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Sagittaria L.
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Data Source

Last revised by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team
Curated and maintained by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team
 

Data Documentation

Documentation State Type
Martin, A.C., H.S. Zim, and A.L. Nelson. 1951. American wildlife and plants: A guide to wildlife food habits. Dover Publications, New York. Literature
Brouillet, L., F. Coursol, and M. Favreau. 2006. VASCAN, the Database of Vascular Plants of Canada. Herbier Marie-Victorin, Institut de recherche en biologie végétale, Université de Montréal. AB, BC, LB, MB, NB, NF, NS, NT, ON, PE, QC, SK, YT Literature
Bogaers & Farjon 795 (ALA V0081987). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Cook & Larsen 02-562 (ALA V0151951). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Duffy & Tande 95-381 (ALA V0120451). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Foote 6046 (ALA V0118371). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Gasser s.n. (ALA 00025022). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Harms 3171 (ALA 00032911). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Hosley (ALA 00034565). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Hulten, E. 1968. Flora of Alaska and neighboring territories: A manual of the vascular plants. Stanford University Press, Stanford. AK Literature
Jacobs 60 (ALA V0102968). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Jacobs 87-38 (ALA V0103620). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Parker 1694 (ALA V0081774). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Rose 90 (ALA 00032914). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Shetler 558-AF (ALA 00004922). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Smith 19040 (ALA 00010749). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
1980. Castanea. AL Literature
Alabama Natural Heritage Program. AL Literature
Barger, T.W., D.D. Spaulding, and B.D. Holt. 2013. The vascular flora of the Perdido River Forever Wild tract, Baldwin County, Alabama. Castanea 78: 119-133. AL Literature
Fernald, M.L. 1950. Gray's manual of botany, 8th ed. American Book Company, New York. AL Literature
Haynes, R. 1990. A database of the Alabama flora. Unpublished. AL Literature
Mohr., C. 1901. Plant life of Alabama. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium VI. AL Literature
1955. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden. New York Botanical Garden, New York. AL, AZ, CO, DC, DE, IA, IN, KY, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, NE, NH, NY, OK, RI, SD, TN, VT, WI Literature
Haynes, Robert R. Personal communication. AL, CA, DE, FL, GA, IA, ID, IL, IN, LA, MS, NC, NE, NM, PR, SC, VA Literature
1982. Systematic Botany. AL, LA, MS, ND, PA, TN, VA Literature
Arkansas Natural Heritage Program. AR Literature
NLU. Specimen at Northeast Louisiana University, Monroe, Louisiana. AR Specimen
Smith, E.B. 1988. An atlas and annotated list of the vascular plants of Arkansas, 2d ed. AR Literature
1982. Desert Plants. AZ Literature
Kearney, T., and R.H. Peebles. 1960. Arizona flora with supplement. University of California Press, Los Angeles. AZ Literature
1986. Desert Plants. AZ, KS, NM Literature
1988. List of plants on Vina Plains Preserve, Vina Plains Preserve Handbook, rev. 1987. Unpublished. Nature Conservancy. CA Literature
1998. Madroño. CA Literature
2000. CalFlora: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation. The CalFlora Database, Berkeley. CA Literature
Abrams, L. 1960. An illustrated flora of the Pacific States. Stanford University Press, Stanford. CA Literature
California Native Plant Society. Inventory of rare and endangered plants. CA Literature
Checklist of the vascular plants of San Diego County, California. San Diego Natural History Museum, San Diego. CA Literature
Clifton, G. Plumas County and Plumas National Forest flora (2001 Draft). Unpublished and undated. CA Literature
