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Schoenoplectus (Rchb.) Palla
bulrush

Data Source

Last revised by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team
Curated and maintained by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team
 

Data Documentation

Documentation State Type
1906. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium. WA Literature
1929. Madroño. CA Literature
1941. American Journal of Botany. DC, PR Literature
1943. American Journal of Botany. DC, IA, KS, LA, MS, ND, NE, OR, SC, SD Literature
1946. Castanea. MD Literature
1954. Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society. AK Literature
1962. Canadian Journal of Botany. MN Literature
1963. Canadian Journal of Botany. MA Literature
1978. Castanea. MS Literature
1979. Sida. MS Literature
1986. Castanea. VA Literature
1988. Castanea. WV Literature
1988. Phytologia Memoirs. ME, NH, RI, VT Literature
1991. Douglasia. WA Literature
1994. Plant species list, Cosumnes River Preserve. Unpublished. CA Literature
1996. Rhodora. MO Literature
1998. New Mexico Naturalist's Notes. NM Literature
1999. University of Minnesota Herbarium: Vascular plant collection. MN Literature
2000. CalFlora: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation. The CalFlora Database, Berkeley. CA Literature
2001. Journal of the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science. AZ Literature
2002. Oregon Flora Newsletter. OR Literature
Acevedo-Rodríguez, P., and M.T. Strong (eds.). 2005. Monocotyledons and gymnosperms of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 52: 1-415. PR, VI Literature
Anonymous. Personal communication to John Kartesz. CO, LA Literature
Argus 737 (ALA 00022463). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Atkinson, S., and F. Sharpe. 1985. Wild plants of the San Juan Islands. The Mountaineers, Seattle. WA Literature
Atwood, J.T., et al. 1973. Check list of Vermont plants. Vermont Botanical and Bird Club. VT Literature
BOIS. Specimen at Rocky Mountain Research Station, Boise, Idaho. ID Specimen
Barger, T.W., D.D. Spaulding, and B.D. Holt. 2013. The vascular flora of the Perdido River Forever Wild tract, Baldwin County, Alabama. Castanea 78: 119-133. AL Literature
Barkworth, Mary E. Personal communication. DE, VA Literature
Batten & Murphy 77-291 (ALA 00074656). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Batten & Murphy 77-5 (ALA 00074655). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Batten & Ritchie 80-20 (ALA 00094549). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Braun, E.L. 1967. The Monocotyledoneae of Ohio. Ohio State University Press, Columbus. OH Literature
Britton, N.L., and P. Wilson. 1926. Botany of Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Scientific Survey of Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands. New York Academy of Sciences, New York. PR Literature
Brouillet, L., F. Coursol, and M. Favreau. 2006. VASCAN, the Database of Vascular Plants of Canada. Herbier Marie-Victorin, Institut de recherche en biologie végétale, Université de Montréal. AB, BC, LB, MB, NB, NF, NS, NT, ON, PE, QC, SB, SK, YT Literature
Brown, M.L., and R.G. Brown. 1984. Herbaceous plants of Maryland. Port City Press, Inc., Baltimore. MD Literature
CIC. Specimen at Albertson College of Idaho, Caldwell, Idaho. ID Specimen
CIC. Specimen at Albertson College of Idaho, Caldwell, Idaho. ID Specimen
CIC. Specimen at Albertson College of Idaho, Caldwell, Idaho. ID Specimen
California Native Plant Society. Inventory of rare and endangered plants. CA Literature
Campbell, J., and M. Medley. 2012. The atlas of vascular plants in Kentucky. KY Literature
Campbell, Julian. Personal communication. KY Literature
Carter, R., Baker, W.W., Morris, W.M. 2009. Contributions to the flora of Georgia, U.S.A. Vulpia 8: 1-54. GA Literature
Charboneau, J.L.M., B.E. Nelson, and R.L. Hartman. 2013. A floristic inventory of Phillips and Valley counties, Montana (U.S.A.). Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 7(2): 847-878. MT Literature
Chester, E.W., B.E. Wofford, R. Kral, H.R. DeSelm, and A.M. Evans. 1993. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. 2 vols. Center for Field Biology Miscellaneous Publication No. 9/13. Austin Peay State University, Clarksville. TN Literature
Chester, E.W., B.E. Wofford, R. Kral, H.R. DeSelm, and A.M. Evans. 1993. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. Vol. 1. Miscellaneous Publication No. 9. Austin Peay State University, Clarksville. TN Literature
Clemants, Steven. Personal communication. NJ, NY Literature
