia. WA Literature
1991. Madroño. NM Literature
1991. Sida. TX Literature
1993. Desert Plants. CA Literature
1994. Novon. CA Literature
1994. Plant species list, Cosumnes River Preserve. Unpublished. CA Literature
1995. Aliso. CA Literature
1996. Bishop Museum Occasional Papers. HI Literature
1996. Madroño. CA Literature
1996. Sida. AL Literature
1998. Madroño. CA Literature
1999. University of Minnesota Herbarium: Vascular plant collection. MN Literature
2000. CalFlora: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation. The CalFlora Database, Berkeley. CA Literature
2000. Madroño. AZ, CA Literature
2000. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science. KS Literature
2001. Journal of the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science. AZ Literature
A. McCrary 465 (NCU 275064). Specimen at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. NC Specimen
A.C. Moore Herbarium, University of South Carolina. 2014. South Carolina Plant Atlas [online: accessed on 24 December 2014]. SC Literature
A.C. Moore Herbarium, University of South Carolina. 2015. South Carolina Plant Atlas [online: accessed on 26 March 2015]. SC Literature
A.E. Hammond s.n. (NCU 298865). Specimen at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. NC Specimen
A.E. Radford 31204 (NCU 155796). Specimen at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. SC Specimen
Abrams, L. 1960. An illustrated flora of the Pacific States. Stanford University Press, Stanford. CA, NM, WA Literature
Alabama Natural Heritage Program. AL Literature
Anonymous. Personal communication to John Kartesz. AL, AR, AZ, CA, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, VA, VT, WI, WV, WY Literature
Arkansas Natural Heritage Program. AR Literature
Atwood, J.T., et al. 1973. Check list of Vermont plants. Vermont Botanical and Bird Club. VT Literature
B. Summers 7231 (MO 04657076). Specimen at Missouri Botanical Garden, Saint Louis, Missouri. MO Specimen
B.A. Sorrie 11642 (NCU 581741). Specimen at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. NC Specimen
B.A. Sorrie 11860 (NCU 591191). Specimen at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. NC Specimen
B.A. Sorrie 7127 (NCU 568738). Specimen at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. NC Specimen
B.C. Tharp & E. Boon 53-155 (TEX 00286533). Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
Barger, T.W., D.D. Spaulding, and B.D. Holt. 2013. The vascular flora of the Perdido River Forever Wild tract, Baldwin County, Alabama. Castanea 78: 119-133. AL Literature
Barkworth, Mary E. Personal communication. DE, MD, NC, VA Literature
Bickford, C. 1979. Vegetation and flora of the Landels-Hill Big Creek Reserve, Monterey County, CA. Environmental Field Program Publication. University of California, Santa Cruz. CA Literature
Bluhm, Wilbur. Personal communication. OR Literature
Booth, W.E., and J.C. Wright. 1966. Flora of Montana. Montana State University, Bozeman. MT Literature
Braun, E.L. 1961. The woody plants of Ohio. Ohio State University Press, Columbus. OH Literature
Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. ND, SC Literature
Brouillet, L., F. Coursol, and M. Favreau. 2006. VASCAN, the Database of Vascular Plants of Canada. Herbier Marie-Victorin, Institut de recherche en biologie végétale, Université de Montréal. AB, BC, MB, NB, NS, ON, PE, QC, SK Literature
Brown, M.L., and R.G. Brown. 1984. Herbaceous plants of Maryland. Port City Press, Inc., Baltimore. MD Literature
Brown, R.G., and M.L. Brown. 1972. Woody plants of Maryland. Port City Press, Inc., Baltimore. MD Literature
Bryson, C.T.,and D.A. Skojac, Jr. 2011. An annotated checklist of the vascular flora of Washington County, Mississippi. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 5: 855-866. MS Literature
Buckingham, N.M., and E.L. Tisch. 1983. Additions to the native vascular flora of the Olympic Peninsula, Washington. Madroño 30(4): 7-78. CA Literature
Buegge, J.J. Flora of the Santa Teresa Mountains in Graham County, Arizona. AZ Literature
C.H. Muller s.n. (NCU 169474). Specimen at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. SC Specimen
C.J. Hammond 132 (FTG 121149). Specimen at Fairchild Tropical Garden, Miami, Florida. FL Specimen
C.R. Bell 10566 (NCU 169491). Specimen at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. SC Specimen