Davilla, B., G. Clifton, and D. Taylor. 1984. Checklist of vascular plants, Red Hills Management Area. Unpublished. Biosystems Analysis, Inc. CA Literature
Hickman, J.C. (ed.). 1993. The Jepson manual. University of California Press, Berkeley. CA Literature
Howell, J.T. 1943. An enumeration of Norden plants. Sierra Club Nature Notes #12. Unpublished, on file at UC Davis Herbarium. Sierra Club, S.F. Bay Chapter, Natural Science Section. CA Literature
Hrusa, F., Ertter, B., and A. Sanders, et al. Personal communication. CA Literature
Hrusa, G.F. 1996. Report submitted to North State Resources Inc., Redding. Unpublished. CA Literature
Specimen Management System for California Herbaria (SMASCH). CA Literature
Hogan, Tim. Personal communication. CO Literature
Johnston, B. 1991. List of Colorado plants. Unpublished. CO Literature
Kuhn, B., B.E. Nelson,and R.L. Hartman. 2011. A floristic inventory of the Cimarron National Grassland (Kansas) and the Comanche National Grassland (Colorado). Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 5: 753-772. CO Literature
Weber, W.A., and R.C. Wittmann. 1996. Colorado flora: Eastern slope, rev. ed., and Colorado flora: Western slope, rev. ed. (companion vols.). University of Colorado Press, Niwot. CO Literature
Anonymous. Personal communication to John Kartesz. CO, DC, DE, GA, IL, MD, NM, SC, TN, WV Literature
Connecticut Natural Diversity Database. CT Literature
Dowhan, J.J. 1979. Preliminary checklist of the vascular flora of Connecticut (growing without cultivation). State Geological and Natural History Survey of Connecticut, Natural Resources Center, Department of Environmental Protection. Hartford. CT Literature
Magee, D. Flora of New England. Unpublished and undated. CT, MA, ME, NH, NY, RI, VT Literature
Glenn, S.D. (ed.). 2013. New York Metropolitan Flora database. New York Metropolitan Flora Project, Brooklyn Botanic Garden, New York. CT, NJ, NY Literature
District of Columbia Natural Heritage Program. DC Literature
Delaware Natural Heritage Program. DE Literature
McAvoy, William. Personal communication. DE Literature
Ralph, R.A. Checklist of the vascular plants of the Coastal Plain of Delaware. Unpublished and undated. University of Delaware Department of Biology. DE Literature
Tatnall, E. 1860. Catalogue of the phaenogamous and filicoid plants of New Castle County, Delaware. Wilmington Institute, Wilmington. DE Literature
1973. Bartonia. DE, PA Literature
Barkworth, Mary E. Personal communication. DE, VA Literature
Godfrey, R.K., and J.W. Wooten. 1979. Aquatic and wetland plants of southeastern United States. University of Georgia Press, Athens. FL Literature
Hubbard, J.R., and W.S. Judd. 2013. Floristics of Silver River State Park, Marion County, Florida. Rhodora 115: 250-280. FL Literature
Wunderlin, R.P., B.F. Hansen,and E.L. Bridges. 1996. Atlas of Florida vascular plants: CD-ROM. University of South Florida, Tampa. FL Literature
Wunderlin, R.P., and B.F. Hansen. 2008. Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants [online: accessed on 8 November 2014]. Institute for Systematic Botany, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL. FL Literature
Carter, R., Baker, W.W., Morris, W.M. 2009. Contributions to the flora of Georgia, U.S.A. Vulpia 8: 1-54. GA Literature
Duncan, W.H., and J.T. Kartesz. 1981. Vascular flora of Georgia. University of Georgia Press, Athens. GA Literature
Georgia Natural Heritage Program. GA Literature
Jones, S.B., and N. Coile. 1988. The distribution of the vascular flora of Georgia. Herbarium, Department of Botany, Athens. GA Literature
Wagner, W.L., D.R. Herbst, and S.H. Sohmer. 1990. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i, 2 vols. University of Hawaii Press, Bishop Museum, Honolulu. HI Literature
Eilers, L.J., and D.M. Roosa. 1991. The vascular plants of Iowa. University of Iowa Press, Iowa City. IA Literature
CIC. Specimen at Albertson College of Idaho, Caldwell, Idaho. ID Specimen
CIC. Specimen at Albertson College of Idaho, Caldwell, Idaho. ID Specimen
Davis, R. 1952. Flora of Idaho. W.C. Brown Co., Dubuque. ID Literature