Clifton, G. Plumas County and Plumas National Forest flora (2001 Draft). Unpublished and undated. CA Literature
Cook & Larsen 02-475 (ALA V0152024). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Cook & Larsen 02-517 (ALA V0152025). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Cook & Larsen 02-553 (ALA V0152026). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Cook & Wilder 5110 (ALA V0151276). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Correll, D.S., and M.C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. Contributions from Texas Research Foundation, vol. 6. Texas Research Foundation, Renner. TX Literature
Crovello, T.J., C.A. Keller, and J.T. Kartesz. 1983. The vascular plants of Indiana: A computer based checklist. University of Notre Dame Press, Notre Dame. IN Literature
Cullina, M.D., B. Connolly, B. Sorrie, and P. Somers. 2011. The vascular plants of Massachusetts: A county checklist, first revision. Massachusetts Natural Heritage & Endangered Species Program, Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife, Westborough. MA Literature
Damrel, D., D.J. Pinkava, and L.R. Landrum. The Phoenix flora. AZ Literature
Davies 25 (ALA 00024167). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Davilla, B., G. Clifton, and D. Taylor. 1984. Checklist of vascular plants, Red Hills Management Area. Unpublished. Biosystems Analysis, Inc. CA Literature
Davis, R. 1952. Flora of Idaho. W.C. Brown Co., Dubuque. ID Literature
DeLapp & Duffy 93-484 (ALA V0116326). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
DeLapp & Duffy 93-561 (ALA V0116399). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Deam, C.C. 1940. Flora of Indiana. Wm.B. Burford Printing Co., Indianapolis. IN Literature
Delaware Natural Heritage Program. DE Literature
Department of Biology Herbarium (TAMU) and Tracy Herbarium (TAES). 1998. Department of Biology Herbarium (TAMU) and Tracy Herbarium (TAES) specimen data. Texas A&M University. TX Literature
District of Columbia Natural Heritage Program. DC Literature
Domangue, B.E., and C.K. McMullen. 2013. Floristic survey of the vascular plants of Shenandoah County, Virginia. Castanea 78: 312-322. VA Literature
Dorn, R.D. 1977. Manual of the vascular plants of Wyoming. 2 vols. Garland Publishing, Inc., New York. WY Literature
Dorn, R.D. 1984. Vascular plants of Montana. Mountain West Publishers, Cheyenne. MT Literature
Dowhan, J.J. 1979. Preliminary checklist of the vascular flora of Connecticut (growing without cultivation). State Geological and Natural History Survey of Connecticut, Natural Resources Center, Department of Environmental Protection. Hartford. CT Literature
Duffy MD00-263 (ALA V0147900). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Duffy MD02-310 (ALA V0149065). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Duffy & Lipkin 95-600 (ALA V0120603). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Duffy & Tande 97 (ALA V0118674). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Duncan, W.H., and J.T. Kartesz. 1981. Vascular flora of Georgia. University of Georgia Press, Athens. GA Literature
EOSC. Specimen at Eastern Oregon University, Lagrande, Oregon. OR Specimen
EOSC. Specimen at Eastern Oregon University, Lagrande, Oregon. OR Specimen
EOSC. Specimen at Eastern Oregon University, Lagrande, Oregon. OR Specimen
Eilers, L.J., and D.M. Roosa. 1991. The vascular plants of Iowa. University of Iowa Press, Iowa City. IA Literature
Ferren, W.R. 1985. Carpinteria Salt Marsh, annotated and illustrated catalogue of vascular plants. Herbarium Publication No. 4. University of California, Santa Barbara. CA Literature
George, G.G. 1992. A synonymized checklist of the plants found growing in Rhode Island. Rhode Island Wild Plant Society. RI Literature
Gleason, H.A., and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of the northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. New York Botanical Garden, New York. WA Literature
Glenn, S.D. (ed.). 2013. New York Metropolitan Flora database. New York Metropolitan Flora Project, Brooklyn Botanic Garden, New York. CT, NJ, NY Literature
Goldman, D.H. 1996. A preliminary vascular flora of the French Creek drainage of Western New York State. New York Flora Association Newsletter 7 (2): 3-12. NY Literature
Hahn, B.E. 1973. Flora of Montana: Conifers and monocots. Montana State University, Bozeman. MT Literature
Halse, R.R. 2010. Noteworthy collections. Oregon. Madroño 57: 274-275. OR Literature