C.R. Bell 10761 (NCU 169484). Specimen at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. SC Specimen
C.R. Wallace 1431.1 (OS 388882). Specimen at Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. OH Specimen
California Native Plant Society. Inventory of rare and endangered plants. CA Literature
Campbell, D. 2012. Noteworthy collections. North Carolina. Castanea 77: 80-81. NC Literature
Campbell, J., and M. Medley. 2012. The atlas of vascular plants in Kentucky. KY Literature
Campbell, Julian. Personal communication. KY Literature
Campbell, S.,and E.B. Ehrle. 2003. The big trees of Michigan. 34. Quercus shumardii Buckl. Southern red oak. The Michigan Naturalist 42: 161-162. MI Literature
Carter, R., Baker, W.W., Morris, W.M. 2009. Contributions to the flora of Georgia, U.S.A. Vulpia 8: 1-54. GA Literature
Checklist of the vascular plants of San Diego County, California. San Diego Natural History Museum, San Diego. CA Literature
Chester, E.W, B.E. Wofford, and R. Kral. 1997. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. Vol. 2. Miscellaneous Publication No. 13. Austin Peay State University, Clarksville. TN Literature
Chester, E.W., B.E. Wofford, R. Kral, H.R. DeSelm, and A.M. Evans. 1993. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. 2 vols. Center for Field Biology Miscellaneous Publication No. 9/13. Austin Peay State University, Clarksville. TN Literature
Cholewa, Anita F. Personal communication. MN Literature
Clark, S. 1995. United States Fish and Wildlife Service report. Unpublished, on file at UC Davis Herbarium. CA Literature
Clemants, Steven. Personal communication. CT, NJ, NY Literature
Clewell, A.F. 1985. Guide to the vascular plants of the Florida Panhandle. Florida State University Press, Tallahassee. FL Literature
Clifton, G. Plumas County and Plumas National Forest flora (2001 Draft). Unpublished and undated. CA Literature
Coile, N.C., and S.B. Jones. 1985. The Georgia plant list. A list of the Georgia plants in the University of Georgia Herbarium. Published by the Herbarium of the University of Georgia, Athens. GA Literature
Cooperrider, T.S, A.W. Cusick, and J.T. Kartesz (eds.). 1999. Seventh catalog of the vascular plants of Ohio (in press). Ohio State University Press, Columbus. OH Literature
Cooperrider, T.S. 1982. Endangered and threatened plants of Ohio. Ohio Biological Survey Notes No. 16. Ohio State University, Columbus. OH Literature
Correll, D.S., and M.C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. Contributions from Texas Research Foundation, vol. 6. Texas Research Foundation, Renner. TX Literature
Crovello, T.J., C.A. Keller, and J.T. Kartesz. 1983. The vascular plants of Indiana: A computer based checklist. University of Notre Dame Press, Notre Dame. IN Literature
Cullina, M.D., B. Connolly, B. Sorrie, and P. Somers. 2011. The vascular plants of Massachusetts: A county checklist, first revision. Massachusetts Natural Heritage & Endangered Species Program, Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife, Westborough. MA Literature
D. Goldman 1 (BH). Specimen at Cornell University, Ithaca, New York. NY Specimen
D. Goldman 1111 (BH). Specimen at Cornell University, Ithaca, New York. FL Specimen
D. Goldman 1193 (BH). Specimen at Cornell University, Ithaca, New York. NY Specimen
D. Goldman 1452 (BH). Specimen at Cornell University, Ithaca, New York. NY Specimen
D. Goldman 1454 (BH). Specimen at Cornell University, Ithaca, New York. NY Specimen
D. Goldman 1469 (BH). Specimen at Cornell University, Ithaca, New York. NY Specimen
D. Goldman 1545 (BH). Specimen at Cornell University, Ithaca, New York. NY Specimen
D. Goldman 1546 (BH). Specimen at Cornell University, Ithaca, New York. NY Specimen
D. Goldman 2297 (BH). Specimen at Cornell University, Ithaca, New York. NY Specimen
D. Goldman 4044 (GH). Specimen at Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts. MD Specimen
D. Goldman & M. Alford 3740 (BH). Specimen at Cornell University, Ithaca, New York. AL Specimen
Dakan, W.D. 1974. A checklist of ferns and seed plants of Plumas County, California. Rev. 1981. Plumas National Forest, Quincy. CA Literature
Damrel, D., D.J. Pinkava, and L.R. Landrum. The Phoenix flora. AZ Literature
DeNevers, G. 1985. Pepperwood flora, Pepperwood Ranch Natural Preserve, Sonoma County. Unpublished. California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco. CA Literature