ID. Specimen at University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho. ID Specimen
ID. Specimen at University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho. ID Specimen
ID. Specimen at University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho. ID Specimen
IDS. Specimen at Idaho State University, Pocatello, Idaho. ID Specimen
IDS. Specimen at Idaho State University, Pocatello, Idaho. ID Specimen
Illinois Plant Information Network (ILPIN). IL Literature
Mohlenbrock, R.H. 1986. Guide to the vascular flora of Illinois, rev. ed. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale and Edwardsville. IL Literature
Flora of North America Editorial Committee, (eds.). 1993. Flora of North America north of Mexico. 3+ vols. Oxford University Press, New York and Oxford. IL, LA, MO, PA, WA, WV Literature
Crovello, T.J., C.A. Keller, and J.T. Kartesz. 1983. The vascular plants of Indiana: A computer based checklist. University of Notre Dame Press, Notre Dame. IN Literature
Deam, C.C. 1940. Flora of Indiana. Wm.B. Burford Printing Co., Indianapolis. IN Literature
Indiana Natural Heritage Data Center. 2013. Endangered, threatened, and rare vascular plants of Indiana (16 April 2013). Division of Nature Preserves, Indiana Department of Natural Resources, Indianapolis, IN. IN Literature
Thomas, W.E., S.P. Ash,and R.H. Maxwell. 2005. Distribution records of southern Indiana vascular plants II. Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science 114: 19-25. IN Literature
McGregor, R.L., et al. 1977. Atlas of the flora of the Great Plains. Iowa State University Press, Ames. KS, MN, ND, NE, OK, SD Literature
McGregor, R.L., et al. 1986. Flora of the Great Plains. University of Kansas Press, Lawrence. KS, OK Literature
Campbell, J., and M. Medley. 2012. The atlas of vascular plants in Kentucky. KY Literature
Campbell, Julian. Personal communication. KY Literature
Medley, M.E. 1993. An annotated catalogue of the known or reported vascular flora of Kentucky. University of Louisville, Louisville. KY Literature
Reid, C.S., et al. 2008. Noteworthy vascular plant collections from northwest Louisiana. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 2: 643-647. LA Literature
Thomas, R.D., and C.M. Allen. 1984. A preliminary checklist of the pteridosperms, gymnosperms, and monocotyledons of Louisiana. Contributions of the Herbarium of Northeast Louisiana University, No. 4. Monroe. LA Literature
Thomas, R.D., and C.M. Allen. 1993. Atlas of the vascular flora of Louisiana, vols. 1-3. Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. Natural Heritage Program, Fort Worth, TX. LA Literature
Thomas, R.D., and C.M. Allen. 1997. Atlas of the vascular flora of Louisiana, vols. 1-3 (Plus updates). Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. Natural Heritage Program, Baton Rouge. LA Literature
1973. Brittonia. LA, MS Literature
Cullina, M.D., B. Connolly, B. Sorrie, and P. Somers. 2011. The vascular plants of Massachusetts: A county checklist, first revision. Massachusetts Natural Heritage & Endangered Species Program, Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife, Westborough. MA Literature
Sorrie, B.A. 1992. County checklist of Massachusetts plants. Unpublished. MA Literature
Brown, M.L., and R.G. Brown. 1984. Herbaceous plants of Maryland. Port City Press, Inc., Baltimore. MD Literature
Maryland Wildlife and Heritage Service. 2010. Rare, Threatened and Endangered Plants. Maryland Department of Natural Resources, Annapolis, MD. MD Literature
Norton-Brown Herbarium. Norton-Brown Herbarium (MARY) plant distribution records. 2014. University of Maryland, College Park. MD Literature
Richards, C.D., F. Hyland, and L.M. Eastman. 1983. Revised check-list of the vascular plants of Maine. Bulletin of the Josselyn Botanical Society, No. 11. ME Literature
Seymour, F.C. 1969. The flora of New England. Charles E. Tuttle Company, Rutland. ME, NH Literature
Voss, E.G. 1985. Michigan flora. Cranbrook Institute of Science, Bloomfield Hills. MI Literature
1999. University of Minnesota Herbarium: Vascular plant collection. MN Literature