Hannick, V.C., J.N. Mink, J.R. Singhurst, and W.C. Holmes. 2013. Annotated checklist of the vascular flora of McLennan County, Texas. Phytoneuron 2013-29(29): 1-37. TX Literature
Hartman, R. Atlas of the vascular flora of Wyoming. Unpublished and undated. WY Literature
Harvill, A.M., C.E. Stevens, and D.M.E. Ware. 1977. Atlas of the Virginia flora, Part I. Pteridophytes through monocotyledons. Virginia Botanical Associates, Farmville. VA Literature
Hatch, S.L., K.N. Gandhi, and L.E. Brown. 1990. Checklist of the vascular plants of Texas (MP-1655). Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, College Station. TX Literature
Haynes, R. 1990. A database of the Alabama flora. Unpublished. AL Literature
Heglund (ALA V0137618). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Heil, K.D, and S.L. O'Kane, Jr. 2002. Catalog of the Four Corners flora - vascular plants of the San Juan River Drainage: Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico and Utah, 6th ed. AZ, NM, UT Literature
Helmstetter 17-79 (ALA 00086554). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Helmstetter 80-38 (ALA V0071718). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Hickman, J.C. (ed.). 1993. The Jepson manual. University of California Press, Berkeley. CA Literature
Hogan, Tim. Personal communication. CO Literature
Hough, M.Y. 1978. New Jersey Wild Plants. Harmony Press, Harmony. NJ Literature
Hrusa, G.F., and J. Glazner. 2000. Report submitted to North Fork Associates, Auburn, CA. Unpublished. CA Literature
Hubbard, J.R., and W.S. Judd. 2013. Floristics of Silver River State Park, Marion County, Florida. Rhodora 115: 250-280. FL Literature
Hulten, E. 1968. Flora of Alaska and neighboring territories: A manual of the vascular plants. Stanford University Press, Stanford. AK Literature
ID. Specimen at University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho. ID Specimen
ID. Specimen at University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho. ID Specimen
ID. Specimen at University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho. ID Specimen
ID. Specimen at University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho. ID Specimen
ID. Specimen at University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho. ID Specimen
ID. Specimen at University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho. ID Specimen
IDS. Specimen at Idaho State University, Pocatello, Idaho. ID Specimen
IDS. Specimen at Idaho State University, Pocatello, Idaho. ID Specimen
IDS. Specimen at Idaho State University, Pocatello, Idaho. ID Specimen
IDS. Specimen at Idaho State University, Pocatello, Idaho. ID Specimen
Illinois Plant Information Network (ILPIN). IL Literature
Indiana Natural Heritage Data Center. 2013. Endangered, threatened, and rare vascular plants of Indiana (16 April 2013). Division of Nature Preserves, Indiana Department of Natural Resources, Indianapolis, IN. IN Literature
Johnston, B. 1991. List of Colorado plants. Unpublished. CO Literature
Johnston, B. 1991. Vascular plants of Colorado. Unpublished. CO Literature
Jones, S.B., and N. Coile. 1988. The distribution of the vascular flora of Georgia. Herbarium, Department of Botany, Athens. GA Literature
Jones, S.D., J.K. Wipff, and P.M. Montgomery. 1997. Vascular plants of Texas: a comprehensive checklist including synonymy, bibliography, and index. University of Texas Press, Austin. TX Literature
Kansas Natural Heritage Inventory. KS Literature
Kartesz, J.T. 1988. A flora of Nevada. University of Nevada, Reno. NV Literature
Kartesz, J.T. 2001. Atlas of the Nevada flora. Unpublished. NV Literature
Kartesz, J.T. 2002. Atlas of the Arizona flora. Unpublished. AZ Literature
Kearney, T., and R.H. Peebles. 1960. Arizona flora with supplement. University of California Press, Los Angeles. AZ Literature
Kennemore wit Freedman & Greentree 1872 (ALA V0122610). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Kuhn, B., B.E. Nelson,and R.L. Hartman. 2011. A floristic inventory of the Cimarron National Grassland (Kansas) and the Comanche National Grassland (Colorado). Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 5: 753-772. CO, KS Literature
Larsen & Batten 02-2305 (ALA V0147473). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Larson, J., B. Reif, B.E. Nelson, and R.L. Hartman. 2014. Floristic studies in north central New Mexico, U.S.A. The Sangre de Cristo Mountains. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 8: 271-303. NM Literature
Lichvar 8362 (ALA V0150641). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Lipkin, Rice & Groth 03-127 (ALA V0152845). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Lowe, E.N. 1921. Plants of Mississippi. Mississippi State Geological Survey Bulletin No. 17. MS Literature
