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PLANTS Profile


Trillium L.
trillium

Data Source

Last revised by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team
Curated and maintained by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center
 

Data Documentation

Documentation State Type
1975. Brittonia AL, ID, MS, SC, TN, WV Literature
1981. Four Seasons CA Literature
1984. Brittonia GA, KY, NC, TN, WV Literature
1985. Wassman Journal of Biology CA Literature
1987. Journal of Geobotany IN Literature
1996. Wassman Journal of Biology CA Literature
1999. University of Minnesota Herbarium: Vascular plant collection (http://www.wildflowers.umn.edu) MN Literature
2000. CalFlora: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation (http://www.calflora.org/). The CalFlora Database, Berkeley CA Literature
2000. Castanea MD Literature
Abrams, L. 1960. An illustrated flora of the Pacific States. Stanford University Press, Stanford CA Literature
Alabama Natural Heritage Program AL Literature
Anonymous. Personal communication to John Kartesz CA, DC, GA Literature
Atwood, J.T., et al. 1973. Check list of Vermont plants. Vermont Botanical and Bird Club VT Literature
Barkworth, Mary E. Personal communication DE Literature
Bluhm, Wilbur. Personal communication OR Literature
Brasher, Robert. 14 April 2006, KY Observation
Braun, E.L. 1967. The Monocotyledoneae of Ohio. Ohio State University Press, Columbus OH Literature
Brouillet, L., F. Coursol, and M. Favreau. 2006. VASCAN, the Database of Vascular Plants of Canada. Herbier Marie-Victorin, Institut de recherche en biologie végétale, Université de Montréal AB, BC, MB, NB, NF, NS, ON, PE, QC, SB, SK Literature
Brown, M.L., and R.G. Brown. 1984. Herbaceous plants of Maryland. Port City Press, Inc., Baltimore MD Literature
CIC. Specimen at Albertson College of Idaho, Caldwell, Idaho, (http://www.collegeofidaho.edu/academics/biology/Resources/handbook/default.asp?mainID=10&subID=4). ID Specimen
CIC. Specimen at Albertson College of Idaho, Caldwell, Idaho, (http://www.collegeofidaho.edu/academics/biology/Resources/handbook/default.asp?mainID=10&subID=4). ID Specimen
California Native Plant Society. Inventory of rare and endangered plants (http://www.cnps.org) CA Literature
Campbell, J., and M. Medley. 2012. The atlas of vascular plants in Kentucky (http://www.bluegrasswoodland.com) KY Literature
Campbell, Julian. Personal communication KY Literature
Chambers, K.L.,and S.C. Meyers. 2011. Nomenclatural changes for some taxa in the Oregon flora. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 5: 619-623 OR, WA Literature
Chester, E.W., B.E. Wofford, R. Kral, H.R. DeSelm, and A.M. Evans. 1993. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. 2 vols. Center for Field Biology Miscellaneous Publication No. 9/13. Austin Peay State University, Clarksville TN Literature
Chester, E.W., B.E. Wofford, R. Kral, H.R. DeSelm, and A.M. Evans. 1993. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. Vol. 1. Miscellaneous Publication No. 9. Austin Peay State University, Clarksville TN Literature
Clifton, G. Plumas County and Plumas National Forest flora (2001 Draft). Unpublished and undated CA Literature
Crovello, T.J., C.A. Keller, and J.T. Kartesz. 1983. The vascular plants of Indiana: A computer based checklist. University of Notre Dame Press, Notre Dame IN Literature
Cullina, M.D., B. Connolly, B. Sorrie, and P. Somers. 2011. The vascular plants of Massachusetts: A county checklist, first revision. Massachusetts Natural Heritage & Endangered Species Program, Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife, Westborough MA Literature
Dahl, R., ed. 1978. Suspected rare, endangered or threatened plants of Oregon and Washington. USDI Bureau of Land Management, OR State Office OR Literature
Davis, R. 1952. Flora of Idaho. W.C. Brown Co., Dubuque ID Literature
Deam, C.C. 1940. Flora of Indiana. Wm.B. Burford Printing Co., Indianapolis IN Literature
Delaware Natural Heritage Program DE Literature
Diggs, E.M., B.L. Lipscomb, M.D. Reed, and R.J. O'Kennon. 2006. Illustrated flora of East Texas, vol. 1. Sida, Botanical Miscellany, No. 26. Botanical Research Institute of Texas Press, Fort Worth TX Literature
District of Columbia Natural Heritage Program DC Literature
Domangue, B.E., and C.K. McMullen. 2013. Floristic survey of the vascular plants of Shenandoah County, Virginia. Castanea 78: 312-322 VA Literature
Dorn, R.D. 1977. Manual of the vascular plants of Wyoming. 2 vols. Garland Publishing, Inc., New York WY Literature