Deam, C.C. 1940. Flora of Indiana. Wm.B. Burford Printing Co., Indianapolis. IN Literature
Delaware Natural Heritage Program. DE Literature
Demaree, D. 1943. A catalog of the vascular plants of Arkansas. Taxodium 1: 1-88. AR Literature
Deramus, R. 1970. Studies on the flora of the vascular plants of Dauphin Island, Mobile Co. Alabama. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa. MS Literature
District of Columbia Natural Heritage Program. DC Literature
Domangue, B.E., and C.K. McMullen. 2013. Floristic survey of the vascular plants of Shenandoah County, Virginia. Castanea 78: 312-322. VA Literature
Dorn, R.D. 1977. Manual of the vascular plants of Wyoming. 2 vols. Garland Publishing, Inc., New York. WY Literature
Dorn, R.D. 1984. Vascular plants of Montana. Mountain West Publishers, Cheyenne. MT Literature
Dowhan, J.J. 1979. Preliminary checklist of the vascular flora of Connecticut (growing without cultivation). State Geological and Natural History Survey of Connecticut, Natural Resources Center, Department of Environmental Protection. Hartford. CT Literature
Duncan, H.D., and M.B. Duncan. 1988. Trees of southeastern United States. University of Georgia Press, Athens. SC Literature
Duncan, W.H., and J.T. Kartesz. 1981. Vascular flora of Georgia. University of Georgia Press, Athens. GA Literature
Dunn, R.A., and S.M. Jones. 1981. Vascular plant species of limited distribution and abundance in South Carolina. Department of Forestry Technical Paper No. 13. Clemson University, Clemson. SC Literature
E.L. Little 14336 (NCU 155791). Specimen at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. SC Specimen
EOSC. Specimen at Eastern Oregon University, Lagrande, Oregon. OR Specimen
Eilers, L.J., and D.M. Roosa. 1991. The vascular plants of Iowa. University of Iowa Press, Iowa City. IA Literature
Estes, D. 2004. Noteworthy collections: middle Tennessee. Castanea 69: 69-74. TN Literature
Estes, Dwayne. Personal communication. TN Literature
F.R. Levine 917(B) (NCU 155792). Specimen at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. SC Specimen
Fernald, M.L. 1950. Gray's manual of botany, 8th ed. American Book Company, New York. DC, IN, MD, ME, MN, NJ, TN Literature
Flora of North America Editorial Committee, (eds.). 1993. Flora of North America north of Mexico. 3+ vols. Oxford University Press, New York and Oxford. CA, GA, IL, OK, OR Literature
Florida Natural Areas Inventory. FL Literature
Furlow, J.J. 1991. The vascular flora of Ohio: Vol. 2, Part 1 - Dicotyledoneae: Saururaceae through Fabaceae. Unpublished. OH Literature
Gee, K.L., M.D. Porter, S. Demarais, F.C. Bryant, and G.V. Vreede. 1994. White-tailed deer: Their foods and management in the Cross Timbers. Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation Publication NF-WF-94-01. Ardmore. Literature
George, G.G. 1992. A synonymized checklist of the plants found growing in Rhode Island. Rhode Island Wild Plant Society. RI Literature
Gilbert, E.E. 2002. Flora and vegetation of the West Fork of Oak Creek Canyon, Coconino County, Arizona. M.S. Thesis. Arizona State University, Tempe. AZ Literature
Glenn, S.D. Personal communication. CT Literature
Glenn, S.D. (ed.). 2013. New York Metropolitan Flora database. New York Metropolitan Flora Project, Brooklyn Botanic Garden, New York. CT, NJ, NY Literature
Goldman, D.H. 1996. A preliminary vascular flora of the French Creek drainage of Western New York State. New York Flora Association Newsletter 7 (2): 3-12. NY Literature
Gould, F.W. 1975. Texas plants - A checklist and ecological summary. Texas A&M University System, College Station. TX Literature
Griffin, J.R. 1975. Plants of the highest Santa Lucia and Diablo Range Peaks, California. Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station Research Paper PSW-110. USDA Forest Service. CA Literature
Gunn, C.R., T.M. Pullen, E.A. Stadelbacher, J.M. Chandler, and J. Barnes. 1980. Vascular flora of Washington County, Mississippi, and environs. USDA Science and Education Administration. MS Literature
H.E. Ahles 21091 (NCU 169482). Specimen at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. SC Specimen
H.E. Ahles 37868 (NCU 169483). Specimen at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. SC Specimen
H.L. Chambers 1482 (NCU 169485). Specimen at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. NC Specimen
H.R. Totten 1773 (NCU 262423). Specimen at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. NC Specimen