Magee, D. Flora of New England. Unpublished and undated. CT, MA, ME, NH, NY, RI, VT Literature
Maine Natural Areas Program. ME Literature
Mancuso, Michael. Personal communication. ID Literature
Martin, W.C., and C.R. Hutchins. 1980. A flora of New Mexico. Strauss & Cramer, Germany. NM Literature
Maryland Heritage and Biodiversity Conservation Programs. MD Literature
Maryland Wildlife and Heritage Service. 2010. Rare, Threatened and Endangered Plants. Maryland Department of Natural Resources, Annapolis, MD. MD Literature
McAvoy, William. Personal communication. DE Literature
McGregor, R.L., R.E. Brooks, and L.A. Hauser. 1976. Checklist of Kansas vascular plants. Technical Publications of State Biological Survey of Kansas, No. 2. KS Literature
McGregor, R.L., et al. 1977. Atlas of the flora of the Great Plains. Iowa State University Press, Ames. ID, KS, ND, NE, NM, OK, SD Literature
McGregor, R.L., et al. 1986. Flora of the Great Plains. University of Kansas Press, Lawrence. OK Literature
McLaughlin, Steven P. Personal communication. AZ Literature
Medley, M.E. 1993. An annotated catalogue of the known or reported vascular flora of Kentucky. University of Louisville, Louisville. KY Literature
Meyer, J. 1990. Chrysler Herbarium Checklist. Manuscript. NJ Literature
Mitchell, R.S. (ed.). 1986. A checklist of New York State plants. Contributions of a Flora of New York State, Checklist III. New York State Bulletin No. 458. New York State Museum, Albany. NY Literature
Mohlenbrock, R.H. 1986. Guide to the vascular flora of Illinois, rev. ed. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale and Edwardsville. IL Literature
Mohlenbrock, R.H. 2001. Sedges: Cyperus to Scleria, 2nd ed. (The Illustrated Flora of Illinois). Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale and Edwardsville. IL Literature
Mohlenbrock, R.H. Personal communication. IL Literature
Mohr., C. 1901. Plant life of Alabama. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium VI. AL Literature
Munz, P.A., and D.D. Keck. 1968. A California flora and supplement. University of California Press, Berkeley. CA Literature
NMC. Specimen at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico. NM Specimen
New York Flora Association. 1990. Preliminary vouchered atlas of New York State flora, ed. 1. New York State Museum Institute, Albany. NY Literature
New York Natural Heritage Program. NY Literature
Norton-Brown Herbarium. Norton-Brown Herbarium (MARY) plant distribution records. 2014. University of Maryland, College Park. DE, MD Literature
Ohio Natural Heritage Database. OH Literature
Okedara s.n. (ALA 00019217). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Oregon Flora Project species list; species noted on herbarium specimens. Unpublished and undated. OR Literature
Ownbey, G.B., and T. Morley. 1991. Vascular plants of Minnesota: A checklist and atlas. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis. MN Literature
Painter, E., and E. Neese. 1998. Draft list, possible taxa. Unpublished. CA Literature
Parker 2307 (ALA V0105847). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Parker S.N. (ALA V0078255). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Peck, M.E. 1961. A manual of the higher plants of Oregon, 2nd ed. Oregon State University Press, Corvallis. OR Literature
Peterson 79 (ALA V0073848). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Pogson 81-105 (ALA V0073062). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Porter, C.L. 1962. A flora of Wyoming. University of Wyoming Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 402, 404, 418, 434, Res. J. 14, 20, 64, 65. WY Literature
Quimby I/19 (ALA V0102879). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1965. Atlas of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. Department of Botany Technical Bulletin No. 165. Chapel Hill. NC, SC Literature
Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1968. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill. NC, SC Literature
Ralph, R.A. Checklist of the vascular plants of the Coastal Plain of Delaware. Unpublished and undated. University of Delaware Department of Biology. DE Literature
Rausch S.N. (ALA V0106577). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Reed, R. 1987. Wisconsin vascular plants. Unpublished. WI Literature
Reid, C.S.,and L. Urbatsch. 2012. Noteworthy plant records from Louisiana. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 6: 273-278. LA Literature