Dorn, R.D. 1984. Vascular plants of Montana. Mountain West Publishers, Cheyenne MT Literature
Dowhan, J.J. 1979. Preliminary checklist of the vascular flora of Connecticut (growing without cultivation). State Geological and Natural History Survey of Connecticut, Natural Resources Center, Department of Environmental Protection. Hartford CT Literature
Duncan, W.H., and J.T. Kartesz. 1981. Vascular flora of Georgia. University of Georgia Press, Athens GA Literature
Dunn, R.A., and S.M. Jones. 1981. Vascular plant species of limited distribution and abundance in South Carolina. Department of Forestry Technical Paper No. 13. Clemson University, Clemson SC Literature
EOSC. Specimen at Eastern Oregon University, Lagrande, Oregon, (http://mgd.nacse.org/cgi-bin/sqml2.0/eastoregon/eastor.qml). OR Specimen
Eilers, L.J., and D.M. Roosa. 1991. The vascular plants of Iowa. University of Iowa Press, Iowa City IA Literature
Evans, Kathryn. 1 April 2004, GA Observation
Gaddy, L.L. 2008. A new sessile-flowered Trillium (Liliaceae: Subgenus Phyllantherum) from South Carolina. Phytologia 90: 382-390 SC Literature
George, G.G. 1992. A synonymized checklist of the plants found growing in Rhode Island. Rhode Island Wild Plant Society RI Literature
Georgia Natural Heritage Program GA Literature
Glenn, S.D. (ed.). 2013. New York Metropolitan Flora database. New York Metropolitan Flora Project, Brooklyn Botanic Garden, New York CT, NJ, NY Literature
Goldman, D.H. 1996. A preliminary vascular flora of the French Creek drainage of Western New York State. New York Flora Association Newsletter 7 (2): 3-12 NY Literature
Gordan, Ken. Personal communication MS Literature
Griffin, J.R. 1974. Hastings Natural History Reservation. Notes on environment, vegetation, flora. Unpublished, on file at UC Davis Herbarium CA Literature
Hahn, B.E. 1973. Flora of Montana: Conifers and monocots. Montana State University, Bozeman MT Literature
Halliday, Glenn. Personal communication OR Literature
Hartman, R. Atlas of the vascular flora of Wyoming. Unpublished and undated WY Literature
Harvill, A.M., C.E. Stevens, and D.M.E. Ware. 1977. Atlas of the Virginia flora, Part I. Pteridophytes through monocotyledons. Virginia Botanical Associates, Farmville VA Literature
Haynes, R. 1990. A database of the Alabama flora. Unpublished AL Literature
Hickman, J.C. (ed.). 1993. The Jepson manual. University of California Press, Berkeley CA Literature
Hill, S.R. 1992. Calciphiles and calcareous habitats of South Carolina. Castanea 57: 25-33 SC Literature
Hitchcock, C.L., A. Cronquist, M. Ownbey, and J.W. Thompson. 1969. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest. 5 vols. University of Washington Press, Seattle ID, MT, OR, WA, WY Literature
Hitchcock, C.L., and A. Cronquist. 1973. Flora of the Pacific Northwest. University of Washington Press, Seattle OR Literature
Hogan, Tim. Personal communication CO Literature
Hough, M.Y. 1978. New Jersey Wild Plants. Harmony Press, Harmony NJ Literature
Hrusa, G.F. 1997. Report submitted to North State Resources Inc., Redding. Unpublished, on file at California Department of Agriculture CA Literature
ID. Specimen at University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho, (http://www.sci.uidaho.edu/biosci/herbarium/vtour.html). ID Specimen
ID. Specimen at University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho, (http://www.sci.uidaho.edu/biosci/herbarium/vtour.html). ID Specimen
Illinois Plant Information Network (ILPIN) IL Literature
Indiana Natural Heritage Data Center. 2013. Endangered, threatened, and rare vascular plants of Indiana (16 April 2013). Division of Nature Preserves, Indiana Department of Natural Resources, Indianapolis, IN IN Literature
Johnston, B. 1991. List of Colorado plants. Unpublished CO Literature
Jones, S.B., and N. Coile. 1988. The distribution of the vascular flora of Georgia. Herbarium, Department of Botany, Athens GA Literature
Magee, D. Flora of New England. Unpublished and undated CT, MA, ME, NH, RI, VT Literature
Maryland Wildlife and Heritage Service. 2010. Rare, Threatened and Endangered Plants. Maryland Department of Natural Resources, Annapolis, MD MD Literature
Massey, A.B. 1961. Virginia Flora. Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station, Technical Bulletin 155. Blacksburg, VA VA Literature
McAvoy, William. Personal communication DE Literature
McGregor, R.L., et al. 1977. Atlas of the flora of the Great Plains. Iowa State University Press, Ames KS, ND, NE, SD Literature