Ownbey, G.B., and T. Morley. 1991. Vascular plants of Minnesota: A checklist and atlas. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis. MN Literature
Yatskievych, G. 1999. Steyermark's Flora of Missouri, vol. 1, rev. ed. Missouri Conservation of Conservation, Jefferson City, in cooperation with the Missouri Bot. Gard. Press, St. Louis. MO Literature
Yatskievych, G., and J. Turner. 1990. Catalogue of the flora of Missouri. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 37. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis. MO Literature
1974. Gulf Research Report. MS Literature
Bryson, C.T.,and D.A. Skojac, Jr. 2011. An annotated checklist of the vascular flora of Washington County, Mississippi. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 5: 855-866. MS Literature
Gunn, C.R., T.M. Pullen, E.A. Stadelbacher, J.M. Chandler, and J. Barnes. 1980. Vascular flora of Washington County, Mississippi, and environs. USDA Science and Education Administration. MS Literature
Lowe, E.N. 1921. Plants of Mississippi. Mississippi State Geological Survey Bulletin No. 17. MS Literature
Mississippi Natural Heritage Program. MS Literature
Rogers, K.E. Checklist of the vascular flora of Forrest, Lamar, and Perry counties, Mississippi. Unpublished and undated. MS Literature
Wieland, R.G. 2004. County observation records of Mississippi Vegetation Survey Project (Samples taken 9-1989 to 11-2003, inclusive of collection records and of field surveys by other authors). Mississippi Museum of Natural Science, Department of Wildlife, Fisheries and Parks, Jackson. MS Literature
Wieland, R.G. 2004. County records of Mississippi collections (#5501-9869, 9/12/89 to 1/23/04) deposited at Mississippi Museum of Natural Science Herbarium (MMNS). Mississippi Museum of Natural Science, Department of Wildlife, Fisheries and Parks, Jackson. MS Literature
Wieland, Ronald G. Personal communication. MS Literature
Charboneau, J.L.M., B.E. Nelson, and R.L. Hartman. 2013. A floristic inventory of Phillips and Valley counties, Montana (U.S.A.). Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 7(2): 847-878. MT Literature
Dorn, R.D. 1984. Vascular plants of Montana. Mountain West Publishers, Cheyenne. MT Literature
Hahn, B.E. 1973. Flora of Montana: Conifers and monocots. Montana State University, Bozeman. MT Literature
1951. Rhodora. NC Literature
2001. Castanea. NC Literature
North Carolina Natural Heritage Program. NC Literature
Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1965. Atlas of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. Department of Botany Technical Bulletin No. 165. Chapel Hill. NC, SC Literature
Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1968. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill. NC, SC Literature
Weakley, A.S. 1996. Flora of the Carolinas and Virginia. Unpublished. NC, SC Literature
Hough, M.Y. 1978. New Jersey Wild Plants. Harmony Press, Harmony. NJ Literature
Meyer, J. 1990. Chrysler Herbarium Checklist. Manuscript. NJ Literature
New Jersey Natural Heritage Program. NJ Literature
Heil, K.D, and S.L. O'Kane, Jr. 2002. Catalog of the Four Corners flora - vascular plants of the San Juan River Drainage: Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico and Utah, 6th ed. NM Literature
Larson, J., B. Reif, B.E. Nelson, and R.L. Hartman. 2014. Floristic studies in north central New Mexico, U.S.A. The Sangre de Cristo Mountains. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 8: 271-303. NM Literature
Martin, W.C., and C.R. Hutchins. 1980. A flora of New Mexico. Strauss & Cramer, Germany. NM Literature
Reif, B., J. Larson, B.F. Jacobs, B.E. Nelson, and R.L. Hartman. 2009. Floristic studies in north central New Mexico, U.S.A. The Tusas Mountains and the Jemez Mountains. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 3: 921-961. NM Literature
Specimen at Eastern New Mexico University, Portales, New Mexico. NM Specimen
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico. NM Specimen
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico. NM Specimen