H.R. Totten 1793 (NCU 262420). Specimen at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. NC Specimen
H.R. Totten s.n. (NCU 24283). Specimen at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. SC Specimen
H.R. Totten s.n. (NCU 31728). Specimen at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. SC Specimen
Hannick, V.C., J.N. Mink, J.R. Singhurst, and W.C. Holmes. 2013. Annotated checklist of the vascular flora of McLennan County, Texas. Phytoneuron 2013-29(29): 1-37. TX Literature
Harper, R.M. 1928. Catalogue of the trees, shrubs, and vines of Alabama, with the economic properties and Local distribution. Geological Survey of Alabama, Monograph No. 9. AL Literature
Hartman, R. Atlas of the vascular flora of Wyoming. Unpublished and undated. WY Literature
Harvill, A.M., C.E. Stevens, and D.M.E. Ware. 1981. Atlas of the Virginia flora, Part II. Dicotyledons. Virginia Botanical Associates, Farmville. VA Literature
Hastings Natural History Reservation. Plants of Hastings. CA Literature
Hatch, S.L., K.N. Gandhi, and L.E. Brown. 1990. Checklist of the vascular plants of Texas (MP-1655). Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, College Station. TX Literature
Haynes, R. 1990. A database of the Alabama flora. Unpublished. AL Literature
Heil, K.D, and S.L. O'Kane, Jr. 2002. Catalog of the Four Corners flora - vascular plants of the San Juan River Drainage: Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico and Utah, 6th ed. AZ, NM Literature
Hess, W.J., and N.A. Stoynoff. 1998. Taxonomic status of Quercus acerifolia (Fagaceae) and a morphological comparison of four members of the Quercus shumardii complex. Systematic Botany 23: 89-100. AL, AR, KY, MO, OK, TX Literature
Hickman, J.C. (ed.). 1993. The Jepson manual. University of California Press, Berkeley. CA Literature
Hitchcock, C.L., A. Cronquist, M. Ownbey, and J.W. Thompson. 1969. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest. 5 vols. University of Washington Press, Seattle. WA Literature
Hodgdon, A.R., and F.L. Steele. 1958. The woody plants of New Hampshire. University of New Hampshire Agricultural Experiment Station, Bulletin 447. NH Literature
Hogan, Tim. Personal communication. CO Literature
Hough, M.Y. 1978. New Jersey Wild Plants. Harmony Press, Harmony. NJ Literature
Howell, J.T. 1970. Marin flora. University of California Press, Berkeley. CA Literature
Hrusa, F., B. Ertter, A. Sanders, G. Leppig, and E. Dean. 2002. Catalog of non-native vascular plants occurring spontaneously in California beyond those addressed in The Jepson Manual. Part I. Madroño 49: 61-98. CA Literature
Hrusa, G.F. 1992. CalTrans survey: Report submitted to PAR Environmental Services, Sacramento, CA. Unpublished. CA Literature
Hrusa, G.F. 1996. Report submitted to North State Resources Inc., Redding. Unpublished. CA Literature
Hrusa, G.F. 1997. Report submitted to Glazner Environmental Consulting, Auburn CA. Unpublished. CA Literature
Hrusa, G.F. 1997. Report submitted to North State Resources Inc., Redding. Unpublished, on file at California Department of Agriculture. CA Literature
Hrusa, G.F. 2000. Report submitted to North Fork Associates, Auburn CA. Unpublished. CA Literature
Hrusa, G.F. 2000. Report submitted to North Fork Associates, Auburn CA., for Moore Biological. Unpublished. CA Literature
Hrusa, G.F. Field work for Sierra Madre flora. Unpublished and undated. CA Literature
Hrusa, G.F., and J. Glazner. 2000. Report submitted to North Fork Associates, Auburn, CA. Unpublished. CA Literature
Hrusa, G.F., and J. Glazner. 2001. Report submitted to North Fork Associates, Auburn CA. Unpublished. CA Literature
Hrusa, G.F., and J. Hunter. 1996. Vegetation and flora of the Black Butte Research Natural Area. Unpublished, on file at UC Davis Herbarium. CA Literature
Hrusa, G.F., and S. Harrison. 1998. Private list. Unpublished. CA Literature
Hubbard, J.R., and W.S. Judd. 2013. Floristics of Silver River State Park, Marion County, Florida. Rhodora 115: 250-280. FL Literature
Hunt, D.M. 1989. A systematic review of Quercus, series Laurifoliae, Marilandicae, and Nigrae. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of Georgia, Athens. OK, TX Literature
Illinois Plant Information Network (ILPIN). IL Literature
Indiana Natural Heritage Data Center. 2013. Endangered, threatened, and rare vascular plants of Indiana (16 April 2013). Division of Nature Preserves, Indiana Department of Natural Resources, Indianapolis, IN. IN Literature