McGregor, R.L., et al. 1986. Flora of the Great Plains. University of Kansas Press, Lawrence IA, KS, OK Literature
McMullen, C.K. 2009. Noteworthy collections: Virginia. Castanea 74: 181-182 VA Literature
Medley, M.E. 1993. An annotated catalogue of the known or reported vascular flora of Kentucky. University of Louisville, Louisville KY Literature
Meyer, J. 1990. Chrysler Herbarium Checklist. Manuscript NJ Literature
Mississippi Natural Heritage Program MS Literature
Mitchell, R.S. (ed.). 1986. A checklist of New York State plants. Contributions of a Flora of New York State, Checklist III. New York State Bulletin No. 458. New York State Museum, Albany NY Literature
Mohlenbrock, R.H. 1986. Guide to the vascular flora of Illinois, rev. ed. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale and Edwardsville IL Literature
Mohr., C. 1901. Plant life of Alabama. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium VI AL Literature
Munz, P.A., and D.D. Keck. 1968. A California flora and supplement. University of California Press, Berkeley CA Literature
NCU. Specimen at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, (http://www.herbarium.unc.edu). VA Specimen
New York Flora Association. 1990. Preliminary vouchered atlas of New York State flora, ed. 1. New York State Museum Institute, Albany NY Literature
New York Natural Heritage Program NY Literature
North Carolina Natural Heritage Program NC Literature
Norton-Brown Herbarium. 2014. Norton-Brown Herbarium (MARY) plant distribution records (http://www.nbh.psla.umd.edu). University of Maryland, College Park MD Literature
Ohio Natural Heritage Database OH Literature
Oklahoma Biological Survey. 2015. Oklahoma Vascular Plants Database (http://www.biosurvey.ou.edu/floraok) [online: accessed on 13 April 2015] OK Literature
Oregon Flora Project species list; species noted on herbarium specimens. Unpublished and undated OR Literature
Oregon Natural Heritage Program OR Literature
Ownbey, G.B., and T. Morley. 1991. Vascular plants of Minnesota: A checklist and atlas. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis MN Literature
Peck, M.E. 1961. A manual of the higher plants of Oregon, 2nd ed. Oregon State University Press, Corvallis OR Literature
Radford, A., et al. (eds.). Vascular flora of the southeastern United States. Unpublished and undated DE Literature
Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1965. Atlas of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. Department of Botany Technical Bulletin No. 165. Chapel Hill NC, SC Literature
Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell. 1968. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill NC, SC Literature
Rayner, D.A., et al. 1979. Native vascular plants endangered, threatened, or otherwise in Jeopardy in South Carolina. South Carolina Museum Bulletin No. 4 SC Literature
Rayner, D.E., C. Aulbach-Smith., et al. South Carolina plant atlas SC Literature
Reed, R. 1987. Wisconsin vascular plants. Unpublished WI Literature
Rhoads, A.F., T.A. Block, and A. Anisko. 2000. The plants of Pennsylvania: An illustrated manual. University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia PA Literature
Rhoads, A.F., and W.M. Klein, Jr. 1993. The vascular flora of Pennsylvania. Annotated checklist and atlas. American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia PA Literature
Richards, C.D., F. Hyland, and L.M. Eastman. 1983. Revised check-list of the vascular plants of Maine. Bulletin of the Josselyn Botanical Society, No. 11 ME Literature
Rodzevik, Christine. 1 May 2005, VA Observation
SOC. Specimen at Southern Oregon University, Ashland, Oregon, (http://www.sou.edu/Biology/Herbarium/Herbarium.htm). OR Specimen
Schilling, E.E., A. Floden, and S.B. Farmer. 2013. A new sessile-flowered Trillium species from Tennessee. Castanea 78: 140-147 TN Literature
Seymour, F.C. 1969. The flora of New England. Charles E. Tuttle Company, Rutland NH Literature
Smith, E.B. 1988. An atlas and annotated list of the vascular plants of Arkansas, 2d ed. AR Literature
Smith, J.P., Jr., and K. Berg (eds.). 1988. Inventory of rare and endangered vascular plants of California. California Native Plant Society, Sacramento CA Literature
Sorrie, B.A. 1992. County checklist of Massachusetts plants. Unpublished MA Literature
South Carolina Heritage Trust SC Literature
Specimen Management System for California Herbaria (SMASCH) (http://www.mip.berkeley.edu/www_apps/smasch/) CA Literature
Specimen at Douglas County Museum, Roseburg, Oregon, (http://www.co.douglas.or.us/museum/collections.asp). OR Specimen