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico. NM Specimen
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico. NM Specimen
Kartesz, J.T. 1988. A flora of Nevada. University of Nevada, Reno. NV Literature
Kartesz, J.T. 2001. Atlas of the Nevada flora. Unpublished. NV Literature
Clemants, Steven. Personal communication. NY Literature
Gleason, H.A., and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of the northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. New York Botanical Garden, New York. NY Literature
Goldman, D.H. 1996. A preliminary vascular flora of the French Creek drainage of Western New York State. New York Flora Association Newsletter 7 (2): 3-12. NY Literature
Mitchell, R.S. (ed.). 1986. A checklist of New York State plants. Contributions of a Flora of New York State, Checklist III. New York State Bulletin No. 458. New York State Museum, Albany. NY Literature
New York Flora Association. 1990. Preliminary vouchered atlas of New York State flora, ed. 1. New York State Museum Institute, Albany. NY Literature
New York Natural Heritage Program. NY Literature
Braun, E.L. 1967. The Monocotyledoneae of Ohio. Ohio State University Press, Columbus. OH Literature
Cooperrider, T.S, A.W. Cusick, and J.T. Kartesz (eds.). 1999. Seventh catalog of the vascular plants of Ohio (in press). Ohio State University Press, Columbus. OH Literature
Cooperrider, T.S. 1982. Endangered and threatened plants of Ohio. Ohio Biological Survey Notes No. 16. Ohio State University, Columbus. OH Literature
Ohio Natural Heritage Database. OH Literature
Weishaupt, C.G. 1971. Vascular plants of Ohio. Kendall/Hunt Publishing Co., Dubuque. OH Literature
Taylor, R.J., and C.E.S. Taylor. 1989. An annotated list of the ferns, fern allies, gymnosperms and flowering plants of Oklahoma. Southeast Oklahoma State University. OK Literature
Oregon Flora Project species list; species noted on herbarium specimens. Unpublished and undated. OR Literature
Oregon Natural Heritage Program. OR Literature
Peck, M.E. 1961. A manual of the higher plants of Oregon, 2nd ed. Oregon State University Press, Corvallis. OR Literature
Simpson, C., J. Koenig, R. Love, B. Newhouse, N. Otting, S. Sundberg, D. Wagner, and P. Warner. 2002. Vascular plants of Lane County, Oregon. Native Plant Society of Oregon. OR Literature
Specimen at Douglas County Museum, Roseburg, Oregon. OR Specimen
Specimen at Douglas County Museum, Roseburg, Oregon. OR Specimen
Gleason, H.A. 1963. The New Britton and Brown illustrated flora of the northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. Hafner Publishing Co., Inc., New York. PA Literature
Rhoads, A.F., and W.M. Klein, Jr. 1993. The vascular flora of Pennsylvania. Annotated checklist and atlas. American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia. PA Literature
Wherry, E.T., J.M. Fogg, and H.A. Wahl. 1979. Atlas of the flora of Pennsylvania. Morris Arboretum, Philadelphia. PA Literature
Acevedo-Rodríguez, P., and M.T. Strong (eds.). 2005. Monocotyledons and gymnosperms of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 52: 1-415. PR Literature
Britton, N.L., and P. Wilson. 1926. Botany of Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Scientific Survey of Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands. New York Academy of Sciences, New York. PR Literature
Liogier, A.H., and L.F. Martorell. 1999. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent Islands: A systematic synopsis, 2nd ed. University of Puerto Rico, San Juan. PR Literature
George, G.G. 1992. A synonymized checklist of the plants found growing in Rhode Island. Rhode Island Wild Plant Society. RI Literature
Rhode Island Natural Heritage Program. RI Literature
1960. Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society. SC Literature
1997. Castanea. SC Literature
Hill, S.R.,and C.N. Horn. 1997. Additions to the flora of South Carolina. Castanea 62: 194-208. SC Literature
Leonard, S.W. 1971. Additions to the flora of the Carolinas. Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society 87: 97-100. SC Literature
