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PLANTS Profile


Trapa natans L.
water chestnut

Data Source

Last revised by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team
Curated and maintained by:
USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center
 

Data Documentation

Documentation State Type
Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states. State agriculture or natural resource departments Literature
Atwood, J.T., et al. 1973. Check list of Vermont plants. Vermont Botanical and Bird Club VT Literature
Barkworth, Mary E. Personal communication DE Literature
Brouillet, L., F. Coursol, and M. Favreau. 2006. VASCAN, the Database of Vascular Plants of Canada. Herbier Marie-Victorin, Institut de recherche en biologie végétale, Université de Montréal QC Literature
Brown, M.L., and R.G. Brown. 1984. Herbaceous plants of Maryland. Port City Press, Inc., Baltimore MD Literature
Bureau of Farm Productsand Plant Industries. Massachusetts prohibited plant list (http://www.mass.gov/agr/farmproducts/proposed_prohibited_plant_list_v12-12-05.htm, 23 January 2006). Massachusetts Department of Agricultural Resources, Massachusetts Literature
Chikotas, Bryan A. 18 September 2007, PA Observation
Clemants, Steven. Personal communication NJ, NY Literature
Connecticut Invasive Plants Council. Connecticut invasive plant list (ftp://ftp-fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/CT/invasives/WordInvasivesListCommonNameW-Authors4PDF.pdf, 20 April 2005). Connecticut Invasive Plants Council, Connecticut Literature
Cullina, M.D., B. Connolly, B. Sorrie, and P. Somers. 2011. The vascular plants of Massachusetts: A county checklist, first revision. Massachusetts Natural Heritage & Endangered Species Program, Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife, Westborough MA Literature
Division of Plant Industry. Summary of plant protection regulations (http://www.alabamaadministrativecode.state.al.us/docs/agr/10AGR14.htm#T1, 20 October 2003). Alabama Department of Agriculture and Industries, Alabama Literature
Glenn, S.D. (ed.). 2013. New York Metropolitan Flora database. New York Metropolitan Flora Project, Brooklyn Botanic Garden, New York NJ, NY Literature
Hough, M.Y. 1978. New Jersey Wild Plants. Harmony Press, Harmony NJ Literature
Magee, D. Flora of New England. Unpublished and undated MA, NY, VT Literature
Massey, A.B. 1961. Virginia Flora. Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station, Technical Bulletin 155. Blacksburg, VA VA Literature
McAvoy, William. Personal communication DE Literature
Mitchell, R.S. (ed.). 1986. A checklist of New York State plants. Contributions of a Flora of New York State, Checklist III. New York State Bulletin No. 458. New York State Museum, Albany NY Literature
New York Flora Association. 1990. Preliminary vouchered atlas of New York State flora, ed. 1. New York State Museum Institute, Albany NY Literature
Oregon Administrative Rules. Quarantine; noxious weeds, Chapter 603-52-1200 (http://www.oregon.gov/ODA/PLANT/docs/pdf/603_052_1200.pdf, 24 May 2006). State of Oregon, Oregon Literature
Oregon Department of Agriculture. Noxious weed policy and classification system (http://www.oregon.gov/ODA/PLANT/WEEDS/lists.shtml#Noxious_weed_policy___list, 24 May 2006). Oregon Department of Agriculture, Oregon Literature
Plant Services Division. Prohibited, regulated and restricted noxious weeds (http://www.azda.gov/PSD/quarantine5.htm, 1 May 2006). Arizona Department of Agriculture, Arizona Literature
Public Laws of Maine. An act to prevent the spread of invasive aquatic plants (http://janus.state.me.us/legis/ros/lom/LOM119th/5Pub701-750/5Pub701-750-21.htm, 20 October 2003). State of Maine, Maine Literature
Rhoads, A.F., and W.M. Klein, Jr. 1993. The vascular flora of Pennsylvania. Annotated checklist and atlas. American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia PA Literature
Shetler, S.G., and S.S. Orli. 2000. Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of the Washington-Baltimore Area. Part 1: Ferns, fern allies, gymnosperms, and dicotyledons. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC DC Literature
Sorrie, B.A. 1992. County checklist of Massachusetts plants. Unpublished MA Literature
South Carolina Aquatic Nuisance Species Program. Illegal aquatic plants in South Carolina (http://www.dnr.state.sc.us/water/envaff/aquatic/illegal1.html, 20 October 2003). South Carolina Department of Natural Resources, South Carolina Literature
State Crop Pest Commission. Designation of plant pests (http://drpsp.clemson.edu/dpi/npp.htm, 24 May 2006). State of South Carolina, South Carolina Literature
Vermont Department of Agriculture, Food and Markets. Quarantine #3 - noxious weeds (http://www.vermontagriculture.com/noxiousweeds.PDF, 20 October 2003). Vermont Department of Agriculture, Food and Markets, Vermont Literature
Washington Administrative Code. Noxious weed control, Chapter 16-752 (http://apps.leg.wa.gov/wac/default.aspx?cite=16-752, 24 May 2006). State of Washington, Washington Literature
 
 
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