Specimen at Linfield College, McMinnville, Oregon, (http://www.linfield.edu/bio/). OR Specimen
Specimen at Linfield College, McMinnville, Oregon, (http://www.linfield.edu/bio/). OR Specimen
Specimen at Oregon Natural Heritage Information Center, Portland, Oregon, (http://oregonstate.edu/ornhic/). OR Specimen
Steury, Brent. Personal communication MD Literature
Strausbaugh, P.D., and E.L. Core. 1977. Flora of West Virginia, 2nd ed., 4 vols. West Virginia Bulletin, Morgantown WV Literature
Taylor, R.J., and C.E.S. Taylor. 1989. An annotated list of the ferns, fern allies, gymnosperms and flowering plants of Oklahoma. Southeast Oklahoma State University OK Literature
Tennessee Division of Natural Heritage TN Literature
Thomas, R.D., and C.M. Allen. 1993. Atlas of the vascular flora of Louisiana, vols. 1-3. Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. Natural Heritage Program, Fort Worth, TX LA Literature
Thomas, R.D., and C.M. Allen. 1997. Atlas of the vascular flora of Louisiana, vols. 1-3 (Plus updates). Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. Natural Heritage Program, Baton Rouge LA Literature
Triggs, Patrick. 15 April 2005, GA Observation
Turner, B.L., H. Nichols, G. Denny, and O. Doron. 2003. Atlas of the Vascular Plants of Texas, vol. 2. Sida, Botanical Miscellany, No. 24. Botanical Research Institute of Texas Press, Fort Worth TX Literature
Voss, E.G. 1985. Michigan flora. Cranbrook Institute of Science, Bloomfield Hills MI Literature
WS. Specimen at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, (http://www.wsu.edu/~wsherb/). WA Specimen
WS. Specimen at Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, (http://www.wsu.edu/~wsherb/). WA Specimen
WTU. Specimen at University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, (http://www.washington.edu/burkemuseum/collections/herbarium/index.php). WA Specimen
WTU. Specimen at University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, (http://www.washington.edu/burkemuseum/collections/herbarium/index.php). WA Specimen
WTU. Specimen at University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, (http://www.washington.edu/burkemuseum/collections/herbarium/index.php). WA Specimen
Washinton Natural Heritage Program WA Literature
Weakley, A.S. 1996. Flora of the Carolinas and Virginia. Unpublished NC, VA Literature
Weishaupt, C.G. 1971. Vascular plants of Ohio. Kendall/Hunt Publishing Co., Dubuque OH Literature
West Virginia county level data WV Literature
Wherry, E.T., J.M. Fogg, and H.A. Wahl. 1979. Atlas of the flora of Pennsylvania. Morris Arboretum, Philadelphia PA Literature
Whetstone, R.D. 1981. Vascular flora and vegetation of the Cumberland Plateau of Alabama. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill AL Literature
White, Karen. 25 March 2006, AL Observation
Wieland, R.G. 2004. County observation records of Mississippi Vegetation Survey Project (Samples taken 9-1989 to 11-2003, inclusive of collection records and of field surveys by other authors). Mississippi Museum of Natural Science, Department of Wildlife, Fisheries and Parks, Jackson MS Literature
Wieland, R.G. 2004. County records of Mississippi collections (#5501-9869, 9/12/89 to 1/23/04) deposited at Mississippi Museum of Natural Science Herbarium (MMNS). Mississippi Museum of Natural Science, Department of Wildlife, Fisheries and Parks, Jackson MS Literature
Wilken, Dieter. Personal communication CA Literature
Wisconsin Natural Heritage Program WI Literature
Wisconsin vascular plants (http://www.botany.wisc.edu/herbarium). Wisconsin State Herbarium: University of Wisconsin - Madison WI Literature
Wunderlin, R.P., B.F. Hansen,and E.L. Bridges. 1996. Atlas of Florida vascular plants: CD-ROM. University of South Florida, Tampa FL Literature
Wunderlin, R.P., and B.F. Hansen. 2008. Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (http://florida.plantatlas.usf.edu) [online: accessed on 8 November 2014]. Institute for Systematic Botany, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL FL Literature
Yatskievych, G. 1999. Steyermark's Flora of Missouri, vol. 1, rev. ed. Missouri Conservation of Conservation, Jefferson City, in cooperation with the Missouri Bot. Gard. Press, St. Louis MO Literature
Yatskievych, G., and J. Turner. 1990. Catalogue of the flora of Missouri. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 37. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis MO Literature
 
 
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