J.B. Nelson 10352 (NCU 559472). Specimen at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. SC Specimen
Jensen, R.J. 1997. Quercus Linnaeus sect. Lobatae Loudon. Flora of North America North of Mexico, vol. 3. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford. AZ Literature
Johnson, G.P. 1994. Noteworthy collections. Arkansas. Castanea 59: 78-80. AR Literature
Johnston, B. 1991. List of Colorado plants. Unpublished. CO Literature
Johnston, M.C. 1990. The vascular plants of Texas, 2d ed. Published by the author, Austin. TX Literature
Jones, S.B., and N. Coile. 1988. The distribution of the vascular flora of Georgia. Herbarium, Department of Botany, Athens. GA Literature
Jones, S.D., J.K. Wipff, and P.M. Montgomery. 1997. Vascular plants of Texas: a comprehensive checklist including synonymy, bibliography, and index. University of Texas Press, Austin. TX Literature
Kartesz, J.T. 1988. A flora of Nevada. University of Nevada, Reno. NV Literature
Kartesz, J.T. 2001. Atlas of the Nevada flora. Unpublished. NV Literature
Kartesz, J.T. 2002. Atlas of the Arizona flora. Unpublished. AZ Literature
Kearney, T., and R.H. Peebles. 1960. Arizona flora with supplement. University of California Press, Los Angeles. AZ Literature
Keil, D.J. 1987. Preliminary list of the vascular flora of the Arroyo de la Cruz Region, San Luis Obispo County, California. Unpublished. CA Literature
Knapp, W.M., R.F.C. Naczi, W.D. Longbottom, C.A. Davis, W.A. McAvoy, C.T. Frye, J.W. Harrison,and P.Stango. 2011. Floristic discoveries in Delaware, Maryland, and Virginia. Phytoneuron 2011-64: 1-26. VA Literature
Kral, R., et al. 2014. Alabama Plant Atlas [online: accessed on 24 December 2014]. AL Literature
Kral, R., et al. 2014. Alabama Plant Atlas [online: accessed on 29 January 2015]. AL Literature
Kral, R., et al. 2015. Alabama Plant Atlas [online: accessed on 12 August 2015]. AL Literature
Kral, R., et al. 2014. Alabama Plant Atlas [online: accessed on 24 December 2014]. AL Literature
L. Coker s.n. (NCU 64912). Specimen at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. SC Specimen
L.C. Higgins 23366 (NY 571219). Specimen at New York Botanical Garden, New York, New York. UT Specimen
Larson, J., B. Reif, B.E. Nelson, and R.L. Hartman. 2014. Floristic studies in north central New Mexico, U.S.A. The Sangre de Cristo Mountains. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 8: 271-303. NM Literature
Laughlin, K. 1963. Quercus × riparia Laughlin. Kansas City Oak. Phytologia 9: 101-107. MO Literature
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Lowe, E.N. 1921. Plants of Mississippi. Mississippi State Geological Survey Bulletin No. 17. MS Literature
M.F. Buchanan s.n. (NCU 589433). Specimen at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. NC Specimen
Magee, D. Flora of New England. Unpublished and undated. CT, MA, ME, NH, NY, RI, VT Literature
Magney, D.L. 1986. A flora of Dry Lakes Ridge, Ventura County, CA. Herbarium Publication No. 5. University of California, Santa Barbara. CA Literature
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McAvoy, William. Personal communication. DE Literature
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McGregor, R.L., et al. 1977. Atlas of the flora of the Great Plains. Iowa State University Press, Ames. AR, KS, ND, NE, OK, SD Literature
McGregor, R.L., et al. 1986. Flora of the Great Plains. University of Kansas Press, Lawrence. KS, ND, OK Literature
McLaughlin, Steven P. Personal communication. AZ Literature
Medley, M.E. 1993. An annotated catalogue of the known or reported vascular flora of Kentucky. University of Louisville, Louisville. KY Literature
Melvin, L. 1956. A new hybrid oak from the piedmont of North Carolina. Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society 72: 346-347. NC Literature
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Mississippi Natural Heritage Program. MS Literature
Mitchell, R.S. (ed.). 1986. A checklist of New York State plants. Contributions of a Flora of New York State, Checklist III. New York State Bulletin No. 458. New York State Museum, Albany. NY Literature
Mohlenbrock, R.H. 1986. Guide to the vascular flora of Illinois, rev. ed. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale and Edwardsville. IL Literature