Reif, B., J. Larson, B.F. Jacobs, B.E. Nelson, and R.L. Hartman. 2009. Floristic studies in north central New Mexico, U.S.A. The Tusas Mountains and the Jemez Mountains. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 3: 921-961. NM Literature
Reifenstuhl & Crone 3409 (ALA V0074604). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Rhoads, A.F., and W.M. Klein, Jr. 1993. The vascular flora of Pennsylvania. Annotated checklist and atlas. American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia. PA Literature
Richards, C.D., F. Hyland, and L.M. Eastman. 1983. Revised check-list of the vascular plants of Maine. Bulletin of the Josselyn Botanical Society, No. 11. ME Literature
Rink, G. Canyon de Chelly checklist. Arizona State University, Tempe. AZ Literature
Roalson, E.H., and K.W. Allred (eds.). 1995. A working index of New Mexico vascular plant names, plus supplements. New Mexico State University, Las Cruces. NM Literature
Roland & Batten 5241 (ALA V0141776). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Roland & Mahovlic 4199 (ALA V0133854). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Rose 71 (ALA 00026279). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
SRP. Specimen at Boise State University, Boise, Idaho. ID Specimen
SRP. Specimen at Boise State University, Boise, Idaho. ID Specimen
Schneider 52 (ALA 00026610). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Schuyler, Alfred E. Personal communication. CA, CT, DE, FL, GA, IL, IN, KY, MI, NC, NJ, NM, OH, OR, SC, VT, WI, WV Literature
Seymour, F.C. 1969. The flora of New England. Charles E. Tuttle Company, Rutland. NH Literature
Seymour, F.C. 1969. The flora of Vermont. Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin No. 660. University of Vermont, Burlington. VT Literature
Shultz, Leila M. Personal communication. UT Literature
Smith 1897 (ALA 00010991). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Smith 2287 (ALA 00010994). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Smith 2637 (ALA 00010993). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Smith, E.B. 1988. An atlas and annotated list of the vascular plants of Arkansas, 2d ed. AR Literature
Smith, Galen. Personal communication. AL, AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DE, FL, GA, IA, ID, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NV, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, UT, VT, WA, WI, WV, WY Literature
Sorrie, B.A. 1992. County checklist of Massachusetts plants. Unpublished. MA Literature
Specimen Management System for California Herbaria (SMASCH). CA Literature
Specimen at Douglas County Museum, Roseburg, Oregon. OR Specimen
Specimen at Douglas County Museum, Roseburg, Oregon. OR Specimen
Specimen at Douglas County Museum, Roseburg, Oregon. OR Specimen
Specimen at Eastern New Mexico University, Portales, New Mexico. NM Specimen
Specimen at Eastern New Mexico University, Portales, New Mexico. NM Specimen
Specimen at Oregon Natural Heritage Information Center, Portland, Oregon. OR Specimen
Specimen at Oregon Natural Heritage Information Center, Portland, Oregon. OR Specimen
St. John, H. 1963. Flora of southeastern Washington and adjacent Idaho, 3rd ed. Outdoor Pictures, Escondido. WA Literature
Stensvold 6270 (ALA V0115920). Specimen at University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, Alaska. AK Specimen
Strausbaugh, P.D., and E.L. Core. 1977. Flora of West Virginia, 2nd ed., 4 vols. West Virginia Bulletin, Morgantown. WV Literature
Straw, R. Jackson and Josephine County checklist. Unpublished and undated. OR Literature
Sundberg, Scott. Personal communication. OR Literature
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
TEX. Specimen at University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. TX Specimen
Tatnall, E. 1860. Catalogue of the phaenogamous and filicoid plants of New Castle County, Delaware. Wilmington Institute, Wilmington. DE Literature
Taylor, R.J., and C.E.S. Taylor. 1989. An annotated list of the ferns, fern allies, gymnosperms and flowering plants of Oklahoma. Southeast Oklahoma State University. OK Literature
Tennessee Division of Natural Heritage. TN Literature
Texas A&M Bioinformatics Working Group. Texas A&M Bioinformatics Working Group Internet site. TX Literature
Thomas, R.D., and C.M. Allen. 1993. Atlas of the vascular flora of Louisiana, vols. 1-3. Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. Natural Heritage Program, Fort Worth, TX. LA Literature