Rayner, D.A., et al. 1979. Native vascular plants endangered, threatened, or otherwise in Jeopardy in South Carolina. South Carolina Museum Bulletin No. 4. SC Literature
Rayner, D.E., C. Aulbach-Smith., et al. South Carolina plant atlas. SC Literature
Chester, E.W., B.E. Wofford, R. Kral, H.R. DeSelm, and A.M. Evans. 1993. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. 2 vols. Center for Field Biology Miscellaneous Publication No. 9/13. Austin Peay State University, Clarksville. TN Literature
Chester, E.W., B.E. Wofford, R. Kral, H.R. DeSelm, and A.M. Evans. 1993. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. Vol. 1. Miscellaneous Publication No. 9. Austin Peay State University, Clarksville. TN Literature
Hannick, V.C., J.N. Mink, J.R. Singhurst, and W.C. Holmes. 2013. Annotated checklist of the vascular flora of McLennan County, Texas. Phytoneuron 2013-29(29): 1-37. TX Literature
Hatch, S.L., K.N. Gandhi, and L.E. Brown. 1990. Checklist of the vascular plants of Texas (MP-1655). Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, College Station. TX Literature
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
Texas A&M Bioinformatics Working Group. Texas A&M Bioinformatics Working Group Internet site. TX Literature
Turner, B.L., H. Nichols, G. Denny, and O. Doron. 2003. Atlas of the Vascular Plants of Texas, vol. 2. Sida, Botanical Miscellany, No. 24. Botanical Research Institute of Texas Press, Fort Worth. TX Literature
Albee, B.J., L.M. Shultz, and S. Goodrich. 1988. Atlas of the vascular plants of Utah. Utah Museum of Natural History Occasional Publication No. 7. Salt Lake City. UT Literature
Shultz, Leila M. Personal communication. UT Literature
Welsh, S.L., N.D. Atwood, L.C. Higgins, and S. Goodrich. 1987. A Utah flora. Great Basin Naturalist Memoirs No. 9. Brigham Young University Press, Provo. UT Literature
1998. Castanea. VA Literature
Domangue, B.E., and C.K. McMullen. 2013. Floristic survey of the vascular plants of Shenandoah County, Virginia. Castanea 78: 312-322. VA Literature
Harvill, A.M., C.E. Stevens, and D.M.E. Ware. 1977. Atlas of the Virginia flora, Part I. Pteridophytes through monocotyledons. Virginia Botanical Associates, Farmville. VA Literature
Massey, A.B. 1961. Virginia Flora. Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station, Technical Bulletin 155. Blacksburg, VA. VA Literature
Atwood, J.T., et al. 1973. Check list of Vermont plants. Vermont Botanical and Bird Club. VT Literature
Seymour, F.C. 1969. The flora of Vermont. Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin No. 660. University of Vermont, Burlington. VT Literature
1972. Madroño. WA Literature
1991. Douglasia. WA Literature
Cronquist, A., A.H. Holmgren, N.H. Holmgren, J.L. Reveal, and P.K. Holmgren. 1972. Intermountain flora: Vascular plants of the Intermountain West. New York Botanical Garden, New York. WA Literature
Layser, E.F. 1980. Flora of Pend Oreille County, Washington. Washington State University, Cooperative Extension, Pullman. WA Literature
Old, Richard. Personal communication. WA Literature
WS. Specimen at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington. WA Specimen
WS. Specimen at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington. WA Specimen
WTU. Specimen at University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. WA Specimen
WTU. Specimen at University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. WA Specimen
Reed, R. 1987. Wisconsin vascular plants. Unpublished. WI Literature
Wisconsin vascular plants. Wisconsin State Herbarium: University of Wisconsin - Madison. WI Literature
Strausbaugh, P.D., and E.L. Core. 1977. Flora of West Virginia, 2nd ed., 4 vols. West Virginia Bulletin, Morgantown. WV Literature
West Virginia Natural Heritage Program. WV Literature
West Virginia county level data. WV Literature
Dorn, R.D. 1977. Manual of the vascular plants of Wyoming. 2 vols. Garland Publishing, Inc., New York. WY Literature
Hartman, R. Atlas of the vascular flora of Wyoming. Unpublished and undated. WY Literature
 
 
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