Mohlenbrock, R.H. Personal communication. IL Literature
Mohr., C. 1901. Plant life of Alabama. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium VI. AL Literature
Monroe, Gary. 8 May 2004. Field observation validated by NPDC staff. CA Observation
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Morris, M.W. 2012. Stenanthium leimanthoides (Melianthaceae) and Nestronia umbellula (Santalaceae) in Alabama. Castanea 77: 375-380. AL Literature
Munz, P.A. 1974. A flora of southern California. University of California Press, Berkeley. CA Literature
Munz, P.A., and D.D. Keck. 1968. A California flora and supplement. University of California Press, Berkeley. CA Literature
NCU. Specimen at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. AR, NC Specimen
NCU. Specimen at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. FL Specimen
NCU. Specimen at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. GA, LA Specimen
NCU. Specimen at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. MD Specimen
NCU. Specimen at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. MD Specimen
NCU. Specimen at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. NC, SC Specimen
NCU. Specimen at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. NC Specimen
NCU. Specimen at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. NC Specimen
NCU. Specimen at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. NC Specimen
NCU. Specimen at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. NC Specimen
NCU. Specimen at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. SC Specimen
NCU. Specimen at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. SC Specimen
NCU. Specimen at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. SC Specimen
NCU. Specimen at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. SC Specimen
NCU. Specimen at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. SC Specimen
NCU. Specimen at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. SC Specimen
NCU. Specimen at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. SC Specimen
NCU. Specimen at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. SC, TN Specimen
NCU. Specimen at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. SC Specimen
NCU. Specimen at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. VA Specimen
NCU. Specimen at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. VA Specimen
NMC. Specimen at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico. AZ, NM Specimen
NMC. Specimen at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico. AZ, NM, TX Specimen
NMC. Specimen at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico. AZ, NM, TX Specimen
NMC. Specimen at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico. CA Specimen
NMC. Specimen at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico. NM Specimen
NMC. Specimen at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico. NM Specimen
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NMC. Specimen at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico. NM, TX Specimen
NMC. Specimen at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico. NM Specimen
NMC. Specimen at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico. NM Specimen
NMC. Specimen at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico. NM Specimen
NMC. Specimen at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico. NM Specimen
NMC. Specimen at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico. NM Specimen
NMC. Specimen at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico. NM Specimen
NMC. Specimen at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico. NM, TX Specimen
NMC. Specimen at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico. NM Specimen
NMC. Specimen at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico. NM, TX Specimen
NMC. Specimen at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico. NM, TX, UT Specimen
NMC. Specimen at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico. TX Specimen
NMC. Specimen at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico. TX Specimen
NMC. Specimen at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico. TX Specimen
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TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
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