Thomas, R.D., and C.M. Allen. 1997. Atlas of the vascular flora of Louisiana, vols. 1-3 (Plus updates). Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. Natural Heritage Program, Baton Rouge. LA Literature
Thomas, W.E.,and R.H. Maxwell. 2009. Distribution records of southern Indiana vascular plants III. Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science 118: 31-38. IN Literature
Turner, B.L., H. Nichols, G. Denny, and O. Doron. 2003. Atlas of the Vascular Plants of Texas, vol. 2. Sida, Botanical Miscellany, No. 24. Botanical Research Institute of Texas Press, Fort Worth. TX Literature
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico. NM Specimen
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico. NM Specimen
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico. NM Specimen
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico. NM Specimen
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico. NM Specimen
UNM. Specimen at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico. NM Specimen
Voss, E.G. 1985. Michigan flora. Cranbrook Institute of Science, Bloomfield Hills. MI Literature
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WS. Specimen at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington. WA Specimen
WS. Specimen at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington. WA Specimen
WS. Specimen at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington. WA Specimen
WS. Specimen at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington. WA Specimen
WS. Specimen at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington. WA Specimen
WTU. Specimen at University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. WA Specimen
WTU. Specimen at University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. WA Specimen
WTU. Specimen at University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. WA Specimen
WTU. Specimen at University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. WA Specimen
WTU. Specimen at University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. WA Specimen
WTU. Specimen at University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. WA Specimen
Wagner, W.L., D.R. Herbst, and S.H. Sohmer. 1990. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i, 2 vols. University of Hawaii Press, Bishop Museum, Honolulu. HI Literature
Wallace, G.D. 1985. Vascular plants of the Channel Islands of southern California and Guadalupe Island, Baja California, Mexico. Contributions in Science No. 365. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, CA, Los Angeles. CA Literature
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Weishaupt, C.G. 1971. Vascular plants of Ohio. Kendall/Hunt Publishing Co., Dubuque. OH Literature
Welsh, S.L., N.D. Atwood, L.C. Higgins, and S. Goodrich. 1987. A Utah flora. Great Basin Naturalist Memoirs No. 9. Brigham Young University Press, Provo. UT Literature
West Virginia Natural Heritage Program. WV Literature
West Virginia county level data. WV Literature
Wetter, M.A., T.S. Cochrane, M.R. Black, and H.H. Iltis. 1998. Checklist of the vascular plants of Wisconsin. Unpublished. WI Literature
Wherry, E.T., J.M. Fogg, and H.A. Wahl. 1979. Atlas of the flora of Pennsylvania. Morris Arboretum, Philadelphia. PA Literature
Wieland, R.G. 2004. County observation records of Mississippi Vegetation Survey Project (Samples taken 9-1989 to 11-2003, inclusive of collection records and of field surveys by other authors). Mississippi Museum of Natural Science, Department of Wildlife, Fisheries and Parks, Jackson. MS Literature
Wieland, R.G. 2004. County records of Mississippi collections (#5501-9869, 9/12/89 to 1/23/04) deposited at Mississippi Museum of Natural Science Herbarium (MMNS). Mississippi Museum of Natural Science, Department of Wildlife, Fisheries and Parks, Jackson. MS Literature
Wilhelm, G.S. 1984. Vascular flora of the Pensacola Region. Ph.D. Dissertation. Southern Illinois University, Carbondale. AL Literature
Wilken, Dieter. Personal communication. CA Literature
Wisconsin vascular plants. Wisconsin State Herbarium: University of Wisconsin - Madison. WI Literature
Wunderlin, R.P., B.F. Hansen,and E.L. Bridges. 1996. Atlas of Florida vascular plants: CD-ROM. University of South Florida, Tampa. FL Literature
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Yatskievych, G. 1999. Steyermark's Flora of Missouri, vol. 1, rev. ed. Missouri Conservation of Conservation, Jefferson City, in cooperation with the Missouri Bot. Gard. Press, St. Louis. MO Literature
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